Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst

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Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Magdalena Augusta von Sachsen-Gotha-Altenburg.jpg
Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
Tenure 1696–1732
Born(1679-10-13)13 October 1679
Died 11 October 1740(1740-10-11) (aged 60)
Spouse Frederick II
Issue
among others...
Frederick III
Prince William
Prince John August
Fredericka, Duchess of Saxe-Weisselfels
Augusta, Princess of Wales
Prince John Adolf
House House of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
House of Ascania
Father Karl of Anhalt-Zerbst
Mother Duchess Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels
Religion Lutheranism

Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst (13 October 1679 – 11 October 1740) was, by birth, a Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst and, by marriage, a Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. She was the maternal grandmother of George III of the United Kingdom.

Anhalt-Zerbst was a district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. It is bounded by the districts Potsdam-Mittelmark (Brandenburg) and Wittenberg, the city of Dessau and the districts of Köthen, Schönebeck and Jerichower Land.

Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg was a duchy ruled by the Ernestine branch of the House of Wettin in today's Thuringia, Germany. The extinction of the line in 1825 led to a major re-organisation of the Thuringian states.

George III of the United Kingdom King of Great Britain and Ireland

George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Great Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.

She was born Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst. Her father was Karl of Anhalt-Zerbst and her mother was Duchess Sophia of Saxe-Weissenfels.

Family

In 1696, Magdalena Augusta married her first cousin, Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, who had become Duke in 1691.
They had twenty children:

Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg

Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, was a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.

  1. Sophie (b. Gotha, 30 May 1697 – d. of smallpox, Gotha, 29 November 1703).
  2. Magdalena (b. Altenburg, 18 July 1698 – d. 13 November 1712).
  3. Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (b. Gotha, 14 April 1699 – d. Gotha, 10 March 1772).
  4. Stillborn son (Gotha, 22 April 1700).
  5. Wilhelm (b. Gotha, 12 March 1701 – d. Gräfentonna, 31 May 1771), married on 8 November 1742 to Anna of Holstein-Gottorp. Their marriage was childless.
  6. Karl Frederick (b. Gotha, 20 September 1702 – d. [of smallpox?] Gotha, 21 November 1703)
  7. Stillborn daughter (b. and d. Gotha, 8 May 1703).
  8. Johann August (b. Gotha, 17 February 1704 – d. Stadtroda, 8 May 1767).
  9. Christian (b. Gotha, 27 February 1705 – d. of smallpox, Gotha, 5 March 1705).
  10. Christian Wilhelm (b. Gotha, 28 May 1706 – d. Stadtroda, 19 July 1748), married on 27 May 1743 to Luise Reuss of Schleiz. Their marriage was childless.
  11. Ludwig Ernst (b. Gotha, 28 December 1707 – d. Gotha, 13 August 1763)
  12. Emanuel (b. Gotha, 5 April 1709 – d. Gotha, 10 October 1710).
  13. Moritz (b. Altenburg, 11 May 1711 – d. Altenburg, 3 September 1777).
  14. Sophie (b. Altenburg, 23 August 1712 – d. Altenburg, 12 November 1712).
  15. Karl (b. Gotha, 17 April 1714 – d. Gotha, 10 July 1715).
  16. Fredericka (b. Gotha, 17 July 1715 – d. Langensalza, 12 May 1775), married on 27 November 1734 to Johann Adolf II, Duke of Saxe-Weissenfels.
  17. Stillborn son (Gotha, 30 November 1716).
  18. Magdalena Sibylle (b. Gotha, 15 August 1718 – d. Gotha, 9 November 1718).
  19. Augusta (b. Gotha, 30 November 1719 – d. Carlton House, 8 February 1772), married on 8 May 1736 to Frederick, Prince of Wales. They had 9 children, their second child later became King George III of Great Britain.
  20. Johann Adolf (b. Gotha, 18 May 1721 – d. Friedrichstanneck, 29 April 1799).

Ancestry

Princess Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst
Born: 13 October 1679 Died: 11 October 1740
German royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Christine of Baden-Durlach
Duchess consort of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
7 June 1696 – 23 March 1732
Succeeded by
Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen

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