Prince George William of Hanover (1880–1912)

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Prince George William
Hereditary Prince of Hanover
A. & H. Brunotte PC 0101 Bildseite Brustbild Georg Wilhelm, Prinz von Grossbritannien und Irland, Herzog von Braunschweig-Luneburg, hier mit Medaillen auf Postkarte mit Trauerrand.jpg
Born(1880-10-28)28 October 1880
Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria-Hungary
Died20 May 1912(1912-05-20) (aged 31)
Nackel, Brandenburg, Germany
Full name
George William Christian Albert Edward Alexander Frederick Valdemar Ernest Adolph
German: Georg Wilhelm Christian Albrecht Eduard Alexander Friedrich Waldemar Ernst Adolf [1]
House Hanover
Father Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
Mother Princess Thyra of Denmark

George William, Hereditary Prince of Hanover (Georg Wilhelm Christian Albert Edward Alexander Friedrich Waldemar Ernst Adolf Prinz von Hannover; [1] 28 October 1880 – 20 May 1912 [1] [2] ) was the eldest son of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845–1923) and Princess Thyra of Denmark (1853–1933), the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (1818–1906) and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1817–1898). George William was a great-great-grandson of George III of the United Kingdom (1738–1820) and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818).

Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover British prince

Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, was the eldest child and only son of George V of Hanover and his wife, Marie of Saxe-Altenburg. Ernst August was deprived of the thrones of Hanover upon its annexation by Prussia in 1866 and later the Duchy of Brunswick in 1884. Although he was the senior male-line great-grandson of George III, the Duke of Cumberland was deprived of his British peerages and honours for having sided with Germany in World War I. Ernst August was the last Hanoverian prince to hold a British royal title and the Order of the Garter. His descendants are in the line of succession to the British throne.

Princess Thyra of Denmark youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel

Princess Thyra of Denmark, Danish pronunciation: [ˈtˢyːʁa], was the youngest daughter and fifth child of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1878, she married Ernest Augustus, the exiled heir to the Kingdom of Hanover. As the Kingdom of Hanover had been annexed by Prussia in 1866, she spent most of her life in exile with her husband in Austria.

Christian IX of Denmark King of Denmark 1863–1906

Christian IX was King of Denmark from 1863 until his death in 1906. From 1863 to 1864, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.

Contents

Personal life

George William served as Captain of the 42nd Regiment of Austria. [3] He was made an honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order by King George V of the United Kingdom on 8 June 1910. [4] The prince died in a motor accident on 20 May 1912 at age 31 at Nackel, Brandenburg, Germany. [1] He was at the wheel of his car en route to the funeral of his uncle, Frederick VIII of Denmark, when he skidded on a newly laid road surface. [2] At the time of his death, George William was unmarried and left no issue. He was known to his family by the nickname "Plumpy." [1]

Royal Victorian Order Series of awards in an order of chivalry of the United Kingdom

The Royal Victorian Order is a dynastic order of knighthood established in 1896 by Queen Victoria. It recognises distinguished personal service to the monarch of the Commonwealth realms, members of the monarch's family, or to any viceroy or senior representative of the monarch. The present monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, is the sovereign of the order, the order's motto is Victoria, and its official day is 20 June. The order's chapel is the Savoy Chapel in London.

Frederick VIII of Denmark King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912

Frederick VIII was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912.

Honours and awards

Province of Hanover Prussian province

The Province of Hanover was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and the Free State of Prussia from 1868 to 1946.

Order of St. George (Hanover)

The Order of St. George, was founded by Ernest Augustus, King of Hanover, on 23 April 1839. In the statutes establishing the order it was designated as the House Order of the Crown of Hanover. The order is of a single grade and limited to 16 members, excluding members of the royal family.

Royal Guelphic Order order

The Royal Guelphic Order, sometimes also referred to as the Hanoverian Guelphic Order, is a Hanoverian order of chivalry instituted on 28 April 1815 by the Prince Regent. It takes its name from the House of Guelph, of whom of the Hanoverians were a branch.

Military ranks

Austria-Hungary Constitutional monarchic union between 1867 and 1918

Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy in Central and Eastern Europe between 1867 and 1918. It was formed when the Austrian Empire adopted a new constitution; as a result Austria (Cisleithania) and Hungary (Transleithania) were placed on equal footing. It dissolved into several new states at the end of the First World War.

Ancestry

References and notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Georg Wilhelm Hanover, Prince of Hanover". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 21 July 2008.
  2. 1 2 Allan Raymond (24 June 2008). "Hanover Royal Family". Monarchies of Europe website. Archived from the original on 23 February 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2008.
  3. Bortrick, William. "Kings of Great Britain - George III (1760 - 1820)". Burke's Peerage and Gentry. Archived from the original on 7 February 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. 1 2 "Chancery of the Royal Victorian Order". The London Gazette . No. 28383. 10 June 1910. p. 4075.
  5. Despite the fact that the Kingdom of Hanover's Merit Medal (1846-1878) ceased being awarded before Prince George William was born (1880), there are photographs of him in Austria-Hungary K.u.K. uniform in 1900 and 1907 that show him wearing this medal behind Royal Guelphic Order and Order of Ernst August knight's crosses (in lieu of Grand Cross breast stars), over an Order of St. George breast star.

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