Purple Mountain (Nanjing)

Last updated
Purple Mountain
Zijin Mountain
Highest point
Elevation 448.2 m (1,470 ft) [1]
Coordinates 32°04′13″N118°50′42″E / 32.0702°N 118.8450°E / 32.0702; 118.8450 Coordinates: 32°04′13″N118°50′42″E / 32.0702°N 118.8450°E / 32.0702; 118.8450
Subdivisions of Nanjing-China.png
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Purple Mountain
Xuanwu District, Nanjing, Jiangsu

Purple Mountain or Zijin Shan (Chinese : ; pinyin :Zĭjīn Shān; lit. 'Purple-Gold Mountain') is located on the eastern side of Nanjing in Jiangsu province, China. It is 448.2 m [1] (1467 ft) high. Its peaks are often found enveloped in purple and golden clouds at dawn and dusk, hence its name.


A small mountain with an area of about 20 square kilometers (4,900 acres), the altitude of Purple Mountain at the top and foot of the mountain is about 449 m and 20 m respectively. The annual average rainfall is 1,000 mm to 1,050 mm, and the average annual sunshine time is about 2,213 hours. [2] Purple Mountain is a mountain related to many historical events of both ancient and modern China. It was originally known as Bell Mountain (traditional Chinese : 鐘山 ; simplified Chinese :钟山; pinyin :Zhōngshān) and also became known as Mount Jiang (traditional Chinese: ; simplified Chinese:蒋山; pinyin:Jiǎngshān) after Sun Quan named Jiang Ziwen, an Eastern Han official whose spirit was said to haunt the site, as the mountain's god during the Three Kingdoms era. The name Zijin (紫金) means "copper" - when copper is pure, it appears purple in color, so in Chinese, it is also called purple-gold. It is also named Mount Jinling (金陵山), due to its purple rocks. Jinling means "the mount of purple-gold". It is the origin of the nickname "Jinling" ( 金陵 ) of Nanjing. During the Ming dynasty, it was also called Mount Shenlie (神烈山).

More than 200 heritage and scenic tourist sites are now located in or around the mountain, including three national historical sites, nine provincial historical sites, and 33 prefectural historical sites. Located in or close to the hillside of the mountain, there are also about a dozen national research institutes and universities. The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the tomb of Sun Yat-sen, is located at the foot of the mountain.

Purple Mountain has 621 species of vascular plants, from 383 genera, 118 families (including 78 cultivated species).

See also

Related Research Articles

Nanjing City in China

Nanjing, formerly romanized as Nanking, is the capital of Jiangsu province of the People's Republic of China, a sub-provincial city, a megacity and the second largest city in the East China region. With 11 districts, Nanjing, which is located in southwestern Jiangsu, has an administrative area of 6,600 km2 (2,500 sq mi) and a total population of 9,314,685 as of 2020.

Sun Yat-sen Chinese statesman, physician, and revolutionary

Sun Yat-sen was a Chinese statesman, physician, and political philosopher, who served as the provisional first president of the Republic of China and the first leader of the Kuomintang. He is called the "Father of the Nation" in the Republic of China, and the "Forerunner of the Revolution" in the People's Republic of China for his instrumental role in the overthrow of the Qing dynasty during the Xinhai Revolution. Sun is unique among 20th-century Chinese leaders for being widely revered in both mainland China and Taiwan.

Cuiheng New Area in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Cuiheng is a village of the town of Nanlang, Zhongshan, Guangdong province. Cuiheng is best known as the birthplace of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, the "Father of the Nation" of the Republic of China. Cuiheng is 17.6 kilometres (10.9 mi) southeast of downtown Zhongshan, and 26 km (16 mi) north of Macau. The whole village is designated a special economic district, as Cuiheng New Area.

Nanjing University of Science and Technology

Nanjing University of Science and Technology, colloquially NJUST is one of the national key universities under the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China. It is a science-oriented university located in Xuanwu District in the east suburban area of Nanjing.

Nanjing Botanical Garden, Memorial Sun Yat-Sen

The Nanjing Botanical Garden Memorial Sun Yat-Sen, established in 1929, became the first national botanical garden in China. The original name, 'Botanical Garden Memorial Sun Yat-Sen', commemorated Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, the pioneer of Chinese democratic revolution. In 1954, it was renamed as Nanjing Botanical Garden Mem. Sun Yat-Sen, Chinese Academy of Sciences. It is one of four major botanical gardens in China. The botanical garden is also known as Zhongshan Botanical Gardens after the spelling of its name in pinyin.

Ming Xiaoling

The Ming Xiaoling is the mausoleum of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of the Ming dynasty. It lies at the southern foot of Purple Mountain, located east of the historical centre of Nanjing. Legend says that in order to prevent robbery of the tomb, 13 identical processions of funeral troops started from 13 city gates to obscure the real burying site.

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum is situated at the foot of the second peak of Purple Mountain in Nanjing, China. Construction of the tomb started in January 1926, and was finished in spring of 1929. The architect was Lü Yanzhi, who died shortly after it was finished. His representative and project partner was his close friend Huang Tanpu.

Zhongshan (中山市) is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong province, People's Republic of China.

The Eight Masters of Nanjing or Eight Masters of Jinling were a group of 17th century Chinese painters living in Nanjing who were leaders of the Nanjing school. The most prominent of them was Gong Xian. The Eight Masters of Nanjing were:

Zhongshan Park is a common name for Chinese parks, in honour of Sun Yat-sen, better-known in Chinese as Sun Zhongshan, who is considered by many to be the "Father of modern China". Currently there are more than 40 Zhongshan Parks in China, and some in overseas areas.

Names of Sun Yat-sen

Like many Chinese, Sun Yat-sen used different names at different points in his life and he is known in Chinese under several of them. Names are not taken lightly in Chinese culture. This reverence goes as far back as Confucius and his insistence on "rectification of names."

Sun Yat-sen House (Nanjing)

Sun Yat-sen House is located in the South Garden of Gulou Campus of Nanjing University in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China. It's said that Sun Yat-sen, the first president of the Republic of China, lived there in 1910s.

中山 is an East Asian name composed of two characters which individually mean "middle" or "centre" and "mountain" or "hill".

Zijin may refer to:

Chung-Shan Building Building in Beitou, Taipei, Taiwan

The Chung-Shan Building is part of the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall complex. Completed in 1966, the building is located in the Yangmingshan National Park in Taipei, Taiwan. The building is placed on the reverse of the 100 New Taiwan Dollar bill. The building was used as the meeting venue of the National Assembly and off limits to the general public until the National Assembly's suspension in 2005, and now serves as a location for hosting ceremonies by the President of the Republic of China for state visits and conferences.

Shennong Mountain lies in the northwest of Qinyang, Henan, China. Its main peak is called "Zijin Ding", which is also known as the "North Peak" (北顶), with an altitude of 1028 meters.

Zhongshan Wharf

Zhongshan Wharf (Chinese:中山码头): located along Yangtze River, is a wharf in Xiaguan. It is near wharf No.7 of Port of Nanjing.

Taoye Ferry, also called Nanpu Ferry (Chinese: 南浦渡; pinyin: nán pǔ dù, is a historical place name in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, China. Near the confluence of the Qinhuai River and ancient Qingxi River, the ancient ferry is now situated at the Lishe Bridge which is to the east of the Jiangnan Examination Hall The Huaiqing Bridge lies to its north. Taoye Ferry stretches from Gongyuan East Street to the west of Huaiqing Bridge on Jiankang Road. During the Six Dynasties, it was renowned famous as a place where people said their farewells when leaving. Later it was included among the "48 Scenes of Jinling" ."

Lü Yanzhi

Lü Yanzhi was a Chinese architect. He won the competitions to design both the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanjing and the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall in Guangzhou. Lü died the year that the memorial hall began construction in 1929; it was eventually completed in 1931.


  1. 1 2 测绘局公布盘山等第二批31座著名风景名胜山峰高程新数据. The central people's government of the people's republic of China (in Chinese). 2008-09-28. Retrieved 2017-05-28.
  2. Deng, Songqiu; Katoh, Masato; Guan, Qingwei; Yin, Na; Li, Mingyang (January 2014). "Interpretation of Forest Resources at the Individual Tree Level at Purple Mountain, Nanjing City, China, Using WorldView-2 Imagery by Combining GPS, RS and GIS Technologies". Remote Sensing. 6 (1): 87–110. doi: 10.3390/rs6010087 .