Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Pyrénées-Atlantiques (Pirinio Atlantikoak)
Sara - Perro Pastor 01.jpg
Catalan sheep dog in Sara, Basque Country, France
Drapeau pyreneesatlantiques.svg
Flag
Arms of the French Department of the Pyrenees Atlantiques.svg
Coat of arms
Pyrenees-Atlantiques-Position.svg
Location of Pyrénées-Atlantiques in France
Coordinates: 43°15′N0°50′E / 43.250°N 0.833°E / 43.250; 0.833 Coordinates: 43°15′N0°50′E / 43.250°N 0.833°E / 43.250; 0.833
Country Flag of France.svg  France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Pau
Subprefectures Bayonne
Oloron-Sainte-Marie
Government
   President of the General Council Georges Labazée
Area
1
  Total7,645 km2 (2,952 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total673,986
  Rank 36th
  Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 64
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 27
Communes 546
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2
French Basque Country (left side) and the Bearn (right side) Pays basque nord-Bearn.png
French Basque Country (left side) and the Béarn (right side)

Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French pronunciation:  [piʁene atlɑ̃tik] ; Gascon: Pirenèus-Atlantics; Basque : Pirinio Atlantiarrak or Pirinio Atlantikoak) is a department in the southwest corner of France and of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It takes its name from the Pyrenees mountains and the Atlantic Ocean. It covers the French Basque Country and the Béarn.

Contents

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801355,573    
1811383,502+0.76%
1821399,474+0.41%
1831428,401+0.70%
1841451,683+0.53%
1851446,997−0.10%
1861436,628−0.23%
1872426,700−0.21%
1881434,366+0.20%
1891425,033−0.22%
1901426,347+0.03%
1911433,318+0.16%
1921402,981−0.72%
1931422,719+0.48%
1936413,411−0.44%
1946415,797+0.06%
1954420,019+0.13%
1962466,038+1.31%
1968508,734+1.47%
1975534,748+0.71%
1982555,696+0.55%
1990578,516+0.50%
1999600,018+0.41%
2006636,845+0.85%
2016673,986+0.57%
source: [1]

Originally named Basses-Pyrénées, it is one of the first 83 departments of France created during the French Revolution, on 4 March 1790. It was created out of parts belonging to the former greater province of Guyenne and Gascony, as well as the Béarn-Navarre (still, at least nominally, Kingdom of Navarre), i.e. the Basques provinces of Basse-Navarre, Labourd, Bayonne (detached a few years before from Labourd), and Soule, and Béarn. [2]

The 1790 administrative design brought about the end of native institutions and laws. All Basque estates representatives from Labourd overtly opposed the new administrative layout since it suppressed their institutions and laws. The representatives of Lower Navarre refused to vote in Paris arguing that they were not part of the Kingdom of France; those of Soule voted against. The brothers Garat, representing Labourd, eventually voted yes, thinking that it would give them a say in upcoming political decisions.

On 10 October 1969, Basses-Pyrénées was renamed Pyrénées-Atlantiques.

Geography

Pyrénées-Atlantiques is part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwest France. It is bordered by the Landes, Hautes-Pyrénées, Gers departments and the Bay of Biscay. Principal settlements include Pau, Oloron-Sainte-Marie, Orthez, Biarritz, Bayonne, Anglet, Urrugne, Saint-Jean-de-Luz and Hendaye. Lac Gentau is located here, as are the Lacs de Carnau.

Economy

Pyrénées-Atlantiques, a border province, has cultivated a number of economic and cultural links with Spain.

Two urban concentrations exist in the east and west of the département: Pau, which has 145,000 inhabitants, and 344,000 workers in the local area; and Bayonne - Anglet - Biarritz which has 166,400 inhabitants and 235 000 workers in the local area

Culture

These parts of the department that were part of Guyenne and Gascony, and Béarn have a culture heavily influenced by the Basques, but clearly different identities.

Both the Gascon Bearnese variant and Basque language are indigenous to the region in their respective districts. Gascon in turn is a dialect of Occitan, formerly the main language of southern France. It is more closely related to Catalan than it is to French. Basque is a language isolate, not related to any known language. Today, French, the sole official language of the French Republic, is the predominant native language and is spoken by virtually all inhabitants.

Pyrénées-Atlantiques is also home to a number of professional sports teams, including rugby union football clubs Aviron Bayonnais, Biarritz Olympique and Section Paloise; basketball club Élan Béarnais Pau-Orthez; and association football club Pau FC.

The Pau Grand Prix, an auto race first held in 1901, has hosted the World Touring Car Championship, British Formula Three, Formula 3 Euro Series and FIA European Formula 3 Championship.

Politics

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 1st constituency Josy Poueyto MoDem
Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 2nd constituency Jean-Paul Mattei MoDem
Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 3rd constituency David Habib Socialist Party
Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 4th constituency Jean Lassalle Résistons!
Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 5th constituency Florence Lasserre-David MoDem
Pyrénées-Atlantiques's 6th constituency Vincent Bru MoDem

Tourism

Heraldry

Arms of the French Department of the Pyrenees Atlantiques.svg

The coat of arms of Pyrénées-Atlantiques combines those of four traditional provinces:

  1. Béarn
  2. Labourd
  3. Lower Navarre
  4. Soule

See also

Related Research Articles

Bayonne Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bayonne is a city and commune and one of the two sub-prefectures of the department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France. It is located at the confluence of the Nive and Adour rivers in the northern part of the cultural region of the Basque Country, as well as the southern part of Gascony where the Aquitaine basin joins the beginning of the Pre-Pyrenees.

Aquitaine Region of France

Aquitaine, archaic Guyenne/Guienne, is a historical region of southwestern France and a former administrative region of the country. Since 1 January 2016 it has been part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is situated in the far southwest corner of Metropolitan France, along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain. It is composed of the five departments of Dordogne, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Landes and Gironde. In the Middle Ages, Aquitaine was a kingdom and a duchy, whose boundaries fluctuated considerably.

Lower Navarre Province in Pays Basque, France

Lower Navarre is a traditional region of the present-day French département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques. It corresponds to the northernmost merindad of the Kingdom of Navarre during the Middle Ages. After the Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre (1512–24), this merindad was restored to the rule of the native king, Henry II. Its capitals were Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port and Saint-Palais. In the extreme north there was the little sovereign Principality of Bidache, with an area of 1,284 km2 (496 sq mi) and a decreasing population of 44,450, 25,356.

Soule Province in Pays Basque, France

Soule is a former viscounty and French province and part of the present day Pyrénées-Atlantiques département. It is divided into two cantons of the arrondissement (district) of Oloron-Sainte-Marie, and a part of the canton of Saint Palais.

Labourd Province in Pays Basque, France

Labourd is a former French province and part of the present-day Pyrénées Atlantiques département. It is one of the traditional Basque provinces, and identified as one of the territorial component parts of the Basque Country by many, especially by the Basque nationalists.

Artix, Pyrénées-Atlantiques Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Artix is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Béarn Place in France

Béarn is one of the traditional provinces of France, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. Along with the three Basque provinces of Soule, Lower Navarre, and Labourd, the principality of Bidache, as well as small parts of Gascony, it forms in the southwest the current département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64). The capitals of Béarn were Beneharnum, Morlaàs, Orthez, and then Pau.

Orthez Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Orthez is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Anglet Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Anglet is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Ahetze Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Ahetze was a village in the traditional Basque province of Labourd and is now a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwestern France.

Arbonne Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Arbonne is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

Boucau Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Boucau is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department and Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France. It is located in the former province of Labourd.

La Bastide-Clairence Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

La Bastide-Clairence is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Barcus Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Barcus is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of southwestern France in the former province of Soule.

French Basque Country Region in southwestern France

The French Basque Country, or Northern Basque Country is a region lying on the west of the French department of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques. Since 1 January 2017, it constitutes the Basque Municipal Community presided over by Jean-René Etchegaray.

The following is a list of the 27 cantons of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Viscounts of Béarn Wikimedia list article

The viscounts of Béarn were the rulers of the viscounty of Béarn, located in the Pyrenees mountains and in the plain at their feet, in southwest France. Along with the three Basque provinces of Soule, Lower Navarre, and Labourd, as well as small parts of Gascony, it forms the current département of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (64).

Audaux Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Audaux is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

Bastanès Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bastanès is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The end of Basque home rule or foruak/fors in France was an event putting an end to the secular Basque native institutional and legal system during the French revolutionary period (1789-1795). The final violent dissolution of the semi-autonomous Basque institutional and legal system was coupled with the arrival of French troops to the Basque Country within the War of the Pyrenees and a deliberate terror on the Basque population centred in Labourd.

References

  1. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. The history of the region, under the Ancien Régime , can be found in the articles about those individual regions.
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/