Princess Marie Louise of Hanover

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Princess Marie Louise
Margravine of Baden
Marie Louise von Hannover Cumberland.JPG
Born(1879-10-11)11 October 1879
Gmunden, Upper Austria, Austria-Hungary
Died 31 January 1948(1948-01-31) (aged 68)
Salem, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Spouse Prince Maximilian of Baden
(m. 1900;d. 1929)
Issue Marie Alexandra, Princess Wolfgang of Hesse
Berthold, Margrave of Baden
Full name
Marie Louise Victoria Caroline Amalie Alexandra Augusta Friederike
House Hanover
Father Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
Mother Princess Thyra of Denmark

Princess Marie Louise of Hanover and Cumberland (11 October 1879 – 31 January 1948) was the eldest daughter of Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover (1845–1923) and Princess Thyra of Denmark (1853–1933), the youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (1818–1906) and Louise of Hesse-Kassel (1817–1898). Through her father, Marie Louise was a great-great-granddaughter of George III of the United Kingdom (1738–1820) and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (1744–1818).

Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover British prince

Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover, 3rd Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale, was the eldest child and only son of George V of Hanover and his wife, Marie of Saxe-Altenburg. Ernst August was deprived of the thrones of Hanover upon its annexation by Prussia in 1866 and later the Duchy of Brunswick in 1884. Although he was the senior male-line great-grandson of George III, the Duke of Cumberland was deprived of his British peerages and honours for having sided with Germany in World War I. Ernst August was the last Hanoverian prince to hold a British royal title and the Order of the Garter. His descendants are in the line of succession to the British throne.

Princess Thyra of Denmark youngest daughter of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel

Princess Thyra of Denmark, Danish pronunciation: [ˈtyːʁə], was the youngest daughter and fifth child of Christian IX of Denmark and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1878, she married Ernest Augustus, the exiled heir to the Kingdom of Hanover. As the Kingdom of Hanover had been annexed by Prussia in 1866, she spent most of her life in exile with her husband in Austria.

Christian IX of Denmark King of Denmark

Christian IX was King of Denmark from 1863 until his death in 1906. From 1863 to 1864, he was concurrently Duke of Schleswig, Holstein and Lauenburg.

Contents

Marriage and issue

Maximilian von Baden.jpg

Marie Louise married on 10 July 1900 in Gmunden, Austria-Hungary to her third cousin twice removed Prince Maximilian of Baden (1867–1929), son of Prince Wilhelm of Baden and his wife Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg, thus making him a first cousin twice removed of Napoleon III of France. Marie Louise and Maximilian had one daughter and one son:

Prince Maximilian of Baden German chancellor

Maximilian, Margrave of Baden, also known as Max von Baden, was a German prince and politician. He was heir presumptive to the grand ducal throne of Baden, and in October and November 1918 briefly served as Chancellor of the German Empire. He sued for peace on Germany's behalf at the end of World War I based on U.S. President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, which included immediately transforming the government into a parliamentary system, by handing over the title of Chancellor to SPD Chairman Friedrich Ebert and unilaterally proclaiming the abdication of Emperor Wilhelm II. Both events took place on 9 November 1918, the beginning of the Weimar Republic.

Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg Wife of Prince Wilhelm of Baden

Princess Maria Maximilianovna of Leuchtenberg, also known as Princess Maria Romanovskya, Maria, Princess Romanovskaja, Maria Herzogin von Leuchtenberg or Marie Maximiliane was the eldest daughter of Maximilian de Beauharnais, 3rd Duke of Leuchtenberg and his wife Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna of Russia. She married Prince Wilhelm of Baden. The couple's son, Prince Maximilian of Baden, was Germany's last Imperial chancellor.

Commonly, "cousin" refers to a "first cousin", people whose most recent common ancestor is a grandparent. A first cousin used to be known as a cousin-german, though this term is rarely used today.

Princess Marie Alexandra of Baden Princess and Landgravine of Hesse

Princess Marie Alexandra of Baden was a Hessian princess by marriage.

Prince Wolfgang of Hesse-Kassel was the designated Hereditary Prince of the monarchy of Finland, and as such, already called the Crown Prince of Finland officially until 14 December 1918, and also afterwards by some monarchists.

Princess Margaret of Prussia Prussian princess

Princess Margaret of Prussia was a daughter of Frederick III, German Emperor and Victoria, Princess Royal, and the younger sister of Emperor Wilhelm II and a granddaughter of Queen Victoria. She married Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse, the elected King of Finland, making her the would-be Queen of Finland had he not decided to reject the throne. In 1926 they assumed the titles of Landgrave and Landgravine of Hesse. She lost three sons in World Wars I and II.

Titles and styles

Ancestry

Princess Marie Louise of Hanover
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 11 October 1879 Died: 31 January 1948
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Hilda of Nassau
 TITULAR 
Grand Duchess consort of Baden
8 August 1928 – 6 November 1929
Reason for succession failure:
Grand Duchy abolished in 1918
Succeeded by
Princess Theodora of Greece and Denmark

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