Pukbunaeryuk Line

Last updated
Pukbunaeryuk Line
Samsu Cheongnyeon Railway Station.jpg
Samsu Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station on the Pukpu Line
Overview
Other name(s)Hyesan–Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line
혜산만포청년선(惠山滿浦靑年線)
Native name북부내륙선(北部內陸線)
Type heavy rail, Regional rail
Locale Chagang
Ryanggang
Termini Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Hyesan Ch'ŏngnyŏn
Hoeryŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn - planned/unrealised
Stations42
Operation
OpenedUnbong Line (Manp'o–Unbong): 1959
Unbong–Hyesan: 1987-1988
Owner Korean State Railway
Operator(s)Korean State Railway
Depot(s) Manp'o, Hyesan;
P'op'yŏng (closed)
Technical
Line length249.2 km (154.8 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 3000 V DC Catenary
Route map

DPRK-Pukpu Line2.png

Contents

BSicon fCONTg.svg
BSicon WCONTg.svg
BSicon uSTR+l.svg
BSicon uSTR+r.svg
BSicon lELC.svg
BSicon fSTR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon CONTg yellow.svg
BSicon uSTRl.svg
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon uTUNNEL1q.svg
BSicon uSTRq.svg
BSicon fSTRr.svg
BSicon STRq yellow.svg
BSicon uKSTReq.svg
BSicon lZOLL.svg
BSicon uhKRZWaeq.svg
BSicon STRr yellow.svg
DPRK← →China
BSicon ELCa.svg
BSicon lDRH.svg
BSicon KSTRa.svg
BSicon KBHFa.svg
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
0.0
Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon ABZg+r.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon uCONTgq.svg
BSicon lELC.svg
BSicon uSTRq.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon uSTRr.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon SKRZ-G1o.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(bridge appx 290 m (950 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 230 m (750 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSERl.svg
BSicon WASSER+r.svg
(tunnel appx 200 m (660 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon KBSTaq.svg
BSicon v-STR+r.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
Ch'agap'yŏng Cement Factory
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon vSTR+r-.svg
BSicon v-STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR+l.svg
BSicon lhSTRae+L.svg
BSicon lvHST-.svg
BSicon SPLaq.svg
BSicon tvSTRe@fq.svg
BSicon vSTRr.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
4.6
Ch'agap'yŏng
mine loading
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(main tunnel appx 810 m (2,660 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(branch tunnel appx 920 m (3,020 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WASSERr.svg
(bridge appx 60 m (200 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon CONTgq orange.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon STR+r orange.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
8.3
Munak
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon HSTq.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
BSicon WASSER+l.svg
BSicon WASSERr.svg
17.7
Yŏnp'o
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WASSERr.svg
(bridge appx 150 m (490 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
23.4
Rimt'o
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
25.8
Ch'anggol
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR+l.svg
BSicon STRr.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSERl.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSER+r.svg
(bridge appx 285 m (935 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
28.6
Simridong
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR+l.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER+l.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSER+r.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 120 m (390 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
41.0
Songsam
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(bridge appx 270 m (890 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon exSTR+l yellow.svg
BSicon exSTRq yellow.svg
BSicon exENDEaq.svg
BSicon exlZOLL.svg
BSicon exhKRZWaeq.svg
BSicon lHST~L.svg
BSicon xABZql.svg
BSicon lHST~R.svg
BSicon STRr.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
35.8
Chagang Samgang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon exSTR yellow.svg
BSicon WASSERl.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERr.svg
yellow: former line on PRC side for
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon exSTR yellow.svg
dam construction
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon exSTRl yellow.svg
BSicon exCONTfq yellow.svg
44.9
Sangp'unggang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSERl.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WCONTfq.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
BSicon uSTRq.svg
BSicon uSTRq.svg
BSicon uCONTfq.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
45.6
Unbong
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR+l.svg
BSicon STRr.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
53.4
Kujung
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon STRq.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 1,305 m (4,281 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 215 m (705 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 2,685 m (8,809 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 560 m (1,840 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
63.5
Chasŏng
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 1,050 m (3,440 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 475 m (1,558 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
68.8
Sahyang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 115 m (377 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
74.3
Kwi'in
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 180 m (590 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 605 m (1,985 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 495 m (1,624 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 210 m (690 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
80.8
Chŏnp'yŏng
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
83.2
Rip'yŏng
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 235 m (771 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 150 m (490 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR+l.svg
BSicon HSTq.svg
BSicon STRr.svg
87.8
Hwap'yŏng
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 130 m (430 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
94.8
Hoejung
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 150 m (490 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 105 m (344 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
100.5
Ryongch'ul
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 220 m (720 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
(tunnel appx 2,650 m (8,690 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon HSTq.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
108.1
Wŏlt'an
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 180 m (590 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 100 m (330 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon tSTReq.svg
BSicon ABZgr.svg
underground facility
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
113.7
Hoeyang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 120 m (390 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 130 m (430 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
121.4
Rot'an
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
(bridge appx 100 m (330 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER+l.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
126.8
Ogubi
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 440 m (1,440 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 305 m (1,001 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
134.7
Tuji
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
138.2
P'op'yŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 650 m (2,130 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 335 m (1,099 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 340 m (1,120 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
145.9
Much'ang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 470 m (1,540 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 225 m (738 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
151.5
Rajuk
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 100 m (330 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
155.8
Taeŭng
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 135 m (443 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 190 m (620 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 215 m (705 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
166.0
Huju Ch'ŏngnyŏn
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
BSicon WABZg+r.svg
(bridge appx 130 m (430 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 355 m (1,165 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
178.7
Songjŏn
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 145 m (476 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 595 m (1,952 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 1,230 m (4,040 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
187.0
Kangha
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 835 m (2,740 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 465 m (1,526 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
194.6
Sinp'a Ch'ŏngnyŏn
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
BSicon WABZql.svg
BSicon WASSER+r.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(bridge appx 285 m (935 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
200.0
Mint'ang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STRl.svg
BSicon STR+r.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon pHST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
205.3
Ryanggang Sinsang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 200 m (660 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 580 m (1,900 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
212.5
P'ungyang
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 280 m (920 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 1,565 m (5,135 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
220.1
Sangdae
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
224.0
Insan
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 645 m (2,116 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 210 m (690 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon BHF.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
232.8
Samsu Ch'ŏngnyŏn
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 220 m (720 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon TUNNEL1.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(tunnel appx 920 m (3,020 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
240.3
Nŭpp'yŏng
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon HST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
245.1
Kangu
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon WASSERq.svg
BSicon hKRZWae.svg
BSicon WABZg+r.svg
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon STR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
(bridge appx 160 m (520 ft))
BSicon BL.svg
BSicon DST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
Hyesan Textile Factory
BSicon ELCe.svg
BSicon KBHFe.svg
BSicon STR orange.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon WORKS.svg
249.2
Hyesan Ch'ŏngnyŏn
BSicon STR orange.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon STR orange.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
Hyesan–Wiyŏn section to have
BSicon STR orange.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
become part of Pukpu Line
BSicon BHF orange.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
Wiyŏn
BSicon CONTgq orange.svg
BSicon lELC.svg
BSicon STRq orange.svg
BSicon STRr orange.svg
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
Wiyŏn–Karim section
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
to have become part of Pukpu Line
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon WASSERl.svg
BSicon WCONTfq.svg
Karim
BSicon uSTRl.svg
BSicon STR black.svg
BSicon uCONTfq.svg
BSicon STR black.svg
BSicon STR black.svg
Karim–Poch'ŏn section
BSicon STR black.svg
to have become part of Pukpu Line
BSicon BHF black.svg
Poch'ŏn
BSicon CONTgq black.svg
BSicon STRr black.svg
BSicon exSTR.svg
BSicon exSTR.svg
planned new line
BSicon uSTR+l.svg
BSicon exSTR.svg
BSicon uCONTfq.svg
BSicon uBHF.svg
Samjiyŏn
BSicon uSTR.svg
Samjiyŏn–Motka section
BSicon uSTR.svg
to have become part of Pukpu Line
BSicon uKHSTe.svg
BSicon exSTR.svg
Motka
BSicon exBHF.svg
Taehongdan
planned new line
BSicon exBHF.svg
Nongsa
planned new line
BSicon exBHF.svg
Samjang
planned new line
BSicon fCONTgq.svg
BSicon fSTR+r.svg
BSicon exSTR.svg
BSicon fHST.svg
Hŭngam
BSicon fSTR.svg
Hŭngam–Musan section to have
BSicon fSTR.svg
become part of Pukpu Line
BSicon fKBHFe.svg
BSicon STR orange.svg
Musan
BSicon CONTgq orange.svg
BSicon STRr orange.svg
BSicon exSTR.svg
BSicon exBHF.svg
Ch'ilsŏngri
planned new line
BSicon exBHF.svg
Saegŏlli
planned new line
BSicon uKBHFa.svg
BSicon exSTR.svg
Yusŏn
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon uSTR.svg
become part of Pukpu Line
BSicon uKBHFe.svg
BSicon fSTR.svg
Hoeryŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn
BSicon fCONTf.svg
Pukbunaeryuk Line
Chosŏn'gŭl
북부선
Hancha
Revised Romanization Bukbu-seon
McCune–Reischauer Pukpu-sŏn

The Pukbunaeryuk Line, also called the Hyesan–Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line after the only completed stage of three planned stages, is an electrified standard-gauge secondary trunk line of the Korean State Railway in Chagang and Ryanggang Provinces, North Korea, connecting the Manp'o Line at Manp'o to the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line at Hyesan. [1] It also connects to the China Railway Meiji Railway via the Ji'an Yalu River Border Railway Bridge between Manp'o and Meihekou, China.

The Pukbunaeryuk Line was to have been a northern east-west trunk line of 450 km (280 mi) [2] on the Manp'o–Hyesan–Musan–Hoeryŏng route, [3] but this plan has not been realised.

There are 42 stations on the line, of which Chasŏng, Hwap'yŏng, P'op'yŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn, and Mint'ang are dedicated freight consolidation points; the stations of Chŏnp'yŏng, Tuji, Sinp'a Ch'ŏngnyŏn, Ryanggang Sinsang, and Insan are served only by passenger trains. [3] The line has 76 tunnels totalling over 26 km (16 mi) in length, and 116 bridges with a total length of over 6.3 km (3.9 mi) - [4] bridges make up 3.3% of the total length of the line, whilst tunnels account for 12.8% of the total route length. [3]

There are locomotive facilities at Manp'o and Hyesan, and formerly at P'op'yŏng; Hyesan also has shops for maintenance of passenger and freight cars. [3]

History

Having been the only major east-west trunk line at the time, the P'yŏngra Line had become overly congested by the 1970s, as all east-west traffic - even that moving between the northwest and the northeast - had to travel via the P'yŏngra Line. [3] To alleviate the burden, President Kim Il-sung ordered the construction of a new, northern east-west transversal line in August 1980. [4] This line, which was to have made use of parts of existing lines where possible, in addition to newly built trackage, was to have connected Manp'o in the west with Hoeryŏng in the east. [3] This would have resulted in the creation of a direct connections between the Manp'o Line in the northwest and the Hambuk Line in the northeast of the country, allowing traffic between these two areas to avoid the P'yŏngra Line. This would also have significantly shortened the travelled distances.

The Pukbunaeryuk Line, as the planned line was called (북부, pukpu, means "northern"), was to have been built in three stages: Manp'o to Hyesan, Hyesan to Musan, and Musan to Hoeryŏng. [3]

Stage 1: Hyesan–Manp'o

In 1959, the Korean State Railway opened the Unbong Line, a 45.6 km (28.3 mi) line from Manp'o to Unbong, to assist with the construction of the Unbong Dam on the Yalu River which had begun in October of that year. The first stage of the northern trunk line, from Manp'o to Hyesan, made use of the entirety of the Unbong Line. A new passenger-friendly station was built at Unbong, called Sinunbong Station (="New Unbong Station") [3] (the previous Unbong Station, which had been the terminus of the Unbong Line and, after the construction of the new line, became the terminus of the truncated Unbong Line, was later renamed Kuunbong Station - that is, "Old Unbong Station", and Sinunbong Station became simply Unbong Station). Work on the first stage was started at both ends in 1981; [2] construction went slowly, with the 17.9 km (11.1 mi) from Sinunbong to Chasŏng and the 83.2 km (51.7 mi) from Hyesan to Huju being completed only on 27 November 1987. [3] Kim Jong-il ordered the formation of youth work brigades who, moving over 10,000,000 m3 (350,000,000 cu ft) of earth and blasting millions of cubic metres of rock, [4] completed construction of the final 102.5 km (63.7 mi) section between Chasŏng and Huju in 1988. [5]

Stage 2: Hyesan–Musan

A second stage, a 74 km (46 mi) long line from Hyesan to Musan on the Musan Line via Poch'ŏn, Samjiyŏn, Taehongdan and Musan counties was planned and construction was started, [3] but was subsequently suspended. The line was to have shared the track of the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line from Hyesan to Wiyŏn; from there, the Wiyŏn–Karim section of the narrow-gauge Samjiyŏn Line and the Karim–Poch'ŏn section of the Poch'ŏn Line were to have been converted to standard gauge; from Poch'ŏn a new line would have been built to Rimyŏngsu, and from there, the Rimyŏngsu–Samjiyŏn–Motka section of narrow-gauge line was to have been regauged. From Samjiyŏn there was to be a new line built via Taehongdan town, Nongsa-rodongjagu, and Samjang-rodongjagu to Hŭngam on the Paengmu Line, from where the existing narrow-gauge line to Musan was to have been regauged. [3]

Stage 3: Musan–Hoeryŏng

The third stage of the Pukbunaeryuk Line project was to have been the construction of a new 61 km (38 mi) line from Musan to Hoeryŏng on the Hambuk Line. From Musan, the line was to have run through Musan County along the Tumen River via Ch'ilsŏng-ri and Saegŏl-li, continuing from there along a newly built line to Yusŏn, the terminus of the Hoeryŏng Colliery Line; this line would have been absorbed into the Pukpu Line. [3]

Present

The first stage had been completed at the end of 1988; by then, some works had begun on the second stage, but due to the DPRK's economic crisis of the 1990s, construction was eventually abandoned. Electrification of the existing portion of the line was begun in 1991 with the goal of completing it in time for Kim Il-sung's 80th birthday on 15 April 1992; [2] however, it wasn't until 1993 that the electrification of the entire Manp'o–Hyesan line was completed. [4]

By the end of the 2000s, the line was in such poor condition that the operation of trains was nearly impossible; citing this, in April 2011 Kim Jong-il once again mobilised work brigades of the Kim Il-sung Socialist Youth League to undertake the reconstruction of the line; the refurbishment work was completed in November 2013. [4]

Services

A 500-series trainset as a commuter train at Manp'o. Xun Dao Gong Chu Pin photo by Xundaogong----Tao Tai De Bo Lin Di Tie Zai Man Pu Zhan eliminate metro in Manpo station,photoed in Ji'an China - panoramio.jpg
A 500-series trainset as a commuter train at Manp'o.

It is one of the lightest-travelled of all trunk lines in the DPRK. There are a number of passenger trains on the line, including commuter trains serving Rimt'o. [3] Most of the freight traffic on the line is military, but logs are also transported along the line from the Kamae Plateau. [6] Ore from the March 5 Youth Mine is delivered to Chasŏng Station for loading onto trains by means of a ropeway conveyor. [3]

Route

A yellow background in the "Distance" box indicates that section of the line is not electrified.

Distance (km)Station NameFormer Name
TotalS2STranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)TranscribedChosŏn'gŭl (Hanja)Connections
0.00.0Manp'o Ch'ŏngnyŏn만포청년 (滿浦靑年) Manp'o 만포 (滿浦) Manp'o Line, Unha Line,
China Railway Meiji Railway
4.64.6Ch'agap'yŏng차가평 (車家坪)
8.33.7Mun'ak문악 (文岳) An'gol Line
17.79.4Yŏnp'o연포 (煙浦)
23.45.7Rimt'o림토 (林土)
25.82.4Ch'anggol창골 (倉골)Flag stop.
28.62.8Simridong십리동 (十里洞)Oktong옥동 (玉洞)
35.87.2Chagang Samgang자강삼강 (慈江三江)
41.05.2Songsam송삼 (松三)Flag stop.
44.93.9Sangp'unggang상풍강 (上豊江) Unbong Line
45.60.7Unbong운봉 (雲峰)Sinunbong신운봉 (新雲峰)
53.47.8Kujung구중 (舊中)
63.510.1Chasŏng자성 (慈城)
68.85.3Sahyang사향 (麝香)Chagang Sangp'yŏng자강상평 (慈江常坪)
74.35.5Kwi'in귀인 (貴仁)Flag stop.
80.86.5Chŏnp'yŏng전평 (錢坪)Flag stop.
83.22.4Rip'yŏng리평 (梨坪)
87.84.6Hwap'yŏng화평 (和坪)Chinsong진송 (榛松)
Songdŏk송덕 (松德)Closed.
94.87.0Hoejung회중 (檜中)distance from Hwap'yŏng
100.55.7Ryongch'ul룡출 (龍出)Chagang Unjung자강운중 (慈江雲中)
108.17.6Wŏlt'an월탄 (月灘)Unjung Huch'ang운중후창 (雲中厚昌)
113.75.6Hoeyang회양 (檜陽)
121.47.7Rot'an로탄 (蘆灘)
126.85.4Ogubi오구비 (五구비)
134.77.9Tuji두지 (杜芝)Flag stop.
138.23.5P'op'yŏng Ch'ŏngnyŏn포평청년 (葡坪靑年)Huch'ang후창 (厚昌)
145.97.7Much'ang무창 (茂昌)
151.55.6Rajuk라죽 (羅竹)Flag stop.
155.84.3Taeŭng대응 (大鷹)
166.010.2Huju Ch'ŏngnyŏn후주청년 (厚州靑年)Huju후주 (厚州)
178.712.7Songjŏn송전 (松田)
187.08.3Kangha강하 (江下)
194.67.6Sinp'a Ch'ŏngnyŏn신파청년 (新坡靑年)Sinp'a신파 (新坡)
200.05.4Mint'ang민탕 (珉湯)
205.35.3Ryanggang Sinsang량강신상 (両江新上)Flag stop.
212.57.2P'ungyang풍양 (豊陽)
220.17.6Sangdae상대 (上臺)
224.03.9Insan인산 (仁山)Flag stop.
232.88.8Samsu Ch'ŏngnyŏn삼수청년 (三水靑年)Samsu삼수 (三水)
240.37.5Nŭpp'yŏng늪평 (늪坪)
245.14.8Kanggu강구 (江口)
249.24.1Hyesan Ch'ŏngnyŏn혜산청년 (惠山青年)Hyesan혜산 (惠山) Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line

Related Research Articles

Samjiyon Municipal City in Ryanggang, North Korea

Samjiyŏn is a city in Ryanggang Province, North Korea. It takes its name from three lakes in the city, which are collectively known as the Samjiyŏn. Samjiyŏn is situated near Mount Paektu, and tour groups fly to the city's airport to see the mountain, which holds significance in North Korean mythology.

Rail transport in North Korea

Rail transport in North Korea is provided by Korean State Railway which is the only rail operator in North Korea. It has a network of over 6,000 km of track, of which the vast majority is standard gauge; there is, however, nearly 400 km of narrow-gauge lines (762 mm) in various locations around the country.

Korean State Railway

The Korean State Railway is the operating arm of the Ministry of Railways of North Korea and has its headquarters at P'yŏngyang. The current Minister of Railways is Jang Hyuk, who has held the position since 2015.

Chongnyon Ichon Line railway line

The Ch'ŏngnyŏn Ich'ŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary mainline of the Korean State Railway running from P'yŏngsan on the P'yŏngbu Line to Sep'o on the Kangwŏn Line. The 141.3 km (87.8 mi) line is the southernmost of the three east-west transversal mainlines in North Korea.

Railway lines in North Korea

North Korea has a railway system consisting of an extensive network of standard-gauge lines and a smaller network of 762 mm (30.0 in) narrow-gauge lines; the latter are to be found around the country, but the most important lines are in the northern part of the country. All railways in North Korea are operated by the state-owned Korean State Railway.

Ch'ŏngjin Ch'ŏngnyŏn station is the central railway station in Ch'ŏngjin-si, North Hamgyŏng Province, North Korea. It is the junction point of the Hambuk Line and the P'yŏngra Line of the Korean State Railway, and is the beginning of the Ch'ŏngjinhang Line to Ch'ŏngjin Port.

Manpo Line railway line

The Manp'o Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the North Korean State Railway running from Sunch'ŏn on the P'yŏngra Line to Manp'o on the Pukpu Line. The line continues on from Manp'o to Ji'an, China.

Paektusan Chongnyon Line railway line

The Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line is an electrified standard-gauge secondary mainline of the Korean State Railway running from Kilju on the P'yŏngra Line to Hyesan on the Pukbunaeryuk Line; it connects to the narrow gauge Paengmu Line at Paeg'am Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station, and to the Samjiyŏn Line at Wiyŏn Ch'ŏngnyŏn Station.

Paengmu Line The railway which connects Paegam with Musan in DPRK.

The Paengmu Line is a partially electrified narrow gauge line of the Korean State Railway running from Paeg'am on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Musan on the Musan Line, in the Ryanggang and North Hamgyŏng provinces of North Korea.

Pochon Line

The Poch'ŏn Line, also known as Paektusan Rimch'ŏl Line, is a former partially electrified narrow gauge line of the Korean State Railway in Ryanggang Province, North Korea, running from Karim on the Samjiyŏn Line to Ryanggang Taep'yŏng.

Samjiyon Line

Samjiyŏn Line is the name of a railway line of the Korean State Railway in Ryanggang Province, North Korea, running from Wiyŏn on the Paektusan Ch'ŏngnyŏn Line to Motka. The name is applied both to the original narrow gauge line built in 1948, as well as to the new standard gauge line opened in 2017.

Hambuk Line trunk line of the North Korean State Railway

The Hambuk Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from Ch'ŏngjin) on the P'yŏngra Line to Rajin, likewise on the P'yŏngra line.

Pyongra Line railway line in North Korea

The P'yŏngra Line is an electrified standard-gauge trunk line of the Korean State Railway in North Korea, running from P'yŏngyang to Rajin, where it connects with the Hambuk Line. It is North Korea's main northeast–southwest rail line.

Unbong Line

The Unbong Line is a secondary railway line of the Korean State Railway located entirely within Unbong-rodongjagu, Chasŏng County, Chagang, North Korea, running from Sangp'unggang on the Pukbunaeryuk Line to Kuunbong.

Chagapyong station

Ch'agap'yŏng station is a railway station in Manp'o municipal city, Chagang Province, North Korea, on the Pukbunaeryuk Line of the Korean State Railway.

Rimto station

Rimt'o station is a railway station in Manp'o municipal city, Chagang Province, North Korea, on the Pukbunaeryuk Line of the Korean State Railway.

Chagang Samgang station

Chagang Samgang station is a railway station in Samgang-ri, Manp'o municipal city, Chagang Province, North Korea, on the Pukbunaeryuk Line of the Korean State Railway.

Kuunbong station

Kuunbong station is a freight-only railway station in Unbong-rodongjagu, Chasŏng County, Chagang Province, North Korea; adjacent to the Chasŏng Dam on the Yalu River, it is the terminus of the Unbong Line of the Korean State Railway.

Unbong station is a railway station in Unbong-rodongjagu, Chasŏng County, Chagang Province, North Korea, on the Pukbunaeryuk Line of the Korean State Railway.

References

  1. Kokubu, Hayato, 将軍様の鉄道 (Shōgun-sama no Tetsudō), ISBN   978-4-10-303731-6
  2. 1 2 3 북부철길 전철화, 동아일보, 1992 January 30
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 북부 철길 건설
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 북한 북부철길 개건사업 마감단계.. ‘제2의 마식령속도’ 창조
  5. 북부철길 1단계공사완료, Kyunghyang Shinmun, 10 August 1988
  6. 북한 철도 유라시아 철도의 ‘끊어진 고리’ 北, 12개 주요 노선 어떤 상태인가