|Maria Luisa Carlota|
|Hereditary Princess of Saxony|
Portrait by Antonio María Esquivel (c. 1834)
|Born||2 October 1802|
|Died||18 March 1857 54) (aged|
Rome, Papal States
|Spouse|| Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony |
Count Francesco Rossi
Count Giovanni Vimercati
|Father||Louis of Etruria|
|Mother||Maria Luisa of Spain|
Maria Luisa Carlota of Parma (2 October 1802 – 18 March 1857) was a Princess of Parma and member of the House of Bourbon. She was married to Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony.
Maria Luisa Carlota was born in Barcelona. The Spanish royal family were in the city to celebrate the marriage of her maternal uncle Infante Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias to Princess Maria Antonia of Naples 6 October 1802.
Her mother, Maria Luisa, under difficulties gave birth to Maria Luisa Carlota (named after her deceased aunt, who had died four days before her mother's birth). At first, doctors thought that both mother and daughter would not survive.
Her maternal grandparents and her uncle Ferdinand VII wanted to marry Maria Luisa Carlota, then fourteen years old, to the Infante Francisco de Paula, Maria Luisa's youngest brother; the marriage never materialised.
Maria Luisa Carlota married Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony, the widower of her aunt Carolina of Parma, in Lucca on 15 October 1825 (by proxy) and again in Dresden on 7 November 1825. The couple had no children, and Maximilian renounced his rights to the throne in 1830. He died in 1838. Maria Luisa Carlota spent most of her life in Vienna, where she was known for her eccentricity. On 22 July 1849 she married again to a nobleman, Count Francesco Rossi, who died in 1854. On 19 February 1855 she married again, Count Giovanni Vimercati, by whom she had no issue and who outlived her, dying in 1861. She died in 1857, aged 54.
|Ancestors of Princess Maria Luisa Carlota of Parma|
Ferdinand III was Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1790 to 1801 and, after a period of disenfranchisement, again from 1814 to 1824. He was also the Prince-elector and Grand Duke of Salzburg (1803–1805) and Grand Duke of Würzburg (1805–1814).
Doña Carlota Joaquina of Spain, was by birth a member of the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon and Infanta of Spain and by marriage Queen consort of Portugal.
Prince Maximilian of Saxony was a German prince and a member of the House of Wettin. He was the sixth but third and youngest surviving son of Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony and the composer Princess Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria.
Infanta Maria Teresa of Braganza was the firstborn child of John VI of Portugal and Carlota Joaquina of Spain, and heir presumptive to the throne of Portugal between 1793 and 1795, until her short-lived brother António Pio was born.
Ferdinand was the Duke of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla from his father's death on 18 July 1765 until he ceded the duchy to France by the Treaty of Aranjuez on 20 March 1801. He was a member of the Spanish House of Bourbon.
Maria Amalia of Saxony was Queen consort of Naples and Sicily from 1738 till 1759 and then Queen consort of Spain from 1759 until her death in 1760, by marriage to Charles III of Spain. A popular consort, she oversaw the construction of the Caserta Palace outside Naples as well as various other projects, and she is known for her influence upon the affairs of state. Moving to Spain in 1759, she then set about the improvements to the Royal Palace of Madrid but died before its completion. Maria Amalia was politically active and openly participated in state affairs in both Naples and Spain.
Louis I was the first of the two kings of Etruria. Louis was the son of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, and Maria Amalia of Austria. He was born in 1773, when his great-grandfather, King Louis XV of France, was still alive.
Maria Amalia was the Duchess of Parma, Piacenza and Guastalla by marriage. Maria Amalia was a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I. She was thus younger sister to Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor and older sister to Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Maria Carolina, Queen of Naples and Marie Antoinette, Queen of France.
Infante Gabriel of Spain was a son of King Charles III of Spain and his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony.
Maria Isabella of Spain was an infanta of Spain and Queen consort of the Two Sicilies.
Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria, was a member of the Bavarian Royal House of Wittelsbach and a General of Cavalry. Following his marriage to Infanta María de la Paz of Spain, he also became Spanish infante.
Infanta Amalia of Spain was the youngest daughter of Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain. Her eldest brother, Francisco de Asís married Queen Isabella II of Spain, who was Amalia's first cousin. She was the only one of five sisters who made a royal marriage. In 1865 she married Prince Adalbert of Bavaria, a son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria. Upon her marriage she moved to Munich, where she spent the rest of her life. However she remained attached to her native country and was instrumental in arranging the marriage of her eldest son Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria with her niece Infanta Paz of Spain.
Maria Luisa of Spain was a Spanish infanta, daughter of King Charles IV and his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. In 1795, she married her first cousin Louis, Hereditary Prince of Parma. She spent the first years of her married life at the Spanish court where their first child, Charles, was born.
Carolina Maria Teresa Giuseppa of Parma was a Princess of Parma by birth, and Princess of Saxony by marriage to Prince Maximilian of Saxony. Carolina was the eldest child of Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, and his wife Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria.
Luisa of Naples and Sicily, was a Neapolitan and Sicilian princess and the wife of the third Habsburg Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Maria Clementina of Austria was an Austrian archduchess and the tenth child and third daughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Luisa of Spain. In 1797 she married her first cousin Hereditary Prince Francis of Naples, heir to the kingdoms of Naples and Sicily. She was modest, well educated and kind, becoming popular in her adoptive country. Afflicted with frail health, she died of tuberculosis, age twenty four. Her only surviving child was Caroline, Duchess of Berry.
Marie Anna of Saxony, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, , was a princess of Saxony. She became Grand Duchess of Tuscany by her marriage to Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony was a daughter of Maximilian, Crown Prince of Saxony and his first wife Princess Carolina of Parma. She was by marriage Grand Duchess of Tuscany from 1821 to 1824.
Infante Enrique, 1st Duke of Seville, was an Infante of Spain and a member of the Spanish branch of the House of Bourbon. He was the grandson of Charles IV of Spain and became the first Duke of Seville in 1823. He was known for his progressive, even revolutionary, ideas during the reign of his double first cousin and sister-in-law, Isabella II of Spain.
María Amalia, Infanta of Spain, was a Spanish princess. She was a daughter of King Charles IV of Spain, in 1795, she married her uncle Infante Antonio Pascual of Spain.
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