Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe

Last updated

Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
Group 1 race
QatarPrixArcDeTriomphe.png
Location Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
Inaugurated1920
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
SponsorQatar
Website france-galop.com
Race information
Distance2,400 metres (1½ miles) [1]
SurfaceTurf
TrackRight-handed [1]
QualificationThree-years-old and up
excluding geldings
[1]
Weight56½ kg (3yo); 59½ kg (4yo+)
Allowances
1½ kg for fillies and mares
Purse€5,000,000 (2021)
1st: €2,857,000
[1]
Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe
2020
Owner White Birch Farm.svg Owner Gestut Schlenderhan.svg Owner Ballymore Thoroughbred Ltd.svg
SottsassIn SwoopPersian King
Previous years
2019
Owner Gestut Ammerland star on cap.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner White Birch Farm.svg
WaldgeistEnableSottsass
2018
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Sunderland Holding Inc star on cap.svg Owner Godolphin white cap.svg
EnableSea of ClassCloth of Stars
2017
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
EnableCloth of StarsUlysses
2016
Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Mr Derrick Smith.svg Owner LLoyd J Williams.svg
FoundHighland ReelOrder of St George
2015
Owner Mr A E Oppenheimer.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla France 2nd.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla France.svg
Golden HornFlintshireNew Bay
2014
Owner Al Shaqab Racing.svg Owner Mr K Abdulla France.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg
TreveFlintshireTaghrooda
2013
Owner HE Sheikh Joaan Bin Hamad Al Thani.svg Owner Sunday Racing Co Ltd.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg
TreveOrfevreIntello
2012
Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Sunday Racing Co Ltd.svg Owner Godolphin SNC.svg
SolemiaOrfevreMasterstroke
2011
Owner Gestut Burg Eberstein and Teruya Yoshida.svg Owner H H Aga Khan France 2nd.svg Owner Anamoine Ltd.svg
DanedreamSharetaSnow Fairy
2010–2001
2010
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner S Izumi.svg Owner H H Aga Khan France 2nd.svg
WorkforceNakayama FestaSarafina
2009
Owner Mr Christopher Tsui.svg Owner Mr Jaber Abdullah.svg Owner Godolphin.svg
Sea the StarsYoumzainCavalryman
2008
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Mr Jaber Abdullah.svg Owner Mrs John Magnier 2nd.svg
ZarkavaYoumzainSoldier of Fortune
2007
Owner Mrs John Magnier.svg Owner Mr Jaber Abdullah.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
Dylan ThomasYoumzainSagara
2006
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Mr S Hanson.svg Owner Kaneko Makoto Holdings Co.svg
Rail LinkPrideDeep Impact
2005
Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg
Hurricane RunWesternerBago
2004
Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Lagardere Family 2nd.svg Owner Lord Derby.svg
BagoCherry MixOuija Board
2003
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Mr Hamdan Al Maktoum.svg Owner Michael Tabor.svg
DalakhaniMubtakerHigh Chaparral
2002
Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Michael Tabor.svg
MarienbardSulamaniHigh Chaparral
2001
Owner Godolphin.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Lagardere Family.svg
SakheeAquarellisteSagacity
2000–1991
2000
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner E Sarasola.svg
SinndarEgyptbandVolvoreta
1999
Owner Michael Tabor.svg Owner Takao Watanabe.svg Owner Mr Wafic Said.svg
MontjeuEl Condor PasaCroco Rouge
1998
Owner Lagardere Family.svg Owner Mrs Hildegard Focke.svg Owner Baron G von Ullmann.svg
SagamixLeggeraTiger Hill
1997
Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg Owner Ammerland Verwaltung GmbH and Co.svg
Peintre CelebrePilsudskiBorgia
1996
Owner E Sarasola.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg Owner Oliver Lehane.svg
HelissioPilsudskiOscar Schindler
1995
Owner Mr Saeed Maktoum Al Maktoum.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed.svg
LammtarraFreedom CrySwain
1994
Owner Sheikh Mohammed France 4th.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner S Al Kabeer.svg
CarnegieHernandoApple Tree
1993
Owner David Tsui.svg Owner Mr Teruya Yoshida.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed.svg
Urban SeaWhite MuzzleOpera House
1992
Owner Oliver Lecerf.svg Owner Mr W J Gredley.svg Owner E Sarasola.svg
SuboticaUser FriendlyVert Amande
1991
Owner Henri Chalhoub.svg Owner H Yokoyama.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg
Suave DancerMagic NightPistolet Bleu
1990–1981
1990
Owner Bruce McNall.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Sir Martyn Arbib.svg
SaumarezEpervier BleuSnurge
1989
Owner A Balzarini.svg Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Frank Stronach France.svg
Carroll HouseBeheraSaint Andrews
1988
Owner Allevamento White Star.svg Owner Sheikh Ahmed Al Maktoum.svg Owner G Blizniansky.svg
Tony BinMtotoBoyatino
1987
Owner Mrs P de Moussac.svg Owner Allevamento White Star.svg Owner a clore.svg
TrempolinoTony BinTriptych
1986
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Mrs A Head.svg Owner a clore.svg
Dancing BraveBeringTriptych
1985
Owner Mr K Abdulla.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner H H Aga Khan.svg
Rainbow QuestSagaceKozana
1984
Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Niarchos Family.svg Owner Ecurie Wildenstein sash.svg
SagaceNorthern TrickAll Along
1983
Owner Ecurie Wildenstein.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg Owner Mrs P de Moussac.svg
All AlongSun PrincessLuth Enchantee
1982
Owner H H Aga Khan.svg Owner Lucayan Stud.svg Owner Sheikh Mohammed.svg
AkiydaArdrossAwaasif
1981
Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg Owner Jules Ouaki.svg Owner Mrs B Firestone.svg
Gold RiverBikalaApril Run
1980–1978
1980
Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner mme p ribes.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg
DetroitArgumentEla-Mana-Mou
1979
Owner Mrs A Head.svg Owner Rodolph Schafer.svg Owner Ballymacoll Stud.svg
Three TroikasLe MarmotTroy
1978
Owner Mr B V Sangster.svg Owner e l stephenson.svg Owner Wertheimer and Frere.svg
AllegedTrillionDancing Maid
 

The Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,400 metres (about 1½ miles), and it is scheduled to take place each year, usually on the first Sunday in October.

Contents

Popularly referred to as the "Arc", it is Europe's most prestigious all-aged horse race. Its roll of honour features many highly acclaimed horses, and its winners are often subsequently regarded as champions. It is currently the world's second richest turf race (behind The Everest).

A slogan of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, first used on a promotional poster in 2003, describes the event as "Ce n'est pas une course, c'est un monument" – "It's not a race, it's a monument".

History

Origins

The Société d'Encouragement, a former governing body of French racing, had initially restricted its races to thoroughbreds born and bred in France. In 1863, it launched the Grand Prix de Paris, an event designed to bring together the best three-year-olds from any country. Thirty years later it introduced the Prix du Conseil Municipal, an international race for the leading horses of different age groups. It was run over 2,400 metres in October, with weights determined by a horse's previous performances.

The creation of a third such race was proposed at a committee meeting on 24 January 1920. The new event would complement the Grand Prix de Paris and serve as a showcase for French thoroughbred breeding. It would have similar characteristics to the Prix du Conseil Municipal, but each horse would compete on equal terms, unpenalised for previous victories.

Coming in the wake of World War I, it was decided that the race would be named after the Arc de Triomphe, a famous monument which had been the scene of a victory parade by the Allies in 1919. The chosen title had been previously assigned to a minor event at Longchamp. Another suggested title was the "Prix de la Victoire".

Race history

The Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe was first run on Sunday 3 October 1920. The inaugural running was won by Comrade, a three-year-old colt owned by Evremond de Saint-Alary. The winner's prize was 150,000 francs.

In 1935, the event secured state funding by the means of a lottery, which awarded prizes according to the race result and the drawing of lots. The system was first used in 1936, and it continued until 1938. The "Arc" was cancelled twice during World War II, in 1939 and 1940. It was run at Le Tremblay with a distance of 2,300 metres in 1943 and 1944.

Government funding of the race resumed in 1949, with money obtained through the Loterie Nationale. Offering an attractive jackpot of 50 million francs, this enabled a rapid increase of the prizes for both the "Arc" and its supporting races. By the 1970s, however, the assistance of the lottery had diminished, and the system was finally discontinued after the 1982 running. Since then the "Arc" has had several sponsors, including Trusthouse Forte, CIGA Hotels and Groupe Lucien Barrière.

The present sponsor of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe is the Qatar Racing and Equestrian Club (QREC). The sponsorship agreement was signed in Doha in 2008, and as a result the prize fund was doubled from €2 million to €4 million. Now, the prize for the Arc is worth €5 000 000 which makes it the richest flat race on turf. [2] Arc Weekend now includes seven races classed at Group 1 level, and four with Group 2 status. It also features the Arabian World Cup, the world's richest race for purebred Arabian horses with €1 000 000 prize-money.

Due to renovations at the Hippodrome de Longchamp the 2016 and 2017 edition of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe took place in Chantilly. [3]

Records

Most successful horse (2 wins):

Leading jockey (6 wins):

Leading trainer (8 wins):

Leading owner (6 wins):

Fastest winning timeFound (2016), 2m 23.61s (at Chantilly)

Widest winning marginRibot (1956), Sea Bird (1965) and Sakhee (2001), 6 lengths

Oldest winning horseMotrico (1932), aged 7 years

Most runners – 30, in 1967

Fewest runners – 7, in 1941

Winners

YearWinnerAgeJockeyTrainerOwnerTime
1920 Comrade 3Frank Bullock Peter Gilpin Evremond de Saint-Alary 2:39.00
1921 Ksar 3 George Stern Walter Walton Mrs Edmond Blanc 2:34.80
1922 Ksar 4Frank BullockWalter Walton Mrs Edmond Blanc 2:38.80
1923 Parth 3 Frank O'Neill James Crawford A. Kingsley Macomber 2:38.20
1924Massine4Albert SharpeElijah CunningtonHenry Ternynck2:40.80
1925Priori [a] 3Marcel AllemandPercy CarterGérard de Chavagnac2:33.80
1926Biribi3Domingo TorteroloJuan TorteroloSimon Guthmann2:32.80
1927 Mon Talisman 3 Charles Semblat Frank CarterEdouard Martinez de Hoz2:32.80
1928Kantar3Arthur EslingRichard Carver Ogden Mills 2:38.80
1929Ortello3Paolo CaprioliWilly CarterGiuseppe de Montel2:42.80
1930 Motrico 5Marcel FruhinsholtzMaurice d'OkhuysenMax de Rivaud2:44.80
1931 Pearl Cap 3 Charles Semblat Frank CarterDiana Esmond2:38.80
1932 Motrico 7 Charles Semblat Maurice d'OkhuysenMax de Rivaud2:44.60
1933Crapom3Paolo CaprioliFederico RegoliMario Crespi2:41.60
1934 Brantôme 3Charles BouillonLucien Robert Édouard de Rothschild 2:41.80
1935Samos3Wally SibbrittFrank Carter Evremond de Saint-Alary 2:42.60
1936 Corrida 4 Charlie Elliott John Watts Marcel Boussac 2:38.60
1937 Corrida 5 Charlie Elliott John Watts Marcel Boussac 2:33.90
1938 Eclair au Chocolat 3Charles BouillonLucien Robert Édouard de Rothschild 2:39.80
no race 1939–40
1941 Le Pacha 3Paul FrancolonJohn Cunnington Sr.Philippe Gund2:36.20
1942 Djebel 5 Jacques Doyasbère Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 2:37.90
1943Verso II [b] 3Guy DuforezCharles CloutHubert de Chambure2:33.40
1944 Ardan [c] 3 Jacques Doyasbère Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 2:35.00
1945Nikellora3 Rae Johnstone René PelatMrs Robert Patureau2:34.80
1946 Caracalla 4 Charlie Elliott Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 2:33.30
1947Le Paillon5Fernand RochettiWilliam HeadLucienne Aurousseau2:33.40
1948 Migoli 4 Charlie Smirke Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 2:31.60
1949 Coronation 3 Roger Poincelet Charles Semblat Marcel Boussac 2:33.20
1950 Tantieme 3 Jacques Doyasbère François Mathet François Dupré 2:34.20
1951 Tantieme 4 Jacques Doyasbère François Mathet François Dupré 2:32.80
1952Nuccio4 Roger Poincelet Alec Head HH Aga Khan III 2:39.80
1953La Sorellina3Maurice LarraunEtienne PolletPaul Duboscq2:31.80
1954Sica Boy3 Rae Johnstone Pierre PelatMrs Jean Cochery2:36.30
1955 Ribot 3Enrico CamiciUgo PencoMario Incisa Rocchetta2:35.60
1956 Ribot 4Enrico CamiciUgo PencoMario Incisa Rocchetta2:34.80
1957Oroso4Serge BoullengerDaniel LescalleRaoul Meyer2:33.40
1958 Ballymoss 4 Scobie Breasley Vincent O'Brien John McShain 2:37.90
1959Saint Crespin [d] 3 George Moore Alec Head Prince Aly Khan 2:33.30
1960Puissant Chef3Maxime GarciaMick BartholomewHenry Aubert2:44.00
1961 Molvedo 3Enrico CamiciArturo MaggiEgidio Verga2:38.40
1962Soltikoff3Marcel DepalmasRené Pelat Simone del Duca 2:30.90
1963 Exbury 4Jean DeforgeGeoffroy Watson Guy de Rothschild 2:35.00
1964 Prince Royal 3 Roger Poincelet Georges Bridgland Rex Ellsworth 2:35.50
1965 Sea Bird 3 Pat Glennon Etienne PolletJean Ternynck2:35.50
1966Bon Mot3 Freddy Head William HeadWalter Burmann2:39.80
1967Topyo3Bill PyersMick BartholomewSuzy Volterra2:38.20
1968 Vaguely Noble 3 Bill Williamson Etienne PolletWilma Franklyn2:35.20
1969 Levmoss 4 Bill Williamson Seamus McGrathSeamus McGrath2:29.00
1970 Sassafras 3 Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet Arpad Plesch 2:29.70
1971 Mill Reef 3 Geoff Lewis Ian Balding Paul Mellon 2:28.30
1972 San San 3 Freddy Head Angel Penna Countess Batthyany2:28.30
1973 Rheingold 4 Lester Piggott Barry Hills Henry Zeisel2:35.80
1974 Allez France 4 Yves Saint-Martin Angel Penna Daniel Wildenstein 2:36.90
1975 Star Appeal 5 Greville Starkey Theo GrieperWaldemar Zeitelhack2:33.60
1976 Ivanjica 4 Freddy Head Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 2:39.40
1977 Alleged 3 Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 2:30.60
1978 Alleged 4 Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 2:36.50
1979 Three Troikas 3 Freddy Head Criquette Head Ghislaine Head 2:28.90
1980 Detroit 3 Pat Eddery Olivier Douieb Robert Sangster 2:28.00
1981 Gold River 4Gary W. Moore Alec Head Jacques Wertheimer 2:35.20
1982 Akiyda 3 Yves Saint-Martin François Mathet HH Aga Khan IV 2:37.00
1983 All Along 4 Walter Swinburn Patrick Biancone Daniel Wildenstein 2:28.10
1984 Sagace 4 Yves Saint-Martin Patrick Biancone Daniel Wildenstein 2:39.10
1985 Rainbow Quest [e] 4 Pat Eddery Jeremy Tree Khalid Abdullah 2:29.50
1986 Dancing Brave 3 Pat Eddery Guy Harwood Khalid Abdullah 2:27.70
1987 Trempolino 3 Pat Eddery André Fabre Moussac / McNall 2:26.30
1988 Tony Bin 5 John Reid Luigi Camici Veronica del Bono Gaucci 2:27.30
1989 Carroll House 4 Michael Kinane Michael Jarvis Antonio Balzarini 2:30.80
1990 Saumarez 3 Gérald Mossé Nicolas Clément McNall / Gretzky 2:29.80
1991 Suave Dancer 3 Cash Asmussen John Hammond Henri Chalhoub2:31.40
1992 Subotica 4 Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Olivier Lecerf 2:39.00
1993 Urban Sea 4Eric Saint-MartinJean LesbordesDavid Tsui2:37.90
1994 Carnegie 3 Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 2:31.10
1995 Lammtarra 3 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Saeed bin M. Al Maktoum 2:31.80
1996 Helissio 3 Olivier Peslier Élie Lellouche Enrique Sarasola 2:29.90
1997 Peintre Celebre 3 Olivier Peslier André Fabre Daniel Wildenstein 2:24.60
1998 Sagamix 3 Olivier Peslier André Fabre Jean-Luc Lagardère 2:34.50
1999 Montjeu 3 Michael Kinane John Hammond Michael Tabor 2:38.50
2000 Sinndar 3 Johnny Murtagh John Oxx HH Aga Khan IV 2:25.80
2001 Sakhee 4 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 2:36.10
2002 Marienbard 5 Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 2:26.70
2003 Dalakhani 3 Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 2:32.30
2004 Bago 3 Thierry Gillet Jonathan Pease Niarchos Family 2:25.00
2005 Hurricane Run 3 Kieren Fallon André Fabre Michael Tabor 2:27.40
2006 Rail Link 3 Stéphane Pasquier André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 2:26.30
2007 Dylan Thomas 4 Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 2:28.50
2008 Zarkava 3 Christophe Soumillon Alain de Royer-Dupré HH Aga Khan IV 2:28.80
2009 Sea the Stars 3 Michael Kinane John Oxx Christopher Tsui 2:26.30
2010 Workforce 3 Ryan Moore Sir Michael Stoute Khalid Abdullah 2:35.30
2011 Danedream 3 Andrasch Starke Peter Schiergen Burg Eberstein / Yoshida 2:24.49
2012 Solemia 4 Olivier Peslier Carlos Laffon-Parias Wertheimer et Frère 2:37.68
2013 Treve 3 Thierry Jarnet Criquette Head Joaan al Thani 2:32:04
2014 Treve 4 Thierry Jarnet Criquette Head Al Shaqab Racing 2:26.05
2015 Golden Horn 3 Frankie Dettori John Gosden Anthony Oppenheimer 2:27.23
2016 Found [f] 4 Ryan Moore Aidan O'Brien Tabor, Smith & Magnier 2:23.61
2017 Enable [f] 3 Frankie Dettori John Gosden Khalid Abdullah 2:28.69
2018 Enable 4 Frankie Dettori John Gosden Khalid Abdullah 2:29.24
2019 Waldgeist 5 Pierre-Charles Boudot André Fabre Gestut Ammerland / Newsells Park2:31.99
2020 Sottsass 4 Cristian Demuro Jean-Claude Rouget White Birch Farm 2:39.30

a Cadum finished first in 1925, but he was relegated to second place for hampering Priori.
b c The 1943 and 1944 editions were run at Le Tremblay over 2,300 metres.
d Midnight Sun dead-heated for first in 1959, but he was placed second for hampering Saint Crespin.
e Sagace finished first in 1985, but he was demoted to second for bumping Rainbow Quest.
f The 2016 and 2017 runnings took place at Chantilly while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.

Analysis

See also

Related Research Articles

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Sarafina is a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare who was rated one of the best female racehorses in the world in 2010 and 2011. As a three-year-old she won her first three races including the Prix Saint-Alary and Prix de Diane before finishing third in both the Prix Vermeille and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. In the following year she took the Prix Corrida, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud and Prix Foy but was beaten when favourite for the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and Breeders' Cup Turf. She was retired from racing at the end of that year and exported to become a broodmare in Japan.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe". The French Black Type. Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  2. "Arc meeting receives major purse increase". brisnet.com. Retrieved 1 July 2012.
  3. AN EXCEPTIONAL EDITION AT CHANTILLY!