Province of Udine

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Province of Udine
Udine-PalazzoAntoniniBelgradosededellaProvincia2.jpg
Palazzo Belgrado, the provincial seat.
Provincia di Udine-Stemma.svg
Coat of arms
Udine in Italy.svg
Map highlighting the location of the province of Udine in Italy
CountryFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Capital(s) Udine
Comuni 137
Government
  PresidentPietro Fontanini
Area
  Total4,905 km2 (1,894 sq mi)
Population
 (31 August 2017)
  Total530,849
  Density110/km2 (280/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
33100 (Udine), 33010-33011, 33013, 33015-33059
Telephone prefix0432 (Udine),0427, 0428, 0431, 0433
ISO 3166 code IT-UD
Vehicle registration UD
ISTAT 030

The province of Udine (Italian : provincia di Udine, Friulian : provincie di Udin, Slovene : videmska pokrajina, Resian: Vydänskä provinčjä, German : Provinz Weiden) was a province in the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia of Italy, bordering Austria and Slovenia. Its capital was the city of Udine, which has a population of 99,242 inhabitants. It had a total population of 530,849 inhabitants over an area of 4,907.24 square kilometres (1,894.70 sq mi). The province was abolished on 30 September 2017. [1]

Contents

History

Not much information is known about Udine prior to its ownership by the episcopal see the Patriarchate of Aquileia in 983. [2] The Patriarchate of Aquileia did not reside in Udine until after the 13th century, when they began by living in the castle of Udine, followed by its archiepiscopal palace. In 1350, Austria intervened in the region and caused a number of factional problems for residents. It was annexed by Venice in 1420 and control over Udine was granted to Tristano Savorgnan, the leader of a family in the city. His family had mostly been executed for opposing the Austrians and were allied with Venice. [2]

Under the rule of Venice and the family of Savorgnan, Udine fell into decline due to neglect, although it continued to be ruled by Venice until the French forces of Napoleon conquered the region. [2] Following this, Austria gained control over Udine in 1814 but this was not received well by residents; they announced independence from Austria in 1848 that resulted in the Austrians bombarding the city with its artillery. The unification of Italy in 1866 prevented any further Austrian rule. In World War I, Udine was the main base for the forces of Italy until Austria occupied the city in October 1917; it was liberated by Italy in November 1918. [2]

Geography

The province of Udine is the largest and most populous of the four provinces in the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia in northeastern Italy. To the north is the international border with Austria and Slovenia. To the west lies the Province of Pordenone, which was subdivided from Udine in 1968. To the southwest lies the Province of Venice and to the east, the Province of Trieste. The south of the province has a coastline on the Adriatic Sea. The province is located in the lowlands of the Po-Venetian Valley, south of the Venetian Prealps and the Alpine foothills of Friuli. The provincial capital is the city of Udine. [3]

The northerly part of the province is mountainous with pine forests, upland pastures and mountain lakes. The hilly area in the centre is characterised by vineyards which produces the wines of the region, including an internationally famous white wine. The southwesterly part of the province is flat, low-lying land farmed and irrigated intensively, and the coast has beaches, sand dunes and lagoons. To the southeast, the land is higher where the limestone Karst Plateau reaches the Adriatic, and there are cliffs on the coast. A number of rivers cross the province, rising in the Alps and flowing south to the Adriatic. Foremost of these is the Tagliamento which forms the western boundary of the province. The soil is porous and much of the water from the mountains flows underground to resurface as a zone of springs on the plain. [4]

Government and politics

Pictogram voting wait.svgPending

See also

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References

  1. "Soppressione delle province del Friuli-Venezia Giulia". Autonomous Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. 2016-12-14.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture . Greenwood Publishing Group. p.  117. ISBN   978-0-313-30733-1.
  3. The Times Comprehensive Atlas of the World (13 ed.). Times Books. 2011. p. 76. ISBN   9780007419135.
  4. Minelli, Alessandro, ed. (2002). Springs and spring watercourses: Springs in the Northern Italian plains. Italian Habitats. Italian Ministry of the Environment and Territory Protection / Ministero dell’Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio, Friuli Museum of Natural History / Museo Friulano di Storia Naturale, Comune di Udine. ISBN   88-88192-04-2.

Coordinates: 46°04′N13°14′E / 46.067°N 13.233°E / 46.067; 13.233