Prince Frederick of Great Britain

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For his father, see Frederick, Prince of Wales; for his nephew, see Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
Prince Frederick
Frederick William 1754 by Liotard.jpg
Frederick aged 4 by Jean-Étienne Liotard
Born(1750-05-13)13 May 1750
Leicester House, Westminster, England
Died29 December 1765(1765-12-29) (aged 15)
Leicester House, Westminster, England
Burial4 January 1766
Full name
Frederick William
House Hanover
Father Frederick, Prince of Wales
Mother Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha

Prince Frederick (Frederick William; 13 May 1750 – 29 December 1765), was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of King George II and the youngest brother of King George III.

George II of Great Britain British monarch

George II was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and a prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 (O.S.) until his death in 1760.

George III of the United Kingdom King of Great Britain and Ireland

George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Great Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.

Contents

Life

Frederick William as a toddler in 1751, before breeching Prince Frederick of Great Britain by George Knapton.jpg
Frederick William as a toddler in 1751, before breeching

Frederick was born, on 13 May 1750, at Leicester House, Westminster, London. His father was Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of George II and Caroline of Ansbach. His mother was The Princess of Wales (née Augusta of Saxe-Gotha).

Leicester Square square in London, United Kingdom

Leicester Square is a pedestrianised square in the West End of London, England. It was laid out in 1670 and is named after the contemporary Leicester House, itself named after Robert Sidney, 2nd Earl of Leicester.

Westminster area of central London, within the City of Westminster

Westminster is an area in central London within the City of Westminster, part of the West End, on the north bank of the River Thames. Westminster's concentration of visitor attractions and historic landmarks, one of the highest in London, includes the Palace of Westminster, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and Westminster Cathedral.

London Capital of the United Kingdom

London is the capital and largest city of both England and the United Kingdom. Standing on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. Londinium was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core − an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile − retains boundaries that follow closely its medieval limits. The City of Westminster is also an Inner London borough holding city status. Greater London is governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly.

He was christened four days later, at the same house, by the Bishop of Oxford, Thomas Secker. His godparents were his brother Prince George, his maternal uncle Prince Wilhelm of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg and his sister Princess Augusta. [1]

The Bishop of Oxford is the diocesan bishop of the Church of England Diocese of Oxford in the Province of Canterbury; his seat is at Christ Church Cathedral, Oxford. The current bishop is Steven Croft, following the confirmation of his election to the See on 6 July 2016.

Thomas Secker Archbishop of Canterbury

Thomas Secker was the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Church of England.

Princess Augusta of Great Britain British princess

Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain was a British princess, granddaughter of King George II and the only elder sibling of King George III. She was a Duchess consort of Brunswick by marriage to Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. Her daughter Caroline was the spouse of King George IV.

The young prince died on 29 December 1765, at Leicester House.

Legacy

Fort Frederick, in Kingston, Ontario, a fortification consisting mostly of earthworks (engineering), with a northern wall of stone masonry, is named after him. Fort Frederick contains one of the Martello Towers which houses the Royal Military College of Canada museum.[ citation needed ]

Kingston, Ontario City in Ontario, Canada

Kingston is a city in Eastern Ontario, Canada. It is on the eastern end of Lake Ontario, at the beginning of the St. Lawrence River and at the mouth of the Cataraqui River. The city is midway between Toronto, Ontario and Montreal, Quebec. The Thousand Islands tourist region is nearby to the east. Kingston is nicknamed the "Limestone City" because of the many heritage buildings constructed using local limestone.

Earthworks (engineering) engineering works created through the moving or processing of parts of the earths surface

Earthworks are engineering works created through the processing of parts of the earth's surface involving quantities of soil or unformed rock.

Royal Military College of Canada military college in Kingston, Ontario, Canada

The Royal Military College of Canada, commonly abbreviated as RMC , is the military college of the Canadian Armed Forces, and is a degree-granting university training military officers. RMC was established in 1876 and is the only federal institution in Canada with degree-granting powers. The Royal Military College of Canada Degrees Act, 1959 empowers the college to confer degrees in arts, science, and engineering. Programs are offered at the undergraduate and graduate levels, both on campus as well as through the college's distance learning programme via the Division of Continuing Studies.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

Arms

Frederick was posthumously granted the arms of the kingdom differenced by a label argent of five points, the centre bearing a fleur-de-lys azure, the other points each bearing a rose gules. [3]

Coat of Arms of Frederick William of Wales.svg

Ancestors

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References

  1. Yvonne's Royalty Home Page: Royal Christenings
  2. In the London Gazette for his brother George III's wedding on 8 September 1761 the prince is listed as His Royal Highness Prince Frederick
  3. Marks of Cadency in the British Royal Family
  4. Genealogie ascendante jusqu'au quatrieme degre inclusivement de tous les Rois et Princes de maisons souveraines de l'Europe actuellement vivans [Genealogy up to the fourth degree inclusive of all the Kings and Princes of sovereign houses of Europe currently living] (in French). Bourdeaux: Frederic Guillaume Birnstiel. 1768. p. 4.