|Group 1 race|
|Location|| Longchamp Racecourse |
|Race type||Flat / Thoroughbred|
|Distance||2,400 metres (1½ miles)|
|Qualification||Three-years-old and up|
|Weight||56½ kg (3yo); 59½ kg (4yo+)|
1½ kg for fillies and mares
|Sottsass||In Swoop||Persian King|
|Enable||Sea of Class||Cloth of Stars|
|Enable||Cloth of Stars||Ulysses|
|Found||Highland Reel||Order of St George|
|Golden Horn||Flintshire||New Bay|
|Sea the Stars||Youmzain||Cavalryman|
|Zarkava||Youmzain||Soldier of Fortune|
|Rail Link||Pride||Deep Impact|
|Bago||Cherry Mix||Ouija Board|
|Montjeu||El Condor Pasa||Croco Rouge|
|Urban Sea||White Muzzle||Opera House|
|Subotica||User Friendly||Vert Amande|
|Suave Dancer||Magic Night||Pistolet Bleu|
|Carroll House||Behera||Saint Andrews|
|Sagace||Northern Trick||All Along|
|All Along||Sun Princess||Luth Enchantee|
|Gold River||Bikala||April Run|
|Three Troikas||Le Marmot||Troy|
The Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,400 metres (about 1½ miles), and it is scheduled to take place each year, usually on the first Sunday in October.
Popularly referred to as the "Arc", it is Europe's most prestigious all-aged horse race. Its roll of honour features many highly acclaimed horses, and its winners are often subsequently regarded as champions. It is currently the world's second richest turf race (behind The Everest).
A slogan of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, first used on a promotional poster in 2003, describes the event as "Ce n'est pas une course, c'est un monument" – "It's not a race, it's a monument".
The Société d'Encouragement, a former governing body of French racing, had initially restricted its races to thoroughbreds born and bred in France. In 1863, it launched the Grand Prix de Paris, an event designed to bring together the best three-year-olds from any country. Thirty years later it introduced the Prix du Conseil Municipal, an international race for the leading horses of different age groups. It was run over 2,400 metres in October, with weights determined by a horse's previous performances.
The creation of a third such race was proposed at a committee meeting on 24 January 1920. The new event would complement the Grand Prix de Paris and serve as a showcase for French thoroughbred breeding. It would have similar characteristics to the Prix du Conseil Municipal, but each horse would compete on equal terms, unpenalised for previous victories.
Coming in the wake of World War I, it was decided that the race would be named after the Arc de Triomphe, a famous monument which had been the scene of a victory parade by the Allies in 1919. The chosen title had been previously assigned to a minor event at Longchamp. Another suggested title was the "Prix de la Victoire".
The Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe was first run on Sunday 3 October 1920. The inaugural running was won by Comrade, a three-year-old colt owned by Evremond de Saint-Alary. The winner's prize was 150,000 francs.
In 1935, the event secured state funding by the means of a lottery, which awarded prizes according to the race result and the drawing of lots. The system was first used in 1936, and it continued until 1938. The "Arc" was cancelled twice during World War II, in 1939 and 1940. It was run at Le Tremblay with a distance of 2,300 metres in 1943 and 1944.
Government funding of the race resumed in 1949, with money obtained through the Loterie Nationale. Offering an attractive jackpot of 50 million francs, this enabled a rapid increase of the prizes for both the "Arc" and its supporting races. By the 1970s, however, the assistance of the lottery had diminished, and the system was finally discontinued after the 1982 running. Since then the "Arc" has had several sponsors, including Trusthouse Forte, CIGA Hotels and Groupe Lucien Barrière.
The present sponsor of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe is the Qatar Racing and Equestrian Club (QREC). The sponsorship agreement was signed in Doha in 2008, and as a result the prize fund was doubled from €2 million to €4 million. Now, the prize for the Arc is worth €5 000 000 which makes it the richest flat race on turf. Arc Weekend now includes seven races classed at Group 1 level, and four with Group 2 status. It also features the Arabian World Cup, the world's richest race for purebred Arabian horses with €1 000 000 prize-money.
Due to renovations at the Hippodrome de Longchamp the 2016 and 2017 edition of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe took place in Chantilly.
Most successful horse (2 wins):
Leading jockey (6 wins):
Leading trainer (8 wins):
Leading owner (6 wins):
Fastest winning time – Found (2016), 2m 23.61s (at Chantilly)
Oldest winning horse – Motrico (1932), aged 7 years
Most runners – 30, in 1967
Fewest runners – 7, in 1941
|1920||Comrade||3||Frank Bullock||Peter Gilpin||Evremond de Saint-Alary||2:39.00|
|1921||Ksar||3||George Stern||Walter Walton||Mrs Edmond Blanc||2:34.80|
|1922||Ksar||4||Frank Bullock||Walter Walton||Mrs Edmond Blanc||2:38.80|
|1923||Parth||3||Frank O'Neill||James Crawford||A. Kingsley Macomber||2:38.20|
|1924||Massine||4||Albert Sharpe||Elijah Cunnington||Henry Ternynck||2:40.80|
|1925||Priori [a]||3||Marcel Allemand||Percy Carter||Gérard de Chavagnac||2:33.80|
|1926||Biribi||3||Domingo Torterolo||Juan Torterolo||Simon Guthmann||2:32.80|
|1927||Mon Talisman||3||Charles Semblat||Frank Carter||Edouard Martinez de Hoz||2:32.80|
|1928||Kantar||3||Arthur Esling||Richard Carver||Ogden Mills||2:38.80|
|1929||Ortello||3||Paolo Caprioli||Willy Carter||Giuseppe de Montel||2:42.80|
|1930||Motrico||5||Marcel Fruhinsholtz||Maurice d'Okhuysen||Max de Rivaud||2:44.80|
|1931||Pearl Cap||3||Charles Semblat||Frank Carter||Diana Esmond||2:38.80|
|1932||Motrico||7||Charles Semblat||Maurice d'Okhuysen||Max de Rivaud||2:44.60|
|1933||Crapom||3||Paolo Caprioli||Federico Regoli||Mario Crespi||2:41.60|
|1934||Brantôme||3||Charles Bouillon||Lucien Robert||Édouard de Rothschild||2:41.80|
|1935||Samos||3||Wally Sibbritt||Frank Carter||Evremond de Saint-Alary||2:42.60|
|1936||Corrida||4||Charlie Elliott||John Watts||Marcel Boussac||2:38.60|
|1937||Corrida||5||Charlie Elliott||John Watts||Marcel Boussac||2:33.90|
|1938||Eclair au Chocolat||3||Charles Bouillon||Lucien Robert||Édouard de Rothschild||2:39.80|
|no race 1939–40|
|1941||Le Pacha||3||Paul Francolon||John Cunnington Sr.||Philippe Gund||2:36.20|
|1942||Djebel||5||Jacques Doyasbère||Charles Semblat||Marcel Boussac||2:37.90|
|1943||Verso II [b]||3||Guy Duforez||Charles Clout||Hubert de Chambure||2:33.40|
|1944||Ardan [c]||3||Jacques Doyasbère||Charles Semblat||Marcel Boussac||2:35.00|
|1945||Nikellora||3||Rae Johnstone||René Pelat||Mrs Robert Patureau||2:34.80|
|1946||Caracalla||4||Charlie Elliott||Charles Semblat||Marcel Boussac||2:33.30|
|1947||Le Paillon||5||Fernand Rochetti||William Head||Lucienne Aurousseau||2:33.40|
|1948||Migoli||4||Charlie Smirke||Frank Butters||HH Aga Khan III||2:31.60|
|1949||Coronation||3||Roger Poincelet||Charles Semblat||Marcel Boussac||2:33.20|
|1950||Tantieme||3||Jacques Doyasbère||François Mathet||François Dupré||2:34.20|
|1951||Tantieme||4||Jacques Doyasbère||François Mathet||François Dupré||2:32.80|
|1952||Nuccio||4||Roger Poincelet||Alec Head||HH Aga Khan III||2:39.80|
|1953||La Sorellina||3||Maurice Larraun||Etienne Pollet||Paul Duboscq||2:31.80|
|1954||Sica Boy||3||Rae Johnstone||Pierre Pelat||Mrs Jean Cochery||2:36.30|
|1955||Ribot||3||Enrico Camici||Ugo Penco||Mario Incisa Rocchetta||2:35.60|
|1956||Ribot||4||Enrico Camici||Ugo Penco||Mario Incisa Rocchetta||2:34.80|
|1957||Oroso||4||Serge Boullenger||Daniel Lescalle||Raoul Meyer||2:33.40|
|1958||Ballymoss||4||Scobie Breasley||Vincent O'Brien||John McShain||2:37.90|
|1959||Saint Crespin [d]||3||George Moore||Alec Head||Prince Aly Khan||2:33.30|
|1960||Puissant Chef||3||Maxime Garcia||Mick Bartholomew||Henry Aubert||2:44.00|
|1961||Molvedo||3||Enrico Camici||Arturo Maggi||Egidio Verga||2:38.40|
|1962||Soltikoff||3||Marcel Depalmas||René Pelat||Simone del Duca||2:30.90|
|1963||Exbury||4||Jean Deforge||Geoffroy Watson||Guy de Rothschild||2:35.00|
|1964||Prince Royal||3||Roger Poincelet||Georges Bridgland||Rex Ellsworth||2:35.50|
|1965||Sea Bird||3||Pat Glennon||Etienne Pollet||Jean Ternynck||2:35.50|
|1966||Bon Mot||3||Freddy Head||William Head||Walter Burmann||2:39.80|
|1967||Topyo||3||Bill Pyers||Mick Bartholomew||Suzy Volterra||2:38.20|
|1968||Vaguely Noble||3||Bill Williamson||Etienne Pollet||Wilma Franklyn||2:35.20|
|1969||Levmoss||4||Bill Williamson||Seamus McGrath||Seamus McGrath||2:29.00|
|1970||Sassafras||3||Yves Saint-Martin||François Mathet||Arpad Plesch||2:29.70|
|1971||Mill Reef||3||Geoff Lewis||Ian Balding||Paul Mellon||2:28.30|
|1972||San San||3||Freddy Head||Angel Penna||Countess Batthyany||2:28.30|
|1973||Rheingold||4||Lester Piggott||Barry Hills||Henry Zeisel||2:35.80|
|1974||Allez France||4||Yves Saint-Martin||Angel Penna||Daniel Wildenstein||2:36.90|
|1975||Star Appeal||5||Greville Starkey||Theo Grieper||Waldemar Zeitelhack||2:33.60|
|1976||Ivanjica||4||Freddy Head||Alec Head||Jacques Wertheimer||2:39.40|
|1977||Alleged||3||Lester Piggott||Vincent O'Brien||Robert Sangster||2:30.60|
|1978||Alleged||4||Lester Piggott||Vincent O'Brien||Robert Sangster||2:36.50|
|1979||Three Troikas||3||Freddy Head||Criquette Head||Ghislaine Head||2:28.90|
|1980||Detroit||3||Pat Eddery||Olivier Douieb||Robert Sangster||2:28.00|
|1981||Gold River||4||Gary W. Moore||Alec Head||Jacques Wertheimer||2:35.20|
|1982||Akiyda||3||Yves Saint-Martin||François Mathet||HH Aga Khan IV||2:37.00|
|1983||All Along||4||Walter Swinburn||Patrick Biancone||Daniel Wildenstein||2:28.10|
|1984||Sagace||4||Yves Saint-Martin||Patrick Biancone||Daniel Wildenstein||2:39.10|
|1985||Rainbow Quest [e]||4||Pat Eddery||Jeremy Tree||Khalid Abdullah||2:29.50|
|1986||Dancing Brave||3||Pat Eddery||Guy Harwood||Khalid Abdullah||2:27.70|
|1987||Trempolino||3||Pat Eddery||André Fabre||Moussac / McNall||2:26.30|
|1988||Tony Bin||5||John Reid||Luigi Camici||Veronica del Bono Gaucci||2:27.30|
|1989||Carroll House||4||Michael Kinane||Michael Jarvis||Antonio Balzarini||2:30.80|
|1990||Saumarez||3||Gérald Mossé||Nicolas Clément||McNall / Gretzky||2:29.80|
|1991||Suave Dancer||3||Cash Asmussen||John Hammond||Henri Chalhoub||2:31.40|
|1992||Subotica||4||Thierry Jarnet||André Fabre||Olivier Lecerf||2:39.00|
|1993||Urban Sea||4||Eric Saint-Martin||Jean Lesbordes||David Tsui||2:37.90|
|1994||Carnegie||3||Thierry Jarnet||André Fabre||Sheikh Mohammed||2:31.10|
|1995||Lammtarra||3||Frankie Dettori||Saeed bin Suroor||Saeed bin M. Al Maktoum||2:31.80|
|1996||Helissio||3||Olivier Peslier||Élie Lellouche||Enrique Sarasola||2:29.90|
|1997||Peintre Celebre||3||Olivier Peslier||André Fabre||Daniel Wildenstein||2:24.60|
|1998||Sagamix||3||Olivier Peslier||André Fabre||Jean-Luc Lagardère||2:34.50|
|1999||Montjeu||3||Michael Kinane||John Hammond||Michael Tabor||2:38.50|
|2000||Sinndar||3||Johnny Murtagh||John Oxx||HH Aga Khan IV||2:25.80|
|2001||Sakhee||4||Frankie Dettori||Saeed bin Suroor||Godolphin||2:36.10|
|2002||Marienbard||5||Frankie Dettori||Saeed bin Suroor||Godolphin||2:26.70|
|2003||Dalakhani||3||Christophe Soumillon||Alain de Royer-Dupré||HH Aga Khan IV||2:32.30|
|2004||Bago||3||Thierry Gillet||Jonathan Pease||Niarchos Family||2:25.00|
|2005||Hurricane Run||3||Kieren Fallon||André Fabre||Michael Tabor||2:27.40|
|2006||Rail Link||3||Stéphane Pasquier||André Fabre||Khalid Abdullah||2:26.30|
|2007||Dylan Thomas||4||Kieren Fallon||Aidan O'Brien||Magnier / Tabor||2:28.50|
|2008||Zarkava||3||Christophe Soumillon||Alain de Royer-Dupré||HH Aga Khan IV||2:28.80|
|2009||Sea the Stars||3||Michael Kinane||John Oxx||Christopher Tsui||2:26.30|
|2010||Workforce||3||Ryan Moore||Sir Michael Stoute||Khalid Abdullah||2:35.30|
|2011||Danedream||3||Andrasch Starke||Peter Schiergen||Burg Eberstein / Yoshida||2:24.49|
|2012||Solemia||4||Olivier Peslier||Carlos Laffon-Parias||Wertheimer et Frère||2:37.68|
|2013||Treve||3||Thierry Jarnet||Criquette Head||Joaan al Thani||2:32:04|
|2014||Treve||4||Thierry Jarnet||Criquette Head||Al Shaqab Racing||2:26.05|
|2015||Golden Horn||3||Frankie Dettori||John Gosden||Anthony Oppenheimer||2:27.23|
|2016||Found [f]||4||Ryan Moore||Aidan O'Brien||Tabor, Smith & Magnier||2:23.61|
|2017||Enable [f]||3||Frankie Dettori||John Gosden||Khalid Abdullah||2:28.69|
|2018||Enable||4||Frankie Dettori||John Gosden||Khalid Abdullah||2:29.24|
|2019||Waldgeist||5||Pierre-Charles Boudot||André Fabre||Gestut Ammerland / Newsells Park||2:31.99|
|2020||Sottsass||4||Cristian Demuro||Jean-Claude Rouget||White Birch Farm||2:39.30|
a Cadum finished first in 1925, but he was relegated to second place for hampering Priori.
b c The 1943 and 1944 editions were run at Le Tremblay over 2,300 metres.
d Midnight Sun dead-heated for first in 1959, but he was placed second for hampering Saint Crespin.
e Sagace finished first in 1985, but he was demoted to second for bumping Rainbow Quest.
f The 2016 and 2017 runnings took place at Chantilly while Longchamp was closed for redevelopment.
|Wins by country foaled|
|1. France – 47 wins|
|2. Ireland – 19 wins|
|3. United States – 14 wins|
|4. Great Britain – 12 wins|
|5. Italy – 6 wins|
|6. Germany – 1 win|
|Wins by country trained|
|1. France – 68 wins|
|2. Great Britain – 15 wins|
|3. Ireland – 8 wins|
|4. Italy – 6 wins|
|5. Germany – 2 wins|
|Wins by age and sex|
|1. Three-year-old colts – 47 wins|
|2. Four-year-old colts – 20 wins|
|3. Three-year-old fillies – 13 wins|
|4. Four-year-old fillies – 10 wins|
|4. Five-year-old-plus horses – 8 wins|
|6. Five-year-old-plus mares – 1 win|
|Winner's previous race|
|(includes winners since 1970; horse won race unless stated)|
Corrida was a French Thoroughbred racehorse who won races in France, Belgium, Germany and England and is regarded as one of the top fillies of the 20th century worldwide. She is best known for her back-to-back wins in France's most prestigious horse race, the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe.
The Prix du Jockey Club, sometimes referred to as the French Derby, is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Chantilly over a distance of 2,100 metres each year in early June.
The Prix de Diane, sometimes referred to as the French Oaks, is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred fillies. It is run at Chantilly over a distance of 2,100 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in June.
The Prix Vermeille is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbred fillies and mares aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,400 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in September.
The Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère, formerly the Grand Critérium, is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to two-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 1,400 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in early October.
The Prix de l'Abbaye de Longchamp is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged two years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 1,000 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in early October.
The Prix de l'Opéra is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbred fillies and mares aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,000 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in early October.
The Prix de la Forêt is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 1,400 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in early October.
The Prix Niel is a Group 2 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,400 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in September.
The Prix du Conseil de Paris is a Group 2 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,400 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in October.
The Prix Dollar is a Group 2 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 1,950 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in late September or early October.
The Prix de Royallieu is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbred fillies and mares aged three years or older. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,800 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in late September or early October.
The Prix Corrida is a Group 2 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbred fillies and mares aged four years or older. It is run at Saint-Cloud over a distance of 2,100 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in May.
Chantilly Racecourse is a Thoroughbred turf racecourse for flat racing in Chantilly, Oise, France, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) north of the centre of the city of Paris.
The Prix du Prince d'Orange is a Group 3 flat horse race in France open to three-year-old thoroughbreds. It is run at Longchamp over a distance of 2,000 metres, and it is scheduled to take place each year in September.
The Prix d'Hédouville is a Group 3 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds aged four years or older. It is run over a distance of 2,400 metres at Longchamp in May.
The Prix Allez France is a Group 3 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbred fillies and mares aged four years or older. It is run over a distance of 2,000 metres at Chantilly in late April or early May.
Anabaa Blue is a British-bred, French-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was sired by the sprinter Anabaa out of Allez Les Trois, a mare with a very strong middle-distance pedigree. Between September 2000 and October 2002 he ran fourteen times and won four races. After showing moderate ability in two races as a juvenile he showed marked improvement in the following spring. After winning a minor stakes race on his debut, he won the Prix Noailles, finished a close second in the Prix Lupin and then recorded his most significant victory in the Prix du Jockey Club. He was beaten in his three remaining races as a three-year-old, but returned in the following year to win the Grand Prix de Chantilly and finish second in the Prix Foy. He was retired to stud at the end of his four-year-old season and has had some success as a sire of winners.
Tanerko was a French Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. He was unraced as a two-year-old but established himself as one of the best colts of his generation in Europe in 1956 by winning the Prix Juigné, Prix Noailles, Prix Lupin and Prix du Prince d'Orange as well as finishing third to Ribot in the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. He remained in training in 1957, winning the Prix du Prince d'Orange and recording other important victories in the Prix Ganay and the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud. He was as good as ever in a five-year-old, taking the Prix d'Harcourt and repeating his 1957 wins in the Prix Ganay and the Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud. Tanerko was then retired to stud and had considerable success as a sire of winners.
Sarafina is a French Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare who was rated one of the best female racehorses in the world in 2010 and 2011. As a three-year-old she won her first three races including the Prix Saint-Alary and Prix de Diane before finishing third in both the Prix Vermeille and Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. In the following year she took the Prix Corrida, Grand Prix de Saint-Cloud and Prix Foy but was beaten when favourite for the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe and Breeders' Cup Turf. She was retired from racing at the end of that year and exported to become a broodmare in Japan.
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