Pterophyllum leopoldi

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Pterophyllum leopoldi
Pterophyllum leopoldi.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cichliformes
Family: Cichlidae
Genus: Pterophyllum
P. leopoldi
Binomial name
Pterophyllum leopoldi
(J. P. Gosse, 1963)
  • Plataxoides leopoldiJ. P. Gosse, 1963

Pterophyllum leopoldi, also referred to as the teardrop angelfish, Leopold's angelfish [1] dwarf angelfish, or roman-nosed angelfish, [2] is an angelfish species native to the Amazon River (between Manacapuru and Santarém), Essequibo River and Rupununi River. [3]

It is distinguished from other members of the genus Pterophyllum by the absence of a pre-dorsal notch, and by the presence of a black blotch at the dorsal insertion on the 4th vertical bar. [1]

The species is frequently misidentified as P. dumerilii when it is imported in the aquarium trade. [4] P. leopoldi is the smallest of the angelfish species, reaching a length of 5 centimetres (2.0 in) SL, [3] and the most aggressive.[ citation needed ]

The specific name honours King Leopold III of Belgium, who sponsored the expedition to the Amazon that collected the type of this species. [5]

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  1. 1 2 Juan Miguel Artigas Azas (2007-04-10). "Pterophyllum leopoldi (Gosse, 1963)". The Cichlid Room Companion . Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  2. "Angelfish: new names, new species". Tropical Fish Finder. 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  3. 1 2 Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Pterophyllum leopoldi" in FishBase . April 2013 version.
  4. Hougen, Dean (May–June 1994). "Cichlids of the New World: An Unexpected Acara and Part II - High-bodied Acaras". Aqua News. the Minnesota Aquarium Society. Archived from the original on 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  5. Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (22 September 2018). "Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE: Subfamily CICHLINAE (d-w)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 11 November 2018.