Prince George of Cambridge

Last updated

Prince George
Prince George of Cambridge color fix.jpg
Prince George in 2016
Born (2013-07-22) 22 July 2013 (age 5)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England
Full name
George Alexander Louis [fn 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Mother Catherine Middleton

Prince George of Cambridge (George Alexander Louis; [fn 1] born 22 July 2013) is a member of the British royal family. He is the eldest child of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and third in the line of succession to the British throne behind his grandfather Prince Charles and his father. As he is expected to be king someday, his birth was widely celebrated across the Commonwealth realms. George occasionally accompanies his parents on royal tours, and has affected business and popular culture.

British royal family Family consisting of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom

The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family.

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge 20th and 21st-century member of the British royal family

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is a member of the British royal family. He is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. Since birth, he has been second in the line to succeed his grandmother Elizabeth II, who is queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge,, is a member of the British royal family. Her husband, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is expected to become king of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms, making Catherine a likely future queen consort.

Contents

Birth and baptism

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge leaving the hospital with their son The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge with Prince George-crop.jpg
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge leaving the hospital with their son

The Duke of Cambridge is the elder son of the Prince of Wales, who is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II, [2] meaning that his first child would be third in the line of succession to the British throne. [3] Speculation ensued that the birth would boost the British national economy and provide a focus for national pride. [3] [4] Commemorative coins were issued by the Royal Mint, Royal Canadian Mint, and Royal Australian Mint; [5] [6] [7] the first time a royal birth had been marked that way. [5] [8]

Charles, Prince of Wales Son of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom

Charles, Prince of Wales is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II. He has been Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothesay since 1952, and is the oldest and longest-serving heir apparent in British history. He is also the longest-serving Prince of Wales, having held that title since 1958.

Royal Mint minter of coins in the United Kingdom

The Royal Mint is a government-owned mint that produces coins for the United Kingdom. Operating under the name Royal Mint Ltd, the mint is a limited company that is wholly owned by Her Majesty's Treasury and is under an exclusive contract to supply all the nation's coinage. As well as minting circulating coins for use domestically and internationally, the mint also produces planchets, commemorative coins, various types of medals and precious metal bullion. The mint exports to an average of 60 countries a year, making up 70% of its total sales. Formed over 1,100 years ago, the mint was historically part of a series of mints that became centralised to produce coins for the Kingdom of England, all of Great Britain and eventually most of the British Empire. The original London mint from which the Royal Mint is the successor, was established in 886 AD and operated within the Tower of London for approximately 800 years before moving to what is now called Royal Mint Court where it remained until the 1960s. As Britain followed the rest of the world in decimalising its currency, the Mint moved from London to a new 38 acres (15 ha) plant in Llantrisant, Wales where it has remained since.

Royal Canadian Mint

The Royal Canadian Mint is a Crown corporation, operating under the Royal Canadian Mint Act. The shares of the Mint are held in trust for the Crown in right of Canada.

Prince George was born in Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, London, at 16:24 BST (15:24 UTC) on 22 July 2013. [9] The customary formal bulletin announcing the royal birth was displayed on an easel outside Buckingham Palace, although in a break with tradition the news was first conveyed in a press release from palace officials. [9] [10] The newborn was widely hailed as a future king. [11] [12] 21-gun salutes signalled the birth in the capitals of Bermuda, [13] the UK, [14] New Zealand, [15] and Canada; [16] the bells of Westminster Abbey and many other churches were rung; [17] [18] and iconic landmarks in the Commonwealth realms were illuminated in various colours, mostly blue to signify the birth of a boy. [19] On 24 July, his name was announced as George Alexander Louis. [20]

St Marys Hospital, London Hospital in London

St Mary's Hospital is an NHS hospital in Paddington, in the City of Westminster, London, founded in 1845. Since the UK's first academic health science centre was created in 2008, it has been operated by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, which also operates Charing Cross Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital and the Western Eye Hospital.

British Summer Time Identifier for a time offset from UTC of +1

During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.

Coordinated Universal Time Primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time

Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about 1 second of mean solar time at 0° longitude, and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. In some countries where English is spoken, the term Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is often used as a synonym for UTC and predates UTC by nearly 300 years.

Prince George was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace on 23 October 2013, with Oliver Baker, Emilia Jardine-Paterson, Earl Grosvenor, Jamie Lowther-Pinkerton, the Hon. Julia Samuel, William van Cutsem and Zara Tindall serving as godparents. [21] [22] The font used at the ceremony was made for Queen Victoria's first child and the water was taken from the River Jordan. [23] [24] The Royal Mint issued a set of commemorative coins to celebrate the christening, the first coins to mark a royal christening in Britain. [25] Prince George's birth marked the second time that three generations of direct heirs to the British throne have been alive at the same time, a situation that last occurred between 1894 and 1901, in the last seven years of the reign of Queen Victoria. [26]

Justin Welby British Anglican bishop; the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury

Justin Portal Welby is the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury and the most senior bishop in the Church of England, and a politician by virtue of his seat in the House of Lords. Welby was the vicar of Southam, Warwickshire, and most recently was the Bishop of Durham, serving for just over a year. As Archbishop of Canterbury, he is the Primate of All England and the head Primus inter pares of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

The Chapel Royal is an establishment in the Royal Household serving the spiritual needs of the sovereign of the British royal family. Historically it was a body of priests and singers that travelled with the monarch. The term is now also applied to the chapels within royal palaces, most notably at Hampton Court and St James's Palace, and other chapels within the Commonwealth designated as such by the monarch.

St Jamess Palace Royal palace in the United Kingdom

St James's Palace is the most senior royal palace in the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, although no longer the principal residence of the monarch, it is the ceremonial meeting place of the Accession Council and the London residence of several minor members of the royal family.

Official appearances

Prince George receives a gift from the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Peter Cosgrove, in April 2014 Prince George of Cambridge with wombat plush toy (crop).jpg
Prince George receives a gift from the Governor-General of Australia, Sir Peter Cosgrove, in April 2014

Prince George embarked on his first royal tour with his parents in April 2014, during which the Cambridges spent three weeks in New Zealand and Australia. Although he only appeared twice, the BBC described the "nine-month-old future king" as "the star of the show". Prime Minister of Australia Tony Abbott predicted in Parliament House, Canberra, that George would one day be welcomed there as King of Australia. [27] In June, Prince George made his first public appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace following the Trooping the Colour parade marking the Queen's Official Birthday. [28]

The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster. Its headquarters are at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London, and it is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees. It employs over 20,950 staff in total, 16,672 of whom are in public sector broadcasting. The total number of staff is 35,402 when part-time, flexible, and fixed-contract staff are included.

Prime Minister of Australia executive head of the Government of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia is the head of government of Australia. The individual who holds the office is the most senior Minister of State, the leader of the Federal Cabinet. The Prime Minister also has the responsibility of administering the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, and is the chair of the National Security Committee and the Council of Australian Governments. The office of Prime Minister is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia but exists through Westminster political convention. The individual who holds the office is commissioned by the Governor-General of Australia and at the Governor-General's pleasure subject to the Constitution of Australia and constitutional conventions.

Tony Abbott Australian politician, 28th Prime Minister of Australia

Anthony John Abbott is an Australian politician who served as the 28th Prime Minister of Australia from 2013 to 2015 and Leader of the Liberal Party from 2009 to 2015. He served as Leader of the Opposition from 2009 to 2013. Abbott was first elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Warringah in 1994.

George's parents are adamant that he should grow up as privately as possible. He is consequently rarely seen in public, including royal tours. [29] In August 2015, Kensington Palace stated that they wanted all global media to stop taking unauthorised photographs of George, as they believed "a line has been crossed" in paparazzi methods of locating and photographing him. [30]

Kensington Palace royal residence set in Kensington Gardens, London, England

Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London, England. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century, and is currently the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Princess Eugenie and her husband Jack Brooksbank, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, the Duke and Duchess of Kent, and Prince and Princess Michael of Kent.

George meets U.S. President Barack Obama, April 2016 Obamas with the Royals (26488482612).jpg
George meets U.S. President Barack Obama, April 2016

On 22 April 2016, Prince George met Barack Obama, President of the United States. He was photographed with a rocking horse that Obama had given him when he was born. The encounter later prompted Obama to joke that "Prince George showed up to our meeting in his bathrobe... a clear breach of protocol." [31] Prince George and Princess Charlotte accompanied their parents on a tour of Canada in September 2016, [32] [33] and on a diplomatic visit to Poland and Germany in July 2017. [34]

Education

In January 2016, George started his education at the Westacre Montessori School Nursery, near his family home at Anmer Hall in Norfolk. [35] He attended his first day of primary school on 7 September 2017 at the private Thomas's School in Battersea. [36] [37] At school he is known as George Cambridge. [38]

Prince George effect

The "Prince George effect", also known as the "royal baby effect", is that clothing and products identified as used by George tend to sell better than before. The effect was noted during his April 2014 tour of New Zealand and Australia and many businesses have attempted to use this effect to their advantage. [39] He was ranked No. 49 on GQ 's "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain" list in 2015. [40] In 2016, the dressing gown he wore while meeting President Obama sold out after he was seen wearing it. [41] In September 2017 the news that the Prince's school had served a Le Puy green lentil dish resulted in a spike in the legume's sales. [42] In 2018, George became the youngest person to appear on Tatler's best-dressed list. [43]

Title and style

Prince George's official title and style is "His Royal Highness Prince George of Cambridge". [44] [45] While his name was announced two days after his birth, he was, from birth, a British prince entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by King George V in 1917, which gave the title and style to the eldest son of the Prince of Wales's eldest son. [46] As with other princes and princesses who are born to royal dukes, George's territorial designation is taken from his father's title, [44] in this case "Cambridge", from the Dukedom of Cambridge. [47]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 British princes and princesses such as Prince George do not normally use a surname. When needed, the surname for male-line descendants of Elizabeth II is usually Mountbatten-Windsor, [1] although others have been used in certain contexts.

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References

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  4. Griffiths, Kathie (19 July 2013). "Campaign launched to show national pride". The Telegraph & Argus.
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Prince George of Cambridge
Born: 22 July 2013
Lines of succession
Preceded by
The Duke of Cambridge
Succession to the British throne
3rd in line
Followed by
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge