Pueblo, Colorado

Last updated
Pueblo, Colorado
John Wark - Pueblo Riverwalk at Night.jpg
The Arkansas River Walk in Pueblo.
Flag of Pueblo, Colorado.svg
Home of Heroes, Steel City
"A City Of Excellence" [2]
Pueblo County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Pueblo Highlighted 0862000.svg
Location of the City of Pueblo in Pueblo County, Colorado.
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of the City of Pueblo in the United States.
Coordinates: 38°16′1″N104°37′13″W / 38.26694°N 104.62028°W / 38.26694; -104.62028 Coordinates: 38°16′1″N104°37′13″W / 38.26694°N 104.62028°W / 38.26694; -104.62028
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado
County Pueblo [3]
City Pueblo [1]
Incorporated November 15, 1885 [4]
  Type Home Rule Municipality [1]
  BodyPueblo City Council
  Mayor Nick Gradisar [5]
  Total55.67 sq mi (144.18 km2)
  Land54.96 sq mi (142.35 km2)
  Water0.71 sq mi (1.83 km2)
4,692 ft (1,430 m)
(2019) [8]
  Density2,044.38/sq mi (789.34/km2)
Demonym(s) Puebloan [9]
Time zone UTC−07:00 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−06:00 (MDT)
ZIP Codes
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-62000
GNIS feature ID 0204798
Major Routes I-25 (CO).svg US 50.svg US 85.svg US 87.svg Colorado 45.svg Colorado 47.svg Colorado 78.svg Colorado 96.svg Colorado 227.svg
Website pueblo.us
The Pueblo County Courthouse has a large brass top easily seen from Interstate 25 to the east. Pueblo County Courthouse by David Shankbone.jpg
The Pueblo County Courthouse has a large brass top easily seen from Interstate 25 to the east.
The Hotel Vail in downtown Pueblo (completed 1910) represents the second Renaissance Revival style of architecture. The hotel has been remodeled as a state-of-the-art assisted living home. Named after John E. Vail, a Pueblo newspaperman, it was once considered the most modern hotel west of Chicago, Illinois. Pueblo County Courthouse, Pueblo, CO IMG 5102.JPG
The Hotel Vail in downtown Pueblo (completed 1910) represents the second Renaissance Revival style of architecture. The hotel has been remodeled as a state-of-the-art assisted living home. Named after John E. Vail, a Pueblo newspaperman, it was once considered the most modern hotel west of Chicago, Illinois.

Pueblo ( /ˈpwɛbl/ ) is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Pueblo County, Colorado, United States. The population was 106,595 in 2010 census, making it the 267th most populous city in the United States and the 9th largest in Colorado. Pueblo is situated at the confluence of the Arkansas River and Fountain Creek, 112 miles (180 km) south of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The area is considered semi-arid desert land, with approximately 12 inches (304.80 mm) of precipitation annually. With its location in the "Banana Belt", Pueblo tends to get less snow than the other major cities in Colorado.


Pueblo is one of the largest steel-producing cities in the United States, [11] for which reason Pueblo is referred to as the "Steel City". The Historic Arkansas River Project (HARP) is a riverwalk in the Union Avenue Historic Commercial District, and shows the history of the devastating Pueblo Flood of 1921.

Pueblo has the least expensive residential real estate of all major cities in Colorado. The median home price for homes on the market in Pueblo is $192,500 as of April 2018. [12] It is the sixth most affordable place to live in the United States as measured by the 2014 Cost of Living Index. Costs of housing, goods and services, utilities, transportation, groceries and health care are lower than the national average. [13] Pueblo was listed by AARP in 2013 as one of the best affordable places to live. [14]


El Pueblo

James Beckwourth, George Simpson, and other trappers such as Mathew Kinkead, claimed to have helped construct the plaza that became known as El Pueblo around 1842. [15] According to accounts of residents who traded at the plaza (including that of George Simpson), the Fort Pueblo Massacre happened sometime between December 23 and December 25, 1854, by a war party of Utes and Jicarilla Apaches under the leadership of Tierra Blanca, a Ute chief. [16] They allegedly killed between fifteen and nineteen men, as well as captured two children and one woman. [17] The trading post was abandoned after the raid, but it became important again between 1858 and 1859 during the Colorado Gold Rush of 1859. [18]

Pueblo's early development: railroads, steel, expansion, and orphanages

The current city of Pueblo represents the consolidation of four towns: Pueblo (incorporated 1870), South Pueblo (incorporated 1873), Central Pueblo (incorporated 1882), and Bessemer (incorporated 1886). Pueblo, South Pueblo, and Central Pueblo legally consolidated as the City of Pueblo between March 9 and April 6, 1886. Bessemer joined Pueblo in 1894. [19] [20] [21]

The consolidated city became a major economic and social center of Colorado, and was home to important early Colorado families such as the Thatchers, the Ormans, and the Adams. By the early 1870s the city was being hailed as a beacon of development, with newspapers like the Chicago Tribune boasting of how the region's lawless reputation was giving way to orderly agriculture with triumphalist rhetoric. One author crowed of Pueblo that "the necessity exists no longer for Sharp's rifles and revolvers. These have been supplied by the plow and the mowing-machine." [22]

Pueblo's development stretched beyond agriculture. Steel emerged as a key industry very early, and in 1909 the city was considered the only steel town west of the Mississippi River. [23]

Until a series of major floods culminated in the Great Flood of 1921, [24] Pueblo was considered the 'Saddle-Making capital of the World'. Roughly one-third of Pueblo's downtown businesses were lost in this flood, along with a substantial number of buildings. Pueblo struggled with this significant loss, but has had a resurgence in growth.

Pueblo's orphanages were an influential part of the city. The transformations that have occurred throughout the three orphanages in the town of Pueblo, Colorado are important aspects of the city's history. Historically, many people were influenced by the Orphanages of Pueblo, Colorado and the homes are now all historical sites. The transformations have occurred architecturally and economically within the people from then to now. The three orphanages in Pueblo were known as Sacred Heart, Lincoln, and McClelland. Lincoln was the first historically black orphanage in Colorado, and one of only seven in the country. Sacred Heart was run by the Catholic Welfare Bureau, while McClelland was run by the Lutheran Church. Several children from Cuba were placed at Sacred Heart as part of "Operation Pedro Pan". Though the Orphanages in Pueblo are no longer in service, the buildings still exist and have transformed with the times. According to the Rocky Mountain News, in 1988 the Sacred Heart Orphanage was bought by the Pueblo Housing Authority and turned into 40 small-family housing units. [25]

From Popular Mechanics magazine (1921) Pueblo Colorado Business District Flood 1921.JPG
From Popular Mechanics magazine (1921)

Steel mill

The main industry in Pueblo for most of its history was the Colorado Fuel and Iron (CF&I) Steel Mill on the south side of town. For nearly a century the CF&I was the largest employer in the state of Colorado. The steel-market crash of 1982 led to the decline of the company. After several bankruptcies, the company was acquired by Oregon Steel Mills and changed its name to Rocky Mountain Steel Mills. The company was plagued with labor problems, mostly due to accusations of unfair labor practices. This culminated with a major strike in 1997, leading to most of the workforce being replaced.[ citation needed ]

In September 2004, both United Steelworkers locals 2102 and 3267 won the strike and the unfair labor practice charges. All of the striking steel workers returned to their jobs, and the company paid them the back pay owed for the seven years they were on strike. In 2007, shortly after Oregon Steel made amends with the union and its workers, Evraz Group, one of Russia's biggest steel producers, agreed to buy the company for $2.3 billion. [26]

Of the many production and fabrication mills that once existed on the site, only the steel production (electric furnaces, used for scrap recycling), rail, rod, bar, and seamless tube mills are still in operation. The wire mill was sold in the late 1990s to Davis Wire, which still produces products such as fence and nails under the CF&I brand name.[ citation needed ]

The facility operated blast furnaces until 1982, when the steel market collapsed. The main blast furnace structures were torn down in 1989, but due to asbestos content, many of the adjacent stoves still remain. The stoves and foundations for some of the furnaces can be seen from Interstate 25, which runs parallel to the plant's west boundary.[ citation needed ]

Several of the administration buildings, including the main office building, dispensary, and tunnel gatehouse were purchased in 2003 by the Bessemer Historical Society. In 2006, they underwent renovation. In addition to housing the historic CF&I Archives, they also house the Steelworks Museum of Industry and Culture. [27]

"Melting Pot of the West"

Due to the growth of the CF&I steel mill and the employment that it offered, Pueblo in the early twentieth century attracted a large number of immigrant laborers. The groups represented led to Pueblo becoming the most ethnically and culturally diverse city in Colorado and the West. At one point, more than 40 languages were spoken in the steel mill and more than two-dozen foreign language newspapers were published in the city. [28] Irish, Italian, [29] German, Slovenian, Greek, Jewish, Lithuanian, Russian, Hungarian, Japanese, and African-American groups arrived in the area at the turn of the century and remain to the present time. The convergence of cultures led to a cosmopolitan character to the city that resulted in a number of ethnically-rooted neighborhoods that are typically not seen west of the Mississippi. Respective cultural groups maintain cultural festivals to the present, with the city being home to locations of the Order Sons of Italy, American Slovenian Catholic Union, and I.O.O.F., among others.

Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo

Another major employer in Pueblo is the Colorado State Hospital. The hospital is the preeminent mental health facility in the Rocky Mountain region. Established in 1879 as the Colorado State Insane Asylum, it was renamed as the Colorado State Hospital in 1917. In 1991, the name was changed to the Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo (CMHIP). The Robert L. Hawkins High Security Forensic Institute opened in June 2009 and is a 200-bed, high-security facility. [30]

Home of Heroes

Pueblo is the hometown of four Medal of Honor recipients (more than any other municipality in the United States) - William J. Crawford, Carl L. Sitter, Raymond G. Murphy, and Drew D. Dix. President Dwight D. Eisenhower upon presenting Raymond G. "Jerry" Murphy with his medal in 1953 commented, "What is it... something in the water out there in Pueblo? All you guys turn out to be heroes!"

In 1993, Pueblo City Council adopted the tagline "Home of Heroes" for the city due to the fact that Pueblo can claim more recipients of the Medal per capita than any other city in the United States. On July 1, 1993, the Congressional Record recognized Pueblo as the "Home of Heroes." [31] A memorial to the recipients of the medal is at the Pueblo Convention Center. Central High School is known[ by whom? ] as the "School of Heroes," as it is the alma mater of two recipients, Sitter and Crawford.


Pueblo is located at 38°16′1″N104°37′13″W / 38.26694°N 104.62028°W / 38.26694; -104.62028 (38.266933, −104.620393). [32]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.4 square miles (117.6 km2), of which, 45.1 square miles (116.8 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2) is water (99.34% and 0.66% respectively).

Pueblo is 100 miles (160 km) south of Denver and is on the front range of the Rocky Mountains. [33]


Pueblo sits on western edge of the Great Plains in a high desert area of terrain in southern Colorado and is near the western edge of the Southwestern Tablelands ecology region. Pueblo has a steppe climate (Köppen BSk), with four distinct seasons. Winter days are usually mild, but the high does not surpass freezing on an average 15.3 days per year, and lows fall to 0 °F (−18 °C) or below on 7.8 nights. [34] Snowfall usually falls in light amounts, and due to the high altitude, and the accompanying stronger sun, rarely remains on the ground for long (typically, for one or two days). January is the snowiest month, followed by March, and the seasonal average is 31.8 inches (81 cm); [34] however, snow is uncommon in October, and in May or September, snow is exceedingly rare, with an average first and last date of measurable (≥0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall being November 6 and April 13, respectively. [34] Summers are hot and dry, with 90 °F (32 °C) or greater highs are on average seen 66.7 days per year, with 100 °F (38 °C) or greater on 10.2 days. [34] Diurnal temperature ranges are large throughout the year, averaging 33.4 °F (18.6 °C).

Precipitation is generally low, with the winter months receiving very little. Sunshine is abundant throughout the year, with an annual total of nearly 3470, or 78% of the possible total. [35] Pueblo is considered a high desert climate, and sits on the desert lands in southern Colorado between Pueblo and the Royal Gorge.

Climate data for Pueblo, Colorado (1981–2010 normals, [lower-alpha 1] extremes 1888–present)
Record high °F (°C)81
Mean maximum °F (°C)70.0
Average high °F (°C)47.0
Average low °F (°C)14.0
Mean minimum °F (°C)−4.6
Record low °F (°C)−29
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.35
Average snowfall inches (cm)6.5
Average precipitation days4.
Average snowy days4.
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 231.0227.3284.0315.1344.2360.0358.8336.8298.7275.5219.7210.73,461.8
Percent possible sunshine 76757780788180808079727178
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990) [34] [36] [35]


Historical population
1870 666
1880 3,217383.0%
1890 24,558663.4%
1900 28,15714.7%
1910 41,74748.3%
1920 43,0503.1%
1930 50,09616.4%
1940 52,1624.1%
1950 63,68522.1%
1960 91,18143.2%
1970 97,7747.2%
1980 101,6864.0%
1990 98,640−3.0%
2000 102,1213.5%
2010 106,5954.4%
2019 (est.)112,361 [8] 5.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [37]

Pueblo is the principal city of the Pueblo, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area, totaling over 160,000 people, and a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

As of the census [38] of 2000, there were 102,121 people, 40,307 households, and 26,118 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,265.5 people per square mile (874.6/km2). There were 43,121 housing units at an average density of 956.6 per square mile (369.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 56.21% White, 2.41% African American, 1.73% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 15.20% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Latinos made up 44.13% of the population. 10.1% were of German, 8.1% Italian, 6.0% American, 5.5% English and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

According to the 2005 Census estimates, the city had grown to an estimated population of 104,951 [39] and had become the ninth most populous city in the state of Colorado and the 245th most populous city in the United States.

There were 40,307 households, out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.03.

Pueblo River Walk in 2017. Historic Arkansas Riverwalk of Pueblo.JPG
Pueblo River Walk in 2017.

In the city, the ages of the population were spread out, with 25.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,650, and the median income for a family was $35,620. Males had a median income of $29,702 versus $22,197 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,026. About 13.9% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.3% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

As of the 2010 census, the population of Pueblo was 106,544 (259th most populous U.S. city), the population of the Pueblo Metropolitan Statistical Area was 159,063 (190th most populous MSA), the population of the Pueblo–Cañon City, CO Combined Statistical Area was 205,887, the population of the South Central Colorado Urban Area was 851,500, and the population of the Front Range Urban Corridor in Colorado was an estimated 4,166,855.

As of the April 2010 census the racial makeup of the city was: 75.2% White, 2.5% Black or African American, 2.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.8% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 4.1% Two or More Races. Hispanic or Latino (of any race) were 49.8% and Non-Hispanic Whites were 45.2% of the population. [40]


Pueblo is the home of the Federal Citizen Information Center, operated by the General Services Administration, and its Consumer Information Catalog. For over 30 years, public service announcements invited Americans to write for information at "Pueblo, Colorado, 81009". In recent times GSA has incorporated Pueblo into[ clarification needed ] FCIC's toll-free telephone number.[ citation needed ]

Vestas Wind Systems has constructed the largest (nearly 700,000 square feet) wind turbine tower manufacturing plant in the world at Pueblo's industrial park.[ citation needed ]

Renewable Energy Systems Americas broke ground on the Comanche Solar Project seven miles south of Pueblo in 2015. [41] When complete, it will be the largest solar energy farm east of the Rocky Mountains, and its backers say the project will produce electricity more cheaply than natural gas. [41] The project will cover 1,000 acres with 500,000 solar panels, providing a capacity of 156 megawatts of power—enough to supply 31,000 homes. [41] The project will be run by SunEdison, with a power purchase agreement signed by Xcel Energy. [41] A number of scientific studies now list Pueblo as the state's primary locale for solar energy development and the premier setting for solar companies to locate, placing it ahead of regional rivals such as Boulder, Colorado and Taos, New Mexico. [42]

In February 2017, Pueblo City Council voted to commit the city to 100% renewable energy ("Ready for 100%") by the year 2035, with the city's electric franchisee, Black Hills Energy, expected to ramp up its renewable energy portfolio from 29% to 65%. [43] Pueblo County commissioners joined the renewable commitment in April 2018. [44] For several years, Pueblo's Energy Future has been pushing the city to become a municipal electric provider. Among the claimed advantages for the move toward independence: lower cost to the consumer, increased reliability and the opportunity to move more aggressively toward renewable energy development. At one time, an August 2020 "divorce" seemed possible. [45]

Top employers

According to Pueblo's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [46] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Parkview Medical Center 2,900
2 Pueblo City Schools 1,840
3 Colorado Mental Health Institute at Pueblo 1,200
4 Pueblo County 1,106
5 Pueblo County School District 70 1,101
6 Walmart*1,035
7 Evraz Steel Mills 979
8 Vestas 967
9 St. Mary-Corwin Medical Center 934
10City of Pueblo733
*Includes all stores and management in Pueblo County

Arts and culture

Pueblo is the home to Colorado's largest single event, the Colorado State Fair, held annually in the late summer, and the largest parade, the state fair parade, as well as an annual Chile & Frijoles Festival. [47]



Pueblo is the hometown of Dutch Clark, the first man from Colorado inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame [48] as well as the Colorado Sports Hall of Fame. [49] The primary football stadium belonging to Pueblo City Schools is named for him. Two long-standing high school rivalries are played annually at this stadium. The Bell Game has been played annually since 1892 between the Central Wildcats and the Centennial Bulldogs in what is touted as the oldest football rivalry west of the Mississippi River. [50]

In 2008, Professional Bull Riders (PBR) moved its corporate headquarters to Pueblo. This became the site of their world headquarters based at the Historic Arkansas Riverwalk [51] located bordering the Union Avenue Historic Commercial District.

In 2014, the Colorado State University Pueblo ThunderWolves won the NCAA Division II Football Championship, a first national title for the football program. [52]

In 2019, the Pueblo Bulls junior ice hockey team in the United States Premier Hockey League, began play out of the Pueblo Ice Arena.


City Government: [53] [5] [54]
MayorNick Gradisar
Deputy mayorTroy Davenport,
Chief of Police
District 1Bob Schilling
District 2Larry Atencio
District 3Ed Brown,
Council Vice President
District 4Ray Aguilera
At-largeMark Aliff
At-largeDennis Flores
At-largeChris Nicoll,
Council President

Pueblo is a state-chartered municipal corporation, previously governed by its city council without the office of mayor and administered by a city manager. In 2017 voters passed Question 2A changing the city charter to a strong-mayor form of city government known as "Mayor-Council Government". Only two other cities in the state of Colorado use the strong-mayor form of government, Denver and Colorado Springs. In 2018 an election was held for mayor for the first time in over sixty years, due to none of the sixteen candidates getting more than fifty percent of the vote, a runoff was required to decide the winner. In January 2019 attorney Nicholas Gradisar faced former Pueblo City Council President Steve Nawrocki, Gradisar prevailed and was sworn in as mayor on the first of February for a term of five years, with all subsequent mayoral terms being four years and a maximum of two consecutive terms. [55] [56] [57]

The deputy mayor is selected by the mayor and must be confirmed by a vote of the city council, the deputy mayor serves a term of one year. According to the city charter, the deputy mayor must be a city department head. [54]

The city council is elected by the residents of the city. There are seven council seats, four of which are elected by district, and three elected at-large. [58]

Pueblo is included in Colorado's 3rd Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives, and is currently represented by Republican Lauren Boebert. Pueblo is also included in the 3rd District of the Colorado State Senate, currently represented by Democrat Leroy Garcia; and District 46 of the Colorado State House currently represented by Democrat Daneya Esgar.

Municipal Law Enforcement

The Pueblo Police Department is led by Chief Troy Davenport. [59] Per capita, the crime rate in Pueblo is higher than the national average for a city of the same size and does not take into account the surrounding unincorporated cumulative population of 176,529. [60] In 2016, the FBI's Uniform Crime Report listed Pueblo's major reported crimes stats as: 1,081 violent crime, murders 9, rape 171, robbery 224, aggravated assault 677, property crimes (all) 7,473, burglary 1,797, larceny 4,505, motor vehicle theft (all) 1,171, arson 49. [61]


Higher education

Pueblo is home to Colorado State University Pueblo (CSU Pueblo), a regional comprehensive university. It is part of the Colorado State University System (CSU System), with about 4,500 students. [62] On May 8, 2007, CSU Pueblo received approval from the Board of Governors of the Colorado State University System to bring back football as a member of the Rocky Mountain Athletic Conference. The first game was played in the fall of 2008 at the ThunderBowl, a stadium at CSU Pueblo for over 12,000 spectators. In 2014, the football team won the NCAA Division II Football Championship. [63] [64]

Pueblo Community College (PCC) is a two-year, public, comprehensive community college, one of thirteen community colleges within the Colorado Community College System (CCCS). It operates three campuses serving a widely dispersed eight-county region in Southern Colorado. [65] The main campus is located in Pueblo and serves Pueblo County. [65] The Fremont Campus is located approximately 35 miles (56 km) west of Pueblo in Cañon City and serves Fremont and Custer Counties. [65] The Southwest Campus, 280 miles (450 km) southwest of Pueblo, serves Montezuma, Dolores, La Plata, San Juan, and Archuleta counties. [65] PCC is a Hispanic Serving Institution as designated by the Federal Government. Approximately 5,000 students attend PCC per semester. [66]

Primary and secondary education

Almost all of the city limits is within the Pueblo City Schools school district. Very small portions lie within Pueblo County School District 70. [67]

Centennial High School was founded north of downtown on Eleventh Street in 1876, the year Colorado entered the Union. Centennial was rebuilt on a new site to the northwest in 1973. Central High School was founded in Bessemer in 1882. Central's present campus on East Orman Avenue was built in 1906 and expanded in the early 1970s. Its original building still stands four blocks away on East Pitkin Avenue. South High School and East High School were built in the late 1950s to accommodate the Baby Boomer generation. Pueblo County High School, east of the city in Vineland, serves rural residents. Rye High School is in a foothills town southwest of Pueblo. Pueblo West High School is located in the northwestern suburb of Pueblo West.

Pueblo Catholic High School closed in 1971. [68] Its building became Roncalli middle school in the early 1970s.[ citation needed ] By 1975 all Catholic schools in Pueblo (under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pueblo) had closed. [68] As of 2017 there are two Catholic grade schools in Pueblo: St. John Neumann Catholic School and St. Therese Catholic School. [69]

Dolores Huerta Preparatory High School was founded in 2004, and relocated to its current building in 2007. It features the only Early College Program in Pueblo recognized by the State of Colorado, where many students graduate with their associate degree from Pueblo Community College while also earning credit from Colorado State University Pueblo. Other Pueblo area high schools include Southern Colorado Early College, School of Engineering and Biomedical Science (formerly Pueblo Technical Academy), Parkhill Christian Academy and the Health Academy.




The Pueblo radio market includes all of Pueblo County. [71] In its Fall 2013 ranking of radio markets by population, Arbitron ranked the Pueblo market 238th in the United States. [72] Six AM and 15 FM radio stations broadcast from or are licensed to the city. [73] [74] [75]

Due to Pueblo's proximity to Colorado Springs, local listeners can also receive the signal of most radio stations broadcasting from the Colorado Springs radio market. [73]


The city's main retail center is Pueblo Mall, built in 1976.


The Colorado Springs–Pueblo market is the 90th largest television market in the United States. [76]


Local and regional buses

The City of Pueblo operates Pueblo Transit. Greyhound Lines provides bus service towards Denver, Colorado; Amarillo, Texas; Albuquerque, New Mexico. Regional bus service to La Junta, Lamar as well as Colorado Springs is provided by the CDOT operated Bustang.

Long distance rail

Freight service is provided by BNSF and Union Pacific. There is currently no intercity passenger service directly into Pueblo. Amtrak's Southwest Chief stops in La Junta (Amtrak station) (64 miles to the east of Pueblo) twice each day and provides passenger rail service towards Los Angeles and Chicago. An Amtrak study in 2016 floated the idea of rerouting the Southwest Chief from Trinidad in the south, to Pueblo and then east, back to the existing Southwest Chief route in La Junta. The study projected that a new stop in Colorado Springs would gain as many as 14,000 new riders, and would pull in about $1.45 million in ticket revenue. [77] Pueblo itself last had intercity passenger service in 1967 with the Denver to Dallas Texas Zephyr, run by the Colorado & Southern Railway and the Fort Worth & Denver Railway (both subsidiaries of the Burlington Route). [78]



Interstate 25 and US Route 85 run in tandem on the same north–south expressway through Pueblo. US Route 50 runs east–west through Pueblo.

Notable people






Infamous figures


See also


  1. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.

Related Research Articles

Colorado State of the United States of America

Colorado is a state in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. It encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Colorado is the eighth most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The 2020 United States Census enumerated the population of Colorado at 5,773,714, an increase of 14.80% since the 2010 United States Census.

Denver Consolidated city-county in Colorado, United States

Denver, officially the City and County of Denver, is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. State of Colorado. It is located in the South Platte River Valley on the western edge of the High Plains just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. With an estimated population of 735,538 in 2020, Denver is the 19th-most populous city in the United States, the fifth-most populous state capital, and the most populous city located in the Mountain states. The metropolitan area surrounding Denver represents a majority of the population and economic activity in the Front Range region, the area where an estimated 85% of Colorado's population lives. The Denver downtown district is immediately east of the confluence of Cherry Creek and the South Platte River, approximately 12 mi (19 km) east of the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. Denver is named after James W. Denver, a governor of the Kansas Territory. It is nicknamed the Mile High City because its official elevation is exactly one mile above sea level. The 105th meridian west of Greenwich, the longitudinal reference for the Mountain Time Zone, passes directly through Denver Union Station.

Fort Collins, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Fort Collins is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Larimer County, Colorado, United States. Fort Collins is the principal city of the Fort Collins, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and is a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor. Situated on the Cache La Poudre River along the Colorado Front Range, Fort Collins is located 56 mi (90 km) north of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. With a 2019 estimated population of 170,243, it is the fourth most populous city in Colorado after Denver, Colorado Springs, and Aurora. Fort Collins is a midsize college city, home to Colorado State University and Front Range Community College's Larimer campus.

Alamosa, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Alamosa is the Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Alamosa County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 8,780 at the 2010 United States Census. The city is the commercial center of the San Luis Valley in south-central Colorado, and is the home of Adams State University.

Pueblo County, Colorado County in Colorado, United States

Pueblo County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 159,063. The county seat is Pueblo. The county was named for the historic city of Pueblo which took its name from the Spanish language word meaning "town" or "village". Pueblo County comprises the Pueblo, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Broomfield, Colorado Consolidated city-county in Colorado, United States

The City and County of Broomfield is a consolidated city and county located in the U.S. State of Colorado. Broomfield has a consolidated government which operates under Article XX, Sections 10-13 of the Constitution of the State of Colorado. Broomfield is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its population was 55,889 at the 2010 United States Census, making it the 16th most populous municipality and the 13th most populous county in Colorado.

Commerce City, Colorado Home rule municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Commerce City is a Home Rule Municipality located in Adams County, Colorado, United States. Commerce City is located north of Denver and is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Commerce City is the 18th most populous municipality in Colorado as of 2019. The city population was 45,913 at the 2010 United States Census, a population increase of 118.7% in the ten years since the 2000 census.

Westminster, Colorado City in Colorado, United States

The City of Westminster is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties, Colorado, United States. Westminster is a part of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Westminster Municipal Center is located 9 miles (14 km) north-northwest of the Colorado State Capitol. As of the 2010 census the population of Westminster was 106,114, and as of 2019 the estimated population was 113,166. Westminster is the seventh most populous city in Colorado and the 237th most populous city in the United States. Westminster is a part of the Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area and the Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area.

Las Animas, Colorado Statutory City in State of Colorado, United States

Las Animas is the Statutory City that is the county seat and the only incorporated municipality in Bent County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 2,410 at the 2010 United States Census. Las Animas is located on the Arkansas River, just west of its confluence with the Purgatoire River, in southeast Colorado east of Pueblo, near the historic Bent's Fort.

Cañon City, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Cañon City is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Fremont County, Colorado, United States. Cañon City is the principal city of the Cañon City, CO Micropolitan Statistical Area and is a part of the Front Range Urban Corridor. The city population was 16,400 at the 2010 United States Census. Cañon City straddles the easterly flowing Arkansas River and is a popular tourist destination for sightseeing, whitewater rafting, and rock climbing. The city is known for its many public parks, fossil discoveries, Skyline Drive, The Royal Gorge railroad, the Royal Gorge, and extensive natural hiking paths. In 1994, the United States Board on Geographic Names approved adding the tilde to the official name of Cañon City, a change from Canon City as the official name in its decisions of 1906 and 1975. It is one of the few U.S. cities to have the Spanish Ñ in its name, others being La Cañada Flintridge, California; Española, New Mexico; Peñasco, New Mexico; and Cañones, New Mexico.

Walsenburg, Colorado Statutory City in Colorado, United States

The City of Walsenburg is the Statutory City that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Huerfano County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 3,068 at the 2010 census, down from 4,182 in 2000.

Cortez, Colorado Home Rule Municipality in Colorado, United States

The City of Cortez is a Home Rule Municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Montezuma County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 8,482 at the 2010 United States Census.

Colorado City, Colorado Census Designated Place in Colorado, United States

Colorado City is an unincorporated town, a post office, and a census-designated place (CDP) located in and governed by Pueblo County, Colorado, United States. The CDP is a part of the Pueblo, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The Colorado City post office has the ZIP Code 81019. At the United States Census 2010, the population of the Colorado City CDP was 2,193, while the population of the 81019 ZIP Code Tabulation Area was 1,690. The Colorado City Metropolitan District provides services.

John Hickenlooper United States Senator from Colorado

John Wright Hickenlooper Jr. is an American politician, businessman, and geologist serving as the junior United States Senator from Colorado since 2021. A member of the Democratic Party, Hickenlooper was mayor of Denver from 2003 to 2011 and governor of Colorado from 2011 to 2019.

Colorado State University–Pueblo

Colorado State University Pueblo is a public university in Pueblo, Colorado. It is a member of the Colorado State University System and a Hispanic-Serving Institution (HSI).

Bill Vidal

Guillermo "Bill" Vidal is a Cuban American author and career civil servant who served as the 44th mayor of Denver, Colorado.

2018 Colorado gubernatorial election

The 2018 Colorado gubernatorial election took place on November 6, 2018, to elect the next and the 43rd Governor of Colorado. Incumbent Democratic Governor John Hickenlooper was term-limited and could not seek reelection to a third consecutive term. The primary election was held on June 26.

2018 Colorado elections State election

A general election was held in the U.S. state of Colorado on November 6, 2018. All of Colorado's executive officers were up for election as well as all of Colorado's seven seats in the United States House of Representatives. The Democrats swept all of the statewide offices.

2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado House elections in Colorado

The 2020 United States House of Representatives elections in Colorado was held on November 3, 2020, to elect the seven U.S. Representatives from the state of Colorado, one from each of the state's seven congressional districts. The elections coincided with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections.


  1. 1 2 3 "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  2. "Official Website of Pueblo Colorado". Official Website of Pueblo Colorado. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  3. "Colorado Counties". State of Colorado, Colorado Department of Local Affairs, Division of Local Government. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  4. "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
  5. 1 2 Severance, Ryan (February 1, 2019). "Gradisar sworn in as Pueblo mayor". The Pueblo Chieftain.
  6. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  7. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  9. Quillen, Ed (2007-03-15). "Coloradan or Coloradoan?". The Denver Post. Retrieved 2020-06-15.
  10. "Vail Hotel, Pueblo, Colorado". waymarking.com. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
  11. "Pueblo, Colorado: Official Community Website". Pueblo.org. 2012-04-01. Retrieved 2012-04-26.
  12. "Pueblo home prices keep climbing". The Pueblo Chieftain. May 11, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2019.
  13. Meek-Beck, Kenzie (January 27, 2015). "Pueblo - 6th most affordable place to live in America". koaa.com. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
  14. "AARP the Magazine Reveals 2013 List of Best Places to Live the Good Life for Under $30k" . Retrieved February 20, 2017.
  15. Broadhead (1995). Fort Pueblo. 1.
  16. Broadhead (1942). Fort Pueblo. 23.
  17. Lecompte, Janet (1978). Pueblo, Hardscrabble, Greenhorn: The Upper Arkansas, 1832-1856. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 35–53, 54–62, 63–85, 246–253. ISBN   0-8061-1462-2. Sometime during the winter of 1841-42 George Simpson and Robert Fisher met with other men and planned the Pueblo.
  18. Dodds (1982). Pueblo. 16, 23.
  19. Aschermann (1994). Winds in the Cornfields. p. 51.
  20. Dodds (1994). They All Came To Pueblo. p. 168.
  21. Dodds (1982). Pueblo. 54, 63.
  22. "Pueblo: a Glimpse of Life in Southern Colorado". Chicago Tribune. April 16, 1873.
  23. "Pueblo has Been Developed into Great Steel City by Vast Industry of the Colorado Fuel and Iron Co". Christian Science Monitor. September 17, 1909.
  24. The Colorado statesman. [volume], June 11, 1921, Image 2 estimated that 500 out of 575 flood fatalities came from Pueblo Chronicling America accessed OCtober 6.2020
  25. "Sacred Heart Orphanage bought by the Pueblo Housing Authority". Rocky Mountain News. May 29, 1988.
  26. "Russian steel giant to buy Oregon Steel - Pueblo Chieftain: Metro". Chieftain.com. 2006-11-21. Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-05-26.
  27. "The Museum". Steelworks Center of the West. Retrieved 2020-09-23.
  28. "Slow to rebound, Pueblo is redefining its economic image". The Denver Post. December 5, 2015. Retrieved February 1, 2018.
  29. "LA museum spotlights Pueblo's St. Joseph Tables". The Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 2020-03-14.
  30. "About Us". State of Colorado. 2015. Archived from the original on October 9, 2014. Retrieved 2015-03-31.
  31. "Pueblo, Colorado - The Home of Heroes". The Greater Pueblo Chamber of Commerce and The Pueblo Chieftain Newspaper. 1999. Archived from the original on 2006-06-26. Retrieved 2015-03-31.
  32. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  33. "Irate Farmers Pressing Demands". The Herald Journal. Associated Press. September 23, 1977. p. A2. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  34. 1 2 3 4 5 "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
  35. 1 2 "WMO Climate Normals for Pueblo/Memorial AP, CO 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
  36. "Station Name: CO PUEBLO MEMORIAL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2019-09-04.
  37. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  38. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  39. "Annual Estimates". June 21, 2006. Archived from the original on July 10, 2009.
  40. "State & County QuickFacts - Pueblo (city), Colorado". census.gov. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved August 19, 2014.
  41. 1 2 3 4 Svaldi, Aldo (August 20, 2015). "Broomfield firm to build Colorado's largest solar farm near Pueblo". The Denver Post . Retrieved June 18, 2017.
  42. Norton, John (2009-06-11). "Another solar provider eyes empty depot land". Chieftain.com. Archived from the original on July 23, 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-11.
  43. Worthington, Danika (2017-02-17). "Pueblo commits to 100 percent renewable energy". Denverpost.com. Retrieved 2017-02-20.
  44. Mestas, Anthony A (2018-04-23). "Pueblo County commissioners join 100 percent renewable energy by 2035 vision". Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  45. Grimes, Tyler (2018-07-18). "Pueblo's Energy Future coalition holds municipal energy town halls". Colorado Springs Independent. Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  46. "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report". Pueblo.US. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  47. "Pueblo Chile & Frijoles Festival" . Retrieved 2014-07-09.
  48. "Earl (Dutch) Clark". NFL Hall of Fame. National Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  49. "Earl "Dutch" Clark". Colorado Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  50. Lewis, Shanna. "Pueblo's Bell Game: The Zenith Of A High School Football Rivalry That's Lasted 125 Years". Colorado Public Radio. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  51. "Professional Bull Riders, Inc. Moves into new World Headquarters in Pueblo". PBR. PBR press release. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  52. Rolstad, Skylar (21 December 2014). "A part of 'something special'". NCAA.org. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  53. "Council Members". Pueblo.US. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  54. 1 2 Severance, Ryan (11 March 2019). "Davenport officiall deputy Pueblo mayor". Chieftain.com. The Pueblo Chieftain . Retrieved 13 April 2019.
  55. Roper, Peter (7 November 2017). "Pueblo voters backing strong mayor plan". The Pueblo Chieftain . Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  56. Rogers, Zahria (16 October 2017). "Pueblo to vote on strong mayor form of government". CSIndy.com. Colorado Springs Independent. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  57. Beedie, Dan (15 November 2018). "Pueblo mayoral runoff: It's Gradisar versus Nawrocki". KRDO.com. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  58. City of Pueblo official website
  59. "Police Department". Pueblo.us. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  60. "Population estimates, July 1, 2018". cenus.gov. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  61. "Colorado Offenses Known to Law Enforcement". ucr.fbi.gov. Retrieved 12 February 2020.
  62. "Fast Facts". CSU Pueblo. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  63. "CSU-Pueblo claims Division II title". espn.com. Associated Press. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  64. "Colorado State University--Pueblo Overview". USNews.com. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  65. 1 2 3 4 "Our Campuses". PuebloCC.edu. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  66. "Pueblo Community College Overview". USNews.com. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  67. "School District Reference Map (2010 Census): Pueblo County, CO." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on July 2, 2017.
  68. 1 2 Beck, Kathy Bribari. "Reunion planned for Pueblo Catholic High Class of ‘65." Roman Catholic Diocese of Pueblo. July 2015. Retrieved on July 2, 2017. "celebrates its 50th reunion this fall, Sept. 11 to 13, some 40 years since all Pueblo's Catholic schools closed." - The article was published in 2015 so all Catholic schools would have closed by 1975.
  69. "Directory of Schools". Roman Catholic Diocese of Pueblo. 2017-07-02.
  70. "Home". Evergrowth Media LLC. Retrieved 2019-05-17.
  71. "2012 Arbitron Radio Metro Map" (PDF). Arbitron. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  72. "Metro Survey Area Rankings and Population" (PDF). Market Survey Schedule & Population Rankings. Arbitron . Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  73. 1 2 "Radio Stations in Pueblo, Colorado". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  74. "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Archived from the original on 2009-08-25. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  75. "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2014-08-27.
  76. "Local Television Market Universe Estimates" (PDF). Nielsen Media Research. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-16.
  77. Jesse Paul, 'Denver Post,' July 7, 2016 "Proposed Southwest Chief stop in Pueblo could mean $1.4 million in tickets, Amtrak says" https://www.denverpost.com/2016/07/07/amtrak-pueblo-stop-southwest-chief-train/
  78. Streamliner schedules, 'Texas Zephyr' http://www.streamlinerschedules.com/concourse/track9/texzephyr196009.html
  79. "Museum History". Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2017-01-17.
  80. 1 2 "Pueblo Regional Development Plan: Final Adoption Draft" (PDF). September 11, 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 7, 2011. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  81. Goodstein, Laurie (June 23, 2005). "Air Force Academy Staff Found Promoting Religion". The New York Times. Retrieved July 25, 2017.
  82. "Montana Governor John Ezra Rickards". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 10, 2012.
  83. 1 2 3 4 Roper, Peter (August 30, 2010). "State Fair salutes soldiers and airmen". The Pueblo Chieftain. Pueblo, Colorado. Archived from the original on September 1, 2010.
  84. "About Kent Haruf". honorkentharuf.org. 2015-03-12. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 4 April 2019.
  85. Yardley, William (2 December 2014). "Kent Haruf, Acclaimed Novelist of Small-Town Life, Is Dead at 71". The New York Times . Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  86. Pompia, John. "Puebloan Dustin Hodge's rodeo-based TV series in its seventh year". The Pueblo Chieftain. Retrieved 2019-10-18.
  87. Strescino, Peter (January 7, 2011). "Governor pardons Joe Arridy". Pueblo Chieftain. Archived from the original on January 19, 2013. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
  88. L'Amour, Louis (2004-08-03). Milo Talon. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN   9780553899481.
  89. "Movie Filming Locations in Colorado | Colorado.com". www.colorado.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  90. "C - Thomas Pynchon Wiki | Against the Day". against-the-day.pynchonwiki.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  91. Chapman, Jessica (2010-04-20). "Travel Channel's Food Wars takes on Pueblo sloppers". Westword. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  92. O'Neal, Sean. "Will Forte". Film. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  93. The Losing Edge - Official South Park Studios Wiki , retrieved 2018-02-21
  94. "National Lampoon's Vacation Movie Filming Locations - The 80s Movies Rewind". www.fast-rewind.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  95. "Curse of the Blue Lights – USA, 1988". HORRORPEDIA. 2017-12-16. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  96. "Edmond, Oklahoma - Lazy E Arena Keeps Busy Hosting Premier Youth Rodeo". www.sportsdestinations.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.

Further reading