Prince Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland

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Prince Carl Gustav
Duke of Småland
Carl Gustav of Sweden (1782-1783).jpg
Carl Gustav as painted by Gustaf Lundberg
Born(1782-08-25)25 August 1782
Drottningholm Palace
Died(1783-03-23)23 March 1783 (6 months 26 days)
Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden
House Oldenburg
Father King Gustav III
Mother Sophia Magdalena of Denmark

Prince Carl Gustav, Duke of Småland (25 August 1782 23 March 1783) was a prince of Sweden.



Born at Drottningholm, Carl Gustav was the second son in the marriage of King Gustav III (1746–1792) and Queen Sophia Magdalena (1746–1813) of Sweden. He had one elder sibling, Gustav Adolph who would become King of Sweden. The baby was described as strong, healthy and big, and born as he was shortly after the death of King Gustav's mother, Carl Gustav's father was especially fond of him.

In March 1783 the young prince suddenly took ill, probably from inappropriate food [1] and died when he was little over a half year old. He is interred in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm.

His father took the death very hard and had never been seen so grief stricken, unable even to attend the litte boy's funeral. After Carl Gustav's death Gustav III began new phases in his own life, travelling far away from Sweden, gradually increasing his power and starting war. Several writers have attributed the change in his personality and activity at least in part to his strong reaction at the death of his second son. [2] [3]


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  1. Erik Lönnroth in Den stora rollen ISBN   91-1-863652-7 p. 84
  2. Oswald Kuylenstierna in Gustav III; Hans Liv, Person och Gärning, Stockholm 1921 p 138
  3. Leif Landén in Gustaf III en biografi ISBN   91-46-21000-8 p. 61