Prince Pyotr Andreyevich Vyazemsky :Пëтр Андре́евич Вя́земский,IPA: [ˈpʲɵtr ɐnˈdrʲejɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ˈvʲæzʲɪmskʲɪj] ; 23 July 1792 – 22 November 1878) was a leading personality of the Golden Age of Russian poetry.(Russian
Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although nearly three decades have passed since the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia.
His parents were a Russian prince of Rurikid stock, Prince Andrey Vyazemsky, and an Irish lady, Jenny O'Reilly. As a young man he took part in the Battle of Borodino and other engagements of the Napoleonic Wars. Many years later, Tolstoy's description of the battle in War and Peace would appear inaccurate to him and he would engage in a literary feud with the great novelist.
The Battle of Borodino was a battle fought on 7 September 1812 in the Napoleonic Wars during the French invasion of Russia.
The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom. The wars stemmed from the unresolved disputes associated with the French Revolution and its resultant conflict. The wars are often categorised into five conflicts, each termed after the coalition that fought Napoleon: the Third Coalition (1805), the Fourth (1806–07), the Fifth (1809), the Sixth (1813), and the Seventh (1815).
Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy, usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian writer who is regarded as one of the greatest authors of all time. He received multiple nominations for Nobel Prize in Literature every year from 1902 to 1906, and nominations for Nobel Peace Prize in 1901, 1902 and 1910, and his miss of the prize is a major Nobel prize controversy.
In the 1820s Vyazemsky was the most combative and brilliant champion of what then went by the name of Romanticism. Both Prince Pyotr and his wife Princess Vera, née Gagarina were on intimate terms with Pushkin, who often visited their family seat at Ostafievo near Moscow (now a literary museum). Unsurprisingly, Vyazemsky is quoted in Pushkin's works, including Eugene Onegin . The two friends also exchanged several epistles in verse.
Romanticism was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1850. Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification of all the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classical. It was partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, the aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment, and the scientific rationalization of nature—all components of modernity. It was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature, but had a major impact on historiography, education, the social sciences, and the natural sciences. It had a significant and complex effect on politics, with romantic thinkers influencing liberalism, radicalism, conservatism and nationalism.
Gagarin is the name of a Rurikid princely family descending from sovereign rulers of Starodub-on-the-Klyazma.
Moscow is the capital and most populous city of Russia, with 13.2 million residents within the city limits, 17 million within the urban area and 20 million within the metropolitan area. Moscow is one of Russia's federal cities.
Vyazemsky and the other leading Russian liberals such as Pushkin and Aleksandr and Nikolay Turgenev, were all heavily shaped by the Kantian teachings of Aleksandr Kunitsyn, and often discussed their attitudes on serfdom, the Russian administration and legal system, civil society, and foreign policy through private correspondence, where Vyazemsky was highly critical of the administrations abuses in the western province.He also published a prospectus declaring an "uncompromising war to all the prejudices, vices and absurdity that reign in our society."
At that time, the elderly poet gained admission to the Russian court, in part through his daughter's marriage to Pyotr Valuev, the future Chairman of the Committee of Ministers. In the 1850s, Vyazemsky served as a deputy minister of education and was in charge of the censorship in Russia. In 1863, he settled abroad on account of bad health. Prince Vyazemsky died in Baden-Baden, but his body was brought to St. Petersburg and buried there.
Media freedom in Russia concerns both the ability of directors of mass-media outlets to carry out independent policies and the ability of journalists to access sources of information and to work without outside pressure. Media of Russia include television and radio channels, periodicals, and Internet media, which according to the laws of the Russian Federation may be either state or private property.
Baden-Baden is a spa town in the state of Baden-Württemberg, south-western Germany, at the north-western border of the Black Forest mountain range on the small river Oos, ten kilometres east of the Rhine, the border with France, and forty kilometres north-east of Strasbourg, France.
Vyazemsky is probably best remembered as the closest friend of Pushkin. Their correspondence is a treasure house of wit, fine criticism, and good Russian. In the early 1820s, Pushkin proclaimed Vyazemsky the finest prose writer in the country. His prose is sometimes exaggeratedly witty, but vigor and raciness are ubiquitous. His best is contained in the admirable anecdotes of his Old Notebook, an inexhaustible mine of sparkling information on the great and small men of the early nineteenth century. A major prose work of his declining years was the biography of Denis Fonvizin.
Denis Ivanovich Fonvizin was a playwright of the Russian Enlightenment, whose plays are still staged today. His main works are two satirical comedies which mock contemporary Russian gentry.
Though Vyazemsky was the journalistic leader of Russian Romanticism, there can be nothing less romantic than his early poetry: it consists either of very elegant, polished, and cold exercises on the set commonplaces of poetry, or of brilliant essays in word play, where pun begets pun, and conceit begets conceit, heaping up mountains of verbal wit. His later poetry became more universal and essentially classical.
Belarusians ; also Byelorussians, are an East Slavic ethnic group who are native to modern-day Belarus and the immediate region. There are over 9.5 million people who proclaim Belarusian ethnicity worldwide, with the majority residing either in Belarus or the adjacent countries where they are an autochthonous minority.
Vyazma is a town and the administrative center of Vyazemsky District in Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyazma River, about halfway between Smolensk, the administrative center of the oblast, and Mozhaysk. Throughout its turbulent history, it defended western approaches to Moscow. Population: 57,101 (2010 Census); 57,545 (2002 Census); 59,022 (1989 Census); 44,000 (1970).
Mikhail Alexeyevich Matinsky was a Russian scientist, dramatist, librettist and opera composer.
Alexander Petrovich Kotsubinsky is a prominent Russian psychiatrist, a spokesman of St. Petersburg psychiatric school.
Freemasonry in Russia started in the 18th century and has continued to the present day. Russian Freemasonry pursued humanistic and educational purposes, but more attention is given to ethical issues. It was a spiritual community of people united in an effort to contribute to the prosperity of the Motherland and the enlightenment of the people living in it.
Mukhamet Hadisovich Kharrasov is a Russian physicist, member of the Academy of Sciences of Bashkortostan (2002), Doctor of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (1995), Professor (1996), rector of the Bashkir State University (2000-2010), honored worker of Science Russia (2008) and Bashkortostan (1997), Honored Scientist of the Russian Federation (2008), Honorary Worker of Higher Professional Education of Russia (2002), Excellence in Ministry of Education (2003).
Saint Queen Dinar was a 10th-century Georgian royal princess of the Bagrationi dynasty of Tao-Klarjeti and Queen regnant of Hereti.
Kórmchaia Book, pl. Kórmchiye Books or Books of the Pilot or Pidalion or Nomocanon are collections of church and secular law, which constituted guide books for the management of the church and for the church court of Orthodox Slavic countries and are transmission of several old texts. It were written in Old Church Slavonic and Old Russian.
Merílo Právednoye or Just Measure is Old Russian legal collection of the end of the 13th or the beginning of the 14th century, preserved in the copies of the 14th to the 16th centuries. The name was given in the modern literature, it was taken from the first words of this text: "this books is just measure, true weighing...". Just Measure was written in Old Church Slavonic and Old Russian.
Semyon Sergeyevich Bobrov — was a Russian poet and civil servant.
There are several Azerbaijani ethnic groups, each of which has particularities in the economy, culture and everyday life. Some Azerbaijani ethnic groups continued in the last quarter of the 19th century.
Murtazin Khairulla Khabibullovich was a Russian mathematician. Since 1978 he has been the Head of the Chair of Mathematical analysis Bashkir State University.
Old Russian Law or Russian Law is a legal system in Rus', in later Old Rus' states, in Grand Duchy of Lithuania and in Moscow Rus'. Main source was Old Slavic customary law: Zakon Russkiy. Another sources were Old Scandinavian customary law and Byzantine law.
Old Russian Chronicles or Old Russian Letopisi are the main type of Old Russian historical literature. Composed from 11th to 18th centuries the Chronicles are one of the leading genres Old Russian literature and among the most extensive monuments to it.
Mikhail Iosifovich Averbakh was a Russian and Soviet ophthalmologist, Doctor of Medicine (1900), Full Member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1939), founder and first director of the Helmholtz Central Institute of Ophthalmology.
Andrey Nikolayevich Beketov Russian: Андрей Николаевич Бекетов, 8 December 1825, Penza Governorate, Imperial Russia, — 1 July 1902, Shakhmatovo, Moscow Governorate) was a prominent Russian botanist, an Honourable member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
The Lopukhin family was a noble family of the Russian Empire, forming one of the branches of the Sorokoumova-Glebov family. Eudoxia Lopukhina, married Peter the Great. When Pyotr Lopukhin's son died childless, the family's princely title passed to Nikolai Petrovich Demidov-Lopukhin. The present Prince Lopukhin-Demidov is Nikolai Alexander Paul Demidoff born in 1976.
Vladimir Yakovlevich Stoyunin was a Saint-Petersburg-born Russian pedagogue, educational theorist, essayist and publicist.
Mikhail Hryhorovych Krivoshlyk, was a Russian Journalist, Writer, Editor-publisher, State Councillor.
Mark Mendelevich Persits was a Soviet propagandist of atheism and a scientific worker in the study of problems of religion and atheism, Writer, historian of social thought.
This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations . (July 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)