Provinces of Thailand

Last updated
Provinces of Thailand
  • Also known as:
  • changwat (จังหวัด)
Category Unitary state
Location Kingdom of Thailand
Number76 provinces
1 Special Administrative Division
Populations193,305 Samut Songkhram – 2,648,927 Nakhon Ratchasima (2019) [1]
Areas414 km2 (160 sq mi) Samut Songkhram  – 22,135 km2 (8,546 sq mi) Chiang Mai [2]
Government
Subdivisions

The provinces of Thailand are part of the government of Thailand that is divided into 76 provinces (Thai : จังหวัด , RTGS: changwat, pronounced [t͡ɕāŋ.wàt] ) proper and one special administrative area (Thai : เขตปกครองส่วนท้องถิ่นรูปแบบพิเศษ ), representing the capital Bangkok. [3] [4] [5] They are the primary local government units and are divided into amphoes (districts) and also act as juristic persons. Each province is led by a governor (ผู้ว่าราชการจังหวัด phu wa ratchakan changwat), who is appointed by the central government.

Contents

The provinces and administrative areas

A clickable map of Thailand exhibiting its provinces
A clickable map of Thailand exhibiting its provinces Thailand provinces en.svg
A clickable map of Thailand exhibiting its provinces
SealNameName
(in Thai)
Population (2019) [1] Area (km2) [2] Population densityNamesake town/city HS [6] ISO [7] FIPS
Seal Bangkok Metropolitan Admin (green).svg Flag of Bangkok.svg  Bangkok
(special administrative area)
กรุงเทพมหานคร5,666,2641,5643,623 Bangkok BKKTH-10TH40
Seal Amnatcharoen.png Flag Amnatcharoen Province.png  Amnat Charoen อำนาจเจริญ378,4383,290115 Amnat Charoen ACRTH-37TH77
Seal Ang Thong.png Ang Thong Flag.png  Ang Thong อ่างทอง279,654950294 Ang Thong ATGTH-15TH35
Seal Bueng Kan.png Flag of Bueng Kan Province.png  Bueng Kan บึงกาฬ424,0914,003106 Bueng Kan BKNTH-38TH81
Seal Buriram.png Flag Buriram Province.png  Buriram บุรีรัมย์1,595,74710,080159 Buriram BRMTH-31TH28
Seal Chachoengsao.png Flag of Chachoengsao Province.png  Chachoengsao ฉะเชิงเทรา720,1135,169139 Chachoengsao CCOTH-24TH44
Seal Chainat.png Chai Nat Flag.png  Chai Nat ชัยนาท326,6112,506131 Chai Nat CNTTH-18TH32
Seal Chaiyaphum.png Chaiyaphum Flag.png  Chaiyaphum ชัยภูมิ1,137,35712,69891 Chaiyaphum CPMTH-36TH26
Seal Chanthaburi (1).svg Chanthaburi Flag.png  Chanthaburi จันทบุรี537,6986,41584 Chanthaburi CTITH-22TH48
Seal Chiang Mai.png Flag Chiang Mai Province.png  Chiang Mai เชียงใหม่1,779,25422,13579 Chiang Mai CMITH-50TH02
Seal Chiang Rai.png Chiangrai Flag.png  Chiang Rai เชียงราย1,298,30411,503113 Chiang Rai CRITH-57TH03
Seal Chonburi.png Chon Buri Flag.png  Chonburi ชลบุรี1,558,3014,508346 Chonburi CBITH-20TH46
Seal Chumphon.png Chumphon Flag.png  Chumphon ชุมพร511,3045,99885 Chumphon CPNTH-86TH58
Seal Kalasin.png Flag Karasin Province.png  Kalasin กาฬสินธุ์983,4186,936142 Kalasin KSNTH-46TH23
Seal Kamphaeng Phet.png Kamphaeng phet flag.svg  Kamphaeng Phet กำแพงเพชร725,8678,51286 Kamphaeng Phet KPTTH-62TH11
Seal Kanchanaburi.png Kanchanaburi Flag.png  Kanchanaburi กาญจนบุรี895,52519,38546 Kanchanaburi KRITH-71TH50
Seal Khon Kaen.png Khon Kaen Flag.png  Khon Kaen ขอนแก่น1,802,87210,659169 Khon Kaen KKNTH-40TH22
Seal Krabi.png Flag of Krabi Province.jpg  Krabi กระบี่476,7395,32390 Krabi KBITH-81TH63
Seal Lampang.png Flag Lampang Province.png  Lampang ลำปาง738,31612,48859 Lampang LPGTH-52TH06
Seal Lamphun.svg Lamphun provincial flag.png  Lamphun ลำพูน405,0754,47892 Lamphun LPNTH-51TH05
Seal Loei.png Loei Flag.png  Loei เลย642,95010,50061 Loei LEITH-42TH18
Seal Lopburi.png Flag Lop Buri Province.png  Lopburi ลพบุรี755,5566,493116 Lopburi LRITH-16TH34
Seal Mae Hong Son.svg Flag Mae Hong Son Province.png  Mae Hong Son แม่ฮ่องสอน284,13812,76523 Mae Hong Son MSNTH-58TH01
Seal Maha Sarakham.png Mahasarakham PV Flag.png  Maha Sarakham มหาสารคาม962,6655,607172 Maha Sarakham MKMTH-44TH24
Seal of Mukdahan Province.png Flag Mokdahan Province.png  Mukdahan มุกดาหาร353,1744,12687 Mukdahan MDHTH-49TH78
Seal Nakhon Nayok.png Flag Nakhon Nayok Province.png  Nakhon Nayok นครนายก260,7512,141122 Nakhon Nayok NYKTH-26TH43
Seal Nakhon Pathom.svg Flag of Nakhon Pathom Province.jpg  Nakhon Pathom นครปฐม920,0302,142430 Nakhon Pathom NPTTH-73TH53
Seal of Nakhon Phanom Province (color version).svg Flag of Nakhon Phanom Province.svg  Nakhon Phanom นครพนม719,1365,637127 Nakhon Phanom NPMTH-48TH73
Seal Nakhon Ratchasima.svg Nakhon Ratchasima Flag.png  Nakhon Ratchasima นครราชสีมา2,648,92720,736128 Nakhon Ratchasima NMATH-30TH27
Seal Nakhon Sawan.png Nakhon Sawan Flag.png  Nakhon Sawan นครสวรรค์1,059,8879,526111 Nakhon Sawan NSNTH-60TH16
Seal Nakhon Si Thammarat.png Nakhon Si Thammarat Flag.svg  Nakhon Si Thammarat นครศรีธรรมราช1,561,9279,885158 Nakhon Si Thammarat NRTTH-80TH64
Seal of Nan Province (color version, Thai Fine Art Department).svg thngpracchamcchanghwadnaan.svg  Nan น่าน478,22712,13040 Nan NANTH-55TH04
Seal Narathiwat.png Flag Naratiwat Province.png  Narathiwat นราธิวาส808,0204,491180 Narathiwat NWTTH-96TH31
Seal Nong Bua Lamphu.png Nong Bua Lam Phu Flag.png  Nong Bua Lamphu หนองบัวลำภู512,7804,099125 Nong Bua Lam Phu NBPTH-39TH79
Seal Nong Khai.png Flag Nong Khai Province.png  Nong Khai หนองคาย522,3113,275160 Nong Khai NKITH-43TH17
Nonthaburi Province Seal.svg thngcchanghwadnnthburii.svg  Nonthaburi นนทบุรี1,265,3876371,986 Nonthaburi NBITH-12TH38
Seal Pathum Thani.png Pathum Thani Flag.png  Pathum Thani ปทุมธานี1,163,6041,520766 Pathum Thani PTETH-13TH39
Seal Pattani.png Pattani Flag.png  Pattani ปัตตานี725,1041,977367 Pattani PTNTH-94TH69
Seal Phang Nga.png Phangnga Flag.png  Phang Nga พังงา268,7885,49549 Phang Nga PNATH-82TH61
Provincial Seal of Phatthalung.svg Phattalung provincial flag .png  Phatthalung พัทลุง524,8653,861135 Phatthalung PLGTH-93TH66
Seal Phayao.png Phayao flag.svg  Phayao พะเยา472,3566,18976 Phayao PYOTH-56TH41
Seal Phetchabun.png Flag of Phetchabun Province.svg  Phetchabun เพชรบูรณ์992,45112,34080 Phetchabun PNBTH-67TH14
Seal Phetchaburi.png Flag Petchaburi Province.png  Phetchaburi เพชรบุรี485,1916,17277 Phetchaburi PBITH-76TH56
Seal Phichit.png Flag of Phichit Province.png  Phichit พิจิตร536,3114,319124 Phichit PCTTH-66TH13
Seal of Phitsanulok Province.svg Pitsanulok flag.svg  Phitsanulok พิษณุโลก865,24710,58982 Phitsanulok PLKTH-65TH12
Seal of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province (color version, Thai Fine Art Department).svg Flag of Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Province.svg  Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya พระนครศรีอยุธยา820,1882,548322 Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya AYATH-14TH36
Seal of Phrae Province (colour version, as the provincial administration used).svg thngaephr.png  Phrae แพร่441,7266,48368 Phrae PRETH-54TH07
Seal Phuket (blue).png Phuket Flag.png  Phuket ภูเก็ต416,582547762 Phuket PKTTH-83TH62
Seal Prachinburi.png Flag of Prachin Buri Province.jpg  Prachinburi ปราจีนบุรี494,6805,02699 Prachinburi PRITH-25TH74
Seal Prachuap Khiri Khan.png Prachuap Khiri Khan Flag.png  Prachuap Khiri Khan ประจวบคีรีขันธ์554,1166,41488 Prachuap Khiri Khan PKNTH-77TH57
Seal Ranong.png Flag Ranong Province.png  Ranong ระนอง193,3703,23060 Ranong RNGTH-85TH59
Seal Ratchaburi.png Ratchaburi Flag.png  Ratchaburi ราชบุรี873,1015,189168 Ratchaburi RBRTH-70TH52
Seal Rayong.png Rayong Flag.png  Rayong ระยอง734,7533,666201 Rayong RYGTH-21TH47
Seal Roi Et.png Flag Roi-Et Province.png  Roi Et ร้อยเอ็ด1,305,2117,873166 Roi Et RETTH-45TH25
Old picture Seal Sakaeo.png Sa Kaeo Flag.png  Sa Kaeo สระแก้ว566,3036,83183 Sa Kaeo SKWTH-27TH80
Seal Sakon Nakhon.png Sakon Nakhon Flag.png  Sakon Nakhon สกลนคร1,153,3909,580121 Sakon Nakhon SNKTH-47TH20
Samutphakhan.png Flag Samut Prakan Province.png  Samut Prakan สมุทรปราการ1,344,8759471,420 Samut Prakan SPKTH-11TH42
Seal Samut Sakhon.png Flag Samut Sakhon Province.png  Samut Sakhon สมุทรสาคร584,703866675 Samut Sakhon SKNTH-74TH55
Seal Samut Songkhram.png Flag Samut Songkhram Province.png  Samut Songkhram สมุทรสงคราม193,305414467 Samut Songkhram SKMTH-75TH54
Seal Saraburi.png Saraburi Flag 2.png  Saraburi สระบุรี645,9113,499185 Saraburi SRITH-19TH37
Seal Satun.png Satun Flag.png  Satun สตูล323,5863,019107 Satun STNTH-91TH67
Seal Sing Buri.png Flag of Sing Buri Province.png  Sing Buri สิงห์บุรี208,446817255 Sing Buri SBRTH-17TH33
Seal Sisaket.png Si Sa Ket Flag.png  Sisaket ศรีสะเกษ1,472,8598,936165 Sisaket SSKTH-33TH30
Seal Songkhla.png Flag Songkhla Province.png  Songkhla สงขลา1,435,9687,741186 Songkhla SKATH-90TH68
Seal of Sukhothai Province (color version).svg Flag of Sukhothai Province.svg  Sukhothai สุโขทัย595,0726,67189Sukhothai (Sukhothai Thani)STITH-64TH09
Seal Suphanburi.png Flag Suphan Buri Province.png  Suphan Buri สุพรรณบุรี846,3345,410156 Suphan Buri SPBTH-72TH51
Flag Surat Thani Province.png  Surat Thani สุราษฎร์ธานี1,068,01013,07981 Surat Thani SNITH-84TH60
Seal Surin.png Flag of Surin Province.png  Surin สุรินทร์1,396,8318,854157 Surin SRNTH-32TH29
Seal Tak.png Flag of Tak Province.png  Tak ตาก665,62017,30339 Tak TAKTH-63TH08
Seal Trang.png Trang Flag.png  Trang ตรัง643,1644,726136 Trang TRGTH-92TH65
Seal Trat.png Trat Flag.png  Trat ตราด229,9582,86678 Trat TRTTH-23TH49
Seal Ubon Ratchathani.png Ubon Ratchathani Flag.png  Ubon Ratchathani อุบลราชธานี1,878,14615,626120 Ubon Ratchathani UBNTH-34TH75
Seal Udon Thani.png Udon Thani Flag.png  Udon Thani อุดรธานี1,586,64611,072143 Udon Thani UDNTH-41TH76
Seal Uthaithani.png Flag of Uthai Thani Province.jpg  Uthai Thani อุทัยธานี328,6186,64750 Uthai Thani UTITH-61TH15
Seal Uttaradit.png Uttaradit provincial flag.png  Uttaradit อุตรดิตถ์453,1037,90658 Uttaradit UTDTH-53TH10
Seal Yala.png Yala Flag 2.png  Yala ยะลา536,3304,476119 Yala YLATH-95TH70
Seal of Yasothon Province.png Yasothon Flag.png  Yasothon ยโสธร537,2994,131130 Yasothon YSTTH-35TH72

Governance

Thailand's national government organisation is divided into three types: central government (ministries, bureaus and departments), provincial government (provinces and districts) and local government (Bangkok, Pattaya, provincial administrative organisations, etc.).

A province, as part of the provincial government, is administered by a governor (ผู้ว่าราชการจังหวัด) who is appointed by the Minister of Interior. Bangkok, as part of the local government, is administered by a corporation called Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. The corporation is led by the Governor of Bangkok (ผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานคร) who is directly elected by the citizens of Bangkok.

The provinces are named by their original main city, which is not necessarily still the most populous city within the province today. Also, in several provinces the administration has been moved into a new building outside the city.

History

Before 1892

Many provinces date back to semi-independent local chiefdoms or kingdoms, which made up the Ayutthaya Kingdom. The provinces were created around a capital city ( mueang ), and included surrounding villages or satellite towns. The provinces were administered either by a governor, who was appointed by the king or by a local ruling family, who were descendants of the old kings and princes of that area and had been given this privilege by the central king. De facto the king did not have much choice but to choose someone from the local nobility or an economically strong man, as against these local power groups the administration would have become impossible. The governor was not paid by the king, but instead financed himself and his administration by imposing local taxes himself. Every province was required to send an annual tribute to Bangkok.

The provinces were divided into four different classes. The first-class were the border provinces. The second-class were those that once had their own princely house. Third-class were provinces that were created by splitting them from other provinces. Fourth-class were provinces near the capital. Additionally tributary states like the principalities of Lan Na, the Laotian kingdoms of Vientiane and Luang Prabang, Cambodia, or the Malay sultanate Kedah were also part of the country, but with more autonomy than the provinces. In this Mandala system the semi-independent countries sometimes were tributary to more than one country.

New provinces were created when the population of an area outgrew the administration, but also for political reasons. If a governor became too dominant in a region former satellite cities were elevated to provincial status, as was the case with Maha Sarakham Province.

Reforms of the provincial administration started in the 1870s under increased pressure from the colonial states of the United Kingdom and France. Agents were sent, especially to border areas, to impose more control on the provinces or tributary states.

Administrative reform of 1892

Map of Siam in 1900 Map of Siam in 1900.png
Map of Siam in 1900

At the end of the 19th century King Chulalongkorn reformed the central government. In 1892 the ministry, which previously had many overlapping responsibilities, was reorganized with clear missions as in Western administrations. Prince Damrong Rajanubhab became minister of the Ministry of the North ( Mahatthai ), originally responsible for the northern administration. When the Ministry of the South ( Kalahom ) was dissolved in 1894, Prince Damrong became Minister of the Interior, responsible for the provincial administration of the whole country.

Starting in 1893 the already existing commissionaireships in some parts of the country were renamed "superintendent commissioner" (khaluang Thesaphiban), and their area of responsibility was called a monthon . In strategically important areas the monthon were created first, while in other areas the provinces kept their independence a bit longer. Several smaller provinces were reduced in status to a amphoe (district) or even lower to a tambon (sub-district) and included in a neighboring province, sometimes for administrative reasons, but sometimes to remove an uncooperative governor.

In some regions rebellions broke out against the new administrative system, usually induced by the local nobility fearing their loss of power. The most notable was the Holy Man Rebellion in 1902 in Isan. It was initially a messianic doomsday sect, but it also attacked government representatives in the northeast. The provincial town Khemarat was even burned by the rebels. After a few months the rebellion was beaten back. [8]

After 1916, the word changwat became common to use for the provinces, partly to distinguish them from the provincial capital city (mueang or amphoe mueang), but also to stress the new administrative structure of the provinces. [9]

Cities and Monthons in 1900 Siam 1900 Ver. 2.jpg
Cities and Monthons in 1900

When Prince Damrong resigned in 1915, the whole country was divided into 19 monthon (including the area around Bangkok, which was under the responsibility of another ministry until 1922), with 72 provinces.

In December 1915 King Vajiravudh announced the creation of regions (phak), each administered by a viceroy (upparat), to cover several monthon. Until 1922 four regions were established, however in 1925 they were dissolved again. At the same time several monthon were merged, in an attempt to streamline administration and reduce costs.

Since 1932

The monthons were dissolved when Thailand transformed from an absolute monarchy into a constitutional monarchy in 1932, making the provinces the top level administrative division again. Several smaller provinces were also abolished at that time. During World War II, several provinces around Bangkok were merged. These changes were undone after the war. Also the occupied area from French Indochina was organized into four provinces: Phra Tabong, Phibunsongkhram, Nakhon Champasak and Lan Chang. The current province of Sukhothai was at first known as Sawankhalok. It was renamed Sukhothai in 1939 (which is why the railway system goes to Sawankhalok city and not Sukhothai city). The province, Kalasin, was reestablished in 1947 after having been dissolved in 1932.

In 1972 Phra Nakhon and Thonburi Provinces were merged to form the special administrative area of Bangkok, which combines the tasks of the provinces with that of a municipality, including having an elected governor.

Starting in the second half of the 20th century some provinces were newly created by splitting them off from bigger provinces. In 1975, Yasothon Province was split off from Ubon Ratchathani. In 1977, Phayao province was created from districts formerly part of Chiang Rai. In 1982, Mukdahan was split off from Nakhon Phanom. In 1993 three provinces were created: Sa Kaeo (split from Prachinburi), Nong Bua Lamphu Province (split from Udon Thani), and Amnat Charoen (split from Ubon Ratchathani). The newest province is Bueng Kan, which was split off from Nong Khai effective 23 March 2011.

Former provinces and administrative areas

Former provinces merged into other provinces

ProvinceCapitalMerged inFate
Kabin Buri Kabin Buri 1926 [11] Merged into Prachinburi Province
Sukhothai (beforce 1932) Sukhothai Thani 1932 [12] Merged into Sawankhalok Province. However, The province's name and location of capital was changed back to Sukhothai in 1938.
Lom Sak Lom Sak Merged into Phetchabun Province
Thanyaburi Thanyaburi Merged into Pathum Thani Province
Kalasin Kalasin Merged into Maha Sarakham Province, Splited out again in 1947
Lang Suan Lang Suan Merged into Chumphon Province
Takua Pa Takua Pa Merged into Phang Nga Province
Sai Buri Sai Buri Merged into Pattani Province (except Bacho District which was merged into Narathiwat Province)
Phra Pradaeng Phra Pradaeng Merged into Samut Prakan Province (except Rat Burana District which was merged into Thonburi Province)
Min Buri Min Buri Merged into Phra Nakhon Province (Nong Chok District was merged into Chachoengsao Province first then reallocated back in 1933)
Samut Prakan (before 1943) Samut Prakan 1943 [13] Merged into Phra Nakhon Province (except Ko Sichang District which was merged into Chonburi Province), The part of Phra Nakhon was splited out again in 1946
Nakhon Nayok Nakhon Nayok Merged into Prachinburi Province (except Ban Na District which was merged into Saraburi Province), Splited out again in 1946
Samut Sakhon Samut Sakhon Merged into Thonburi Province, Splited out again in 1946
Nonthaburi Nonthaburi Merged into Phra Nakhon Province (except Bang Kruai District, Bang Yai District, Bang Bua Thong District which was merged into Thonburi Province), Splited out again in 1946
Phra Nakhon Phra Nakhon 1971 [14] Merged to form the current Bangkok
Thonburi Thonburi

Lost territories

ProvinceCapitalPeriodFateToday part of
Prachankiriket [15] Prachankiriket1855–1904Pursat and Kampot, Flag of France.svg French Indochina Pursat and Koh Kong, Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia
Lan Chang (formerly Chaiburi) Sama Buri until 1904
1941–1946
Luang Prabang, Flag of France.svg French Indochina Sainyabuli and Luang Prabang, Flag of Laos.svg  Laos
Phra Tabong Battambang until 1907
1941–1946
Battambang, Flag of France.svg French Indochina Battambang and Pailin, Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia
Phibunsongkhram Sisophon 1941–1946Battambang, Siem Reap, Kompong Thom and Stung Treng, Flag of France.svg French Indochina Banteay Meanchey, Oddar Meanchey and Siem Reap, Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia
Nakhon Champassak Champasak until-1904
1941–1946
Kompong Thom, Stung Treng and Bassac, Flag of France.svg French Indochina Preah Vihear and Stung Treng, Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia
Champasak, Flag of Laos.svg  Laos
Syburi Alor Setar until-1909
1943–1945
Kedah, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Malaya Kedah, Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia
Palit Kangar until-1909
1943–1945
Perlis, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Malaya Perlis, Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia
Kalantan Kota Bharu until-1909
1943–1945
Kelantan, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Malaya Kelantan, Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia
Trangkanu Kuala Terengganu until-1909
1943–1945
Terengganu, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Malaya Terengganu, Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia
Saharat Thai Doem Chiang Tung 1943–1945 Karenni State and Shan State, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg British Burma Kayah State and Shan State Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar

Map of Siam in 1871 showing provinces.

Provinces of Siam (Thailand) in 1871 SIAM 1871.png
Provinces of Siam (Thailand) in 1871

See also

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Nakhon Pathom is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are Suphan Buri, Ayutthaya, Nonthaburi, Bangkok, Samut Sakhon, Ratchaburi, and Kanchanaburi. The capital city of Nakhon Pathom Province is Nakhon Pathom.

Monthon

Monthon were administrative subdivisions of Thailand at the beginning of the 20th century. The Thai word monthon is a translation of the word mandala, in its sense of a type of political formation. The monthon were created as a part of the Thesaphiban bureaucratic administrative system, introduced by Prince Damrong Rajanubhab which, together with the monthon, established step-by-step today's present provinces (changwat), districts (amphoe), and communes (tambon) throughout Thailand. Each monthon was led by a royal commissioner called Thesaphiban (เทศาภิบาล), later renamed to Samuhathesaphiban (สมุหเทศาภิบาล). The system was officially adopted by the 1897 Local Administration Act, after some monthon had been established and administrative details were sorted out.

Samut Sakhon Province Province of Thailand

Samut Sakhon is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Samut Prakan, Changwat Nonthaburi, Changwat Samut Sakhon, and Changwat Nakhon Nayok, Buddhist Era 2489 (1946), which came into force on 9 May 1946.

Damrong Rajanubhab founder of the modern Thai educational system

Prince Tisavarakumarn, the Prince Damrong Rajanubhab was the founder of the modern Thai educational system as well as the modern provincial administration. He was an autodidact, a (self-taught) historian, and one of the most influential Thai intellectuals of his time.

Tambon Administrative division in Thailand

Tambon is a local governmental unit in Thailand. Below district (amphoe) and province (changwat), they form the third administrative subdivision level. As of 2016 there were 7,255 tambons, not including the 180 khwaeng of Bangkok, which are set at the same administrative level, thus every district contains eight to ten tambon. Tambon is usually translated as "township" or "subdistrict" in English — the latter is the recommended translation, though also often used for king amphoe, the designation for a subdistrict acting as a branch of the parent district. Tambon are further subdivided into 69,307 villages (muban), about ten per tambon. Tambon within cities or towns are not subdivided into villages, but may have less formal communities called chumchon that may be formed into community associations.

Amphoe Second level administrative subdivision of Thailand

An amphoe is the second level administrative subdivision of Thailand. Usually translated as "district". Amphoe make up the provinces, and are analogous to counties. The chief district officer is Nai Amphoe. Amphoe are divided into tambons,, or sub-districts.

Thailand is a unitary state in Southeast Asia. The administrative services of the executive branch of the government are regulated by the National Government Organisation Act, BE 2534 (1991). Under this Act, the services are divided into three levels: central, provincial and local.

Bueng Kan Province Province of Thailand

Bueng Kan, also spelled Bung Kan, is the 76th province (changwat) of Thailand, established by the Act Establishing Changwat Bueng Kan, BE 2554 (2011) on 23 March 2011. The province, consisting of the districts (amphoe) partitioned off Nong Khai Province, lies in upper northeastern Thailand also called Isan. It is named after its central district, Mueang Bueng Kan.

References

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  9. ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ทรงพระกรุณาโปรดเกล้า ฯ ให้เปลี่ยนคำว่าเมืองเรียกว่าจังหวัด (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 33 (ก): 51–53. 1916-05-28.
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  15. "ร.๔ พระราชทานชื่อเมือง ประจวบคีรีขันธ์ กับ ปัจจันตคีรีเขตร ให้คู่กัน! แต่วันนี้อีกเมืองหายไปไหน!! "". 27 June 2018.

Further reading