Provinces of Mongolia

Last updated

Mongolia is divided into 21 provinces or aimags (Mongolian : аймаг) and one provincial municipality. Each aimag is subdivided into several districts. [1] [2] The modern provinces have been established since 1921. The capital, Ulaanbaatar, is governed as an independent provincial municipality separate from Töv Province, inside which it is situated. [ citation needed ]

Contents

List of provinces

Provinces
(Aimags) [3]
Year
established
Area
(km2) [4]
Population
2020 Census [5]
Density Capital
Mn flag arkhangai aimag 2014.png  Arkhangai 193155,313.8294,9941.72 Tsetserleg [6]
Mn flag bayankhongor aymag.png  Bayankhongor 1941115,977.8088,6720.76 Bayankhongor [7]
Mn flag bayan olgiy aymag.svg  Bayan-Ölgii 194045,704.89108,5302.37 Ölgii
Mn flag bulgan aimag.svg  Bulgan 193848,733.0062,0891.27 Bulgan
Mn flag darkhan uul aymag.svg  Darkhan-Uul 19943,275.00107,01833 Darkhan
Mn flag dornod aimag 2001.svg  Dornod 1941123,597.4382,0540.66 Choibalsan
Mn flag dornogovi aimag 2011.svg  Dornogovi 1931109,472.3071,0140.65 Sainshand
Mn flag dundgovi aimag.svg  Dundgobi 194274,690.3247,1040.63 Mandalgovi
Mn flag govi-altai aimag 2011.svg  Govi-Altai 1940141,447.6757,7480.41 Altai City
Mn flag govisumber aimag.svg  Govisümber 19965,541.8017,9283.23 Choir
Khentii aimag Flag.svg  Khentii 193080,325.0877,9570.97 Öndörkhaan
Flag of Khovd Aimag (since 2014).svg  Khovd 193176,060.3889,7121.18 Khovd
Mn flag khovsgol aimag 2014.svg  Khövsgöl 1931100,628.82135,0951.34 Mörön
Orkhon Aimag Flag.svg  Orkhon 1994844.00107,634128 Erdenet
Mn flag omnogovi aimag 2011.svg  Ömnögovi 1931165,380.4769,1870.42 Dalanzadgad
Mn flag Ovurhangai aymag.svg  Övörkhangai 193162,895.33116,7321.86 Arvaikheer
Mn flag selenge aimag 1999.svg  Selenge 193441,152.63110,1102.68 Sükhbaatar
Mn flag sukhbaatar aimag.svg  Sükhbaatar 194382,287.1563,1820.77 Baruun-Urt
Tov aymag flag.svg  Töv 193174,042.3794,2501.27 Zuunmod
Uvs Aimag Flag.svg  Uvs 193169,585.3983,2231.20 Ulaangom
Mn flag zavkhan aimag.svg  Zavkhan 193182,455.6672,8230.88 Uliastai
Flag ulaanbaatar.svg  Ulaanbaatar
(provincial municipality)
19424,704.401,539,810327 Ulaanbaatar

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mongolia</span> Country in East Asia

Mongolia is a landlocked country in East Asia, bordered by Russia to the north and China to the south. The western extremity of Mongolia is only 37 km (23 mi) from Kazakhstan, and this area can resemble a quadripoint when viewed on a map. It covers an area of 1,564,116 square kilometres, with a population of just 3.3 million, making it the world's most sparsely populated sovereign state. Mongolia is the world's largest landlocked country that does not border a closed sea, and much of its area is covered by grassy steppe, with mountains to the north and west and the Gobi Desert to the south. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to roughly half of the country's population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Politics of Mongolia</span> Political system of Mongolia

The politics of Mongolia takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential multi-party representative democracy. Executive power is exercised by the prime minister, who is the head of government, and the Cabinet. The president is the head of state, but holds limited authority over the executive branch of the government, unlike full presidential republics like the United States. Legislative power is vested in parliament. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Economy of Mongolia</span>

The economy of Mongolia has traditionally been based on agriculture and livestock. Mongolia also has extensive mineral deposits: copper, coal, molybdenum, tin, tungsten, and gold account for a large part of industrial production. Soviet assistance, at its height one-third of Gross domestic product (GDP), disappeared almost overnight in 1990–91, in the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union. Mongolia was driven into deep recession.

Telecommunications in Mongolia face unique challenges. As the least densely populated country in the world, with a significant portion of the population living a nomadic lifestyle, it has been difficult for many traditional information and communication technology (ICT) companies to make headway into Mongolian society. With almost half the population clustered in the capital of Ulaanbaatar, most landline technologies are deployed there. Wireless technologies have had greater success in rural areas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ulaanbaatar</span> Capital and largest city of Mongolia

Ulaanbaatar, previously anglicized as Ulan Bator, is the capital and most populous city of Mongolia. With a population of 1.6 million, it is the coldest capital city in the world by average yearly temperature. The municipality is located in north central Mongolia at an elevation of about 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) in a valley on the Tuul River. The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre, changing location 28 times, and was permanently settled at its modern location in 1778.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Foreign relations of Mongolia</span> Overview of the foreign relations of Mongolia

Mongolia has diplomatic relations with all 192 UN states, the Holy See, the State of Palestine and the European Union.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport</span> Semi-operational international airport of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport, formerly called Chinggis Khaan International Airport from 2005 to 2020, is a semi-operational international airport serving Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, situated 18 km (11 mi) southwest of the capital. Largely replaced by a new airport, it currently functions as a backup airport, with a view to be used for flight training as well as for special, charter, and government flights.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Prime Minister of Mongolia</span> Head of Mongolian Government

The prime minister of Mongolia is the head of government of Mongolia and heads the Mongolian cabinet. The prime minister is appointed by the Mongolian parliament or the State Great Khural, and can be removed by the parliament with a vote of no confidence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bulgan Province</span> Province (aimag) of Mongolia

Bulgan is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in northern Mongolia. Its capital is also named Bulgan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dundgobi Province</span> Province (aimag) of Mongolia

Dundgovi or Dundgobi is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. It is located in the south of the country, approximately 245 kilometers (152 mi) south of Ulaanbaatar. Its capital is Mandalgovi. Dundgovi is the second least populated Province.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Khentii Province</span> Province (aimag) of Mongolia

Khentii is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia, located in the east of the country. Its capital is Chinggis City. The aimag is named after the Khentii Mountains. It is best known as the birthplace, and likely final resting place, of Temüjin, otherwise known as Genghis Khan.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Töv Province</span> Province (aimag) of Mongolia

Töv is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. The national capital Ulaanbaatar is located roughly at its center, but the city itself is administered as an independent municipality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Choibalsan (city)</span> District in Dornod Province, Mongolia

Choibalsan is the fourth-largest city in Mongolia after Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, and Erdenet. The name of the city was Bayan Tümen until 1941, when it was renamed after the communist leader Khorloogiin Choibalsan in honor of the 20th anniversary of the Mongolian Revolution of 1921. It is the capital of the province of Dornod. The city administrative unit's official name is Kherlen sum, with area of 281 square kilometres or 108 square miles. It is situated at the Kherlen River, at an elevation of 747 metres or 2,451 feet above sea level.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Erdenet</span> District in Orkhon Province, Mongolia

Erdenet is the second-largest city in Mongolia, with a 2018 population of 98,057, and the capital of the aimag (province) of Orkhon. Located in the northern part of the country, it lies in a valley between the Selenge and Orkhon rivers about 240 km (149 mi) northwest of Ulaanbaatar, Darkhan, the capital. The road length between Ulaanbaatar and Erdenet is about 370 km (230 mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">President of Mongolia</span> Executive Head of State of Mongolia

The president of Mongolia is the executive head of state of Mongolia. The current president is Ukhnaagiin Khürelsükh.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Czech Republic–Mongolia relations</span> Bilateral relations

Czech Republic–Mongolia relations refer to the diplomatic relations between the Czech Republic and Mongolia. The Czech Republic has an embassy in Ulaanbaatar. Both countries were members of Comecon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chinggis Khaan International Airport</span> Main airport of Mongolia

Chinggis Khaan International Airport, also referred to as New Ulaanbaatar International Airport, is the primary airport serving Ulaanbaatar, and is Mongolia's only international airport. It opened on 4 July 2021, replacing Buyant-Ukhaa International Airport.

Montsame is the official state-owned news agency of Mongolia. Montsame is an acronym for Mongolyn Tsakhilgaan Medee. It was founded in 1921. It has permanent correspondents in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolian aimag centers, Beijing, and Moscow.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Emergency Management Agency (Mongolia)</span> Mongolian government agency

The National Emergency Management Agency or NEMA is a paramilitary government agency overseeing emergency services in Mongolia. It was established with the duty to conduct nationwide post-disaster activities. It is similar to the Russian Ministry of Emergency Situations. It is responsible for developing environmental legislation as well as managing the fall out from natural disasters and conducting rescue work.

References

  1. Mongolian constitution, article 57
  2. Montsame News Agency. Mongolia. 2006, Foreign Service office of Montsame News Agency, ISBN   99929-0-627-8, p. 46
  3. "Provinces of Mongolia". InfoMongolia.com. MER. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014.
  4. Mongolia Landuse Annual Report 2007 [ dead link ]
  5. "2020 Population and Housing Census of Mongolia National Report, table 2.5". National Statistical Office of Mongolia. Archived from the original on 17 August 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  6. "Arkhangai Aimag". InfoMongolia.com. 26 May 2014. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  7. "Bayankhonghor Aimag". InfoMongolia.com. 23 April 2014. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.