Prince Louis of Cambridge

Last updated

Prince Louis
Born (2018-04-23) 23 April 2018 (age 13 months)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England
Full name
Louis Arthur Charles [fn 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Mother Catherine Middleton

Prince Louis of Cambridge (Louis Arthur Charles; born 23 April 2018) is a member of the British royal family. He is the third and youngest child and second son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. He is fifth in the line of succession to the British throne.

British royal family Family consisting of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom

The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family.

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge 20th and 21st-century member of the British royal family

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is a member of the British royal family. He is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. Since birth, he has been second in the line to succeed his grandmother Elizabeth II, who is queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge,, is a member of the British royal family. Her husband, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is expected to become king of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms, making Catherine a likely future queen consort.

Contents

Birth and baptism

The Gun Salute in Hyde Park, London to mark the birth of Louis Hyde Park gun salute 24 April 2018 03.jpg
The Gun Salute in Hyde Park, London to mark the birth of Louis

The third child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, a son, was born at 11:01 BST (10:01 UTC) on 23 April 2018. [2] [3] [4] On 24 April, gun salutes from the Tower of London and Hyde Park and bell ringings at Westminster Abbey marked the birth. [5] On 27 April 2018, it was announced that the baby had been named Louis Arthur Charles, [6] the first and last names honouring his paternal great-great-great-uncle Lord Mountbatten and his paternal grandfather the Prince of Wales, respectively. [7] Louis is pronounced LOO-ee ( /ˈli/ ). [8]

British Summer Time Identifier for a time offset from UTC of +1

During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.

Coordinated Universal Time Primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time

Coordinated Universal Time is the primary time standard by which the world regulates clocks and time. It is within about 1 second of mean solar time at 0° longitude, and is not adjusted for daylight saving time. In some countries where English is spoken, the term Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) is often used as a synonym for UTC and predates UTC by nearly 300 years.

Tower of London A historic castle on the north bank of the River Thames in central London

The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London. It lies within the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, separated from the eastern edge of the square mile of the City of London by the open space known as Tower Hill. It was founded towards the end of 1066 as part of the Norman Conquest of England. The White Tower, which gives the entire castle its name, was built by William the Conqueror in 1078 and was a resented symbol of oppression, inflicted upon London by the new ruling elite. The castle was used as a prison from 1100 until 1952, although that was not its primary purpose. A grand palace early in its history, it served as a royal residence. As a whole, the Tower is a complex of several buildings set within two concentric rings of defensive walls and a moat. There were several phases of expansion, mainly under Kings Richard I, Henry III, and Edward I in the 12th and 13th centuries. The general layout established by the late 13th century remains despite later activity on the site.

On 9 July 2018, Prince Louis was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury in the Chapel Royal at St James's Palace, using water from the River Jordan in accordance with tradition. [9] Louis's godparents are Nicholas van Cutsem, Guy Pelly, Harry Aubrey-Fletcher, Lady Laura Meade, Hannah Gillingham Carter, and Lucy Middleton. [10] Louis wore the replica of the royal christening gown, created in 2008 to replace the 1841 original and used for every royal christening since. [11]

Infant baptism Christian baptism of infants or young children

Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young children. In theological discussions, the practice is sometimes referred to as paedobaptism, or pedobaptism, from the Greek pais meaning "child". This can be contrasted with what is called "believer's baptism", or credobaptism, from the Latin word credo meaning "I believe", which is the religious practice of baptising only individuals who personally confess faith in Jesus, therefore excluding underage children. Opposition to infant baptism is termed catabaptism. Infant baptism is also called "christening" by some faith traditions.

Justin Welby British Anglican bishop; the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury

Justin Portal Welby is the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury and the most senior bishop in the Church of England, and a politician by virtue of his seat in the House of Lords. Welby was the vicar of Southam, Warwickshire, and most recently was the Bishop of Durham, serving for just over a year. As Archbishop of Canterbury, he is the Primate of All England and the head Primus inter pares of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

The Chapel Royal is an establishment in the Royal Household serving the spiritual needs of the sovereign of the British royal family. Historically it was a body of priests and singers that travelled with the monarch. The term is now also applied to the chapels within royal palaces, most notably at Hampton Court and St James's Palace, and other chapels within the Commonwealth designated as such by the monarch.

Title and succession

Louis is from birth a prince of the United Kingdom, entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by his great-grandmother, Queen Elizabeth II, on 31 December 2012, which gave the title and style to all children of the Prince of Wales's eldest son. [12] He is thus styled "His Royal Highness Prince Louis of Cambridge". [7]

Royal Highness is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses. Monarchs and their consorts are usually styled Majesty. When used as a direct form of address, spoken or written, it takes the form "Your Royal Highness". When used as a third-person reference, it is gender-specific and, in plural, Their Royal Highnesses (TRH).

Letters patent type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order

Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation. Letters patent can be used for the creation of corporations or government offices, or for the granting of city status or a coat of arms. Letters patent are issued for the appointment of representatives of the Crown, such as governors and governors-general of Commonwealth realms, as well as appointing a Royal Commission. In the United Kingdom they are also issued for the creation of peers of the realm. A particular form of letters patent has evolved into the modern patent granting exclusive rights in an invention. In this case it is essential that the written grant should be in the form of a public document so other inventors can consult it to avoid infringement and also to understand how to "practice" the invention, i.e., put it into practical use. In the Holy Roman Empire, Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, imperial patent was also the highest form of generally binding legal regulations, e. g. Patent of Toleration, Serfdom Patent etc.

Prince Louis is fifth in the line of succession to the British throne, behind his grandfather, father and older siblings, Prince George and Princess Charlotte. [2] Following the implementation of the Perth Agreement, which replaced male-preference primogeniture with absolute primogeniture, he is the first British prince to be ranked behind an elder sister in the line of succession. [13]

Prince George of Cambridge British prince; Son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

Prince George of Cambridge is a member of the British royal family. He is the eldest child of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and third in the line of succession to the British throne behind his grandfather Prince Charles and his father. As he is expected to be king someday, his birth was widely celebrated across the Commonwealth realms. George occasionally accompanies his parents on royal tours, and has affected business and popular culture.

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge is a member of the British royal family. She is the second child and only daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. She is fourth in the line of succession to the British throne.

The Perth Agreement is an agreement made by the prime ministers of the sixteen countries of the Commonwealth of Nations which retain the Westminster monarchical form of government. The Perth Agreement concerns amendments to the royal succession to the British Monarchy, whose institutions and legal framework are (largely) shared equally between Britain and the other Commonwealth realms. The changes, in summary, comprised replacing male-preference primogeniture ― under which male descendants take precedence over females in the line of succession ― with absolute primogeniture ; ending the disqualification of those who had married Roman Catholics; and limiting the number of individuals in line to the throne requiring permission from the Sovereign to marry. However, the ban on Catholics and other non-Protestants becoming Monarch and the requirement for the Sovereign to be in communion with the Church of England remained.

See also

This is the British monarchs' family tree, from James VI & I to the present monarch, Elizabeth II.

Notes

  1. British princes do not normally use a surname. When needed, the surname for male-line descendants of Elizabeth II is usually Mountbatten-Windsor. [1]

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References

  1. "The Royal Family name". The Official Website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  2. 1 2 "Duchess gives birth to baby boy". BBC News. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
  3. Staff author (May 2018). "Prince Louis". www.royal.uk. London: Buckingham Palace. Archived from the original on 28 May 2018. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  4. "Royal baby: Duke and duchess show off new son". BBC News. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  5. "Royal baby: Prince Charles feels 'great joy' for new grandson". BBC. 24 April 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2019.
  6. "Royal baby: Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby son Louis". The Guardian . Press Association. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  7. 1 2 "Prince Louis Arthur Charles: New royal baby name announced by Duke and Duchess of Cambridge". The Telegraph. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018.
  8. "Royal baby named Prince Louis". BBC News. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018. Lou-ee not Lou-iss
  9. "Prince Louis to be baptised on 9 July". BBC. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  10. "The Christening of Prince Louis: guests and godparents". The Royal Family. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  11. "Prince Louis christening: George and Charlotte seen with brother for first time". BBC. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  12. "No. 60384". The London Gazette . 8 January 2013. p. 213.
  13. "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to new prince". BBC News. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
Prince Louis of Cambridge
Born: 23 April 2018
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Succession to the British throne
5th in line
Followed by
The Duke of Sussex