Province of Isernia

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Province of Isernia
Castel san Vincenzo.jpg
Isernia in Italy.svg
Map highlighting the location of the province of Isernia in Italy
CountryFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
Region Molise
Capital(s) Isernia
Comuni 52
Government
  PresidentAlfredo Ricci
Area
  Total1,535.24 km2 (592.76 sq mi)
Population
 (1 January 2016)
  Total86,405
  Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
86070-86071, 86073-86080, 86082-86099, 86170
Telephone prefix086, 0865, 0874
Vehicle registration IS
ISTAT 094

The province of Isernia (Italian : provincia di Isernia) is a province in the region of Molise in Italy. The provincial capital is the city Isernia and the president of the province is Alfredo Ricci. [1] The province of Isernia has an area of 1,535.24 square kilometres (592.76 sq mi) and a population of 86,405 inhabitants as of 2016. [2] It contains 52 comunes (Italian : comuni) in the province, listed at comunes of the Province of Isernia. [3]

Contents

History

Isernia was known as Samnite Aesernia until it fell under Roman rule in 263 BC. The territory was later given to Alczeco for his efforts against the Byzantines with his Bulgarian military, by the Duchy of Benevento; most of this territory became Molise County. Throughout the 9th century the area was repeatedly sacked during Muslim invasions and suffered an earthquake in 847; these destroyed the cities of Isernia and Venafro. [4] Despite this, the city was made an episcopal see and was granted the status of county in 964. A 1979 archaeological discovery near the city of Isernia found evidence of a settlement dating back to the Palaeolithic period over 736,000 years ago. [4]

In Molise County, Benedictines formed the San Vincenzo al Volturno monastery in the province of Isernia after Rome fell in 476. When the area was invaded by the Muslims, 500 to 900 monks were decapitated by them and many were taken as slaves; despite this, the monastery continued to function and reached its peak size during the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Pope Celestine V was born near Isernia and the province's feast day is on 19 May, the date Celestine V was canonized. An earthquake in 1805 destroyed Isernia's cathedral, which was rebuilt atop the ruins of the destroyed structure in 1837. [4]

The province gained attention during the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy, as by 15 March it was the only one of Italy's 110 provinces to not have a single confirmed case of the COVID-19 virus. [5] [6]

Geography

The Samnite amphitheatre of Pietrabbondante. Teatro-Pietrabbondante.jpg
The Samnite amphitheatre of Pietrabbondante.

The province of Isernia is a largely mountainous area of south-central Italy, part of the region of Molise. To the southwest the mountains decrease in height and the wooded hills give way to the plains around Venafro. To the northeast is the Province of Campobasso, also part of Molise, and to the north the Provinces of L'Aquila and Chieti, both in the region of Abruzzo. To the west is the Province of Frosinone in Lazio and to the south the Province of Caserta in Campania. [7]

There are four mountain ranges in the province and the Abruzzo National Park straddles the border with Abruzzo. The highest peak in the province is Monte Mare, 2,020 metres (6,627 ft). The main rivers are the Volturno which flows into the Tyrrhenian and the Trigno which flows into the Adriatic. [7] The lake of Castel San Vincenzo is a man-made reservoir built to power a hydroelectric scheme.

The economy of the region has been traditionally based on agriculture. The holdings are mostly small and produce grapes, cereals, olives, vegetables, fruit and dairy products. Traditional products grown in the province include grass peas (Lathyrus sativus) and farro, which is made from a specialist form of wheat. Tintilia grapes are grown for the production of the region's red wine, the "Tintilia del Molise". [8]

Related Research Articles

Molise Region of Italy

Molise is a region of Southern Italy. Until 1963, it formed part of the region of Abruzzi e Molise, alongside the region of Abruzzo. The split, which did not become effective until 1970, makes Molise the youngest region in Italy. Covering 4,438 square kilometres (1,714 sq mi), it is the second smallest region in the country after the Aosta Valley, and has a population of 313,348.

Province of Caserta Province of Italy

The Province of Caserta is a province in the Campania region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Caserta, situated about 36 kilometres (22 mi) by road north of Naples. The province has an area of 2,651.35 square kilometres (1,023.69 sq mi), and a total population of 924,414 as of 2016. The Palace of Caserta is located near to the city, a former royal residence which was constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It was the largest palace and one of the largest buildings erected in Europe during the 18th century. In 1997, the palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Province of Campobasso Province of Italy

The Province of Campobasso is a province in the Molise region of southern Italy. Its capital is the city of Campobasso.

Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park

Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise National Park is an Italian national park founded in 1922. The majority of the park is located in the Abruzzo region, with smaller parts in Lazio and Molise. It is sometimes called by its former name Abruzzo National Park. The park headquarters are in Pescasseroli in the Province of L'Aquila. The park's area is 496.80 km2 (191.82 sq mi).

Venafro Comune in Molise, Italy

Venafro is a comune in the province of Isernia, region of Molise, Italy. It has a population of around 11,000, having expanded quickly in the post-war period.

Acquaviva dIsernia Comune in Molise, Italy

Acquaviva d'Isernia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the southern Italian region of Molise, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) west of Campobasso and about 10 kilometres (6 mi) northwest of Isernia. The town is located in the valley of the Volturno river.

Castel San Vincenzo Comune in Molise, Italy

Castel San Vincenzo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Campobasso and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Isernia. The Abbey of San Vincenzo al Volturno is located in its territory. It is also home to an artificial lake, created in the 1950s for a hydroelectric plant.

Cerro al Volturno Comune in Molise, Italy

Cerro al Volturno is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia, in the Italian region of Molise. It is located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) west of Campobasso, and about 10 kilometres (6 mi) northwest of Isernia.

Colli a Volturno Comune in Molise, Italy

Colli a Volturno is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 45 kilometres (28 mi) west of Campobasso and about 11 kilometres (7 mi) west of Isernia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,377 and an area of 24.3 square kilometres (9.4 sq mi).

Conca Casale Comune in Molise, Italy

Conca Casale is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Campobasso and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southwest of Isernia.

Filignano Comune in Molise, Italy

Filignano is an Italian comune (municipality) of the Province of Isernia, in the region Molise.

Macchia dIsernia Comune in Molise, Italy

Macchia d'Isernia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Campobasso and about 7 kilometres (4 mi) southwest of Isernia.

Monteroduni Comune in Molise, Italy

Monteroduni is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Campobasso and about 11 kilometres (7 mi) southwest of Isernia.

Pizzone, Molise Comune in Molise, Italy

Pizzone is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Campobasso and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of Isernia near the Monti della Meta chain.

Pozzilli Comune in Molise, Italy

Pozzilli is an Italian comune (municipality) of the Province of Isernia, in the region Molise, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Campobasso and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) southwest of Isernia.

Rocchetta a Volturno Comune in Molise, Italy

Rocchetta a Volturno is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Campobasso and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) west of Isernia.

Sesto Campano Comune in Molise, Italy

Sesto Campano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Isernia in the Italian region Molise, located about 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of Campobasso and about 25 kilometres (16 mi) southwest of Isernia.

San Vincenzo al Volturno

San Vincenzo al Volturno is a historic Benedictine monastery located in the territories of the Comunes of Castel San Vincenzo and Rocchetta a Volturno, in the Province of Isernia, near the source of the river Volturno in Italy. The current monastery, housing a group of 8 benedictin nuns, is located to the east of the river, while the archaeological monastery of the early Middle Ages was located on the west.

Bombino bianco is a white Italian wine grape variety planted primarily along Italy's Adriatic coast line, most notably in Apulia. The vine is prone to high yields and often produces neutral flavor wines. The grape is known under many synonyms throughout Italy including Debit and Pagadebit, names which came from the grape's reputation for being a high yielding and reliable crop for vineyard owners to grow that would assure them that on each vintage they could pay off their debts.

Cerasuolo, Molise Frazione in Molise, Italy

Cerasuolo is an Italian village, the most populated hamlet (frazione) of Filignano, a municipality in the province of Isernia, Molise. As of 2009 its population was of 151.

References

  1. "Presidenza della Provincia di Isernia: Alfredo Ricci batte il «centrodestra ufficiale» e vince la sfida con Felice Ianiro. Di Baggio: «Qualcuno aveva fatto i conti senza l'oste»". PrimoPiano Molise (in Italian). 2019-08-25. Retrieved 2020-01-09.
  2. "Isernia". Tutt Italia. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  3. "Statistics". Upinet. Archived from the original on 7 August 2007. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  4. 1 2 3 Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 226–227. ISBN   978-0-313-30733-1.
  5. Zunino, Corrado (15 March 2020). "Coronavirus, il fortino di Isernia: "Siamo gli ultimi senza un contagio"" [Coronavirus, the fortress of Isernia: "We are the last ones without an infection"]. La Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  6. "Isernia è l'unica provincia italiana senza casi positivi al coronavirus" [Isernia is the only Italian province without positive cases of coronavirus] (in Italian). TGCOM24. 15 March 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2020.
  7. 1 2 The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World (13 ed.). Times Books. 2011. p. 76. ISBN   9780007419135.
  8. "Vino Tintilia del Molise". In vino veritas et benignitas. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2015.

Coordinates: 41°39′N14°16′E / 41.650°N 14.267°E / 41.650; 14.267