Qian Gorlos Mongol Autonomous County

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Qian Gorlos County

ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠭᠣᠷᠯᠣᠰ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
前郭尔罗斯县
ᠡᠮᠦᠨᠡᠳᠦ ᠭᠣᠷᠯᠣᠰ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
前郭尔罗斯蒙古族自治县
Qian Gorlos Mongol
Autonomous County
ChinaSongyuanQianguoerluo.png
Qian Gorlos in Songyuan
Location of Songyuan Prefecture within Jilin (China).png
Songyuan in Jilin
Coordinates: 45°06′50″N124°51′04″E / 45.114°N 124.851°E / 45.114; 124.851 Coordinates: 45°06′50″N124°51′04″E / 45.114°N 124.851°E / 45.114; 124.851
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jilin
Prefecture-level city Songyuan
Township-level divisions8 towns
14 townships
County seatQian Gorlos Town (前郭尔罗斯镇)
Area
  Total5,117 km2 (1,976 sq mi)
Elevation
133 m (436 ft)
Population
  Total570,000
  Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
131100
Area code(s) 0438

Qian Gorlos Mongol Autonomous County (simplified Chinese :前郭尔罗斯蒙古族自治县; traditional Chinese :前郭爾羅斯蒙古族自治縣; pinyin :Qián Guō'ěrluósī Měnggǔzú Zìzhìxiàn), or simply Qian Gorlos County, commonly abbreviated as Qianguo County, is a county of northwestern Jilin province, China. It is under the administration of Songyuan City. Gorlos Mongols live here. Formerly known as, Qian Gorlos Banner.

Contents

Geography and climate

Qian Gorlos has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with long, bitterly cold and very dry winters and hot, humid summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −15.9 °C (3.4 °F) in January to 23.7 °C (74.7 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 5.78 °C (42.4 °F). Over two-thirds of the annual precipitation occurs from June to August, with barely any in the winter months. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 52% in July to 68% in February and March, the area receives 2,732 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Qian Gorlos County (1981−2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−10.0
(14.0)
−4.4
(24.1)
4.0
(39.2)
14.6
(58.3)
22.0
(71.6)
27.0
(80.6)
28.2
(82.8)
27.2
(81.0)
22.0
(71.6)
13.2
(55.8)
1.1
(34.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
11.4
(52.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)−15.9
(3.4)
−10.8
(12.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
8.3
(46.9)
16.0
(60.8)
21.6
(70.9)
23.7
(74.7)
22.4
(72.3)
15.9
(60.6)
7.2
(45.0)
−4.1
(24.6)
−12.9
(8.8)
5.8
(42.4)
Average low °C (°F)−20.8
(−5.4)
−16.2
(2.8)
−7.5
(18.5)
2.2
(36.0)
9.9
(49.8)
16.4
(61.5)
19.5
(67.1)
17.9
(64.2)
10.5
(50.9)
2.2
(36.0)
−8.4
(16.9)
−17.3
(0.9)
0.7
(33.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)1.8
(0.07)
2.0
(0.08)
7.4
(0.29)
18.9
(0.74)
35.5
(1.40)
72.2
(2.84)
128.1
(5.04)
85.8
(3.38)
33.9
(1.33)
19.1
(0.75)
7.0
(0.28)
3.9
(0.15)
415.6
(16.35)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)2.33.33.95.08.311.913.210.88.05.93.93.780.2
Average relative humidity (%)64574847506276756659606561
Mean monthly sunshine hours 185.9199.3250.6249.9268.2257.8247.0256.0247.9221.7184.5163.42,732.2
Percent possible sunshine 66686862595552596665646062
Source: China Meteorological Administration (precipitation days and sunshine 19712000) [1] [2]

Administrative divisions

The county administers eight towns and 14 townships. [3]

Towns:

Townships:

Transport

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References

  1. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-15.
  2. 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  3. 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:桥东区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-01-16.