Puttalam Lagoon

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Puttalam Lagoon
KalpitiyaPeninsula-January2012-01.JPG
Aerial view of the northern-half of the lagoon.
Sri Lanka relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Puttalam Lagoon
Location Puttalam
Coordinates 08°06′N79°46′E / 8.100°N 79.767°E / 8.100; 79.767 (Puttalam Lagoon) Coordinates: 08°06′N79°46′E / 8.100°N 79.767°E / 8.100; 79.767 (Puttalam Lagoon)
Primary inflows Kala Oya
Mi Oya
Basin  countries Sri Lanka
Max. length28 km (17 mi)
Max. width12 km (7 mi)
Surface area327 km2 (126 sq mi)
Average depth1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft)
Max. depth5 m (16.4 ft)
Surface elevation Sea level
References [1] [2]

The Puttalam Lagoon is a large 327 km2 (126 sq mi) lagoon in the Puttalam District, western Sri Lanka.

Contents

The lagoon is fed by two rivers, namely the Kala Oya and Mi Oya, discharging at 2.2 m3/s (77.7 cu ft/s) and 8.1 m3/s (286.0 cu ft/s) respectively. It is linked to Mundal Lagoon 15 km (9.3 mi) to the south by a channel. The lagoon's water is brackish to saline.

The lagoon is surrounded by a region containing coconuts, open forests, grasslands and shrublands. The land is used for prawn fishing, salt production, and rice cultivation. The lagoon has extensive mangroves, seagrasses and some salt marshes, attracting a wide variety of anatidae.

Islands

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap  
Download coordinates as: KML  ·  GPX

A moderate number islands scatter over the lagoon including:

List of islands in the lagoon from north to south
IslandArea Location
Ippantivu  08°19′45″N79°48′16″E / 8.32917°N 79.80444°E / 8.32917; 79.80444 (Ippantivu)
Periya Arichchal  08°18′03″N79°47′50″E / 8.30083°N 79.79722°E / 8.30083; 79.79722 (Periya Arichchal)
Salliyampiddi  08°17′03″N79°47′33″E / 8.28417°N 79.79250°E / 8.28417; 79.79250 (Salliyampiddi)
Oddakarentivu  08°16′35″N79°45′50″E / 8.27639°N 79.76389°E / 8.27639; 79.76389 (Oddakarentivu)
Sinna Erumativu  08°16′28″N79°46′21″E / 8.27444°N 79.77250°E / 8.27444; 79.77250 (Sinna Erumativu)
Erumativu  08°16′04″N79°46′45″E / 8.26778°N 79.77917°E / 8.26778; 79.77917 (Erumativu)
Pambativu  08°14′42″N79°46′33″E / 8.24500°N 79.77583°E / 8.24500; 79.77583 (Pambativu)
Kilitivu  08°14′27″N79°46′52″E / 8.24083°N 79.78111°E / 8.24083; 79.78111 (Kilitivu)
Neduntivu  08°14′06″N79°46′45″E / 8.23500°N 79.77917°E / 8.23500; 79.77917 (Neduntivu)
Mattutivu  08°13′01″N79°46′59″E / 8.21694°N 79.78306°E / 8.21694; 79.78306 (Mattutivu)
Ambantattivu  08°12′42″N79°45′58″E / 8.21167°N 79.76611°E / 8.21167; 79.76611 (Ambantattivu)
Pullupiddi  08°11′20″N79°46′40″E / 8.18889°N 79.77778°E / 8.18889; 79.77778 (Pullupiddi)
Somativu  08°10′45″N79°45′22″E / 8.17917°N 79.75611°E / 8.17917; 79.75611 (Somativu)
Maripututivu  08°10′33″N79°44′59″E / 8.17583°N 79.74972°E / 8.17583; 79.74972 (Maripututivu)
Kakativu  08°10′26″N79°45′22″E / 8.17389°N 79.75611°E / 8.17389; 79.75611 (Kakativu)
Udayirputi  08°09′52″N79°48′37″E / 8.16444°N 79.81028°E / 8.16444; 79.81028 (Udayirputi)

See also

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References

  1. Management of coastal resources in Puttalam Lagoon, Sri Lanka (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22, retrieved 2010-07-02
  2. S.W. Kotagama; Leonard Pinto; Jayampathi L. Samarakoon, Wetlands of Sri Lanka (PDF), Wetlands International, pp. 52, 53, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-05-16, retrieved 2010-07-02