Princess Charlotte of Cambridge

Last updated

Princess Charlotte
Born (2015-05-02) 2 May 2015 (age 4)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England
Full name
Charlotte Elizabeth Diana [fn 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Mother Catherine Middleton

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (Charlotte Elizabeth Diana; born 2 May 2015) is a member of the British royal family. She is the second child and only daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. She is fourth in the line of succession to the British throne.

British royal family Family consisting of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom

The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family.

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge 20th and 21st-century member of the British royal family

Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is a member of the British royal family. He is the elder son of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Diana, Princess of Wales. Since birth, he has been second in the line to succeed his grandmother Elizabeth II, who is queen of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms.

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Wife of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge,, is a member of the British royal family. Her husband, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, is expected to become king of the United Kingdom and 15 other Commonwealth realms, making Catherine a likely future queen consort.

Contents

Birth and baptism

The Gun Salute in Hyde Park, London to mark the birth of Charlotte King's Troop Royal Horse Artillery (16750107774).jpg
The Gun Salute in Hyde Park, London to mark the birth of Charlotte

Charlotte, the second child of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, was born at 08:34 BST on 2 May 2015 in Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, London. [2] Several landmarks were illuminated pink to mark her birth, including Tower Bridge, the London Eye, and the Trafalgar Square fountains; [3] there were also gun salutes at Hyde Park and the Tower of London. [4] On 4 May, her name was announced as Charlotte Elizabeth Diana, [5] with her two middle names being chosen in honour of her paternal great-grandmother Queen Elizabeth II and late paternal grandmother Diana, Princess of Wales. [6] [7]

British Summer Time Identifier for a time offset from UTC of +1

During British Summer Time (BST), civil time in the United Kingdom is advanced one hour forward of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), so that evenings have more daylight and mornings have less.

St Marys Hospital, London Hospital in London

St Mary's Hospital is an NHS hospital in Paddington, in the City of Westminster, London, founded in 1845. Since the UK's first academic health science centre was created in 2008, it has been operated by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, which also operates Charing Cross Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital and the Western Eye Hospital.

Tower Bridge bridge in London, United Kingdom

Tower Bridge is a combined bascule and suspension bridge in London, built between 1886 and 1894. The bridge crosses the River Thames close to the Tower of London and has become an iconic symbol of London. Because of this, Tower Bridge is sometimes confused with London Bridge, situated some 0.5 mi (0.80 km) upstream. Tower Bridge is one of five London bridges now owned and maintained by the Bridge House Estates, a charitable trust overseen by the City of London Corporation. It is the only one of the Trust's bridges not to connect the City of London directly to the Southwark bank, as its northern landfall is in Tower Hamlets.

On 5 July 2015, Princess Charlotte was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham, the same church where her paternal grandmother was christened in 1961. Her godparents are her parents' cousins The Honorable Laura Pettman and Adam Middleton, and family friends Thomas van Straubenzee, James Meade, and Sophie Carter. [8] The ceremony used a font that was made for Queen Victoria's first child. [8]

Infant baptism Christian baptism of infants or young children

Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young children. In theological discussions, the practice is sometimes referred to as paedobaptism, or pedobaptism, from the Greek pais meaning "child". This can be contrasted with what is called "believer's baptism", or credobaptism, from the Latin word credo meaning "I believe", which is the religious practice of baptising only individuals who personally confess faith in Jesus, therefore excluding underage children. Opposition to infant baptism is termed catabaptism. Infant baptism is also called "christening" by some faith traditions.

Justin Welby British Anglican bishop; the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury

Justin Portal Welby is the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury and the most senior bishop in the Church of England. Welby was the vicar of Southam, Warwickshire, and most recently was the Bishop of Durham, serving for just over a year. As Archbishop of Canterbury, he is the Primate of All England and the head Primus inter pares of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

Family of Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge Middleton family

Members of the Middleton family have been related to the British royal family by marriage since the wedding of Catherine Middleton and Prince William in April 2011, when she became the Duchess of Cambridge.

Official appearances

On 11 June 2016, she made her first public appearance, which was on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during Trooping the Colour. [9] She accompanied her parents on their royal tour of Canada in September 2016 [10] and on their diplomatic visit to Poland and Germany in July 2017. [11]

Buckingham Palace Official London residence and principal workplace of the British monarch

Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality. It has been a focal point for the British people at times of national rejoicing and mourning.

Trooping the Colour military ceremony in the British Army and other Commonwealth militaries

Trooping the Colour is a ceremony performed by regiments of the British and Commonwealth armies. It has been a tradition of British infantry regiments since the 17th century, although its roots go back much earlier. On the battlefield, a regiment's colours, or flags, were used as rallying points. Consequently, regiments would have their ensigns slowly march with their colours between the ranks to enable soldiers to recognise their regiments' colours.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Its southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Canada's capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.

Education

Charlotte started her education at the Willcocks Nursery School, near her family's home in Kensington Palace, in January 2018. [12] She is expected to join her brother Prince George at the private Thomas's School in Battersea in September 2019. [13]

Kensington Palace royal residence set in Kensington Gardens, London, England

Kensington Palace is a royal residence set in Kensington Gardens, in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London, England. It has been a residence of the British Royal Family since the 17th century, and is currently the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge, Princess Eugenie and her husband Jack Brooksbank, the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester, the Duke and Duchess of Kent, and Prince and Princess Michael of Kent.

Thomas's London Day Schools are four private preparatory schools in London, UK. They are located in Kensington, Battersea, Clapham and Fulham, as well as a kindergarten in Battersea. They are a family-run establishment, and have come to be seen as a feeder for major British public schools such as Alleyn's School, Harrow, Eton, Marlborough, Dulwich, City of London, Radley, King's College School, and Westminster.

Battersea area of the London Borough of Wandsworth, England

Battersea is a district of South West London, England, within the London Borough of Wandsworth. It is located on the south bank of the River Thames, 2.9 miles (4.7 km) south west of Charing Cross.

Public interest

The queue outside Buckingham Palace to view the ornate golden easel holding the official announcement of Charlotte's birth Queue to view the official announcement of the birth of Princess Charlotte.jpg
The queue outside Buckingham Palace to view the ornate golden easel holding the official announcement of Charlotte's birth

Despite the efforts of her parents to shelter their children from the press, [14] each photograph or public appearance of Charlotte has caused a media frenzy. [15] According to shopping statistics and polls among parents, Charlotte is a major children's style icon. Retailers, particularly in clothing, benefit greatly from their products appearing in photographs of the Princess. Brand Finance have estimated that she will be worth more than £3 billion to the British economy throughout her lifetime. [15] In July 2018, Reader's Digest valued her at $5 billion or £3.8 billion. [16]

Brand Finance is an independent branded business valuation consultancy. It advises branded organisations, or those with intangible assets, on how to maximise their value through effective management of their brand and other intangible assets. Brand Finance has been certified with ISO 10668:2010. As of July 2017, the company evaluates over 3,500 brands annually.

<i>Readers Digest</i> magazine

Reader's Digest is an American general-interest family magazine, published ten times a year. Formerly based in Chappaqua, New York, it is now headquartered in Midtown Manhattan. The magazine was founded in 1922, by DeWitt Wallace and Lila Bell Wallace. For many years, Reader's Digest was the best-selling consumer magazine in the United States; it lost the distinction in 2009 to Better Homes and Gardens. According to Mediamark Research (2006), Reader's Digest reaches more readers with household incomes of $100,000+ than Fortune, The Wall Street Journal, Business Week, and Inc. combined.

Titles and succession

Charlotte is, from birth, a princess of the United Kingdom entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by Queen Elizabeth II on 31 December 2012, which gave the title and style to all children of the Prince of Wales's elder son. [17] [18] She is thus styled "Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge". [6]

Charlotte is fourth in the line of succession to the British throne, after her grandfather, father, and elder brother. [19] [20] Due to the implementation of the Perth Agreement, which replaced male-preference primogeniture with absolute primogeniture, she did not move down the line of succession when her younger brother, Prince Louis of Cambridge, was born on 23 April 2018; this makes her the first elder sister of a British prince to be ranked above him in the line of succession. [21]

See also

Notes

  1. British princesses such as Charlotte do not normally use a surname. When needed, the surname for male-line descendants of Elizabeth II is usually Mountbatten-Windsor. [1]

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References

  1. "The Royal Family name". The Official Website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
  2. "Royal baby: William and Kate present daughter to the world". BBC News. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  3. "Royal baby: Princess's first night at Kensington Palace". BBC News. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  4. "Royal baby: London gun salutes mark birth of princess". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  5. "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby" (Press release). Clarence House. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  6. 1 2 "Royal princess named Charlotte Elizabeth Diana". BBC. London. 4 May 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  7. "Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana: why William and Kate made their name choices for royal baby". The Daily Telegraph. London. 4 May 2015. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  8. 1 2 "Princess Charlotte is christened at a Sandringham church". BBC News. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  9. "Princess Charlotte makes her balcony debut at Trooping the Colour – AOL Lifestyle". Aol.com. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  10. Canada (1 October 2016). "Prince William, Kate and children bid farewell to Canada as royal tour ends". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  11. Hunt, Peter (17 July 2017). "George and Charlotte join Poland and Germany diplomacy tour". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  12. "Princess Charlotte to start nursery school in January". BBC. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  13. Napoli, Jessica (24 May 2019). "Princess Charlotte to attend same school as brother Prince George". Fox News. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  14. Hunt, Peter (29 September 2016). "Prince George and Princess Charlotte in Canada play day". BBC News. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  15. 1 2 Spedding, Emma (1 May 2016). "The Princess Charlotte Effect: inside the clothing frenzy caused by a Royal one-year-old". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  16. "Princess Charlotte is worth a billion dollars more than Prince George", by Markeeta Waddington, Nine.com.au
  17. "No. 60384". The London Gazette . 8 January 2013. p. 213.
  18. "Royal baby girl 'would be princess'". BBC News. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  19. "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting their second child" (Press release). Clarence House. 8 September 2014. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  20. "Duchess of Cambridge pregnant with second child". BBC News. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  21. "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to new prince". BBC News. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018.
Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Born: 2 May 2015
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Prince George of Cambridge
Succession to the British throne
4th in line
Followed by
Prince Louis of Cambridge