Princess Alexandra of Hanover (1882–1963)

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Alexandra of Hanover
GrandDuchessAlexandra.jpg
Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Tenure7 June 1904 – 14 November 1918
Born(1882-09-29)29 September 1882
Schloss Ort, Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria-Hungary
Died30 August 1963(1963-08-30) (aged 80)
Glücksburg Castle, Glücksburg, Schleswig-Holstein, West Germany
Spouse
Issue Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duke Christian Ludwig
Duchess Olga
Duchess Thyra
Anastasia, Princess Frederick Ferdinand of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
Full name
Alexandra Louise Marie Olga Elisabeth Therese Vera
German: Alexandra Luise Marie Olga Elisabeth Therese Vera
House Hanover
Father Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
Mother Princess Thyra of Denmark

Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland ( German: Alexandra Louise Marie Olga Elisabeth Therese Vera Prinzessin von Hannover und Cumberland; 29 September 1882 30 August 1963) was the wife of Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the last ruling Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin grand duchy

The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a territory in Northern Germany held by the House of Mecklenburg residing at Schwerin. It was a sovereign member state of the German Confederation and became a federated state of the North German Confederation and finally of the German Empire in 1871.

Contents

Family

Alexandra was the second eldest daughter and third child of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845–1923) and Princess Thyra of Denmark (1853–1933), the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (1818–1906) and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1817–1898). Alexandra was a great-great-granddaughter of George III of the United Kingdom (1738–1820) and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818).

Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover British prince

Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, was the eldest child and only son of George V of Hanover and his wife, Marie of Saxe-Altenburg. Ernst August was deprived of the thrones of Hanover upon its annexation by Prussia in 1866 and later the Duchy of Brunswick in 1884. Although he was the senior male-line great-grandson of George III, the Duke of Cumberland was deprived of his British peerages and honours for having sided with Germany in World War I. Ernst August was the last Hanoverian prince to hold a British royal title and the Order of the Garter. His descendants are in the line of succession to the British throne.

Princess Thyra of Denmark youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel

Princess Thyra of Denmark, Danish pronunciation: [ˈtyːʁə], was the youngest daughter and fifth child of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1878, she married Ernest Augustus, the exiled heir to the Kingdom of Hanover. As the Kingdom of Hanover had been annexed by Prussia in 1866, she spent most of her life in exile with her husband in Austria.

Christian IX of Denmark King of Denmark

Christian IX was King of Denmark from 1863 until his death in 1906. From 1863 to 1864, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.

Marriage and issue

Alexandra married on 7 June 1904 in Gmunden, Austria-Hungary to Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1882–1945), son of Frederick Francis III, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and his wife Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia. The bridegroom gave Alexandra a diamond and aquamarine tiara by Faberge. [1]

Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia Russian noble

Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia was the only daughter and second child of Grand Duke Michael Nicolaievich of Russia and a granddaughter of Tsar Nicholas I of Russia.

Alexandra and Frederick Francis had five children:

Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was the heir apparent to the throne of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and a member of the Waffen-SS.

Karin Elisabeth, Hereditary Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a member by marriage of the House of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was the widow of Friedrich Franz, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

Duke Christian Louis of Mecklenburg German noble

Duke Christian Louis of Mecklenburg was the second son of the last reigning Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Frederick Francis IV.

In 1913, a fire broke out at Schwerin Castle while the Grand Duke, Grand Duchess, and guests were dining there. [2] Everyone was able to make it out safely, although the Grand Duke and Grand Duchess had to apparently rush through flying sparks when making their escape. There were a reported $750,000 in damages, in which countless works of art, as well as important rooms were utterly destroyed. Certain reports blamed the fire on a vengeful servant, although an official court announcement stated it was merely an electrical issue. [2]

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

Ancestry

Related Research Articles

Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck, then Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg

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Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover (1914–1987) Hanoverian prince

Ernst August, Hereditary Prince of Brunswick, Prince of Hanover was head of the House of Hanover from 1953 until his death.

Princess Alexandrine of Prussia (1803–1892) Prussian princess

Princess Alexandrine of Prussia was Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin by marriage to Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. She was the daughter of Frederick William III of Prussia and Louise of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Princess Alexandra may refer to:

Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Frederick Francis IV was the last Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and regent of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He inherited the throne when he was fifteen years old in 1897 and was forced to renounce it in 1918.

Princess Marie Louise of Hanover Princess of Great Britain and Ireland, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Princess Marie Louise of Hanover and Cumberland was the eldest child of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, and Princess Thyra of Denmark, the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. Through her father, Marie Louise was a great-great-granddaughter of George III of the United Kingdom and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Princess Olga of Hanover Princess of Great Britain and Ireland, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Princess Olga of Hanover and Cumberland was the youngest daughter of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845–1923) and Princess Thyra of Denmark (1853–1933), the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (1818–1906) and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1817–1898). Olga was a great-great-granddaughter of George III of the United Kingdom and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, was a Princess and a member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg by birth, and through her marriage to Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover (1914–1987), a member of the House of Hanover.

Prince Albert of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg was the fifth and youngest child of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and his wife Princess Adelheid of Schaumburg-Lippe and was a nephew of Christian IX of Denmark. Albert was the grandfather of Ernst August, Prince of Hanover through his daughter Princess Ortrud of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg.

Princess Caroline-Mathilde of Denmark was a daughter of Prince Harald of Denmark and granddaughter of King Frederick VIII of Denmark. As the wife of Knud, Hereditary Prince of Denmark, she became Hereditary Princess of Denmark.

Prince Friedrich Ferdinand of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg was a prince of the House of Glücksburg.

Duchess Anastasia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin noble

Duchess Anastasia Alexandrine Cecile Marie Luise Wilhelmine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, . Anastasia was the youngest child and youngest daughter of Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and his wife Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland.

Princess Frederica may refer to:

Princess Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha German princess

Princess Dorothea Maria Henriette Auguste Louise of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was a princess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha by birth and the duchess of Schleswig-Holstein through her marriage to Ernst Gunther, duke of Schleswig-Holstein. Dorothea was born in Vienna, Austria, the second child and only daughter of Prince Philipp of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Louise of Belgium.

Duchess Marie Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin German noble

Duchess Marie Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was daughter of Frederick Louis, Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and consort of Georg, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg.

References

  1. "Christie's to auction historic Faberge tiara". Reuters UK.
  2. 1 2 Transatlantic, Marconi (16 December 1913), "Schwerin Treasures Burn", The New York Times, Berlin
Princess Alexandra of Hanover (1882–1963)
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 29 September 1882 Died: 30 August 1963
German royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna of Russia
Grand Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
7 June 1904 – 14 November 1918
Monarchy abolished
Titles in pretence
Loss of title
Monarchy abolished
 TITULAR 
Grand Duchess consort of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
14 November 1918 – 17 November 1945
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Karin Elisabeth von Schaper