Pulaski County, Arkansas

Last updated
Pulaski County, Arkansas
Pulaski county arkansas courthouse.jpg
Pulaski County Courthouse, in downtown Little Rock
Pulaski Flag AR.png
Flag
Pulaski County, Arkansas seal.png
Seal
Map of Arkansas highlighting Pulaski County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of USA AR.svg
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
FoundedDecember 15, 1818
Named for Casimir Pulaski
Seat Little Rock
Largest cityLittle Rock
Area
  Total808 sq mi (2,093 km2)
  Land760 sq mi (1,968 km2)
  Water48 sq mi (124 km2), 5.9%
Population (est.)
  (2016)393,250
  Density504/sq mi (195/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website pulaskicounty.net

Pulaski County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas with a population of 392,664, [1] making it the most populous county in Arkansas. Its county seat is Little Rock, [2] which is also Arkansas's capital and largest city. Pulaski County is Arkansas's fifth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Hempstead Counties. The county is named for Casimir Pulaski, a Polish volunteer who saved George Washington's life during the American Revolutionary War.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arkansas State of the United States of America

Arkansas is a state in the southern region of the United States, home to over 3 million people as of 2018. Its name is of Siouan derivation from the language of the Osage denoting their related kin, the Quapaw Indians. The state's diverse geography ranges from the mountainous regions of the Ozark and the Ouachita Mountains, which make up the U.S. Interior Highlands, to the densely forested land in the south known as the Arkansas Timberlands, to the eastern lowlands along the Mississippi River and the Arkansas Delta.

Contents

Pulaski County is included in the Little Rock North Little Rock Conway, AR Metropolitan Statistical Area which had 731,612 people in the 2015 census estimates. The Little Rock, North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area had 904,469 people in the 2015 census estimates.

North Little Rock, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

North Little Rock is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, across the Arkansas River from Little Rock in the central part of the state. The population was 62,304 at the 2010 census. In 2017 the estimated population was 65,911, making it the seventh-most populous city in the state. North Little Rock, along with Little Rock and Conway, anchors the six-county Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is further included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area with 902,443 residents.

Conway, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Conway is a city in the U.S. state of Arkansas and the county seat of Faulkner County, located in the state's most populous Metropolitan Statistical Area, Central Arkansas. Conway is unusual in that the majority of its residents do not commute out of the city to work. The city also serves as a regional shopping, educational, work, healthcare, sports, and cultural hub for Faulkner County and surrounding areas. Conway's growth can be attributed to its jobs in technology and higher education with its largest employers being Acxiom, the University of Central Arkansas, Hewlett Packard, Hendrix College, Insight Enterprises, and many technology start up companies. Conway is home to three post-secondary educational institutions, earning it the nickname "The City of Colleges".

History

U. M. Rose, a pro-Confederate attorney, was county chancellor (judge and chief county executive) from 1860 until the fall of Little Rock to Union forces on September 1, 1863.

U. M. Rose American lawyer

Uriah Milton Rose was an American lawyer. He "disliked his first name intensely and never used his first name when he could avoid it."

Chancellor is a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations. The original chancellors were the cancellarii of Roman courts of justice—ushers, who sat at the cancelli or lattice work screens of a basilica or law court, which separated the judge and counsel from the audience. A chancellor's office is called a chancellery or chancery. The word is now used in the titles of many various officers in all kinds of settings. Nowadays the term is most often used to describe:

An 1863 American Civil War battle, the Battle of Bayou Fourche, occurred a few days later in Pulaski County.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

Battle of Bayou Fourche battle of the Trans-Mississippi Theater of the American Civil War

The Battle of Bayou Fourche was a minor military engagement of the American Civil War, and the principal engagement of the Little Rock Campaign. The conflict was fought on September 10, 1863, in Pulaski County, Arkansas, near the Bayou Fourche, and was the culmination of a month-long offensive launched by U.S. Army Major-General Frederick Steele on August 1, 1863, to capture the capital of Arkansas. The campaign included engagements at West Point, Harrison's Landing, Brownsville, Bayou Meto, and Ashley's Mills.

Pulaski County was home to Willow Springs Water Park, one of the oldest water parks in the nation, which opened in 1928 and closed in 2013.

Willow Springs was a water park located in Little Rock, Arkansas. It closed for swimming in July 2013 after two cases of a rare protozoal brain infection were traced to it.

Water park amusement park that features pools with water play areas

A water park or waterpark is an amusement park that features water play areas such as swimming pools, water slides, splash pads, water playgrounds, and lazy rivers, as well as areas for bathing, swimming, and other barefoot environments. Modern water parks may also be equipped with some type of artificial surfing or bodyboarding environment, such as a wave pool or flowrider.

Ben Shahn American painter

Ben Shahn was a Lithuanian-born American artist. He is best known for his works of social realism, his left-wing political views, and his series of lectures published as The Shape of Content.

Farm Security Administration New Deal agency to combat rural poverty during the Great Depression in the United States

The Farm Security Administration (FSA) was a New Deal agency created in 1937 to combat rural poverty during the Great Depression in the United States. It succeeded the Resettlement Administration (1935–1937).

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 808 square miles (2,090 km2), of which 760 square miles (2,000 km2) is land and 48 square miles (120 km2) (5.9%) is water. [3]

Major highways

Adjacent counties


Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1830 2,395
1840 5,350123.4%
1850 5,6575.7%
1860 11,699106.8%
1870 32,066174.1%
1880 32,6161.7%
1890 47,32945.1%
1900 63,17933.5%
1910 86,75137.3%
1920 109,46426.2%
1930 137,72725.8%
1940 156,08513.3%
1950 196,68526.0%
1960 242,98023.5%
1970 287,18918.2%
1980 340,61318.6%
1990 349,6602.7%
2000 361,4743.4%
2010 382,7485.9%
Est. 2016393,250 [4] 2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [5]
1790–1960 [6] 1900–1990 [7]
1990–2000 [8] 2010–2016 [1]
Age pyramid Pulaski County USA Pulaski County, Arkansas age pyramid.svg
Age pyramid Pulaski County

As of the 2000 United States Census, [10] there were 361,474 people, 147,942 households, and 95,718 families residing in the county. The population density was 469 people per square mile (181/km²). There were 161,135 housing units at an average density of 209 per square mile (81/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 63.96% White, 31.87% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 1.25% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.09% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. 2.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 147,942 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.90% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.30% were non-families. 30.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.60% from 18 to 24, 31.10% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,120, and the median income for a family was $46,523. Males had a median income of $33,131 versus $25,943 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,466. About 10.40% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.90% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

The Arkansas Department of Correction Wrightsville Unit is in Wrightsville. [11]

Politics

Pulaski County is one of the most Democratic counties in Arkansas and the Southern United States. The city of North Little Rock was ranked the most liberal community in the state. [12] In the Reconstruction Era following the Civil War, Republicans carried the county in every presidential election from 1868 to 1892.[ citation needed ] Since then, Republicans have only won the county four times: 1956, 1972, 1984, and 1988.

Presidential elections results
Pulaski County, Arkansas
vote by party in presidential elections [13]
Year REP DEM Others
2016 38.34% 61,25756.06%89,5745.60% 8,945
2012 43.28% 68,98454.74%87,2481.98% 3,149
2008 43.52% 70,21255.07%88,8541.41% 2,277
2004 44.20% 67,90355.03%84,5320.77% 1,185
2000 43.94% 55,86653.73%68,3202.33% 2,965
1996 35.06% 44,78058.78%75,0846.16% 7,869
1992 34.89% 47,78958.03%79,4827.07% 9,686
1988 54.98%70,56243.53% 55,8571.49% 1,914
1984 58.20%77,65140.65% 54,2371.15% 1,530
1980 46.15% 52,12548.56%54,8395.29% 5,973
1976 37.14% 37,69062.62%63,5410.24% 244
1972 62.95%57,57636.75% 33,6110.31% 281
1968 33.32% 26,70934.43%27,59732.24% 25,844
1964 48.32% 38,31251.12%40,5350.56% 442
1960 39.70% 22,14646.67%26,03413.64% 7,608
1956 51.10%25,70246.46% 23,3722.44% 1,227
1952 48.59% 23,46050.63%24,4480.78% 378
1948 23.99% 5,91053.25%13,12022.76% 5,609
1944 26.87% 6,06972.91%16,4700.22% 50
1940 17.15% 2,95582.52%14,2190.33% 56
1936 10.29% 1,32089.49%11,4820.22% 28
1932 13.87% 2,28185.46%14,0490.67% 110
1928 34.55% 4,88065.24%9,2150.21% 29
1924 28.36% 2,72959.30%5,70612.34% 1,187
1920 35.80% 3,71162.76%6,5061.45% 150
1916 30.15% 2,59369.85%6,0080.00% 0
1912 16.76% 1,04454.09%3,36929.14% 1,815
1908 45.68% 3,53350.33%3,8933.99% 309
1904 42.44% 2,45053.68%3,0993.88% 224
1900 41.85% 1,93256.52%2,6091.62% 75
1896 35.84% 1,75461.73%3,0212.43% 119

Education

Communities

Evening at the original portion of the Pulaski County Courthouse, in downtown Little Rock. PulaskiCoCrthse AR.jpg
Evening at the original portion of the Pulaski County Courthouse, in downtown Little Rock.

Cities

Town

Census-designated places

Other communities

Townships

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas and some may have incorporated towns or cities within part of their space. Townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the US Census does list Arkansas population based on townships (often referred to as "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps. Pulaski County only has two townships, as of 2010. They are listed below. [14] [15]

Township FIPS  code ANSI  code
(GNIS  ID)
Population
center(s)
Pop.
(2010)
Pop.
density
(/mi²)
Pop.
density
(/km²)
Land area
(mi²)
Land area
(km²)
Water area
(mi²)
Water area
(km²)
Geographic coordinates
Big Rock 05-90300 69013 Alexander, Cammack Village, Little Rock, Wrightsville 219,984506.7195.6404.0141,04630.14878.08 34°44′30″N92°24′43″W / 34.741774°N 92.412071°W / 34.741774; -92.412071
Hill 05-91731 69014 Jacksonville, Maumelle, North Little Rock, Sherwood 162,764435.8168.3355.750921.417.75345.98 34°48′12″N92°11′32″W / 34.803240°N 92.192098°W / 34.803240; -92.192098
Source: U.S. Census Bureau [16] [17]

See also

Related Research Articles

White County, Arkansas County in the United States

White County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,076. The county seat is Searcy. White County is Arkansas's 31st county, formed on October 23, 1835, from portions of Independence, Jackson, and Pulaski counties and named for Hugh Lawson White, a Whig candidate for President of the United States. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county, though a few private establishments can serve alcohol.

Van Buren County, Arkansas County in the United States

Van Buren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,295. The county seat is Clinton. The county was formed on November 11, 1833, and named for Martin Van Buren, President of the United States, who was Vice President at the time of the county's formation. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Stone County, Arkansas County in the United States

Stone County is located in the Ozark Mountains in the U.S. state of Arkansas. The county is named for rugged, rocky area terrain of the Ozarks. Created as Arkansas's 74th county on April 21, 1873, Stone County has two incorporated cities: Mountain View, the county seat and most populous city, and Fifty-Six. The county is also the site of numerous unincorporated communities and ghost towns.

Sharp County, Arkansas County in the United States

Sharp County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,264. The county seat is Ash Flat. The county was formed on July 18, 1868, and named for Ephraim Sharp, a state legislator from the area.

Saline County, Arkansas County in the United States

Saline County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,118. at the 2010 census. Its county seat and largest city is Benton. Saline County was formed on November 2, 1835, and named for the salt water (brine) springs in the area, however, it is pronounced "suh-LEAN" instead of the typical pronunciation, "SAY-lean". Until November 2014, it was an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Perry County, Arkansas County in the United States

Perry County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 10,445 at the 2010 United States Census. The county seat is Perryville. The county was formed on December 18, 1840, and named for Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, naval hero in the War of 1812. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Lonoke County, Arkansas County in the United States

Lonoke County is a county located in the Central Arkansas region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 68,356, making it the eleventh-most populous of Arkansas's seventy-five counties. The county seat is Lonoke and largest city is Cabot. Lonoke County was formed on April 16, 1873 from Pulaski County and Prairie County, and was named as a corruption of "lone oak", after a large red oak in the area that had been used by a surveyor to lay out the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad.

Little River County, Arkansas County in the United States

Little River County is a county located on the southwest border of the U.S. state of Arkansas, bordering a corner with Texas and Oklahoma. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,171. The county seat is Ashdown.

Lawrence County, Arkansas County in the United States

Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,415. The county seat is Walnut Ridge. Lawrence County is Arkansas's second county, formed on January 15, 1815, and named for Captain James Lawrence who fought in the War of 1812. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Izard County, Arkansas County in the United States

Izard County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,696. The county seat is Melbourne. Izard County is Arkansas's thirteenth county, formed on October 27, 1825, and named for War of 1812 General and Arkansas Territorial Governor George Izard. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Independence County, Arkansas County in the United States

Independence County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,647. The county seat is Batesville. Independence County is Arkansas's ninth county, formed on October 20, 1820, from a portion of Lawrence County and named in commemoration of the Declaration of Independence. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Hempstead County, Arkansas County in the United States

Hempstead County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,609. The county seat is Hope. Hempstead County is Arkansas's fourth county, formed on December 15, 1818, alongside Clark and Pulaski counties. The county is named for Edward Hempstead, a delegate to the U.S. Congress from the Missouri Territory, which included present-day Arkansas at the time. It is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Grant County, Arkansas County in the United States

Grant County is a county in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 17,853 at the 2010 United States Census. The county seat is Sheridan.

Faulkner County, Arkansas County in the United States

Faulkner County is a county located in the Central Arkansas region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 113,237, making it the fifth most populous of Arkansas's seventy-five counties. The county seat and largest city is Conway. Faulkner County was created on April 12, 1873, one of nine counties formed during Reconstruction, and is named for Arkansas Militia Colonel Sandy Faulkner, a popular figure in the state at the time.

Crawford County, Arkansas County in the United States

Crawford County is a county located in the Ozarks region of the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,948, making it the 12th-most populous of Arkansas's 75 counties. The county seat and largest city is Van Buren. Crawford County was formed on October 18, 1820 from the former Lovely County and Indian Territory, and was named for William H. Crawford, the United States Secretary of War in 1815.

Cleveland County, Arkansas County in the United States

Cleveland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. Its population was 8,689 at the 2010 U.S. census. The county seat is Rison.

Scott, Arkansas CDP in Arkansas, United States

Scott is a census-designated place (CDP) in Lonoke and Pulaski counties in the central part of the U.S. state of Arkansas. The population was 72 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

McAlmont, Arkansas CDP in Arkansas, United States

McAlmont, also referred to as "Mac Side", is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 1,873 at the 2010 census. The community adjoins eastern North Little Rock, and is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Sweet Home, Arkansas CDP in Arkansas, United States

Sweet Home is a census-designated place (CDP) in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. Its population was 849 at the 2010 census. It is part of the 'Little Rock-North Little Rock-AR Metropolitan Statistical Area'.

Wrightsville, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

Wrightsville is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States. Its population was 2,114 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area.

References

  1. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  4. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  6. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  7. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  8. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 27, 2015.
  9. Based on 2000 census data
  10. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. Facilities 5. Arkansas Department of Corrections. Retrieved on March 8, 2011.
  12. http://www.businessinsider.com/most-liberal-and-conservative-towns-in-each-state-2014-6
  13. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections" . Retrieved November 15, 2016.
  14. 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Pulaski County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2011-08-24.
  15. "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  16. "County Subdivisions: Arkansas". Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original (TXT) on May 31, 2014. Retrieved June 28, 2014.
  17. "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 28, 2014.

Coordinates: 34°44′32″N92°17′09″W / 34.74222°N 92.28583°W / 34.74222; -92.28583