Princess Marie of Hanover

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Princess Marie
Princess Marie of Hanover 1849-1909.jpg
Born(1849-12-02)2 December 1849
Hanover
Died4 June 1904(1904-06-04) (aged 54)
Gmunden, Austria
Full name
Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elisabeth Alexandrina
German: Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henriette Therese Elisabeth Alexandrine
House Hanover
Father George V of Hanover
Mother Marie of Saxe-Altenburg

Princess Marie of Hanover (German : Marie Ernestine Josephine Adolphine Henrietta Theresa Elizabeth Alexandrina Prinzessin von Hannover und Cumberland; 2 December 1849 – 4 June 1904) was the younger daughter of King George V of Hanover and of his wife, Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg.

German language West Germanic language

German is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein. It is also one of the three official languages of Luxembourg and a co-official language in the Opole Voivodeship in Poland. The languages which are most similar to German are the other members of the West Germanic language branch: Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, Low German/Low Saxon, Luxembourgish, and Yiddish. There are also strong similarities in vocabulary with Danish, Norwegian and Swedish, although those belong to the North Germanic group. German is the second most widely spoken Germanic language, after English.

George V of Hanover King of Hanover

George V was the last king of Hanover, the only child and successor of King Ernest Augustus. George V's reign was ended during the Unification of Germany.

Marie of Saxe-Altenburg British princess

Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, VA was Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.

Contents

Biography

Marie and Marie from Hanover, postcard by Carl Jagerspacher, Gmunden 1904, with the original signature of "Marie R. (Regina)" Carl Jagerspacher Gmunden PC 1904 Marie von Sachsen-Altenburg Prinzessin Marie.jpg
Marie and Marie from Hanover, postcard by Carl Jagerspacher, Gmunden 1904, with the original signature of "Marie R. (Regina)"

Marie was born in the city of Hanover. She held the title of Princess with the style of Royal Highness in the Kingdom of Hanover. In the United Kingdom, she held the title of Princess with the style Her Highness as a male line great-granddaughter of King George III.

Hanover Place in Lower Saxony, Germany

Hanover or Hannover is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony. Its 535,061 (2017) inhabitants make it the thirteenth-largest city of Germany, as well as the third-largest city of Northern Germany after Hamburg and Bremen. The city lies at the confluence of the River Leine and its tributary Ihme, in the south of the North German Plain, and is the largest city of the Hannover–Braunschweig–Göttingen–Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region. It is the fifth-largest city in the Low German dialect area after Hamburg, Dortmund, Essen, and Bremen.

Royal Highness is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses. Monarchs and their consorts are usually styled Majesty. When used as a direct form of address, spoken or written, it takes the form "Your Royal Highness". When used as a third-person reference, it is gender-specific and, in plural, Their Royal Highnesses (TRH).

Kingdom of Hanover German kingdom established in 1814

The Kingdom of Hanover was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era. It succeeded the former Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and joined 38 other sovereign states in the German Confederation in June 1815. The kingdom was ruled by the House of Hanover, a cadet branch of the House of Welf, in personal union with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1837. Since its monarch resided in London, a viceroy handled the administration of the Kingdom of Hanover.

In 1866 Marie's father was deposed as king of Hanover. Marie and her mother remained in Hanover for over a year, residing at Schloss Marienburg, until they went into exile in Austria in July 1867. [1] Eventually the family settled at Gmunden.

Austria Federal republic in Central Europe

Austria, officially the Republic of Austria, is a country in Central Europe comprising 9 federated states. Its capital, largest city and one of nine states is Vienna. Austria has an area of 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi), a population of nearly 9 million people and a nominal GDP of $477 billion. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other regional languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

Gmunden Place in Upper Austria, Austria

Gmunden is a town in Upper Austria, Austria in the district of Gmunden. It has 13,204 inhabitants. It is much frequented as a health and summer resort, and has a variety of lake, brine, vegetable and pine-cone baths, a hydropathic establishment, inhalation chambers, whey cure, etc. It is also an important centre of the salt industry in Salzkammergut.

Marriage prospects

Marie visited England with her family in May 1876, [2] and again, after her father's death, in June 1878. [3] Her sister Frederica moved to England where she married, but Marie returned to Gmunden where she remained single and lived with her mother at Schloss Cumberland (named after her father's British ducal title). An American newspaper suggests that Marie twice turned down an offer of marriage from Queen Victoria's third son the Duke of Connaught. [4]

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Princess Frederica of Hanover British princess

Princess Frederica of Hanover, was a member of the House of Hanover. After her marriage, she lived mostly in England, where she was a prominent member of society.

Queen Victoria British monarch who reigned 1837–1901

Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India.

Death

Marie died at Gmunden at the age of 54. Her funeral was the day after her death since two days later her niece Princess Alexandra of Hanover and Cumberland was scheduled to marry Grand Duke Friedrich Franz IV of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. [5] Marie is buried in the family mausoleum at Schloss Cumberland next to her mother who outlived her by three years.

Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin

Frederick Francis IV was the last Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and regent of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He inherited the throne when he was fifteen years old in 1897 and was forced to renounce it in 1918.

Ancestry

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References

  1. "Queen Marie of Hanover", The Times ( 24 July 1867): 11.
  2. "Court Circular", The Times ( 22 May 1876): 11.
  3. "Court Circular", The Times ( 24 June 1878): 9.
  4. "Miss Mary Baring's Marriage", The New York Times ( 30 September 1887): 5.
  5. "Prinzessin Mary von Hannover", Wiener Abendpost (6. Juni, 1904): 3.