Qikiqtaaluk Region

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Coordinates: 70°N080°W / 70°N 80°W / 70; -80 (Qikiqtaaluk Region)

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Qikiqtaaluk Region
ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ
Communities of the Qikiqtaaluk
Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut.svg
Location in Nunavut
CountryCanada
Territory Nunavut
Regional centre Iqaluit
Area
  Total989,879.35 km2 (382,194.55 sq mi)
Population
  Total18,988
  Density0.019/km2 (0.050/sq mi)

The Qikiqtaaluk Region, Qikiqtani Region (Inuktitut syllabics: ᕿᑭᖅᑖᓗᒃ pronounced  [qikiqtaːˈluk] ) or Baffin Region is the easternmost, [1] northernmost, and southernmost administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. Qikiqtaaluk is the traditional Inuktitut name for Baffin Island. [2] Although the Qikiqtaaluk Region is the most commonly used name in official contexts, several notable public organizations, including Statistics Canada [3] prefer the older term Baffin Region.

With a population of 18,988 and an area of 989,879.35 km2 (382,194.55 sq mi), it is the largest and most populated of the three regions. [3] It is the largest second level subdivision of any country in the world, larger than all but 27 of the world's countries and almost the size of the entire province of Ontario.

The region consists of Baffin Island, the Belcher Islands, Akimiski Island, Mansel Island, Prince Charles Island, Bylot Island, Devon Island, Baillie-Hamilton Island, Cornwallis Island, Bathurst Island, Amund Ringnes Island, Ellef Ringnes Island, Axel Heiberg Island, Ellesmere Island, the Melville Peninsula, the eastern part of Melville Island, and the northern parts of both Prince of Wales Island and Somerset Island, plus smaller islands in between. The regional centre, and territorial capital, is Iqaluit (population 7,740). [4] The Qikiqtaaluk Region spans the northernmost, easternmost, and southernmost areas of Nunavut.

Before 1999, the Qikiqtaaluk Region existed under slightly different boundaries in the Northwest Territories as the Baffin Region, in the northern part of the District of Keewatin.

The western half of the nearby Hans Island is part of Qikiqtaaluk, while the eastern half is part of the Greenlandic municipality of Avannaata.

Communities

All of Qikiqtaaluk's thirteen communities are located on tidal water and just under half of its residents live in Nunavut's capital and only city, Iqaluit (7,740. [4] ). The majority of the rest live in twelve hamlets—Arctic Bay (868 [5] ), Kinngait (1,441 [6] ), Clyde River (1,053 [7] ), Grise Fiord (129 [8] ), Sanirajak (848 [9] ), Igloolik (1,682 [10] ), Kimmirut (389 [11] ), Pangnirtung (1,481 [12] ), Pond Inlet (1,617 [13] ), Qikiqtarjuaq (598 [14] ), Resolute (198 [15] ) and Sanikiluaq (882 [16] ). Alert (CFS Alert) and Eureka are part of the Baffin, Unorganized (62 [17] ) areas in the Qikiqtaaluk.

Formerly there was a mining town at Nanisivik. However, it and the Nanisivik Mine closed in 2002, with Nanisivik Airport closing in 2010 and all flights transferred to Arctic Bay Airport.

Like the majority of Canada's Inuit communities, the region's traditional foods include seal, Arctic char, walrus, polar bear, and caribou. [1]

Inhabitants of the Qikiqtaaluk Region are called Qikiqtaalungmiut.[ citation needed ]

Iqaluit

Mount Odin, Auyuittuq National Park Mount Odin snow and ice.jpg
Mount Odin, Auyuittuq National Park
Iqaluit waterfront, 2011 Iqlauit waterfront.JPG
Iqaluit waterfront, 2011

Iqaluit has the Astro Hill Complex, the Nunatta Sunakkutaangit Museum and the Legislative Building of Nunavut and the Unikkaarvik Visitors Centre.

Pre-contact

According to anthropologists and historians, the Inuit are the descendants of the Thule people who displaced the Dorset culture (in Inuktitut, the Tuniit). [18] [19] By 1300 the Inuit had trade routes with more southern cultures. [20]

History

About 1910, Europeans markets increased their interest in white fox pelts. The distribution and mobility of Inuit changed as the expanded their traditional hunting and fishing routes to participate in the white fox fur trade. Traditional food staples—such as seal and caribou—were not always found in the same regions as white fox. [1] The Hudson's Bay Company—which was chartered in 1670—had been opening fur trading posts throughout Inuit and First Nations territory. By 1910, the HBC was restructured into a lands sales department, retail and fur trade. The HBC dominated the fur trade under minimal supervision from the Canadian government, and some Anglican and Catholic missionaries who lived near remote northern hamlets. By 1922 most of imported goods acquired by Inuit were from the HBC. [1]

Relocation

Between 1950 and 1975 thirteen northern communities were relocated.[ further explanation needed ] [1]

Killing of the sled dogs

In the 1950s and 1960s the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) and others in authority undertook "the widespread killing of sled dogs". [1]

Reconciliation and truth commissions

The Qikigtani Truth Commission—which was commissioned, conducted, and paid for by an Aboriginal organization, the Qikiqtani Inuit Association and took place from 2007 to 2010—brought together historians and Inuit to revisit the history of the Qikigtaaluk Region. [1]

Protected areas

Sirmilik National Park Sirmilik Glacier 2 1997-08-06.jpg
Sirmilik National Park

Demographics

In the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, the Qikiqtaaluk Region had a population of 19,355 living in 5,530 of its 6,573 total private dwellings, a change of

Surrounding census divisions

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Iqaluit</span> Capital city of Nunavut, Canada

Iqaluit is the capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, its largest community, and its only city. It was known as Frobisher Bay from 1942 to 1987, after the large bay on the coast on which the city is situated. In 1987, its traditional Inuktitut name was restored.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Baffin Island</span> Large Arctic island in Nunavut, Canada

Baffin Island, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Its area is 507,451 km2 (195,928 sq mi), slightly larger than Spain; its population was 13,039 as of the 2021 Canadian census; and it is located at 68°N70°W. It also contains the city of Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Grise Fiord</span> Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Grise Fiord is an Inuit hamlet on the southern tip of Ellesmere Island, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is one of three populated places on the island; despite its low population, it is the largest community on Ellesmere Island. The hamlet at Grise Fiord, created by the Canadian Government in 1953 through a relocation of Inuit families from Inukjuak, Quebec, is the northernmost public community in Canada. It is also one of the coldest inhabited places in the world, with an average yearly temperature of −16.5 °C (2.3 °F).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pond Inlet</span> Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Pond Inlet is a small, predominantly Inuit community in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada, located on northern Baffin Island. To the Inuit the name of the place "is and always has been Mittimatalik." The Scottish explorer Sir John Ross had named an arm of the sea that separates Bylot Island from Baffin Island as Pond's Bay, and the hamlet now shares that name. On 29 August 1921, the Hudson's Bay Company opened its trading post near the Inuit camp and named it Pond Inlet, marking the expansion of its trading empire into the High Arctic.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pangnirtung</span> Place in Nunavut, Canada

Pangnirtung is an Inuit hamlet, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, located on Baffin Island. Pangnirtung is situated on a coastal plain at the coast of Pangnirtung Fjord, a fjord which eventually merges with Cumberland Sound. As of January 2022, the mayor is Stevie Komoartok.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sanikiluaq</span> Place in Nunavut, Canada

Sanikiluaq is a municipality and Inuit community located on the north coast of Flaherty Island in Hudson Bay, on the Belcher Islands. Despite being geographically much closer to the shores of Ontario and Quebec, the community and the Belcher Islands lie within the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Inuktitut</span> Name of several Inuit languages spoken in Canada

Inuktitut, also Eastern Canadian Inuktitut, is one of the principal Inuit languages of Canada. It is spoken in all areas north of the tree line, including parts of the provinces of Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec, to some extent in northeastern Manitoba as well as the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. It is one of the aboriginal languages written with Canadian Aboriginal syllabics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arctic Bay</span> Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Arctic Bay is an Inuit hamlet located in the northern part of the Borden Peninsula on Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arctic Bay is located in the Eastern Time Zone although it is quite close to the time zone boundary. The predominant languages are Inuktitut and English. Arctic Bay is notable for being the birthplace of the former Premier of Nunavut and, as of 2021, the Commissioner of Nunavut, Eva Aariak. It is the northern most public community in Canada, not formed from forced relocation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kitikmeot Region</span> Region in Nunavut, Canada

Kitikmeot Region is an administrative region of Nunavut, Canada. It consists of the southern and eastern parts of Victoria Island with the adjacent part of the mainland as far as the Boothia Peninsula, together with King William Island and the southern portion of Prince of Wales Island. The regional centre is Cambridge Bay.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kinngait</span> Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Kinngait, formerly known as Cape Dorset until 27 February 2020, is an Inuit hamlet located on Dorset Island near Foxe Peninsula at the southern tip of Baffin Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.

Lancaster Sound is a body of water in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is located between Devon Island and Baffin Island, forming the eastern entrance to the Parry Channel and the Northwest Passage. East of the sound lies Baffin Bay; to the west lies Viscount Melville Sound. Further west a traveller would enter the M'Clure Strait before heading into the Arctic Ocean.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clyde River, Nunavut</span> Hamlet in Nunavut, Canada

Clyde River is an Inuit hamlet located on the shore of Baffin Island's Patricia Bay, off Kangiqtugaapik, an arm of Davis Strait in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, of Nunavut, Canada. It lies in the Baffin Mountains which in turn form part of the Arctic Cordillera mountain range. The community is served by air and by annual supply sealift.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nunavut</span> Territory of Canada

Nunavut is the largest and northernmost territory of Canada. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, which provided this territory to the Inuit for independent government. The boundaries had been drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map in half a century since the province of Newfoundland was admitted in 1949.

Baffin, Unorganized is part of a larger census division known as the Baffin Region by Statistics Canada and as the Qikiqtaaluk Region by the government of Nunavut, Canada. This area covers the whole Qikiqtaaluk Region outside the 13 communities such as Iqaluit, Resolute or Grise Fiord. Baffin has a rocky mountainous landscape.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Igloolik Island</span> Island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada

Igloolik Island is a small island in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. It is located in the Foxe Basin, very close to the Melville Peninsula, and it is often thought to be a part of the peninsula. It forms part of the Arctic Archipelago.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Inuit Nunangat</span> Inuit regions of Canada


Inuit Nunangat is the homeland of the Inuit in Canada. This Arctic homeland consists of four northern Canadian regions called the Inuvialuit Settlement Region, the territory Nunavut (ᓄᓇᕗᑦ), Nunavik (ᓄᓇᕕᒃ) in northern Québec, and Nunatsiavut of Newfoundland and Labrador.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Baffin dialect</span>

The North Baffin dialect of Inuktitut is spoken on the northern part of Baffin Island, at Igloolik and the adjacent part of the Melville Peninsula, and in other Inuit communities in the far north of Nunavut, like Resolute, Grise Fiord, Pond Inlet, Clyde River, and Arctic Bay.

Kangiqtualuk Uqquqti formerly Sam Ford Fiord is an isolated, elongated Arctic fjord on Baffin Island's northeastern coast in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. The Inuit settlement of Pond Inlet is 320 km (200 mi) to the northwest and Clyde River is 80 km (50 mi) to the east.

Arviqtujuq Kangiqtua formerly Eglinton Fiord is a fjord on Baffin Island's northeastern coast in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada. The Inuit settlement of Pond Inlet is 355 km (221 mi) to the northwest and Clyde River is 55 km (34 mi) to the east.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Philip Goldring (Winter 2015). "Historians and Inuit: learning from the Qikiqtani Truth Commission, 2007-2010". Canadian Journal of History. University of Toronto via GALE. 50 (3): 492–523. doi:10.3138/CJH.ACH.50.3.005. S2CID   146493747. Archived from the original on May 6, 2016. Retrieved April 19, 2016.
  2. IHT’s Nunavut Map Series
  3. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census Baffin, Region [Census division]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  4. 1 2 "Census Profile, 2016 Census Iqaluit". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  5. Statistics Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Arctic Bay" . Retrieved February 18, 2016.
  6. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Cape Dorset". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  7. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Clyde River". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  8. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Grrise Fiord". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  9. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Hall Beach". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  10. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Igloolik". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  11. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Kimmirut". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  12. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Pangnirtung". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  13. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Pond Inlet". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  14. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Qikiqtarjuaq". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  15. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Resolute". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  16. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Sanikiluaq". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  17. "Census Profile, 2016 Census Baffin, Unorganized". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 4, 2017.
  18. Rigby, Bruce. "101. Qaummaarviit Historic Park". The 1998 Nunavut Handbook: Travelling in Canada's Arctic (PDF). pp. 324–325. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 29, 2006. Retrieved October 2, 2009.
  19. Jamieson, John. "The Dorsets: Depicting Culture Through Soapstone Carving" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
  20. Tanner, Adrian (1999). "Innu Culture: Innu-Inuit 'Warfare'". Indigenous Peoples. Newfoundland and Labrador Heritage. Retrieved October 5, 2009.
  21. "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 3, 2022.

Further reading