Qarabagh District, Ghazni

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Qarabagh

قره‌باغ
District
Afghanistan adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Qarabagh
Location within Afghanistan
Coordinates: 33°11′37″N68°06′07″E / 33.193665°N 68.102002°E / 33.193665; 68.102002
Country Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Ghazni Province
Seat Qarabagh
Area
  Total1,800 km2 (700 sq mi)
Population
 (2002) [1]
  Total218,000
Map of the old district boundaries of Ghazni Ghazni districts.png
Map of the old district boundaries of Ghazni

Qarabagh (Qara Bagh), (Dari : قره‌باغ) is a district 56 km to the south-west of Ghazni in eastern Afghanistan. The 1,800 km2 area is one of the most populated at 109,000; some reports count more than 218,000. [1] The ethnic composition of the district includes Hazaras and Pashtuns. [1] The landscape varies in different parts of the district - deserts in the southwest, plains in the southeast and mountains in the north. The district is seriously affected by drought, especially farming and animal husbandry. Health and education need serious improvement.

Contents

Taliban militiamen are active in the area. Their threats have forced the girls' schools in the district to close. They briefly seized the government headquarters at the district centre in the town of Qarabagh in April 2007. The Taliban also seized the Giro district centre southeast of Qarabagh. In July 2007, the Taliban kidnapped 23 Korean aid workers as their bus was hijacked passing through the district on the road between Kabul and Kandahar. At present, American forces have reestablished a presence, driven the Taliban out, and reopened schools.

Politics and Governance

The district chief was replaced in 2006 by Zabit Salih Gul after the previous incumbent quit due to frequent threats by the Taliban. [2]

On 22 November 2009 one militant was shot dead in Ali Naizi village in Qarabagh district after an operation by ISAF forces. [3]

Geography

Parts of the inhabited regions of the district are located in the Qolyaqol valley.

Healthcare

Education

Demographics

The two main Hazara groups in the district are Muhammad Khwaja, who tend to live in the center and north of the district, and Chahar-Dasta, who tend to live in the west. [4]

Economy

The area is poor and traditionally one of out-migration to Kabul, Ghazni, Lashkar Gah, and Quetta, as well as to other countries. [4]

The most of the population are depended on agricultural resources.

The economy is largely based on the remittances of the men who work out of the region. Agriculture is mostly based on irrigation, but production is low. Autumn wheat dominates, but spring wheat, barley, potatoes, beans, onions, carrots, turnips and fodder plants are also cultivated. Other crops like almonds, mulberries, apricots, apples and grape may be found in some areas. [4]

Infrastructure

Natural Resources

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "District Profile" (PDF). UNHCR. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 October 2005. Retrieved 5 November 2015.
  2. Reuter Christoph, Borhan Younus. "The Return of the Taliban in Andar District: Ghazni." Decoding the New Taliban: Insights from the Afghan Field. Ed. Antonio Giustozzi. HURST Publications Ltd. 2009.
  3. "Operational Update, Nov. 22: Afghan-International Security Forces Kill, Detain Militants in Ghazni, Logar, Kandahar". International Security Assistance Force. 22 November 2009.
  4. 1 2 3 "QARABAGH (Qarabāḡ), a district (woloswāli) of Ghazni Province in Afghanistan." Encyclopædia Iranica, online edition, New York, 1996-.