Princess Eugenie

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Princess Eugenie
Princess Eugenie, 2017.jpg
Princess Eugenie in 2017
BornPrincess Eugenie of York
(1990-03-23) 23 March 1990 (age 31)
Portland Hospital, London, England
Spouse
(m. 2018)
IssueAugust Brooksbank
Names
Eugenie Victoria Helena
House Windsor
Father Prince Andrew, Duke of York
Mother Sarah Ferguson
Alma mater Newcastle University

Princess Eugenie, Mrs Jack Brooksbank [1] ( /ˈjuːʒəni/ YOO-zhə-nee; [2] Eugenie Victoria Helena; born 23 March 1990) is a member of the British royal family. She is the younger daughter of Prince Andrew, Duke of York, and Sarah, Duchess of York. At birth, she was 6th in the line of succession to the British throne and is now 12th.

Contents

Born in Portland Hospital, London, Eugenie attended St George's School and Marlborough College before studying at Newcastle University, graduating with a bachelor's degree in English literature and history of art. She joined the auction house Paddle8 before taking a directing position at art gallery Hauser & Wirth. Eugenie also works privately with a number of charitable organisations, including Children in Crisis and Anti-Slavery International.

She married Jack Brooksbank, a brand ambassador, in 2018. They have a son born in February 2021.

Early life

Eugenie was born by Caesarean section at Portland Hospital in the West End of London on 23 March 1990 at 7:58 pm, [3] [4] the second child of the Duke and Duchess of York, and sixth grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. On 30 March, it was announced that the Duke and Duchess of York had named her Eugenie Victoria Helena. [5]

She was baptised at St Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham, by the Bishop of Norwich on 23 December 1990. [6] She was the first royal baby to have a public christening and the only one of the Queen's grandchildren not to be baptised in the Lily Font. [7] Her godparents were James Ogilvy (her father's second cousin), Captain Alastair Ross (who was unable to attend), Susan Ferguson (her maternal grandfather's second wife), Julia Dodd-Noble, and Louise Blacker. [8]

Eugenie's parents divorced amicably when she was six years old. [9] The Duke and Duchess of York had agreed to joint custody of their two children. [10] Eugenie and her sister frequently travelled abroad with one or both of their parents. [11]

In October 2002, the 12-year-old Eugenie underwent back surgery at the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital in London to correct scoliosis; [12] two 12-inch titanium rods were put in her back. [13] [14] She made a full recovery and was not required to undergo any further surgeries. [15]

Education and career

Eugenie began her schooling at Winkfield Montessori from 1992 to 1993. From there, she joined her sister at Upton House School in Windsor until 1995. She attended Coworth Park School (now Coworth Flexlands School) from 1995 to 2001, and then St George's School, near Windsor Castle until 2003. For the next five years, Eugenie boarded at Marlborough College in Wiltshire. [16] She undertook a gap year before continuing her education in 2009. Eugenie began studying at Newcastle University in September 2009, combining Art History, English Literature and Politics. She completed her studies in 2012, earning a 2:1 in English literature and history of art.

In 2013, she moved to New York City for one year to work for the online auction firm Paddle8 as a benefit auctions manager. [17] In July 2015, she moved back to London to work for the Hauser & Wirth art gallery as an associate director, and was promoted to director in 2017. [18] [19]

Marriage and family

The Duke of York's Office at Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Eugenie and Jack Brooksbank on 22 January 2018. The couple had been dating for seven years, and were first introduced by friends in a ski break in Verbier, Switzerland, where Brooksbank was working. [20] They were engaged on vacation in Nicaragua. [21] In April 2018, the couple moved from St James's Palace and took up residence in Ivy Cottage at Kensington Palace. [22] The wedding took place at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, on 12 October 2018. The wedding dress was designed by the British fashion designers Peter Pilotto and Christopher de Vos of British-based label Peter Pilotto, [23] and was designed to display her surgical scar. Eugenie chose to show her scar to honour those that helped her, and to inspire others with the condition of scoliosis. [24] [25]

Eugenie gave birth to a son, August Philip Hawke Brooksbank, on 9 February 2021 at the Portland Hospital in London, born by caesarean section due to her childhood scoliosis operation. [26] [27] At birth, he was eleventh in line to the throne. [26] He is named after his great-grandfather Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, and two of his five-times great-grandfathers: Reverend Edward Hawke Brooksbank, and Prince Albert, whose given names included "Augustus". [28]

Activities

Eugenie at her first engagement, opening Teenage Cancer Trust's unit in Leeds, October 2008 Princess Eugenie of York.jpg
Eugenie at her first engagement, opening Teenage Cancer Trust's unit in Leeds, October 2008

Eugenie receives no allowance from the Privy Purse. [29] She does, however, undertake occasional public engagements, which are usually connected with the charities she supports, including the Teenage Cancer Trust and Children in Crisis. In 2018, Children in Crisis merged with Street Child, a children's charity active in multiple countries, with Eugenie still serving as an ambassador. [30]

Eugenie and her sister represented their father at a service of thanksgiving for her aunt, Diana, Princess of Wales, in 2007. In 2008, she performed her first solo public engagement, opening a Teenage Cancer Trust's unit for young cancer patients in Leeds.

On 2 June 2011, Eugenie visited the Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital (RNOH) with her father as one of her first official engagements. In April 2012 she agreed to be patron for the hospital's Redevelopment Appeal, [13] which was her first patronage. In 2014, Eugenie re-opened the children's unit at the RNOH. [31] In 2014, she partnered with Daisy London Jewellery to create a limited edition charity bracelet to benefit the RNOH's Appeal. [32] In January 2013, Eugenie and her sister promoted Britain overseas in Germany. [33]

Princess Eugenie with her sister at Trooping the Colour in 2013 Princesses Beatrice and Eugenie.JPG
Princess Eugenie with her sister at Trooping the Colour in 2013

In 2016, Eugenie, along with her mother and sister, collaborated with British contemporary artist Teddy McDonald. The painting on canvas, titled Royal Love, was painted at Royal Lodge and exhibited in London prior to being sold with all proceeds from the sale of the painting donated by McDonald to the charity Children in Crisis. [34] Eugenie and her sister became Patrons of the Teenage Cancer Trust in June 2016. [35] She is also Patron of the Coronet Theatre, the European School of Osteopathy, the Tate Young Patrons and, alongside her mother, the Elephant Family, [36] of which her uncle and aunt, the Prince of Wales and the Duchess of Cornwall, are joint presidents. [37] In 2016, Eugenie visited a safe house run by The Salvation Army and met with victims of sexual abuse and modern slavery. [38]

In 2017, Eugenie became the ambassador for the Artemis Council of the New Museum, a by-invitation membership initiative focused solely on supporting female artists. [39] Eugenie also became an ambassador of Project 0 in 2018, a charity which in partnership with Sky Ocean Rescue, focuses on protecting the ocean from plastic pollution. [40] [41] In July 2018, in her capacity as director of the Anti-Slavery Collective, Eugenie spoke at the NEXUS Global Summit at the UN headquarters in New York to discuss ending modern slavery. [42] [43] In September 2018, she travelled to Serbia to visit ASTRA and ATINA, two grantees of the UN Trust Fund which fight against the issues of human trafficking and violence against women. [44] In August 2019, it was announced that she would launch a podcast, the first member of the royal family to do so. Together with Julia de Boinville, co-founder of the Anti-Slavery Collective, they will highlight and discuss issues related to modern slavery. [45] In October 2019, Eugenie became patron of Anti-Slavery International. [46]

In May 2020, it was revealed that Eugenie and her husband were helping The Salvation Army with packing foods amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. [47] In October 2020, Eugenie became patron of the Scoliosis Association UK. [48] In June 2021, Princess Eugenie became an ambassador for the Blue Marine Foundation, and met with environmentalists at Somerset House. [49]

Titles, styles and arms

Titles and styles

Royal monogram Royal Monogram of Princess Eugenie of Great Britain.svg
Royal monogram

As a male-line grandchild of the sovereign, Eugenie was known as "Her Royal Highness Princess Eugenie of York", [50] with the territorial designation coming from her father's title, Duke of York. Since her marriage, she has been styled "Her Royal Highness Princess Eugenie, Mrs Jack Brooksbank" in the Court Circular. [1]

Arms

Coat of arms of Princess Eugenie
Coat of Arms of Eugenie of York.svg
Notes
The Princess's personalised coat of arms are the lozenge of the arms of the sovereign in right of the United Kingdom, with a label for difference.
Adopted
5 July 2008
Coronet
A coronet composed of four crosses formy and four Strawberry Leaves.
Escutcheon
Quarterly 1st and 4th gules three lions passant guardant in pale Or 2nd Or a lion rampant gules within a double tressure flory counterflory gules 3rd azure a harp Or stringed argent. The whole differenced by a label of five points argent, the first, third and fifth points charged with a Scottish thistle.
Supporters
Dexter a lion rampant gardant Or imperially crowned proper, sinister a unicorn argent, armed, craned and unguled Or, gorged with a coronet Or composed of crosses patée and fleurs de lis a chain affixed thereto passing between the forelegs and reflexed over the back also Or.
Banner
Royal Standard of Princess Eugenie of York.svg (In Scotland: Royal Standard of Princess Eugenie of York (in Scotland).svg )
Symbolism
As with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom. The first and third quarters are the arms of England, the second of Scotland, the fourth of Ireland. The use of thistles in her Arms continues the trend in royal heraldry (cf. the Arms of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge) of using charges from the maternal line, as her mother's coat of arms has a thistle as the main charge.

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Princess Eugenie
Born: 23 March 1990
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Succession to the British throne
12th in line
Followed by
August Brooksbank
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Ladies
HRH Princess Eugenie, Mrs Jack Brooksbank
Followed by
Lady Louise Windsor