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Principality of Reuss-Greiz
Motto: Ich Bau Auf Gott
"I build on God"
Anthem: Gott, erhalt' in Deiner Gnaden Unsern Fürsten
"God, Save in Your Mercy Our Prince"
The Reuss Elder Line within the German Empire
The Reuss Elder Line within Thuringia
|Minister of State|
|Franz von Grün|
|Ernst von Meding|
|12 May 1778|
|11 November 1918|
|1905||316.7 km2 (122.3 sq mi)|
The Principality of Reuss-Greiz (German : Fürstentum Reuß-Greiz), called the Principality of the Reuss Elder Line (German : Fürstentum Reuß älterer Linie) after 1848, was a sovereign state in modern Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. The Counts Reuss of Greiz, Lower-Greiz and Upper-Greiz (German : Reuß zu Greiz, Untergreiz und Obergreiz) were elevated to princely status in 1778 and thereafter bore the title of Prince Reuss, Elder Line, or Prince Reuss of Greiz.
Similarly to the more numerous Reuss Junior Line, the male members of this house were all named "Heinrich", in honour of Emperor Heinrich VI, who had benefited the family. They were numbered sequentially by birth, rather than by reign, with the last series beginning with Heinrich I (born 1693) and ending with Heinrich XXIV (1878–1927).
The principality of the Reuss Elder Line had an area of 317 km² and a population of 71,000 (1905). Its capital was Greiz.
In 1919, in the aftermath of World War I, the territory of the Elder Line was merged with that of the Junior Line as the People's State of Reuss, which was incorporated into the new state of Thuringia in 1920. The Elder Line died out in 1927 with the death of the childless Heinrich XXIV, after which its claims were passed to the Junior Line.
Heinrich XXIV , 6th Prince 1918–1927 (1878–1927)
To Reuss Junior Line on the death of Prince Heinrich XXIV
Reuss was the name of several historical states located in present-day Thuringia, Germany. Its rulers, the House of Reuss, named all of their male children Heinrich after the end of the 12th century in honour of Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor (1190–1197), to whom they owed the estates of Weida and Gera. The head of each branch of the family bore the German title Fürst (Prince) as did their male children.
The Principality of Reuss-Gera, called the Principality of Reuss Junior Line after 1848, was a sovereign state in modern Germany, ruled by members of the House of Reuss. It was one of the successor states of the Imperial County of Reuss. The Counts Reuss, with their respective capitals and Residenzen at Gera, Schleiz, Lobenstein, Köstritz and Ebersdorf were all elevated to the title of prince (Fürst) in 1806, and their successor branch heads shared that title, while their cadets were also each titled prince (Prinz). Thus all males of the family were properly "Prince Heinrich Reuss, J.L.", without use of a nobiliary particle, although for convenience their branch names remained in colloquial use.
Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau was a Dutch regent. She was the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal. She was regent of the Netherlands from 1765 until 1766 during the minority of her brother.
Adolf I, Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe was a ruler of the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe.
Princess Hermine Reuss of Greiz, widowed Princess of Schönaich-Carolath, was the second wife of Wilhelm II (1859–1941). They were married in 1922, four years after he had abdicated as German Emperor and King of Prussia.
Princess Caroline Reuss of Greiz was the first wife of Wilhelm Ernst, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz was the reigning sovereign of Reuss-Greiz, a small principality of the German states, from 1859 until his death in 1902.
Princess Ida Matilda Adelaide of Schaumburg-Lippe was the consort of Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1872 until her death. She was the mother of Hermine Reuss of Greiz, second wife of Wilhelm II, the last German Emperor.
Heinrich XI, Prince Reuss of Greiz was the first Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1778 to 1800.
Heinrich XIII, Prince Reuss of Greiz was Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1800 to 1817.
Heinrich XIX, Prince Reuss of Greiz was Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1817 to 1836.
Heinrich XX, Prince Reuss of Greiz was Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1836 to 1859.
Heinrich XXIV, Prince Reuss of Greiz was the last reigning Prince Reuss of Greiz from 1902 to 1918. Then he became Head of the House Reuss of Greiz which became extinct at his death in 1927.
Heinrich XIV, Prince Reuss Younger Line was Prince Reuss Younger Line from 1867 to 1913.
Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line was the last reigning Prince Reuss Younger Line from 1913 to 1918. Then he became Head of the House of Reuss Younger Line from 1918 to 1928.
Events in the year 1902 in Germany.
Events in the year 1903 in Germany.
Events in the year 1906 in Germany.
Caroline of Hesse-Homburg (1819-1872), was a Princess consort of Reuss of Greiz by marriage to Henry XX, Prince Reuss of Greiz. She was the regent of the Principality of Reuss-Greiz during the minority of her minor son Heinrich XXII, Prince Reuss of Greiz, from 1859 until 1867.