|Prince Carl Gustav|
|Duke of Småland|
Carl Gustav as painted by Gustaf Lundberg
|Born||25 August 1782|
|Died|| months 26 days)23 March 1783 (6|
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
|Father||King Gustav III|
|Mother||Sophia Magdalena of Denmark|
Prince Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland (25 August 1782 – 23 March 1783) was a prince of Sweden.
Born at Drottningholm, Carl Gustav was the second son in the marriage of King Gustav III (1746–1792) and Queen Sophia Magdalena (1746–1813) of Sweden. He had one elder sibling, Gustav Adolph who would become King of Sweden. The baby was described as strong, healthy and big, and born as he was shortly after the death of King Gustav's mother, Carl Gustav's father was especially fond of him.
In March 1783 the young prince suddenly took ill, probably from inappropriate foodand died when he was little over a half year old. He is interred in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm.
His father took the death very hard and had never been seen so grief stricken, unable even to attend the litte boy's funeral. After Carl Gustav's death Gustav III began new phases in his own life, travelling far away from Sweden, gradually increasing his power and starting war. Several writers have attributed the change in his personality and activity at least in part to his strong reaction at the death of his second son.
Gustav I, born Gustav Eriksson of the Vasa noble family and later known as Gustav Vasa, was King of Sweden from 1523 until his death in 1560, previously self-recognised Protector of the Realm (Riksföreståndare) from 1521, during the ongoing Swedish War of Liberation against King Christian II of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. Initially of low standing, Gustav rose to lead the rebel movement following the Stockholm Bloodbath, where his father was executed. Gustav's election as King on 6 June 1523 and his triumphant entry into Stockholm eleven days later marked Sweden's final secession from the Kalmar Union.
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Hedvig "Hedda" Eleonora von Fersen was a Swedish noble, lady in waiting to the Swedish queen, Sophia Magdalena of Denmark. She was the daughter of Axel von Fersen the Elder and Hedvig Catharina De la Gardie and the sister of Count Axel von Fersen the Younger, Sophie Piper and Fabian von Fersen (1762–1818). In 1773, she married marshal Count Thure Leonard Klinckowström in his second marriage, and with him had four children, among them the artist Hedvig Amalia Charlotta Klinckowström and Axel Leonhard Klinckowström, member of the Royal Swedish Academy of War Sciences and la Société pour l'encouragement de l'industrie nationale.
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Françoise-Éléonore Villain was a Liégeois actress known under her stage name Mlle Baron or Mademoiselle Baron the Younger. She was engaged in Sweden in The French Theater of Gustav III from 1781 until 1783, where she was viewed as one of its most prominent members, and she is also known in history as the lover of Charles XIII of Sweden.
Hedvig Sofia von Rosen, née Stenbock was a Swedish countess and courtier. She was the överhovmästarinna of the future Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden in 1778-1781, and for his brother Prince Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland in 1782-1783.