Productores de Música de España

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Promusicae logo. Logo-promusicae.png
Promusicae logo.

Productores de Música de España (Spanish Music Producers) (shortened as Promusicae, sometimes stylised PROMUSICAE) is the organisation responsible for the Spanish Albums Chart and other music charts. It is a trade association that represents more than 90 percent of the Spanish recorded music industry. [1] It is the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) group for Spain.

A trade association, also known as an industry trade group, business association, sector association or industry body, is an organization founded and funded by businesses that operate in a specific industry. An industry trade association participates in public relations activities such as advertising, education, political donations, lobbying and publishing, but its focus is collaboration between companies. Associations may offer other services, such as producing conferences, networking or charitable events or offering classes or educational materials. Many associations are non-profit organizations governed by bylaws and directed by officers who are also members.

The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organisation that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide. It is a non-profit members' organisation registered in Switzerland and founded in Italy in 1933. It operates a Secretariat based in London, with regional offices in Brussels, Hong Kong and Miami.

Contents

History

Promusicae was born in 1958 as a representative of the IFPI in Spain under the name of the Spanish Group of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (Grupo Español de la Federación Internacional de la Industria Fonográfica), although not officially an association, since Spanish law during the Franco regime did not recognize the right of association until 1977. In 1978, it was registered as an association under the name Spanish Phonographic Association (Asociación Fonográfica Española) (AFE). In 1982, with the emergence and popularization of the music video, the AFE changed its name to Phonographic and Videographic Association of Spain (Asociación Fonográfica y Videográfica de España) (AFYVE). Finally, in 2004, AFYVE partners by General Assembly decided to change to its current name, Spanish Music Producers (Productores de Música de España) (Promusicae, which is also a pun with the Latin expression "pro musicae", which means "for / in favor of the music").

Francisco Franco Spanish general and dictator

Francisco Franco Bahamonde was a Spanish general and politician who ruled over Spain as a military dictator from 1939, after the nationalist victory in the Spanish Civil War, until his death in 1975. This period in Spanish history is commonly known as Francoist Spain.

Francoist Spain Period of Spain (1936 to 1975)

Francoist Spain, known in Spain as the Francoist dictatorship, officially known as the Spanish State from 1936 to 1947 and the Kingdom of Spain from 1947 to 1975, is the period of Spanish history between 1936 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain as dictator with the title Caudillo.

Freedom of association encompasses both an individual's right to join or leave groups voluntarily, the right of the group to take collective action to pursue the interests of its members, and the right of an association to accept or decline membership based on certain criteria. Freedom of Association, The Essentials of Human Rights describes the right as coming together with other individuals to collectively express, promote, pursue and/or defend common interests. Freedom of Association is both an individual right and a collective right, guaranteed by all modern and democratic legal systems, including the United States Bill of Rights, article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and international law, including articles 20 and 23 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work by the International Labour Organization also ensures these rights.

Since 30 April 2003, Antonio Guisasola has been president of Promusicae, replacing Carlos Grande.

Charts

The charts are calculated once every week on Sundays. They are based on retail music sales within Spain for the week from the preceding Saturday to the Friday prior to calculation. The new charts are usually uploaded to the Promusicae website on Sunday night Spanish continental time. As of January 2015, the Top 100 songs are based on streaming and both download and physical sales. [2]

Spain Kingdom in Southwest Europe

Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain, is a country mostly located in Europe. Its continental European territory is situated on the Iberian Peninsula. Its territory also includes two archipelagoes: the Canary Islands off the coast of Africa, and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The African enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera make Spain the only European country to have a physical border with an African country (Morocco). Several small islands in the Alboran Sea are also part of Spanish territory. The country's mainland is bordered to the south and east by the Mediterranean Sea except for a small land boundary with Gibraltar; to the north and northeast by France, Andorra, and the Bay of Biscay; and to the west and northwest by Portugal and the Atlantic Ocean.

Promusicae provides the following charts:

In radio broadcasting, airplay is how frequently a song is being played on radio stations. A song which is being played several times every day (spins) would have a large amount of airplay. Music which became very popular on jukeboxes, in nightclubs and at discotheques between the 1940s and 1960s would also have airplay.

Certifications

Certifications have existed in Spain since the mid-1970s. During this period, both singles and albums had to sell 100,000 copies to qualify for a Gold disk, the only certification awarded at the time. [3] By 1982, there was also a Double Gold award for albums that sold 200,000 copies. [4]

Promusicae is currently in charge of certifying records in Spain. It certifies Gold and Platinum recordings based on the shipment of albums and the sales of digital downloads.

Albums

Until 1 November 2005, the certification levels for albums in Spain were 50,000 for Gold and 100,000 for Platinum. [5] The current levels; however, are 20,000 for Gold and 40,000 for Platinum. [6]

In the table below are the certification levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae.

CertificationBefore 1 November 2005 [5] [7] Before 6 September 2009 [8] [9] Before 1 November 2011 [6] [10] Since 1 November 2011 [6]
Gold50,00040,00030,00020,000
Platinum100,00080,00060,00040,000

Singles

In January 2008, due to a decline in Physical singles, Promusicae replaced the charts of the physical singles with two separate Top 20 charts, one for Digital downloads and the other for Original Tones (similar to Ringtones). The change was reflected to the certifications as well, and allowed each single title to receive two separate types of certification awards. [11] The two certification formats were combined together in January 2009, reflecting, again, the charts becoming a single chart. In the meantime, Promusicae raised the certification-levels to 20,000 for Gold and 40,000 for Platinum from the previous 10,000/20,000. [12]

Physical singles

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae.

CertificationBefore 1 November 2005 [5] [13] [14] Before 1 April 2007 [15] Since 1 April 2007 [16] Since 1 January 2009
Gold25,00010,00010,000Suppressed
Platinum50,00020,00025,000Suppressed
Original Tones and Digital downloads

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae.

Certification
"Original Tones" and "Digital downloads" instituted on 1 January 2008 [17] [18]
Before 1 January 2009 [19] Since 1 January 2009
"Original Tones" and "Digital downloads" combined [20] [12]
Gold10,00020,000
Platinum20,00040,000
Streaming
Certification
"Streaming" instituted on 10 November 2013 [21]
Since 10 November 2013
Gold5,000,000
Platinum10,000,000

Music DVDs

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae.

Certification
Gold10,000
Platinum25,000

Piracy

As a member of International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI), one of Promusicae's main purposes is to lobby for tougher intellectual property laws to stop music copyright violations. [1]

Promusicae has monitored P2P networks gathering data about its users downloading music. In April 2005, Promusicae claimed that they were monitoring the Kazaa P2P network and they had sent "messages" containing warnings and legal threats to more than 10,000 users [22] In early 2008, Promusicae started a judicial process against Telefónica, the biggest Spanish Internet service provider, demanding that personal data of Kazaa users they monitored should be handed over to Promusicae, so they can start suing them. The Promusicae v. Telefónica case continued until the European Court of Justice, which ruled that Telefónica did not have an obligation to hand user data over to Promusicae. [23]

In June 2008, Promusicae sued Pablo Soto, developer of Manolito P2P, Blubster and Piolet. Promusicae claimed that Pablo Soto was engaging in unfair competition and demanded 13 million euros in damages. [24] [25]

Promusicae is one of the founders of La Coalición de Creadores e Industrias de Contenidos, a group of companies whose mission is changing Spanish law to be able to prosecute file-sharing. [26]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "About PROMUSICAE". Promisucae. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  2. Cantor-Navas, Judy (January 9, 2015). "Spain's Promusicae Debut Chart Combining Streaming, Downloads & Physical Sales". Billboard . Prometheus Global Media . Retrieved January 12, 2015.
  3. "Billboard Vol. 86, No. 52". Billboard. 1974-12-26: 40. Retrieved 2013-04-29.
  4. "2 triunfadoras en España y en el mundo" [2 triumphs in Spain and the World]. Billboard (in Spanish). March 27, 1982. p. 65. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  5. 1 2 3 "Promusicae Reduces Certification Levels". Billboard magazine . 2005-10-28. Retrieved 2013-12-21.
  6. 1 2 3 "SEMANA 43: del 24.10.2011 al 30.10.2011" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on June 6, 2012. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  7. "Lista de los titulos mas vendidos del 24.10.05 al 30.10.05" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  8. "SEMANA 36: del 31.08.2009 al 06.09.2009" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  9. "SEMANA 37: del 07.09.2009 al 13.09.2009" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  10. "SEMANA 42: del 17.10.2011 al 23.10.2011" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  11. "SEMANA 01: del 31 de diciembre de 2007 al 6 de enero de 2008" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  12. 1 2 "SEMANA 01: del 29.12.08 al 04.01.09" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  13. "Lista de los titulos mas vendidos del 17.10.05 al 23.10.05" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  14. "Lista de los titulos mas vendidos del 24.10.05 al 30.10.05" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  15. "Lista de los títulos más vendidos del 19.03.07 al 25.03.07" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  16. "Lista de los títulos más vendidos del 19.03.07 al 25.03.07" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  17. "SEMANA 01: del 31 de diciembre de 2007 al 6 de enero de 2008". Productores de Música de España. Retrieved 2018-12-17. "Note: 1) Select Song, 2) Select 2008, 3) Select Semana 1"
  18. "Lista de los títulos más vendidos del 19.03.07 al 25.03.07" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  19. "SEMANA 52: del 22.12.08 al 28.12.08" (PDF). Productores de Música de España. Archived from the original on May 9, 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-21.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  20. "SEMANA 01: del 29.12.08 al 04.01.09". Productores de Música de España. Retrieved 2018-12-17. "note: 1) Select Song, 2) Select 2009, 3) Select Semana 1"
  21. "Los Discos de Oro y de Platino llegan a la lista de 'streaming'" . Retrieved 2014-07-12.
  22. "Promusicae envía 'advertencias' a miles de usuarios de redes P2P". El Mundo (in Spanish). 17 April 2005.
  23. "Bruselas considera que las telefónicas no tienen obligación de identificar a los usuarios del P2P". El País (in Spanish). 30 January 2008.
  24. Laia Reventós (2008-06-06). "Las discográficas reclaman 13 millones a Manolito P2P" (in Spanish). El País . Retrieved 2009-05-11.
  25. enigmax (2009-05-21). "'Spanish Napster' Sued For Unfair Competition". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 2009-05-21.
  26. Europa Press. "La Coalición de Creadores e Industrias de Contenidos insta al Gobierno a que legisle contra la piratería en Internet" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2009-05-10.