|Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach|
|Tenure||30 April 1903 – 17 January 1905|
|Born||13 July 1884|
|Died||17 January 1905 20) (aged|
|House||Reuss Elder Line|
|Father||Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz|
|Mother||Princess Ida of Schaumburg-Lippe|
Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz (Caroline Elisabeth Ida; 13 July 1884 – 17 January 1905) was the first wife of Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Caroline was a daughter of Heinrich XXII, the reigning Prince Reuss of Greiz by his wife Princess Ida, daughter of Adolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe and Princess Hermine of Waldeck and Pyrmont, aunt of Queen Emma of the Netherlands. Her mother died in 1891, and her father died in 1902. She had only one surviving brother, Prince Heinrich XXIV Reuss of Greiz, who was incapable of governing because of the physical and mental ailments that resulted from a childhood accident. Power passed to their cousin as a result once their father died. Her younger sister Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz would later marry Emperor Wilhelm II as his second wife.
The betrothal of Princess Caroline and Wilhelm Ernst, the reigning Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach since 1901, was announced on 10 December 1902.At Buckeburg Castle (the home of her uncle), they married on 30 April 1903. Caroline was reportedly very against the match; at the last second of the wedding, she attempted to draw back, only to be persuaded most forcibly by Emperor Wilhelm II and Empress Augusta Viktoria to proceed with the marriage. Caroline wore a dress of white satin trimmed with lace; her cousins Prince George of Schaumburg-Lippe and Prince Heinrich XIV of Reuss zu Schleiz, as well as William Ernest's mother Dowager Hereditary Grand Duchess Pauline attended the wedding. His cousin Queen Wilhelmina and her consort Prince Hendrik also came to the wedding.
The marriage was unhappy, as Caroline found the rigid Weimar court etiquette intolerable. The court was generally considered to be one of the most stifling and etiquette-driven in Germany.One source recounted:
"It envelops royalty there in a species of captivity, and while the grand duke lends thereto and is too conservative to admit of any change, it crushes with its trammels the more spirited members of the family".
Her husband was described as:
"One of the wealthiest sovereigns in Europe; stolid, well-behaved, imbued with great pride of race, and a strict sense of what is due to the anointed of the Lord. He is also one of the most severely respected and proper of German rulers...the Grand Duke is very dull, and his court and environment reflect his character in this respect to such a point that Weimar has become the dreariest capital in Europe".
Caroline caused a scandal by seeking refuge in Switzerland; her husband followed soon after, as it was made understood that she had not fled the marriage but instead had simply sought to be away from her entourage in Weimar.She was eventually induced to return, but soon lost health and lapsed into melancholia. She died eighteen months after their marriage, on 17 January 1905, under mysterious circumstances. The official cause of death was pneumonia following influenza; other sources however have suggested suicide. The couple had no children together. She was the last member of the House of Saxe-Weimar to be buried in the Weimarer Fürstengruft , the royal family's crypt. William Ernest later remarried to Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen.
|Ancestors of Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz|
Prince Albert of Saxe-Altenburg was a German prince of the ducal house of Saxe-Altenburg.
William Ernest, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, was the last Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Adolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe was a ruler of the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe.
The Principality of Reuss-Greiz, called the Principality of the Reuss Elder Line after 1848, was a sovereign state in modern Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Greiz, Lower-Greiz and Upper-Greiz were elevated to princely status in 1778 and thereafter bore the title of Prince Reuss, Elder Line, or Prince Reuss of Greiz.
Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz, widowed Princess of Schönaich-Carolath, was the second wife of Wilhelm II (1859–1941). They were married in 1922, four years after he abdicated as German Emperor and King of Prussia.
Princess Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen was the eldest child of Prince Friedrich Johann of Saxe-Meiningen, a younger son of Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, and Countess Adelaide of Lippe-Biesterfeld, a daughter of Ernst, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld. By marriage, she was known as Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Princess Marie Alexandrine of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was the eldest daughter and second child of Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and his wife Princess Sophie of the Netherlands.
Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz was the reigning sovereign of Reuss-Greiz, a small principality of the German states, from 1859 until his death in 1902.
Princess Ida Matilda Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe was the consort of Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1872 until her death. She was the mother of Hermine Reuss of Greiz, second wife of Wilhelm II, the last German Emperor.
Princess Pauline of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was the wife of Charles Augustus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Events in the year 1911 in Germany.
Events in the year 1910 in Germany.
Events in the year 1902 in Germany.
Events in the year 1901 in Germany.
Events in the year 1898 in Germany.
Events in the year 1876 in Germany.
Events in the year 1903 in Germany.
Events in the year 1916 in Germany.
Princess Hermine of Waldeck and Pyrmont was a German princess. She was the second daughter of George II, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont and his wife Princess Emma of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym. She was an aunt of the Dutch Queen Emma.
Prince Wilhelm Karl Bernhard Hermann of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was a member of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
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Princess Caroline Reuss of GreizBorn: 13 July 1884 Died: 17 January 1905
Sophie of the Netherlands
| Grand Duchess consort of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach |
30 April 1903 – 17 January 1905
Feodora of Saxe-Meiningen