Puttalam

Last updated
Puttalam

පුත්තලම
புத்தளம்
Town
Sri Lanka, Puttalam street scene (5).jpg
Sri Lanka adm-2 location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Puttalam
Coordinates: 08°02′03″N79°50′07″E / 8.03417°N 79.83528°E / 8.03417; 79.83528 Coordinates: 08°02′03″N79°50′07″E / 8.03417°N 79.83528°E / 8.03417; 79.83528
Country Sri Lanka
Province North Western
District Puttalam District
Divisional Secretariat Puttalam Division
Government
  Type Urban Council
  Chairman Abdul Baiz Kamardeen (SMC)
Population
 (2012)
   Urban
45,401
   Metro
82,443
Time zone UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone)

Puttalam (Sinhala : පුත්තලම, romanized: Puttalama; Tamil : புத்தளம், romanized: Puttaḷam) is the largest town in Puttalam District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka. Puttalam is the administrative capital of the Puttalam District and governed by an Urban Council. Situated 130 kilometres (81 mi) north of Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka and 95 kilometres (59 mi) north of Negombo. Puttalam is known for energy production, salt, coconut production and fishing. It has one of the largest lagoons in the country. Puttalam is popularly known for kind and hospitality people. It has many virgin tourist destination such as Wilpattu National Park, Kalpitiya, and virgin beaches, natural resources, Dolphin watch, carol watch and sand dunes etc. Puttalam town is near to Anamaduwa.

Contents

History

Puttalam street scenery, 1984 Puttalam street scenery.jpg
Puttalam street scenery, 1984

The history of Puttalam dates back to the arrival of Prince Vijaya, nearly 2,500 years ago, when his vessel washed ashore to "Thambapani" which is located north side of Puttalam lagoon. The name "Puttalam" may be a modification of the Tamil word Uppuththalam, Uppu means salt and Thalam means salt production zone, which evolved into the name Puttalam.

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, Pattalam has a tropical savanna climate with a short dry season from June to September and a second dry season from January to March. The wet season is mainly from October to December. Temperatures remain steady throughout the year with little variations in between.

Climate data for Puttalam (1961–1990)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)34.4
(93.9)
36.3
(97.3)
38.5
(101.3)
37.6
(99.7)
36.2
(97.2)
36.1
(97.0)
36.7
(98.1)
35.5
(95.9)
35.7
(96.3)
35.5
(95.9)
36.1
(97.0)
34.6
(94.3)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F)30.5
(86.9)
32.1
(89.8)
33.2
(91.8)
33.1
(91.6)
32.3
(90.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.4
(88.5)
31.5
(88.7)
31.7
(89.1)
31.1
(88.0)
30.5
(86.9)
29.9
(85.8)
31.6
(88.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)25.8
(78.4)
26.8
(80.2)
28.1
(82.6)
28.8
(83.8)
29.0
(84.2)
28.8
(83.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
27.6
(81.7)
26.7
(80.1)
26.0
(78.8)
27.8
(82.0)
Average low °C (°F)21.0
(69.8)
21.4
(70.5)
23.1
(73.6)
24.5
(76.1)
25.8
(78.4)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
25.5
(77.9)
25.3
(77.5)
24.1
(75.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.1
(71.8)
24.0
(75.2)
Record low °C (°F)15.2
(59.4)
13.5
(56.3)
14.9
(58.8)
19.9
(67.8)
19.7
(67.5)
20.4
(68.7)
21.0
(69.8)
20.2
(68.4)
20.4
(68.7)
19.4
(66.9)
16.7
(62.1)
16.7
(62.1)
13.5
(56.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)55
(2.2)
40
(1.6)
66
(2.6)
176
(6.9)
95
(3.7)
42
(1.7)
16
(0.6)
16
(0.6)
64
(2.5)
238
(9.4)
249
(9.8)
138
(5.4)
1,195
(47.0)
Average relative humidity (%) (at Daytime)70666771747373737275767572
Source 1: NOAA [1]
Source 2: Department of Meteorology (records up to 2007) [2]

Religion

Urban areas are dominated by Muslims. While Buddhists and Christians are significant minority with a small number of Hindu population.

Religion according to puttalam area (2012)

Ethnicity in Puttalam Division (2012)
PopulationPercent
Islam
86.02%
Buddhist
12.27%
Christian
7.60%
Hindu
1.27%
Others
0.01%

Source:statistics.gov.lk

Transport

The Puttalam rail line connects Puttalam to Colombo via Negombo and provides a passenger and freight service.

Puttalam has three main highways that connect it to major cities in the country, the A3 which connects Puttalam with Colombo via Negombo, the A10 which connects Puttalam with Kandy via Kurunegala and the A12 which connects Puttalam with Trincomalee via Anuradhapura.

Daily bus transport is available to the capital Colombo and other cities like Kurunegala, Kandy and Anuradhapura.

Economy

Situated at the center of the Coconut Triangle , Puttalam is the second largest Coconut producer of the country.

Puttalam is also the second largest salt producer in the country.

Puttalam hosts one of the largest cement factories in the country: Insee Cement factory.

Puttalam is also famous for prawns farming and Agriculture.

Puttalam is now the first place in Sri Lanka to host a Crab farm and hatchery run by a Singapore-based company.

Education

National Schools: [3]

Provincial Schools

Primary Schools

Schools in Puttalam include:

Puttalam also has an Open University.

Energy

Seguwantivu Wind Power (Private) Limited an Indian firm invests US$37 million and maintains 25 wind turbines which produce 20 MW s of electricity in Puttalam Seguwantivu region.

Norocholai Power Station is a large coal-fired power station in Norocholai, Puttalam, Sri Lanka. Construction of the facility began on 11 May 2006, and concluded with the commissioning on 22 March 2011. The first 300-megawatt phase was completed and ceremonially commissioned by President Mahinda Rajapaksa on 22 March 2011 at 18:27 local time, with the presence of deputy Minister of Energy Premalal Jayasekara. According to the Ceylon Electricity Board, the US$455 million first phase generates nearly 1.7 TWh of electricity annually; a very significant amount when compared to Sri Lanka's total production of 11.5 TWh in 2011. The plant is connected to the grid via 115 km (71 mi) 220-kilovolt transmission line to Veyangoda. Power station exhausts are emitted through a 150 m (492 ft) tall chimney, one of the country's tallest man-made structures. During its pre-development stages, a number of protests were launched by residents living at the project site, claiming that they were deceived by the government. Construction of the 600 MW Phase-1 and Phase-2 units were officially inaugurated by the President in March 2010.

Sport

Puttalam is well known for soccer although cricket is widely played in the country. The city is home for many soccer and cricket clubs as it has a strong sporting tradition. [4]

Volleyball is also played in the town and there are volleyball clubs as well.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Transport in Sri Lanka

Transport in Sri Lanka is based on its road network, which is centred on the country's commercial capital Colombo. A rail network handles a portion of Sri Lanka's transport needs. There are navigable waterways, harbours and three international airports: in Katunayake, 35 kilometres (22 mi) north of Colombo, in Hambantota, and in Jaffna.

Anuradhapura City in North Central Province, Sri Lanka

Anuradhapura is a major city in Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of North Central Province, Sri Lanka and the capital of Anuradhapura District. Anuradhapura is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, famous for its well-preserved ruins of an ancient Sinhala civilization. It was the third capital of the kingdom of Rajarata, following the kingdoms of Tambapanni and Upatissa Nuwara.

Kandy City in Central Province, Sri Lanka

Kandy is a major city in Sri Lanka located in the Central Province. It was the last capital of the ancient kings' era of Sri Lanka. The city lies in the midst of hills in the Kandy plateau, which crosses an area of tropical plantations, mainly tea. Kandy is both an administrative and religious city and is also the capital of the Central Province. Kandy is the home of the Temple of the Tooth Relic, one of the most sacred places of worship in the Buddhist world. It was declared a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1988. Historically the local Buddhist rulers resisted Portuguese, Dutch, and British colonial expansion and occupation.

North Western Province, Sri Lanka Province of Sri Lanka

North Western Province is a province of Sri Lanka. The province consists of the districts of Kurunegala and Puttalam. Its capital is Kurunegala, which has a population of 28,571. The province is known mainly for its numerous coconut plantations. Other main towns in this province are Chilaw (24,712) and Puttalam (45,661), which are both small fishing towns. The majority of the population of Wayamba province is of Sinhalese ethnicity. There is also a substantial Sri Lankan Moor minority around Puttalam and Sri Lankan Tamils in Udappu and Munneswaram. Fishing, prawn farming and rubber tree plantations are other prominent industries of the region. The province has an area of 7,888 km², and a population of 2,370,075.

Kurunegala City in Sri Lanka

Kurunegala is a major city in Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of the North Western Province and the Kurunegala District. Kurunegala was an ancient royal capital for 50 years, from the end of the 13th century to the start of the 14th century. It is at the junction of several main roads linking to other important parts of the country. It is about 94 kilometres (58 mi) from Colombo, 42 kilometres (26 mi) from Kandy and 51 kilometres (32 mi) from Matale.

Gampaha City in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka

Gampaha is an urban city in Gampaha District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is situated to the north-east of the capital Colombo. It is the sixth largest urban area in Western Province, after Colombo, Negombo, Kalutara, Panadura and Avissawella. Gampaha is also the second largest municipal centre in Gampaha district, after Negombo. Gampaha has a land area of 25.8 ha and is home to the offices of 75 government institutions.

Negombo City in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Negombo is a major city in Sri Lanka, situated on the west coast and at the mouth of the Negombo Lagoon, in Western Province, 38 km from Colombo via Colombo - Katunayake Expressway.

Kalutara City in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Kalutara or Kalutota is a major city in Kalutara District, Western Province, Sri Lanka. It is also the administrative capital of Kalutara District. It is located approximately 43 km (27 mi) south of the capital Colombo.The city holds a unique position for one of the four major rivers in Sri Lanka which joins the sea at the center of the city. The area produces the Mangosteens, a fruit introduced from Malaysia in the 19th century.

Agriculture in Sri Lanka

The primary form of agriculture in Sri Lanka is rice production. Rice is cultivated during Maha and Yala seasons. Tea is cultivated in the central highlands and is a major source of foreign exchange. Vegetables, fruits and oilseed crops are also cultivated in the country. There are two Agriculture Parks abbreviated as A. Parks established by the Department of Agriculture. Out of the total population in Sri Lanka, 27.1% engages in agricultural activities. Agriculture accounted for 7.4% of the GDP in 2020.

Sri Lanka Railways

The Sri Lanka Railway Department is Sri Lanka's railway owner and primary operator. As part of the Sri Lankan government, it is overseen by the Ministry of Transport. Founded in 1858 as the Ceylon Government Railway, it operates the nation's railways and links Colombo with other population centres and tourist destinations.

Mirigama Place in Sri Lanka

Mirigama is a town in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka. It is located 57 km (35 mi) from Colombo, and 34 km (21 mi) from Negombo.

T. B. Jayah

Tuan Burhanuddin Jayah, was a Sri Lankan educationalist, politician, diplomat and Muslim community leader and considered one of Sri Lanka's national heroes. He started his career as a school teacher and retired after serving 27 years as the principal of Zahira College, Colombo. Under his stewardship, Zahira College became one of the leading schools in the country.

There are 24 Municipal councils in Sri Lanka, which are the legislative bodies that preside over the largest cities and first tier municipalities in the country. Introduced in 1987 through the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka, municipal councils became a devolved subject under the Provincial Councils in the Local Government system of Sri Lanka. Until 2017 municipal councils collectively governed 2,765,533 people within a 698 square kilometer area. There were 445 Councillors in total, ranging from 53 to 9 per council.

Central College may refer to:

Kuliyapitiya Town in Sri Lanka

Kuliyapitiya is the second largest town in Kurunegala District, North Western Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. It is located 82 kilometres (51 mi) north-east of Colombo and 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Kurunegala. Kuliyapitiya is home to the Wayamba University of Sri Lanka. Coconut and paddy cultivation are the main economic activities in this area. The town centre includes commerce and retail enterprises.

Minuwangoda Town in Western Province, Sri Lanka

Minuwangoda is a town in Gampaha district, governed by an Urban Council, situated near Negombo, Western Province of Sri Lanka. It is located 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) east of Negombo and 35 kilometres (22 mi) north east of Colombo. It is an important junction town, connecting the Negombo to Kandy road with the A1/A6 main road from Colombo to Kurunegala. The main bus route 5 from Colombo to Kurunegala passes through the town. The town is also situated near the Bandaranaike International Airport, on the way to Negombo.

Sri Lanka Tennis Association

Sri Lanka Tennis Association (SLTA) is a national governing body of tennis in Sri Lanka, which represents Sri Lanka on associations like the International Tennis Federation and the Asian Tennis Federation. Its main aim is to popularise tennis in all parts of Sri Lanka as a professional sport and to produce top tennis players from Sri Lanka.

Danowita Small Town in Sri Lanka

Danowita is a small town in the western province of Sri Lanka. It is 50 kilometres (31 mi) to Colombo, 59 kilometres (37 mi) to Kandy, and 45 kilometres (28 mi) to Kurunagala. The A1 highway passes by Danowita. Bandaranaike International Airport is the nearest airport.

References

  1. "Puttalam Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  2. "Ever Recorded Daily Extreme Values" (PDF). Department of Meteorology. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 29, 2009. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  3. "Provincial Department of Education - North Western". nwpedu.lk. Retrieved 2021-03-14.
  4. "Wimbledon FC, Puttalam into F.A Cup second round". Dailynews. 26 January 2017. Retrieved 22 March 2017.