Prix de Rome

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Palazzo Mancini, Rome, the seat of the Academie since 1725. Etching by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, 1752. Palazzo Mancini.jpg
Palazzo Mancini, Rome, the seat of the Académie since 1725. Etching by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, 1752.
The Villa Medici as it looks today. Villa Medici Roma 01.jpg
The Villa Medici as it looks today.

The Prix de Rome (pronounced  [pʁi də ʁɔm] ) or Grand Prix de Rome [1] was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them to stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state. The prize was extended to architecture in 1720, music in 1803, and engraving in 1804. The prestigious award was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, the Minister of Culture[ citation needed ].

Contents

History

The Prix de Rome was initially created for painters and sculptors in 1663 in France, during the reign of Louis XIV. It was an annual bursary for promising artists having proved their talents by completing a very difficult elimination contest. To succeed, a student had to create a sketch on an assigned topic while isolated in a closed booth with no reference material to draw on. [2] The prize, organised by the Académie Royale de Peinture et de Sculpture (Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture), was open to their students. From 1666, the award winner could win a stay of three to five years at the Palazzo Mancini in Rome at the expense of the King of France. In 1720, the Académie Royale d’Architecture began a prize in architecture. Six painters, four sculptors, and two architects [3] would be sent to the French Academy in Rome founded by Jean-Baptiste Colbert from 1666.

Expanded after 140 years into five categories, the contest started in 1663 as two categories: painting and sculpture. Architecture was added in 1720. In 1803, music was added, and after 1804 there was a prix for engraving as well. The primary winner took the "First Grand Prize" (called the agréé), [4] and the "Second Prizes" were awarded to the runners-up.

In 1803, Napoleon Bonaparte moved the French Academy in Rome to the Villa Medici, with the intention of preserving an institution once threatened by the French Revolution. At first, the villa and its gardens were in a sad state, and they had to be renovated in order to house the winners of the Prix de Rome. In this way, he hoped to retain for young French artists the opportunity to see and copy the masterpieces of antiquity and the Renaissance.

Jacques-Louis David, having failed to win the prize three years in a row, considered suicide. Édouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Ernest Chausson, and Maurice Ravel attempted the Prix de Rome but did not gain recognition. Ravel tried a total of five times to win the prize, and the last failed attempt in 1905 was so controversial that it led to a complete reorganization of the administration at the Paris Conservatory.

During World War II (1939–45), the prize winners were accommodated in the Villa Paradiso in Nice. [5] The Prix de Rome was abolished in 1968 by André Malraux, who was Minister of Culture at the time. Since then, a number of contests have been created, and the academies, together with the Institut de France, were merged by the State and the Minister of Culture. Selected residents now have an opportunity for study during an 18-month (sometimes 2-year) stay at The Academy of France in Rome, which is accommodated in the Villa Medici.

The heyday of the Prix de Rome was during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. [6] It was later imitated by the Prix Abd-el-Tif and the Villa Abd-el-Tif in Algiers, 1907–1961, and later Prix d'Indochine including a bursary to visit the École des Beaux-Arts de l'Indochine in Hanoi, 1920–1939, and bursary for residence at the Casa de Velázquez in Madrid, 1929–present.

Winners in the Architecture category

The Prix de Rome for Architecture was created in 1720.

18th century (architecture)

YearPremier PrixDeuxième PrixTroisieme PrixCompetition project
1720 Antoine Deriset An entry to a Doric palace
1721 Philippe Buache Guillot-AubryJean PinardA plan of a church measuring 20 toises [40 metres] square
1722 Jean-Michel Chevotet JolivetA triumphal arch
1723Jean PinardPierre MouretA mansion for a great nobleman
1724Jean-Pierre Le Tailleur de BoncourtPierre-Étienne Le BonA high altar for a cathedral
1725Pierre-Étienne Le Bon [a 1] ClairetA convent church
1726François CarlierAufraneClairetA portal of a church
1727François GallotJoseph Eustache de BourgePierre MouretA mansion for a great nobleman
1728Antoine-Victor DesmaraisJoseph Eustache de BourgeQuéauA chateau for a great nobleman
1729Joseph Eustache de BourgeDevillardQuéauA cathedral
1730Claude-Louis d'AvilerPierre Laurentde DevilliardA triumphal arch
1731Jean-Baptiste MarteauPierre RoussetCourtilliéA building 25 toises [50 metres] across
1732 Jean-Laurent Le Geay de MercyPierre RoussetA portal of a church
1733Jacques HaneuseBailleulJean-Baptiste CourtonneA public square
1734VattebledPierre LaurentLafondA high altar of a church
1735Pierre LaurentJean-Louis PollevertLindetA gallery with a chapel
1736Jean-Louis PollevertMaximilien BrébionGabriel Pierre Martin DumontA country house
1737Gabriel Pierre Martin DumontLindetDatifTwo staircases and a vestibule of a palace
1738Nicolas Marie PotainLancretJean-Baptiste CourtonneA gallery with a chapel
1739Nicolas DorbayMaximilien BrébionLecamusA great stable for a royal chateau
1740Maximilien BrébionCordierde DreuxA garden 400 toises [800 metres] long
1741 Nicolas-Henri Jardin ArmandBourdetA choir of a cathedral
1742ArmandLecamusBourdetA façade of a city hall
1743Jean MoreauCordierBrébionA garden 400 toises [800 metres] long
1744No prize awarded, due to the low quality of entries
1745Ennemond Alexandre PetitotHazon (recorded as "Hazin")Deveau and LeluA lighthouse
1746Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Brébion J., ex-aequoLelu and Nicolas de PigageTurgisA mansion for a great nobleman
1747Jérôme Charles BellicardGirouxLieutautA triumphal arch
1748ParvisLeluDuvivierAn exchange
1749François Dominique Barreau de Chefdeville Julien-David Le Roy Pierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxA temple to peace
1750Julien-David Le RoyPierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxCharles De WaillyAn orange garden
1751 Marie-Joseph Peyre Pierre-Louis Moreau-DesprouxPierre-Louis HelinA public fountain
1752 Charles De Wailly Pierre-Louis HelinMoreauA façade of a palace
1753 Louis-François Trouard JardinA gallery 50 toises [100 metres] long
1754Pierre-Louis HelinBillaudetJardinAn art salon
1755Victor Louis et Charles Maréchaux, ex-aequoBoucartRousseauA funereal chapel
1756Henri-Antoine LemaireHoudonAn isolated chapel
1757Competition canceled [a 2] A concert hall
1758Mathurin Cherpitel [a 3] and Jean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin, ex-aequoJacques Gondouin and Claude Jean-Baptiste Jallier de Savault [a 3] [a 4] Houdon and GérendoA pavilion at the corner of a terrace
1759 Antoine Le Roy Joseph Elie Michel LefebvreCauchois and Jacques GondouinA horse-riding school
1760Joseph Elie Michel LefebvreClaude Jean-Baptiste Jallier de SavaultGabrielA parish church
1761 Antoine-Joseph de Bourge BoucherAntoine-François PeyreA concert hall
1762 Antoine-François Peyre Pierre d'Orléans Adrien MoutonA covered market
1763 Charles François Darnaudin BoucherLouis-François Petit-RadelA triumphal arch
1764Adrien MoutonPierre d'OrléansNaudinA school
1765 Jean-François Heurtier BoucuParisA dome of a cathedral
1766 Jean-Arnaud Raymond Pierre d'OrléansParisA portal of a cathedral
1767Pierre d'Orléans [a 5] Le MoyneMarquisA customs house
1768Jean-Philippe Lemoine de Couzon [a 5] Bernard PoyetParisA theater
1769Jacob Guerne [a 5] LussaultParisA public festival for a prince
1770Jean-Jacques Huvé [a 5] RenardPanseronAn arsenal
1771Not awardedA city hospital
1772Claude-Thomas de Lussault and Jean-Auguste Marquis [a 5] [a 6] RenardNicolas-Claude GirardinA palace for the parent of a sovereign
1773Jean Augustin Renard [a 7] Mathurin Crucy and Coutouly [a 6] Thierry and Herbelot [a 6] A pavilion for a sovereign
1774Mathurin CrucyBonnetCharles Joachim Bénard,Mineral baths
1775 Paul Guillaume Le Moine le RomanLouis-Étienne de SeineDoucet [a 8] Schools of medicine
1776Louis-Jean DesprezCharles Joachim BénardA chateau for a great nobleman
1777Louis-Étienne de SeineGuy de GisorsA water tower
1778First and second prizes carried over to 1779Public prisons
1779 Guy de Gisors [a 9] and Père François Jacques LannoyDurand [a 9] and BarbierAn art museum
1780Louis Alexandre TrouardDurandA school on a triangular plot
1781 Louis Combes MoitteA cathedral
1782 Pierre Bernard CathalaA courthouse
1783 Antoine Vaudoyer Charles PercierA menagerie
1784 Auguste Cheval de Saint-Hubert MoreauA lazaret
1785 Jean-Charles Alexandre Moreau Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine [a 10] A funeral chapel
1786 Charles Percier Louis-Robert GoustA meeting house for all the Académies
1787First and second prizes carried over to 1788A city hall
1788Jacques-Charles Bonnard [a 11] and Jean Jacques Tardieu, ex-aequoLouis-Robert Goust and Romain [a 11] A public treasury
1789Jean-Baptiste Louis François Le FebvreGaucherA school of medicine
1790No competition [a 12]
1791Claude-Mathieu DelagardetteNormandA gallery of a palace
1792Pierre-Charles-Joseph NormandBergognionA public market for a great city
1793No first prize awardedConstant ProtainA barracks
1794No competition [a 13]
1795
1796
1797Louis Ambroise Dubut and Cousin, ex-aequoÉloi Labarre and Maximilien Joseph HurtaultPublic granaries
1798Joseph ClémenceJoseph PomponA maritime exchange
1799Louis-Sylvestre Gasse and Auguste Henri Victor Grandjean de Montigny, ex-aequoJean-Baptiste GuignetA cemetery 500 meters long
1800 Simon Vallot and Jean-François-Julien Mesnager, ex-aequo Jean-Baptiste Dedeban and Hubert Rohault An institute of sciences and arts or a national school of fine arts

Notes

  1. Though sent to Rome in 1741.
  2. "After the students present for the architecture competition left, only eight returned to make an esquisse, but none were admitted to continue"
  3. 1 2 Carried over from 1757.
  4. Noted as Jollivet.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 From 1767 through 1772, the winners of the Prix de Rome were deprived of the usual scholarship that funded their trips to Rome; this occurred because of the vengeance exacted by Abel-François Poisson de Vandières in an enormous abuse of his power. Having quarreled with the Académie d'Architecture, Poisson de Vendières sent his personal manservants instead to Rome instead of the winners of the Grand Prix.
  6. 1 2 3 Carried over from 1771.
  7. In 1773 the funding for the scholarship to Rome was reestablished for architects through the generosity of the Abbé Terray, successor of the Marquis de Marigny.
  8. 1775 was the last year that a third prize (Troisieme Prix) was awarded.
  9. 1 2 Carried over from 1778.
  10. Fontaine would never win the Prix de Rome; however, a space at the Mancini Palace opened up in 1787 due to the delay in awarding the prize for that year, and Fontaine became the resident pensionnaire, remaining in Rome until 1790.
  11. 1 2 Carried over from 1787.
  12. "The projected entrants boycotted the contest by renouncing their status of students until the Académie adopted the changes they demanded in the old regulations.
  13. From 1794–96 no competitions were held, since the Académies established by the Ancien Régime had been abolished by the Republican government. They were re-established by decree of 28 October 1796 under a new body known as the Institut de France.

19th century (architecture)

YearPremier PrixDeuxième PrixTroisieme Prix/
Honorable Mention
Competition project
1801 Auguste Famin DedebanA forum
1802 Hubert Rohault de Fleury BuryA trade fair with exhibition pavilion for industrial products
1803 François-Narcisse Pagot André Chatillon A maritime port
1804 Jules Lesueur André Chatillon A palace of a sovereign
1805 Auguste Guenepin HuyotSix houses for six families
1806 Jean-Baptiste Desdeban Louis-Hippolyte Lebas A palace for a legion of honor
1807 Jean-Nicolas Huyot Leclère Giroust [b 1] A palace for the education of princes
1808 Achille-François-René Leclère François-Auguste JollyPublic baths for Paris
1809 André Chatillon GrillonA cathedral
1810 Martin-Pierre Gauthier Vauchelet and Jacques Lacornée An exchange for a coastal city
1811 Jean-Louis Provost ReniéA palace for a university
1812 Tilman-François Suys BaronPoisson [b 2] A private hospital
1813 Auguste Caristie Fedel and LandonA city hall
1814 Charles Henri Landon and Louis Destouches, ex-aequo Louis Visconti VaucheletA museum and library
1815Pierre Anne DedreuxLouis-Julien-Alexandre VincentA technical college
1816 Lucien Van Cleemputte Jean-Baptiste-Cicéron Le Sueur A palace for the Institut [de France]
1817 Antoine Garnaud Abel Blouet A musical conservatory
1818No first prize awarded Félix-Emmanuel Callet Desplans (mentioned)A public promenade
1819Félix-Emmanuel Callet and Jean-Baptiste Lesueur, ex-aequoFrançois VillainA cemetery
1820 François Villain Auguste-Théophile Quantinet and Émile Jacques Gilbert A medical school
1821 Guillaume-Abel Blouet Henri Labrouste A courthouse
1822 Émile Gilbert Fontaine and Jules Bouchet Léon Vaudoyer An opera house
1823 Félix Duban Alphonse de Gisors et Jean-Louis Victor Grisart A customs house
1824 Henri Labrouste Lépreux et Léon VaudoyerAugustin BurdetA court of cassation
1825 Joseph-Louis Duc Felix Friès DommeyA city hall
1826 Léon Vaudoyer Marie Antoine DelannoyDommeyA palace for the Academy [of architecture] of France in Rome
1827 Théodore Labrouste François-Alexis Cendrier A natural history museum
1828 Marie Delannoy BourguignonAbricA public library
1829 Simon-Claude Constant-Dufeux Pierre-Joseph GarrezA lazaret
1830 Pierre-Joseph Garrez Alphonse-François-Joseph Girard A house of entertainment for a prince
1831 Prosper Morey Jean-Arnoud Léveil A establishment for thermal waters
1832 Jean-Arnoud Léveil François-Joseph Nolau A museum
1833 Victor Baltard Hector-Martin Lefuel ChargrasseA military academy
1834 Paul-Eugène Lequeux Nicolas-Auguste Thumeloup Alphonse-Augustin Finiels An Atheneum
1835 Charles Victor Famin Jean-Baptiste Guenepin and Alexis Paccard A medical school
1836 François-Louis-Florimond Boulanger and Jean-Jacques Clerget Antoine Isidore Eugène Godebœuf A hall for the exhibition of works of art and industrial products
1837 Jean-Baptiste Guenepin Antoine-Julien Hénard and Jules DuruA Pantheon
1838 Toussaint Uchard Auguste-Joseph Magne A cathedral church
1839 Hector Lefuel François-Marie PéronA Town Hall
1840 Théodore Ballu Philippe-Auguste TiteuxA palace of the House of Lords
1841 Alexis Paccard Jacques-Martin TétazAn overseas French ambassadorial palace
1842 Philippe-Auguste Titeux Prosper Desbuisson and Louis-Etienne LebelinAlbert-François-Germain DelaageA palace of the archives
1843 Jacques-Martin Tétaz Pierre-Joseph Dupont and Louis-Jules André A palace of the Institute
1844 Prosper Desbuisson Charles Jean Lainé and Agis-Léon Ledru Agis-Léon Ledru and Eugène Démangeat A palace for the French Academy
1845 Félix Thomas Pierre Trémaux and Charles-Auguste-Philippe Lainé A cathedral church
1846 Alfred-Nicolas Normand Thomas-Augustin Monge and Jacques-Louis-Florimond Ponthieu A Natural History museum
1847 Louis-Jules André Charles-Mathieu-Quirin Claudel A palace for the Chamber of Deputies
1848 Charles Garnier Achille-Aimé-Alexis Hue Denis Lebouteux A Conservatory for Arts and Crafts
1849 Denis Lebouteux Gabriel-Jean-Antoine Davioud Paul-Renè-Léon Ginain A school of Fine Arts
1850 Victor Louvet Edouard-Auguste VillainA large public square
1851 Gabriel-Auguste Ancelet Michel-Achille Triquet Joseph-Alfred Chapelain A hospice in the Alps
1852 Léon Ginain Louis-François Douillard the elder and Michel Douillard the youngerA Gymnasium
1853 Arthur-Stanislas Diet Georges-Ernest Coquart Pierre Jérôme Honoré Daumet A museum for a capital city
1854 Paul Émile Bonnet and Joseph Auguste Émile Vaudremer jointlyFrançois-Philippe BoitteA monument dedicated to the burial of the sovereign of a great empire
1855 Honoré Daumet Edmond-Jean-Baptiste Guillaume and Joseph-Eugène Heim the youngerConservatory of Music and Declamation
1856 Edmond Guillaume Constant Moyaux Palace of the Ambassador at Constantinople
1857 Joseph Heim Ernest Moreau A Faculty of Medicine
1858 Georges-Ernest Coquart, Eugène Train Imperial Hotel for Naval invalids
1859 Charles Thierry and Louis Boitte jointlyA Court of Cassation
1860 Joseph Louis Achille Joyau Bénard Julien Guadet An Imperial Residence at Nice
1861 Constant Moyaux François-Wilbrod ChabrolAn establishment for thermal waters
1862 François-Wilbrod Chabrol A palace for the Governor of Algeria
1863 Emmanuel Brune A main staircase
1864 Julien Guadet and Arthur Dutert jointlyA hospice in the Alps
1865 Louis Noguet and Gustave Gerhardt jointlyA hostel for travellers
1866 Jean-Louis Pascal A banking house
1867 Henri Jean Émile Bénard An exhibition of Fine Art
1868 Charles Alfred Leclerc A calvary
1869 Ferdinand Dutert A French Embassy
1870 Albert-Félix-Théophile Thomas A Medical School
1871 Émile Ulmann A Palace of Representatives
1872 Stanislas Louis Bernier A Natural History Museum
1873 Marcel Lambert A water tower
1874 Benoît Édouard Loviot A Palace of Faculties
1875 Edmond Paulin Jean Bréasson A Palace of Justice for Paris
1876 Paul Blondel A Palace of Arts
1877 Henri-Paul Nénot Adrien Chancel An Atheneum for a capital city
1878 Victor Laloux Louis-Marie-Théodore Dauphin and Victor-Auguste Blavette A cathedral church
1879 Victor-Auguste Blavette A Conservatory
1880 Louis Girault Jacques Hermant A hospice for sick children on the Mediterranean
1881 fr:Henri Deglane A Palace of Fine Art
1882 Pierre Esquié A Palace for the Council of State
1883 Gaston Redon A necropolis
1884 Hector d’Espouy A thermal establishment
1885 François Paul André A Medical Academy
1886 Alphonse Defrasse Albert Louvet A Palace for the Court of Auditors
1887 Georges Chedanne Henri Eustache and Charles Heubès A gymnasium
1888 Albert Tournaire A Parliamentary Palace
1889 Constant-Désiré Despradelle DemerléA casino by the sea
1890 Emmanuel Pontremoli A monument to Joan of Arc
1891 Henri Eustache François-Benjamin Chaussemiche A central railway station
1892 Émile Bertone Guillaume Tronchet An Artillery Museum
1893 François-Benjamin Chaussemiche Paul Dusart Alfred-Henri Recoura A Palace for Academics
1894 Alfred-Henri Recoura Auguste-René-Gaston Patouillard Gabriel Héraud A central School of Arts and Manufacture in the capital of a large country
1895 René Patouillard-Demoriane An Exhibition Palace
1896 Louis-Charles-Henri Pille Gustave Umbdenstock A Naval School
1897 Eugène Duquesne A votive church
1898 Léon Chifflot André Arfvidson A palace
1899 Tony Garnier Henri SirotA central bank building
1900 Paul Bigot Thermal baths and a casino

Notes

  1. Medal of encouragement.
  2. Troisieme Prix restored in 1812.

20th century (architecture)

YearPremier PrixDeuxième PrixTroisieme Prix/
Honorable Mention
Competition project
1901Jean HulotAn American Academy
1902 Henri Prost Eugène ChifflotA national print house
1903 Léon Jaussely Jean Wielhorski and Henri JoulieA public square
1904 Ernest Michel Hébrard Pierre Leprince-RinguetA carpet manufactory
1905 Camille Lefèvre A water tower
1906 Patrice Bonnet A French college
1907 Charles Nicod An observatory and scientific station
1908Charles Louis Boussois
1909 Maurice Boutterin A colonial palace
1910Georges-Fernand JaninA sanatorium on the Mediterranean coast
1911 René Mirland Paul Tournon A monument to the glory of the independence of a large country
1912 Jacques Debat-Ponsan Roger-Henri Expert A casino in a spa town
1913Roger SéassalGaston Castel
1914Albert FerranA military college
1919 Jacques Carlu and Jean-Jacques Haffner Eugène-Alexandre Girardin and Louis Sollier ; André JacobA palace for the League of Nations at Geneva
1920Michel Roux-SpitzMarc Brillaud de Laujardière
1921 Léon Azéma Maurice MantoutA manufactory of tapestries and art fabrics
1922Robert GiroudA large Military development college
1923 Jean-Baptiste Mathon Georges FerayThe residence of the French ambassador in Marocco
1924Marcel PéchinAn institute of general botany
1925Alfred AudoulMarcel ChappeyA National School of Applied Arts
1926Jean-Baptiste HourlierA summer residence for a Chief of State
1927 André Lecomte André-Albert Dubreuil An Institute of Archaeology and Art
1928 Eugène Beaudouin Gaston Glorieux and Roger HummelAn embassy in a large Far Eastern country
1929 Jean Niermans Germain Grange and André HiltA palace for the Institute of France
1930Achille Carlier Noël Le Maresquier and Alexandre CourtoisA college of fine arts
1931 Georges Dengler Georges BovetA French intellectual centre of propaganda abroad
1932Camille Montagné André Aubert and Robert PommierA summer residence in the mountains
1933 Alexandre Courtois Robert Camelot and Charles-Gustave Stoskopf A church of pilgrimage
1934André HiltGeorges Letélié and Pierre-Jean Guth A permanent exhibition of contemporary art
1935Paul DomencAn institute of intellectual cooperation
1936 André Remondet Georges Noël and Pierre LablaudeA naval museum
1937 Georges Noël Othello Zavaroni and Paul Jacques Grillo A French Pantheon
1938 Henry Bernard Pierre Dufau and GonthierA sports organisation centre
1939 Bernard Zehrfuss Sachs and SergentA palace of the French colonial empire
1942 (?)Raymond Gleize
1943André Chatelin and Jean Dubuisson
1944Claude BéraudHenry Pottier
1945 Jean Dubuisson and Jean de Mailly jointlyPalace for the Court of Justice
1946 Guillaume Gillet Grand Foyer of the crews of the Fleet
1947Jacques CordonnierPaul La MacheMinistry of Arts
1948Yves Moignet
1949Paul VimondA French college
1950 Jacques Perrin-Fayolle Poutu, Audoul and Castel jointly, Xavier Arsène-Henry A Mediterranean university
1951 Louis-Gabriel de Hoÿm de Marien Bergerioux and MarriageA conference and congress centre
1952Louis BlanchetPierre-André Dufétel and LevardCommunal home of a large city
1953Olivier-Clément CacoubChaudonneret and BourdonMount of Martyrs
1954 Michel Marot Marty and ChauvinA centre of African Research in Kano
1955 Ngô Viết Thụ Pouradier Duteil and MaréchalA votive sanctuary
1956Serge Menil Michel Folliasson An Acropolis
1957Jean-Marie BrasilierDelb and RobertA Palace of Natural Science
1958Gérard CartonClaude Bach and MenartA Pantheon for Europe
1959Gérard CartonTournier and HardyAn international conference centre for drama and opera
1960Jean-Claude BernardDoucet and CacautBusiness centre of large capital city
1961 Jacques Labro A monastery
1962Jean-Loup Roubert and Christian Cacault
1963Jean-Louis Girodet
1964 Bernard Schoebel An artificial island with arts centre and water sports
1965Jean-Pierre PoncabaréA foundation for the study of modern architecture
1967 Daniel Kahane Michel Longuet and Aymeric Zublena (last award)A house for Europe in the event of a transformation of the center of Paris

First Prize Winners in the Painting category

17th century (painting)

18th century (painting)

19th century (painting)

20th century (painting)

First Prize Winners in the Sculpture category

17th century (sculpture)

18th century (sculpture)

19th century (sculpture)

20th century (sculpture)

First Prize Winners in the Engraving category

The engraving prize was created in 1804.

19th century (engraving)

20th century (engraving)

First Prize Winners in the Musical Composition category

19th century (musical composition)

20th century (musical composition)

Prix de Rome (Netherlands)

A Prix de Rome was also established in the Kingdom of Holland by Lodewijk Napoleon to award young artists and architects. During the years 1807–1810 prize winners were sent to Paris and onwards to Rome for study. In 1817, after the Netherlands had gained its independence, King Willem I restarted the prize; though it took until 1823 before the new "Royal Academies" of Amsterdam and Antwerp could organize the juries. Suspended in 1851 it was reinstated in 1870 by William III of the Netherlands. Since then the winners have been selected by the Rijksakademie in Amsterdam under the main headings of architecture and the visual arts.

Prix de Rome (Belgium)

The Belgian Prix de Rome (Dutch: Prijs van Rome) is an award for young artists, created in 1832, following the example of the original French Prix de Rome. The Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp organised the prize until 1920, when the national government took over. The first prize is also sometimes called the Grand Prix de Rome. There were distinct categories for architecture, painting, sculpture and music.

See also

References

  1. "Grand orx". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. Gurney, James (2009). Imaginative Realism (1st ed.). Kansas City Missouri: Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 11. ISBN   978-0-7407-8550-4.
  3. Lee, S. "Prix de Rome", Grove Dictionary of Art online
  4. Clarke, Michael. The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms, Oxford University Press, 2001
  5. Moulin, Jean (2014). "Nice, cité-refuge ?". Conseil général des Alpes-Maritimes. Retrieved 28 January 2015.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. Lee, ibid
  7. "FAVANNE Henri Antoine de". Inventaire du département desArts graphiques. Musée du Louvre. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  8. artnet.com: Resource Library: Durameau, Louis-Jacques retrieved 25 October 2009 (in English)
  9. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature, Pierre Bourdieu, p. 215, ISBN   0-231-08287-8, 1993, Columbia University Press
  10. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Regnault, Henri"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 46.
  11. The Legacy of Homer: Four Centuries of Art from the Ecole Nationale Superieure Des Beaux-arts, Paris, 2005, Yale University Press, ISBN   0-300-10918-0
  12. The New International Year Book, Published 1966. Dodd, Mead and Co. P 86
  13. Grove's Fifth Edition 1954; Vol 6 p936
  14. François RASSE ON bnf