Promenade des Anglais

Last updated
The Promenade des Anglais, next to the beach Promenade des Anglais in Nice.jpg
The Promenade des Anglais, next to the beach
View from the Chateau hill Nice-night-view-with-blurred-cars 1200x900.jpg
View from the Château hill
The beachfront Beach, Nice France.JPG
The beachfront

The Promenade des Anglais (French pronunciation:  [pʁɔm.nad de.z‿ɑ̃ɡlɛ] ; Niçard: Camin dei Anglés; meaning"English Walkway") is a promenade along the Mediterranean coast of Nice, France. It extends from the airport on the west to the Quai des États-Unis ("United States Quay") on the east, for a distance of approximately 7 km (4 miles). [1] Administratively speaking, it forms part of Route nationale 98, which runs between Toulon and Menton.

Contents

History

Starting in the second half of the 18th century, the English aristocracy took to spending the winter in Nice, enjoying the panorama along the coast. In 1820, when a particularly harsh winter further north brought an influx of beggars to Nice, some of the English proposed that they could work on the construction of a walkway (chemin de promenade) along the sea. It was funded by the Reverend Lewis Way and members of Holy Trinity Anglican Church. [2] [3]

The city of Nice, intrigued by the prospect of a pleasant promenade, greatly increased the scope of the work. The Promenade was first called the Camin deis Anglés (the English Way) by the Niçois in their native dialect. After the annexation of Nice by France in 1860 it was rechristened La Promenade des Anglais.

The Promenade was the site of the team time trial in the 2013 Tour de France, held on 2 July 2013. It was also featured as a start and finish location of the first two stages of the 2020 Tour de France. [4]

Modern day

For the local inhabitants, the Promenade des Anglais has simply become the Promenade or, for short, La Prom. It is popular with bicyclists, baby strollers, and families, especially on Sundays. It has also become a favorite place for skateboarders and in-line skaters.

2016 Bastille Day attack

On 14 July 2016, a truck was deliberately driven at revellers celebrating Bastille Day on the Promenade. The driver, 31-year-old Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, [5] also shot at others before crossing the road in the vehicle to continue the assault. The vehicle was surrounded by police near the Palais de la Méditerranée, and Bouhlel was shot dead. 86 were killed, and 450 were wounded. [6]

Related Research Articles

Bastille Day French national day

Bastille Day is the common name given in English-speaking countries to the national day of France, which is celebrated on 14 July each year. In French, it is formally called Fête nationale and commonly and legally le 14 juillet.

Nice Prefecture of Alpes-Maritimes, Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Nice is the seventh most populous urban area in France and the capital of the Alpes-Maritimes department. The metropolitan area of Nice extends beyond the administrative city limits, with a population of nearly 1 million on an area of 744 km2 (287 sq mi). Located in the French Riviera, on the south east coast of France on the Mediterranean Sea, at the foot of the Alps, Nice is the second-largest French city on the Mediterranean coast and the second-largest city in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region after Marseille. Nice is approximately 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) from the principality of Monaco and 30 kilometres (19 mi) from the French-Italian border. Nice's airport serves as a gateway to the region.

Champs-Élysées Avenue in Paris, France

The Avenue des Champs-Élysées is an avenue in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France, 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) long and 70 metres (230 ft) wide, running between the Place de la Concorde and the Place Charles de Gaulle, where the Arc de Triomphe is located. It is known for its theatres, cafés, and luxury shops, for the annual Bastille Day military parade, and as the finish of the Tour de France cycling race. The name is French for the Elysian Fields, the place for dead heroes in Greek mythology. It is commonly regarded as the "most beautiful avenue in the world".

Esplanade Long, open, level area where people may walk

An esplanade or promenade is a long, open, level area, usually next to a river or large body of water, where people may walk. The historical definition of esplanade was a large, open, level area outside fortress or city walls to provide clear fields of fire for the fortress's guns. In modern usage, the space allows the area to be paved as a pedestrian walk; esplanades are often on sea fronts and allow walking whatever the state of the tide, without having to walk on the beach.

Paris–Nice French multi-day road cycling race

Paris–Nice is a professional cycling stage race in France, held annually since 1933. Raced over eight days, the race usually starts with a prologue in the Paris region and ends with a final stage either in Nice or on the Col d'Èze overlooking the city. The event is nicknamed The Race to the Sun, as it runs in the first half of March, typically starting in cold and wintry conditions in the French capital before reaching the spring sunshine on the Côte d’Azur. The hilly course in the last days of the race favours stage racers who often battle for victory. Its most recent winner is German Maximilian Schachmann.

Coulée verte René-Dumont

The Coulée verte René-Dumont or Promenade plantée or the Coulée verte is a 4.7 km (2.9 mi) elevated linear park built on top of obsolete railway infrastructure in the 12th arrondissement of Paris, France. It was inaugurated in 1993.

A prom is a dance party of high school students.

A promenade is a long, open, level area, usually next to a river or large body of water, where people may walk.

Nice Carnival Annual carnival in Nice, France

The Nice Carnival is one of the world's major carnival events, alongside the Brazilian Carnival, Venetian Carnival, and Mardi Gras in New Orleans. It is held annually in February and sometimes early March in Nice on the French Riviera.

Boulevard de la Cité-des-Jeunes is a major road in the city of Gatineau, Quebec. It begins on the northwestern outskirts of the city, where Chemin de la Mine becomes Boulevard de la Cité-des-Jeunes, and runs mainly to the southeast, along the eastern boundary of Gatineau Park. The Boulevard later becomes Promenade du Lac des Fees after meeting with Boulevard Saint-Raymond near the hospital. From the south end and travelling in the other direction, the roadway begins at Boulevard Saint-Joseph as two one-way streets, becomes Promenade du Lac des Fees followed by Boulevard de la Cité-des-Jeunes and chemin de la Mine, which ends at Chemin Notch inside Gatineau Park.

University of Nice Sophia Antipolis

The University of Nice Sophia Antipolis was a university located in Nice, France and neighboring areas. It was founded in 1965 and was organized in eight faculties, two autonomous institutes and an engineering school. It was merged in 2019 into the University of Côte d'Azur.

A8 autoroute

The A8 autoroute, also known as La Provençale, is a 224-kilometer (139 mi)-long highway in France that runs between Aix-en-Provence and the A7 to the Côte d'Azur.

Route nationale 98

National road RN 98 is a French road. In its latest form, it connects Toulon to Menton. It also passes through Monaco.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Nice, France.

Col dÈze

The Col d'Èze is a mountain pass in the Alpes-Maritimes department of France. It is located between Nice and Monaco, near to La Trinité.

<i>Neuf Lignes Obliques</i>

Neuf lignes obliques is a steel monument on the Promenade des Anglais, by French artist Bernar Venet. It was commissioned to mark the 150th anniversary of the 1860 annexation of the County of Nice by France.

2016 Nice truck attack terrorist attack in France on 14 July 2016

On the evening of 14 July 2016, a 19-tonne cargo truck was deliberately driven into crowds of people celebrating Bastille Day on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice, France, resulting in the deaths of 86 people and the injury of 458 others. The driver was Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, a Tunisian living in France. The attack ended following an exchange of gunfire, during which Lahouaiej-Bouhlel was shot and killed by police.

Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel Tunisian terrorist

Mohamed Salmene Lahouaiej-Bouhlel was a Tunisian terrorist living in France who carried out the 2016 Nice truck attack, in which he drove a truck into a crowd celebrating Bastille Day on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice, France, killing 86 people and injuring 458. Immediately after the attack, Lahouaiej-Bouhlel was shot dead by responding French police officers.

Hyatt Regency Nice Palais de la Méditerranée is a nine-floor luxury casino hotel complex located on the Promenade des Anglais in Nice, France. It was built in 1929 by architects Charles and Marcel Dalmas, and partly rebuilt and modernized in 1990, a year after two of its facades were classified as historical monuments. It contains 187 rooms and twelve suites, and is owned by Constellation Hotels Holding.

Place Masséna

The Place Masséna is a historic square in Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France. It was named for André Masséna. Its layout was designed by Joseph Vernier in 1843-1844.

References

  1. nice-tourism.com, Promenade des Anglais Archived 2016-07-18 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  2. Price, Stanley & Price, Munro. The Road to Apocalypse: The Extraordinary Journey of Lewis Way'.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) (2011)
  3. Avillach, Robin (1988). "L'Église Anglicane et la Communauté Britannique à Nice sous le Régime Sarde (1814-1860) [The Church of England and the British Community in Nice under the Sardinian Government (1814-1860)]". Cycnos. 4.
  4. Farrand, Stephen (15 October 2019). "Tour de France 2020 route revealed". CyclingNews. Retrieved 30 October 2020.
  5. "Nice attack: At least 84 killed by lorry at Bastille Day celebrations". BBC News.
  6. Rubin, Alissa J; Breeden, Aurelien (July 14, 2017). "France Remembers the Nice Attack: 'We Will Never Find the Words'" . The New York Times . Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved April 14, 2020.

Route map:

KML file (edithelp)
    KML is from Wikidata