Qian Kuan

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Qian Kuan (錢寬)
Bornc. 835
DiedMay 16, 895(895-05-16) (aged 59–60)
Hang Prefecture, Tang
Resting placein modern Lin'an City
Spouse(s) Lady Shuiqiu
Children
  • Qian Liu
  • Qian Qi (錢錡)
  • Qian Biao (錢鏢)
  • Qian Duo (錢鐸)
  • Qian Hua (錢鏵)
Parents
  • Qian Zhou (錢宙) (father)
  • Lady Shuiqiu (水丘) (mother)
Qian Kuan
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese
Qian Hongdao
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Qian Kuan (c. 835 – May 16, 895), courtesy name Hongdao, was the father of the warlord Qian Liu who founded the Wuyue kingdom.

Courtesy name name bestowed in adulthood in East Asian cultures

A courtesy name, also known as a style name, is a name bestowed upon one at adulthood in addition to one's given name. This practice is a tradition in the Sinosphere, including China, Japan, Korea, and Vietnam.

Qian Liu King of Wuyue

Qian Liu, known as Qian Poliu during his childhood, was a warlord of the late Tang dynasty who founded the Wuyue kingdom.

Wuyue Former country in Chinas 5 dynasties period

Wuyue, 907–978, was an independent coastal kingdom founded during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (907–960) of Chinese history. It was ruled by the Qian family, whose family name remains widespread in the kingdom's former territory.

Qian Kuan's tomb was discovered in October 1978 in Xishu Village (西墅村), Jinbei Subdistrict (锦北街道), Lin'an City, not far from his wife Lady Shuiqiu's tomb which was discovered 2 years later. Though it survived the Cultural Revolution, Qian Kuan's tomb had been robbed at some point in history.

Lady Shuiqiu was the wife of Qian Kuan and the mother of Qian Liu, a warlord who founded the Wuyue kingdom.

Cultural Revolution socio-political movement in China

The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976. Launched by Mao Zedong, then Chairman of the Communist Party of China, its stated goal was to preserve Chinese Communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought as the dominant ideology within the Party. The Revolution marked Mao's return to a position of power after the failures of his Great Leap Forward. The movement paralyzed China politically and negatively affected both the economy and society of the country to a significant degree.

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References

    Wu Renchen, with courtesy names of Zhiyi (志伊), Erqi (爾器) and Zhenghong (征鴻), and an art name of Tuoyuan (託園), was a Qing Dynasty historian and mathematician. Originally from Renhe, he gained recognition in the field of historical scholarship and was recommended in 1678 to take the special examination known as boxue hongci (博學鴻詞), which he passed in the following year. Thereafter he became a corrector in the Hanlin Academy and contributed to the compilation of the official History of Ming, focusing on the section dealing with the calendar, in which he made special contributions. He is best known for writing the Spring and Autumn Annals of the Ten Kingdoms on the 10th-century Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period history. This book, as well as his commentary on the Classic of Mountains and Seas, were later included in the Siku Quanshu.

    The Spring and Autumn Annals of the Ten Kingdoms, also known by its Chinese title Shiguo Chunqiu, is a history of the Ten Kingdoms that existed in southern China after the fall of the Tang Dynasty and before the reunification of China by the Song Dynasty. The book was written and compiled by the Qing Dynasty scholar Wu Renchen. Wu took part in the compilation of Mingshi, the official history of the Ming Dynasty, and felt that the official dynastic histories have neglected the Ten Kingdoms. The book contains 114 volumes (scrolls).