Provinces of Turkey

Last updated
Provinces of Turkey
Türkiye'nin İlleri (Turkish)
Category Unitary state
Location Republic of Turkey
Number81 Provinces
Populations84,660 (Tunceli) – 15,519,267 (Istanbul)
Areas850 km2 (327 sq mi) (Yalova) – 38,260 km2 (14,771 sq mi) (Konya)
Government
Subdivisions

Turkey is divided into 81 provinces (Turkish : il). Each province is divided into a number of different districts (ilçe). Each provincial government is seated in the central district (merkez ilçe). The central district usually bears the name of the province (e.g. the city of Van is the central district of Van Province). There are only three exceptions [1] to this naming scheme:

Contents

Each province is administered by an appointed governor ( vali ) from the Ministry of the Interior.

List of provinces

Below is a list of the 81 provinces of Turkey, sorted according to their license plate codes. Initially, the order of the codes matched the alphabetical order of the province names. After Zonguldak (code 67), the ordering is not alphabetical, but in the order of the creation of provinces, as these provinces were created more recently and thus their plate numbers were assigned after the initial set of codes had been assigned.

Provinces of the Republic of Turkey
NameArea (km2)Population (2000 census)Population (2019-2020 estimate) [2]
01 Adana 14,045.561,854,2702,237,940
02 Adıyaman 7,606.16623,811626,465
03 Afyonkarahisar 14,718.63812,416729,483
04 Ağrı 11,498.67528,744536,199
05 Amasya 5,703.78365,231337,800
06 Ankara 25,401.944,007,8605,639,076
07 Antalya 20,790.561,719,7512,511,700
08 Artvin 7,367.10191,934170,875
09 Aydın 7,904.43950,7571,110,972
10 Balıkesir 14,472.731,076,3471,228,650
11 Bilecik 4,306.77194,326219,427
12 Bingöl 8,253.51253,739279,812
13 Bitlis 7,094.50388,678348,115
14 Bolu 8,323.39270,654316,126
15 Burdur 7,134.95256,803270,796
16 Bursa 10,886.382,125,1403,056,120
17 Çanakkale 9,950.43464,975542,157
18 Çankırı 7,491.89270,355195,789
19 Çorum 12,796.21597,065530,864
20 Denizli 11,804.19950,7571,037,208
21 Diyarbakır 15,204.011,362,7081,756,353
22 Edirne 6,097.91402,606413,903
23 Elâzığ 9,281.45569,616591,098
24 Erzincan 11,727.55316,841234,747
25 Erzurum 25,330.90937,389762,062
26 Eskişehir 13,902.03706,009887,475
27 Gaziantep 6,844.841,285,2492,069,364
28 Giresun 6,831.58523,819448,400
29 Gümüşhane 6,437.01186,953164,521
30 Hakkâri 7,178.88236,581280,991
31 Hatay 5,831.361,253,7261,628,894
32 Isparta 8,871.08513,681444,914
33 Mersin 15,512.251,651,4001,840,425
34 Istanbul 5,315.3310,018,73515,519,267
35 İzmir 12,015.613,370,8664,367,251
36 Kars 10,139.09325,016285,410
37 Kastamonu 13,157.98375,476379,405
38 Kayseri 17,109.331,060,4321,407,409
39 Kırklareli 6,299.78328,461361,836
40 Kırşehir 6,530.32253,239242,938
41 Kocaeli 3,625.291,206,0851,953,035
42 Konya 40,813.522,192,1662,232,374
43 Kütahya 12,013.57656,903579,257
44 Malatya 12,102.70853,658800,165
45 Manisa 13,228.501,260,1691,440,611
46 Kahramanmaraş 14,456.741,002,3841,154,102
47 Mardin 8,806.04705,098838,778
48 Muğla 12,949.21715,328983,142
49 Muş 8,067.16453,654408,809
50 Nevşehir 5,391.64309,914303,010
51 Niğde 7,365.29348,081362,861
52 Ordu 5,952.49887,765754,198
53 Rize 3,921.98365,938343,212
54 Sakarya 4,880.19756,1681,029,650
55 Samsun 9,364.101,209,1371,348,542
56 Siirt 5,473.29263,676330,280
57 Sinop 5,816.55225,574218,243
58 Sivas 28,567.34755,091638,956
59 Tekirdağ 6,342.30623,5911,055,412
60 Tokat 10,072.62828,027612,747
61 Trabzon 4,664.04975,137808,974
62 Tunceli 7,685.6693,58484,660
63 Şanlıurfa 19,336.211,443,4222,073,614
64 Uşak 5,363.09322,313370,509
65 Van 19,414.14877,5241,136,757
66 Yozgat 14,074.09682,919421,200
67 Zonguldak 3,309.86615,599596,053
68 Aksaray 7,965.51396,084416,567
69 Bayburt 3,739.0897,35884,843
70 Karaman 8,868.90243,210253,279
71 Kırıkkale 4,569.76383,508283,017
72 Batman 4,659.21456,734608,659
73 Şırnak 7,151.57353,197529,615
74 Bartın 2,080.36184,178198,249
75 Ardahan 4,967.63133,75697,319
76 Iğdır 3,587.81168,634199,442
77 Yalova 850.46168,593270,976
78 Karabük 4,108.80225,102248,958
79 Kilis 1,427.76114,724142,490
80 Osmaniye 3,195.99458,782538,759
81 Düzce 2,592.95314,266392,166

Codes

The province's ISO code suffix number, the first two digits of the vehicle registration plates of Turkey, and the first digits of the postal codes in Turkey are the same. The Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) codes are different.

Name ISO 3166-2 NUTS Phone prefix
Adana TR-01TR621322
Adıyaman TR-02TRC12416
Afyonkarahisar TR-03TR332272
Ağrı TR-04TRA21472
Aksaray TR-68TR712382
Amasya TR-05TR834358
Ankara TR-06TR510312
Antalya TR-07TR611242
Ardahan TR-75TRA24478
Artvin TR-08TR905466
Aydın TR-09TR321256
Balıkesir TR-10TR221266
Bartın TR-74TR813378
Batman TR-72TRC32488
Bayburt TR-69TRA13458
Bilecik TR-11TR413228
Bingöl TR-12TRB13426
Bitlis TR-13TRB23434
Bolu TR-14TR424374
Burdur TR-15TR613248
Bursa TR-16TR411224
Çanakkale TR-17TR222286
Çankırı TR-18TR822376
Çorum TR-19TR833364
Denizli TR-20TR322258
Diyarbakır TR-21TRC22412
Düzce TR-81TR423380
Edirne TR-22TR212284
Elazığ TR-23TRB12424
Erzincan TR-24TRA12446
Erzurum TR-25TRA11442
Eskisehir TR-26TR412222
Gaziantep TR-27TRC11342
Giresun TR-28TR903454
Gümüşhane TR-29TR906456
Hakkari TR-30TRB24438
Hatay TR-31TR631326
Iğdır TR-76TRA23476
Isparta TR-32TR612246
Istanbul-I (Thrace) TR-34TR100212
Istanbul-II (Anatolia) TR-34TR100216
İzmir TR-35TR310232
Kahramanmaraş TR-46TR632344
Karabük TR-78TR812370
Karaman TR-70TR522338
Kars TR-36TRA22474
Kastamonu TR-37TR821366
Kayseri TR-38TR721352
Kilis TR-79TRC13348
Kırıkkale TR-71TR711318
Kırklareli TR-39TR213288
Kırşehir TR-40TR715386
Kocaeli (İzmit) TR-41TR421262
Konya TR-42TR521332
Kütahya TR-43TR333274
Malatya TR-44TRB11422
Manisa TR-45TR331236
Mardin TR-47TRC31482
Mersin TR-33TR622324
Muğla TR-48TR323252
Muş TR-49TRB22436
Nevşehir TR-50TR714384
Niğde TR-51TR713388
Ordu TR-52TR902452
Osmaniye TR-80TR633328
Rize TR-53TR904464
Sakarya (Adapazarı) TR-54TR422264
Samsun TR-55TR831362
Şanlıurfa TR-63TRC21414
Siirt TR-56TRC34484
Sinop TR-57TR823368
Sivas TR-58TRC33346
Şırnak TR-73TR722486
Tekirdağ TR-59TR211282
Tokat TR-60TR832356
Trabzon TR-61TR901462
Tunceli TR-62TRB14428
Uşak TR-64TR334276
Van TR-65TRB21432
Yalova TR-77TR425226
Yozgat TR-66TR723354
Zonguldak TR-67TR811372

Governors

ProvinceNameSince
Adana Hüseyin Avni Coş 2011
Adıyaman Ramazan Sodan 2008
Afyonkarahisar İrfan Balkanlıoğlu2010
Ağrı Ali Yerlikaya 2010
Aksaray Orhan Alimoğlu 2008
Amasya Abdil Celil Öz 2011
Ankara Alâaddin Yüksel 2010
Antalya Ahmet Altıparmak 2010
Ardahan Mustafa Tekmen 2009
Artvin Mustafa Yemlihalıoğlu 2009
Aydın Kerem Al2011
Balıkesir Yılmaz Arslan2009
Bartın Halil Işık 2008
Batman Ahmet Turhan 2009
Bayburt Hasan İpek 2011
Bilecik Halil İbrahim Akpınar 2010
Bingöl Mustafa Hakan Güvençer 2010
Bitlis Nurettin Yılmaz 2008
Bolu İbrahim Özçimen 2010
Burdur Süleyman Tapsız 2010
Bursa Şahabettin Harput 2007
Çanakkale Güngör Azim Tuna 2011
Çankırı Şemsettin Uzun 2008
Çorum Nurullah Çakır 2010
Denizli Yavuz Erkmen 2008
Diyarbakır Mustafa Toprak 2010
Düzce Vasip Şahin 2010
Edirne Gökhan Sözer 2010
Elazığ Muammer Erol 2008
Erzincan Abdulkadir Demir 2008
Erzurum Sebahattin Öztürk 2009
Eskişehir Mehmet Kılıçlar 2008
Gaziantep Erdal Ata 2011
Giresun Dursun Ali Şahin 2011
Gümüşhane Yusuf Mayda 2011
Hakkari Muammer Türker 2008
Hatay Mehmet Celalettin Lekesiz 2009
Iğdır Amir Çiçek 2010
Isparta Memduh Oğuz 2010
Istanbul Hüseyin Avni Mutlu 2010
İzmir Mustafa Cahit Kıraç 2007
Kahramanmaraş Şükrü Kocatepe 2010
Karabük Fuat Gürel 2018
Karaman Süleyman Kahraman 2010
Kars Ahmet Kara 2009
Kastamonu Erdoğan Bektaş2010
Kayseri Mevlüt Bilici 2007
Kilis Yusuf Odabaş2011
Kırıkkale Hakan Yusuf Güner 2009
Kırklareli Cengiz Aydoğdu 2009
Kırşehir Mehmet Ufuk Erden 2009
Kocaeli Ercan Topaca 2010
Konya Aydın Nezih Doğan 2009
Kütahya Kenan Çiftçi 2010
Malatya Ulvi Saran 2009
Manisa Halil İbrahim Daşöz 2011
Mardin Turhan Ayvaz 2011
Mersin (İçel) Hasan Basri Güzeloğlu 2010
Muğla Fatih Şahin 2010
Muş Erdoğan Bektaş 2008
Nevşehir İnci Sezer Becel 2020
Niğde Alim Barut 2009
Ordu Ali Kaban 2008
Osmaniye Celalettin Cerrah 2009
Rize Seyfullah Hacımüftüoğlu 2009
Sakarya Mustafa Büyük 2010
Samsun Hüseyin Aksoy 2010
Siirt Musa Çolak 2010
Şırnak Vahdettin Özkan 2010
Sinop Ahmet Cengiz2010
Sivas Ali Kolat 2009
Tekirdağ Zübeyir Kemelek 2009
Tokat Şerif Yılmaz 2009
Trabzon Recep Kızılcık 2009
Tunceli Osman Kaymak 2014
Şanlıurfa Nuri Okutan 2009
Uşak Özdemir Çakacak 2009
Van Münir Karaloğlu 2009
Yalova Osman Çapalı 2011
Yozgat Necati Şentürk 2010
Zonguldak Erol Ayyıldız 2011

Defunct provinces

A 1927 map of the provinces of Turkey Anavatan 1927.jpg
A 1927 map of the provinces of Turkey

See also

Related Research Articles

Postal code Series of letters and digits for sorting mail

A postal code is a series of letters or digits or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a postal address for the purpose of sorting mail.

ISO 3166-2:AL is the entry for Albania in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:BG is the entry for Bulgaria in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:CZ is the entry for Czechia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:FR is the entry for France in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:IT is the entry for Italy in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Provinces of Algeria

Algeria since December 18, 2019, is divided into 58 wilayas (provinces). Prior to December 18, 2019, there were 48 provinces. The 58 provinces are divided into 1541 baladiyahs. The capital city of a baladiyah, daïra, or province, always gives those entities their name, even Algiers, the capital of the country gave it its name.

ISO 3166-2:TR is the entry for Turkey in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Turkish car number plates are license plates found on Turkish vehicles. The plates use an indirect numbering system associated with the geographical info. In Turkey, license plates are made by authorized private workshops.

Mersin Province Province of Turkey

Mersin Province, formerly İçel Province, is a province in southern Turkey, on the Mediterranean coast between Antalya and Adana. The provincial capital and the biggest city in the province is Mersin, which is composed of Akdeniz, Mezitli, Toroslar and Yenişehir metropolitan municipalities, followed by Tarsus, the birthplace of Paul the Apostle. The province is considered to be a part of the geographical, economical and cultural region of Çukurova, which covers the provinces of Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye and Hatay.

ISO 3166-2:DZ is the entry for Algeria in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Administrative divisions of Turkey

Turkey has a unitary structure in terms of administration and this aspect is one of the most important factors shaping the Turkish public administration. When three powers are taken into account as the main functions of the state, local administrations have little power. Turkey is a highly centralized unitary system, and the provinces are subordinated to the centre. Local administrations were established to provide services in place and the government is represented by the governors and city governors. Besides the governors and the city governors, other senior public officials are also appointed by the central government rather than appointed by mayors or elected by constituents.

ISO 3166-2:MK is the entry for North Macedonia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:RS is the entry for Serbia in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

ISO 3166-2:SC is the entry for Seychelles in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

There are 81 provinces in Turkey. Among the 81 provinces, thirty are designated metropolitan municipalities. Metropolitan municipalities are subdivided into districts, where each district includes a corresponding district municipality, which is a second tier municipality.

Thai Industry Standard 1099-2548 is a national standard assigning numerical codes to the administrative subdivisions of Thailand, published in 2005 by the Thai Industrial Standards Institute.

A village is the smallest settlement unit in Turkey.

Governor (Turkey)

In Turkey, a Governor is an official responsible for the implementation of legislation, constitutional and government decisions in individual provinces. There are 81 Governors in Turkey, one for each province, appointed ceremonially by the President on the recommendation of the Interior Ministry. Governors are legally required to be politically neutral and have power over public offices within their Province, including the provincial police force. They also have a certain role in local government, though mayors and councillors are elected to these roles in local elections. The Provincial head of security also concurrently serves as Deputy Governor.

İçil was the name of a sanjak in Turkey

References

  1. There were 4. The city of Mersin was previously the central district of İçel province.
  2. "İllerin aldığı, verdiği göç, net göç ve net göç hızı, 1980-2018" [Provincial in-migration, out-migration, net migration, rate of net migration, 1980-2018] (in English and Turkish). Turkish Statistical Institute . Retrieved March 6, 2019.