Provinces of Bulgaria

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Provinces of Bulgaria
Oбласти на България  (Bulgarian)
Regions of Bulgaria Map.png
Category Unitary State
Location Republic of Bulgaria
Number28 (as of 1999)
Populations101,018 (Vidin) – 1,291,591 (Sofia City)
Areas1,348.90 km2 (520.81 sq mi) (Sofia City)– 7,748.07 km2 (2,991.55 sq mi) (Burgas)
Government
Subdivisions

The provinces of Bulgaria (Bulgarian : области на България, romanized: oblasti na Bǎlgarija) are the first level administrative subdivisions of the country.

Contents

Since 1999, Bulgaria has been divided into 28 provinces (Bulgarian: областиoblasti; singular: област oblast ; also translated as "regions") which correspond approximately to the 28 districts (in Bulgarian: окръг okrǎg , plural: окръзиokrǎzi), that existed before 1987.

The provinces are further subdivided into 265 municipalities (singular: община obshtina , plural: общиниobshtini).

Distribution of provinces by NUTS: Level 1 (regions): Northern and South-Eastern, South-Western and South-Central (that are logistical regions too, the area covered by a truck from it's logistic center in a day go and back); Level 2 (planning regions) NUTS BG Level 1 and 2.png
Distribution of provinces by NUTS: Level 1 (regions): Northern and South-Eastern, South-Western and South-Central (that are logistical regions too, the area covered by a truck from it's logistic center in a day go and back); Level 2 (planning regions)

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Sofia – the capital city of Bulgaria and the largest settlement in the country, is the administrative centre of both Sofia Province and Sofia City Province (Sofia-grad). The capital is included (together with 3 other cities plus 34 villages) in Sofia Capital Municipality (over 90% of whose population lives in Sofia), which is the sole municipality comprising Sofia City province.

Terminology

The provinces do not have official names – legally (in the President's decree on their constitution), they are not named but only described as "oblast with administrative centre [Noun]" - together with a list of the constituting municipalities. In Bulgaria they are usually called "[Adjective] Oblast"; occasionally they are referred to as "Oblast [Noun]" and rarely as "oblast with administrative centre [Noun]".

The Bulgarian term "област" (oblast) is preferably translated into English as "province", in order to avoid disambiguation and distinguish from the former unit called "окръг" (okrag, translated as "district") and the term "регион" (always translated as "region"). At any rate, "district" and "region" are sometimes still used to name these contemporary 28 units.

Provinces

Province Population (Census 2001) [2] [3] Population (Census 2011) [2] [3] Population growth (2001/2011) [2] Land area (km2) Population density (/km2) Municipalities Planning
Region
Blagoevgrad 341,173323,552-5.2%6,449.4750.1714South Western
Burgas 423,547415,817-1.8%7,748.0754.5813South Eastern
Dobrich 215,217189,677-11.9%4,719.7140.368North Eastern
Gabrovo 144,125122,702-14.9%2,023.0159.774North Central
Haskovo 277,478246,238-11.3%5,533.2961.0611South Central
Kardzhali 164,019152,808-6.8%3,209.1137.907South Central
Kyustendil 162,534136,686-15.9%3,051.5245.169South Western
Lovech 169,951141,422-16.8%4,128.7634.218North Western
Montana 182,258148,098-18.7%3,635.3841.2011North Western
Pazardzhik 310,723275,548-11.3%4,456.9262.7212South Central
Pernik 149,832133,530-10.9%2,394.2256.186South Western
Pleven 311,985269,752-13.5%4,653.3263.9811North Western
Plovdiv 715,816683,027-4.6%5,972.89114.3518South Central
Razgrad 152,417125,190-17.9%2,639.7447.287North Central
Ruse 266,157235,252-11.6%2,803.3689.938North Central
Shumen 204,378180,528-11.7%3,389.6853.6510North Eastern
Silistra 142,000119,474-15.9%2,846.2941.747North Central
Sliven 218,474197,473-9.6%3,544.0754.164South Eastern
Smolyan 140,066121,752-13.1%3,192.8534.4710South Central
Sofia City 1,170,8421,291,591+10.3%1,348.90957.441South Western
Sofia (province) 273,240247,489-9.4%7,062.3334.0122South Western
Stara Zagora 370,615333,265-10.1%5,151.1267.2011South Eastern
Targovishte 137,689120,818-12.3%2,558.5344.175North Eastern
Varna 462,013475,074+2.8%3,819.47124.4012North Eastern
Veliko Tarnovo 293,172258,494-11.8%4,661.5755.1910North Central
Vidin 130,074101,018-22.3%3,032.8832.8911North Western
Vratsa 243,036186,848-23.1%3,619.7745.5910North Western
Yambol 156,070131,447-15.8%3,355.4831.235South Eastern

History

Provinces (with ex-districts) in 1987-1999 Oblasti de Bulgarie 1987-1999.png
Provinces (with ex-districts) in 1987-1999
Provinces of Bulgaria from 1987 to 1998 Oblasti 1987-1998 by Plamen Tsvetkov.png
Provinces of Bulgaria from 1987 to 1998

In 1987, the then-existing 28 districts were transformed into 9 large units (in Bulgarian called oblasts - provinces), which survived until 1999. [4]

The 9 large provinces are listed below, along with the pre-1987 districts (post-1999 small provinces) comprising them.

1987-1998
oblasts
Comprising former districts (future provinces)
BurgasBurgas, Sliven, Yambol
HaskovoHaskovo, Kardzhali, Stara Zagora
LovechGabrovo, Lovech, Pleven, Veliko Tarnovo
MontanaMontana, Vidin, Vratsa
PlovdivPazardzhik, Plovdiv, Smolyan
RazgradRazgrad, Ruse, Silistra, Targovishte
SofiaSofia City
SofiaBlagoevgrad, Kyustendil, Pernik, Sofia
VarnaDobrich, Shumen, Varna

On 1 January 1999, the old districts were restored with some modifications, but the designation ("oblast") "province" was kept.

See also

Related Research Articles

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Smolyan Province Province of Bulgaria

Smolyan Province is a province in Southern-central Bulgaria, located in the Rhodope Mountains, neighbouring Greece to the south. It is named after its administrative and industrial centre—the city of Smolyan. The province embraces a territory of 3,192.8 km2 (1,232.7 sq mi). that is divided into 10 municipalities with a total population of 124,795 inhabitants, as of December 2009.

Kardzhali Province Province of Bulgaria

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Haskovo Province Province of Bulgaria

Haskovo Province is a province in southern Bulgaria, neighbouring Greece and Turkey to the southeast, comprising parts of the Thracian valley along the river Maritsa. It is named after its administrative and industrial centre - the city of Haskovo. The province embraces a territory of 5,533.3 km2 (2,136.4 sq mi) that is divided into 11 municipalities with a total population, as of December 2009, of 256,408 inhabitants.

Kyustendil Province Province of Bulgaria

Kyustendil Province is a province in southwestern Bulgaria, extending over an area of 3,084.3 km2 (1,190.9 sq mi), and with a population of 163,889. It borders on the provinces of Sofia, Pernik, and Blagoevgrad; to the west, its limits coincide with the state borders between Bulgaria and North Macedonia, and between Bulgaria and the Republic of Serbia. The administrative center of the Province is Kyustendil.

Pazardzhik Province Province of Bulgaria

Pazardzhik Province is a province in Southern Bulgaria, named after its administrative and industrial centre - the city of Pazardzhik. The territory is 4,456.9 km2 (1,720.8 sq mi) that is divided into 12 municipalities with a total population of 275,548 inhabitants, as of February 2011.

Plovdiv Province Province of Bulgaria

Plovdiv Province is a province in central southern Bulgaria. It comprises 18 municipalities on a territory of 5,972.9 km2 (2,306.1 sq mi) with a population, as of February 2011, of 683,027 inhabitants. The province is named after its administrative and industrial centre — the city of Plovdiv.

Pleven Province Province of Bulgaria

Pleven Province is a province located in central northern Bulgaria, bordering the Danube river, Romania and the Bulgarian provinces of Vratsa, Veliko Tarnovo and Lovech. It is divided into 11 subdivisions, called municipalities, that embrace a territory of 4,653.32 km2 (1,796.66 sq mi) with a population, as of February 2011, of 269 752 inhabitants. The province's capital is the city of Pleven.

Bulgarian Muslims

The Bulgarian Muslims or Muslim Bulgarians are Bulgarians of the Islamic faith. They are generally thought to be the descendants of the local Slavs who converted to Islam during Ottoman rule. Most scholars have agreed that the Bulgarian Muslims are a "religious group of Bulgarian Slavs who speak Bulgarian as their mother tongue and do not understand Turkish, but whose religion and customs are Islamic". Bulgarian Muslims live mostly in the Rhodopes – Smolyan Province, the southern part of the Pazardzhik and Kardzhali Provinces and the eastern part of the Blagoevgrad Province in Southern Bulgaria. They also live in a group of villages in the Lovech Province in Northern Bulgaria. The name Pomak is pejorative in Bulgarian and is resented by most members of the community, The name adopted and used instead of Pomak is Bulgarian Muslims.

The Bulgarian Red Cross, or BRC, was established in 1878 after the liberation of the Principality of Bulgaria and the region of Eastern Rumelia from the Ottoman Empire. The first BRC organization was established in May 1878 in Sofia. The regional governor, V.P. Alabin, recruited many prominent citizens of the city, and led their work in the first BRC. The two Bulgarian provinces, Principality of Bulgaria and Eastern Rumelia, became unified on September 20, 1885. The National Organization of the BRC was then founded, with the approval of the statues of the organization by the first Bulgarian Prince, Prince Alexander of Battenberg. On October 20, 1885, the BRC was recognized by, and became a member of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). Significant contributions made by Tsar Boris III during the period of 1918–1943, which provided the organization with the ability to establish itself, and to take the first steps towards creating a Bulgarian social health system.

NUTS statistical regions of Bulgaria

The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) is a geocode standard for referencing the subdivisions of Bulgaria for statistical purposes. The standard is developed and regulated by the European Union. The NUTS standard is instrumental in delivering the European Union's Structural Funds. The NUTS code for Bulgaria is BG and a hierarchy of three levels is established by Eurostat. Below these is a further levels of geographic organisation - the local administrative unit (LAU). In Bulgaria, the LAU 1 is municipalities and the LAU 2 is settlements.

Southern Bulgaria

Southern Bulgaria is the southern half of the territory of Bulgaria, located to the south of the main ridge of the Balkan Mountains which conventionally separates the country into a northern and a southern part. Besides the Balkan Mountains, Southern Bulgaria borders Serbia to the west, North Macedonia to the southwest, Greece to the south, Turkey to the southeast and the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast to the east.

Varna Municipality Municipality in Varna, Bulgaria

Varna Municipality is a seaside municipality (obshtina) in Varna Province, Northeastern Bulgaria, located on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast and near Varna lake. It is named after its administrative centre - the city of Varna - which is also the capital of the homonymous province.

Sofia City Province Province of Bulgaria

Sofia City Province is a province (oblast) of Bulgaria. Its administrative center is the city of Sofia, the capital of the country.

Okolia is a former administrative unit in Bulgaria established after the Tarnovo Constitution adopted on 16 April 1879.

The 2004–05 Bulgarian Cup was the 65th season of the Bulgarian Cup. Levski Sofia won the competition, beating CSKA Sofia 2–1 in the final at the Vasil Levski National Stadium in Sofia.

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-13. Retrieved 2014-10-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. 1 2 3 "2011 Population Census - main result" (PDF). Nsi.bg. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  3. 1 2 "Представяме Ви резултатите от Преброяване 2011 за страната, по области и общини :". Censusresults.nsi.bg. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2017.
  4. "Bulgaria - GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE". Countrystudies.us. Retrieved 15 October 2017.