Provinces of Afghanistan

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Provinces of Afghanistan
Afghanistan provinces numbered gray.PNG
Category Unitary state
Location Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Number34 provinces
Populations147,964 (Nuristan) – 4,372,977 (Kabul)
Areas1,910 km2 (736 sq mi) (Kapisa) – 58,310 km2 (22,512 sq mi) (Helmand)
Government
Subdivisions

Afghanistan is made up of 34 provinces (ولايت, wilåyat ). The provinces of Afghanistan are the primary administrative divisions. Each province encompasses a number of districts or usually over 1,000 villages.

Contents

Provincial governments are led by a governor who is appointed by the President of Afghanistan. [1] Each province is represented in the government of Afghanistan by two members in the House of Elders. One is elected by the provincial council to a four-year term while the second is elected by the district councils to a three-year term. Representation in the House of the People is directly from the districts, although in each province, two or more of the representatives must be women. They are appointed by the President of Afghanistan.

Provincial governors have played a critical role in the reconstruction of the Afghan state following the creation of the new government under Hamid Karzai. [2] According to international security scholar, Dipali Mukhopadhyay, many of the provincial governors are former warlords who have been incorporated into the political system. [2]

Provinces of Afghanistan

Afghanistan political map- provinces named. Afghanistan provinces named.png
Afghanistan political map- provinces named.
Provinces of Afghanistan [3]
ProvinceMap # ISO 3166-2:AF [4] License
Plate
Code
CapitalPopulation
(2015) [5]
Area
(km2)
Population
density
(km2) [6]
No. of
Districts
U.N. Region Region
Badakhshan 30AF-BDSBDN Fayzabad 950,95344,83522.229North EastNorth
Badghis 4AF-BDGBDG Qala i Naw 495,95820,79124.37WestCentral
Baghlan 19AF-BGLBAG Puli Khumri 910,78418,25552.116North EastNorth
Balkh 13AF-BALBLH Mazar-i-Sharif 1,325,65916,18680.715North WestNorth
Bamyan 15AF-BAMBAM Bamyan 487,21818,02925.47WestCentral
Daykundi 10AF-DAYDYK Nili 507,33917,51528.18South WestSouth
Farah 2AF-FRAFRH Farah 507,40549,33910.411WestCentral
Faryab 5AF-FYBFYB Maymana 998,14720,79349.014North WestNorth
Ghazni 16AF-GHAGAZ Ghazni 1,228,83122,46057.419South EastSouth
Ghor 6AF-GHOGHR Feroz Koh 790,29636,67618.911WestCentral
Helmand 7AF-HELHEL Lashkargah 924,71158,30515.913South WestSouth
Herat 1AF-HERHRT Herat 1,890,20255,86835.115WestCentral
Jowzjan 8AF-JOWJZJ Sheberghan 540,25511,29149.59North WestNorth
Kabul 22AF-KABKBL Kabul 4,372,9774,523917.718CentralCentral
Kandahar 12AF-KANKRD Kandahar 1,226,59354,84423.216South WestSouth
Kapisa 29AF-KAPKPS Mahmud-i-Raqi 441,0101,908238.27CentralCentral
Khost 26AF-KHOKST Khost 574,5824,235136.313South EastSouth
Kunar 34AF-KNRKNR Asadabad 450,6524,92594.515EastCentral
Kunduz 18AF-KDZKDZ Kunduz 1,010,0378,080130.37North EastNorth
Laghman 32AF-LAGLGM Mihtarlam 445,5883,977118.15EastCentral
Logar 23AF-LOGLGR Pul-i-Alam 392,0454,56890.77CentralCentral
Nangarhar 33AF-NANNGR Jalalabad 1,517,3887,641208.923EastCentral
Nimruz 3AF-NIMNRZ Zaranj 164,97842,4094.15South WestSouth
Nuristan 31AF-NURNUR Parun 147,9679,25516.77EastCentral
Paktia 24AF-PIAPAK Gardez 551,9875,683106.411South EastSouth
Paktika 25AF-PKAPKT Sharana 434,74219,51523.215South EastSouth
Panjshir 28AF-PANPJR Bazarak 371,9023,77141.87CentralCentral
Parwan 20AF-PARPRN Charikar 664,5025,715120.99CentralCentral
Samangan 14AF-SAMSAM Samangan 387,92813,43730.65North WestNorth
Sar-e Pol 9AF-SARSRP Sar-e Pol 559,57716,38537.37North WestNorth
Takhar 27AF-TAKTAK Taloqan 983,33612,45781.216North EastNorth
Uruzgan 11AF-URUORZ Tarinkot 386,81811,47332.76South WestSouth
Maidan Wardak 21AF-WARWDK Maidan Shar 596,28710,34857.39CentralCentral
Zabul 17AF-ZABZBL Qalat 304,12617,47117.89South WestSouth

Former Provinces of Afghanistan

Provinces of Afghanistan in 1929. Provinces of Afghanistan in 1929.png
Provinces of Afghanistan in 1929.

See also

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References

  1. Ahmed, Azam (8 December 2012). "For Afghan Officials, Facing Prospect of Death Is in the Job Description". The New York Times . Retrieved 18 June 2013.
  2. 1 2 Mukhopadhyay, Dipali (2014). "Building a Theory of Strongman Governance in Afghanistan". Warlords, Strongman Governors, and the State in Afghanistan. p. 43. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139161817.001. ISBN   9781139161817.
  3. Afghan school books - Geography G-12, Page 22-23 (in Persian) https://moe.gov.af/sites/default/files/2020-03/G12-Dr-Geography.pdf
  4. ISO 3166-2:AF (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Afghanistan)
  5. "registered through Argeweb". www.geohive.com.
  6. "Afghanistan: Province Dashboard". World Bank.