Qinhuangdao

Last updated

Coordinates: 39°53′18″N119°31′13″E / 39.8882°N 119.5202°E / 39.8882; 119.5202

Contents

Qinhuangdao

秦皇岛市
Qinhuangdao Qin Huang Dao .jpg
Habitat Qinhuangdao.jpg
First Pass Under Heaven Tian Xia Di Yi Guan  (6234530972).jpg
Drachenkopf der chinesischen Mauer.jpg
Xiao Long Tan Pu Bu  - panoramio.jpg
Yan Mountain in Qinhuangdao.jpg
Clockwise from the top: Aerial view of the city, Shanhai Pass, Longtan Falls, Yan Mountains, Old Dragon Head, Habitat Apartments
Qinhuangdao Logo.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Back Garden of Beijing and Tianjin (京津后花园)
Qinhuangdao
Location of Qinhuangdao Prefecture within Hebei (China).png
Location of Qinhuangdao City jurisdiction in Hebei
China Hebei adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Qinhuangdao
Location of the city centre in Hebei
China Northern Plain relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao (North China Plain)
China edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Qinhuangdao
Qinhuangdao (China)
Coordinates(People's Square): 39°56′26″N119°35′42″E / 39.9406°N 119.5951°E / 39.9406; 119.5951
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hebei
Settled1737
EstablishedMarch 3, 1983
Municipal seat Haigang District
Government
  Party Secretary Meng Xiangwei
  Mayor Zhang Ruishu
Area
   Prefecture-level city 7,791.57 km2 (3,008.34 sq mi)
  Urban
[1]
330.25 km2 (127.51 sq mi)
   Districts [1] 2,131.5 km2 (823.0 sq mi)
Population
   Prefecture-level city 2,897,605
  Density370/km2 (960/sq mi)
   Urban
[1]
1,252,400
  Urban density3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)
  Districts [1]
1,710,000
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
066000
Area code(s) (0)335
ISO 3166 code CN-HE-03
Licence Plate Prefix冀C
Website http://www.qhd.gov.cn/
Qinhuangdao
QHD name.svg
"Qinhuangdao", as written in Simplified Chinese (top) and Traditional Chinese (bottom)
Simplified Chinese 秦皇岛
Traditional Chinese 秦皇島
Literal meaning Qin Shi Huang Island

Qinhuangdao ( /ˈɪnˈhwɑːŋˈd/ ; [2] Chinese :秦皇岛) is a port city on the coast of China in northern Hebei province. It is administratively a prefecture-level city, about 300 km (190 mi) east of Beijing, on the Bohai Sea, the innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea. Its population during the 2010 national census was 2,987,605, with approximately one million people living in the built-up (or 'metro') area made up of three urban districts.

History

The city's name "Qinhuangdao" literally means "Qin Emperor island", and is allegedly originated from the legend that the Jieshishan Scenic Area in Changli County was the site of First Emperor of Qin's famous ritual during his fourth and final survey tour to the east in 210 BC. The "island" refers to the Nanshan area of the Port of Qinhuangdao at the southern edge of the city's Haigang District, which used to be a small offshore island until the late Qing dynasty, when dumping of dredged silt joined it to the mainland after the Guangxu Emperor approved the port's construction in the late 19th century.

In the 19th century, Qinhuangdao included the separate towns of Qinhuangdao and Tanghe. [n 1] Both were stations along the Peking–Mukden Railway. The design and construction of the new harbour and port of Ching Wang Tao in the Gulf of Pechili was undertaken by the partnership of Sir John Wolfe-Barry and Lt Col Arthur John Barry at the turn of the 20th century. [3]

Qinhuangdao Olympic Sports Center Stadium was used as one of the soccer venues during the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Geography

Qinhuangdao sits on the northwest coast of the Bohai Sea and borders Tangshan to the southwest, Chengde to the northwest, and Liaoning to the northeast. Its administrative area ranges in latitude 39° 24' to 40° 37' N and in longitude from 118° 33' to 119° 51' E, and has a total area of 7,812.4 km2 (3,016.4 sq mi).

Since the elevation of Tianjin to a provincial-level municipality, Qinhuangdao is the chief port of Hebei. The Qin emperor Qin Shi Huang is said to have sought immortality on an island in Haigang District but did not find it.

Qinhuangdao has three main developed areas:

Qinhuangdao's Olympic Sports Centre Stadium was used as an Olympic Competition Venue (Football Preliminary) during the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Climate

Qinhuangdao has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa), with four distinct seasons. Winters are cold and dry due to the Siberian high, which often causes winds to blow in from the northwest, minimising the oceanic influence: the monthly daily average temperature in January is −4.8 °C (23.4 °F), colder than Beijing's −3.7 °C (25.3 °F). [5] Summers are hot and humid due to the East Asian Monsoon, often allowing onshore flows; summer is also when the coast moderates the weather the most: the average high temperature in July here is 28.1 °C (83 °F), as compared to 30.9 °C (88 °F) in Beijing. [5] As measured by daily mean temperature, July and August are equally warm, averaging 24.7 °C (76.5 °F). The annual mean is 11.0 °C (51.8 °F), and 70% of the annual precipitation falls from June to August.

Climate data for Qinhuangdao (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)11.5
(52.7)
18.3
(64.9)
21.8
(71.2)
31.6
(88.9)
37.1
(98.8)
38.4
(101.1)
39.2
(102.6)
35.1
(95.2)
33.6
(92.5)
29.4
(84.9)
21.6
(70.9)
14.0
(57.2)
39.2
(102.6)
Average high °C (°F)0.1
(32.2)
2.6
(36.7)
8.4
(47.1)
16.1
(61.0)
22.1
(71.8)
25.7
(78.3)
28.1
(82.6)
28.5
(83.3)
25.2
(77.4)
18.4
(65.1)
9.7
(49.5)
2.9
(37.2)
15.7
(60.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.8
(23.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.5
(38.3)
11.2
(52.2)
17.3
(63.1)
21.6
(70.9)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
20.2
(68.4)
13.1
(55.6)
4.6
(40.3)
−1.8
(28.8)
11.0
(51.8)
Average low °C (°F)−8.8
(16.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−0.5
(31.1)
6.9
(44.4)
13.1
(55.6)
18.0
(64.4)
21.7
(71.1)
21.0
(69.8)
15.6
(60.1)
8.4
(47.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−5.6
(21.9)
7.0
(44.6)
Record low °C (°F)−20.8
(−5.4)
−17.0
(1.4)
−12.5
(9.5)
−5.0
(23.0)
3.0
(37.4)
9.9
(49.8)
14.3
(57.7)
13.1
(55.6)
4.4
(39.9)
−2.8
(27.0)
−11.8
(10.8)
−16.4
(2.5)
−20.8
(−5.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)3.0
(0.12)
3.0
(0.12)
9.4
(0.37)
24.1
(0.95)
55.2
(2.17)
102.2
(4.02)
189.7
(7.47)
152.3
(6.00)
51.0
(2.01)
28.6
(1.13)
10.7
(0.42)
5.0
(0.20)
634.2
(24.98)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.12.23.35.17.310.612.89.97.14.63.31.760.0
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010)
Area (km²)Density
(/km²)
City proper
Haigang District 海港区Hǎigǎng Qū765,2542463,110
Suburban
Shanhaiguan District 山海关区Shānhǎiguān Qū178,879193926
Beidaihe District 北戴河区Běidàihé Qū85,647731,173
Funing District 抚宁区Fǔníng Qū517,0731,618319
Rural
Changli County 昌黎县Chānglí Xiàn559,6871,212461
Lulong County 卢龙县Lúlóng Xiàn384,439961400
Qinglong Manchu Autonomous County 青龙满族自治县Qīnglóng Mǎnzú Zìzhìxiàn496,7263,510141

Development Zone

The Qinhuangdao Economic & Technology Development Zone was approved by the State Council in 1984 to become one of China's first state-level economic and technological development zones. Qinhuangdao is in the heart of the rapidly growing “Bohai-Rim Economic Circle”, in easy reach of Beijing (280 km (170 mi)) and Tianjin (245 km (152 mi)). [6] It covers a sea area of 23.81 km2 (9.19 sq mi) and has a coastline of 6 km (3.7 mi). The planned and controlled area of the development zone has reached 56.72 km2 (21.90 sq mi). By the end of 2006, the number of approved projects reached 4,546, in which 647 projects were foreign-invested, with a total investment of US$4.73 billion.

Qinhuangdao Export Processing Zone is the first export processing zone in Hebei Province. It passed joint appraisal held by Customs General Administration People's Republic of China, State Development Planning Commission and other six departments in 2003. Industries encouraged in the zone include electronics assembly and manufacturing, building/construction materials, computer software, trading and distribution. [7]

Economy

Looking south along Minzu Road from the top floor of the International Trade Hotel Qinhuangdao.jpg
Looking south along Minzu Road from the top floor of the International Trade Hotel

Qinhuangdao Port is a strategically important port and is the largest coal shipping port in the country, much of which is shipped to power plants elsewhere in China. With recent expansion, its capacity has reached 209 million metric tons. The harbor is adding a further six berths to add capacity and is increasingly being invested in by other port operators, such as South Africa's Port of Richards Bay, who have announced plans to invest US$150 million to increase capacity by at least 28 percent.

China is the world's third largest coal exporter, and Qinhuangdao is expected to handle much of the nation's coal exports. Rail links from Shanxi province (China's largest coal producer) to Qinhuangdao Port are being upgraded, which should allow for Qinhuangdao to ultimately increase its throughput to 400 million tonnes of coal per annum from its current level of about 250 million tons by 2015.

Other Chinese and foreign service suppliers are moving to Qinhuangdao to support this. China Ocean Shipping (Group) Co, China's biggest shipping company, expects US$49 billion of spending on ports over the next five years as the industry tackles bottlenecks created by the nation's unprecedented economic boom. [8]

Qinhuangdao is on the Jingshen Expressway which links Beijing with Shenyang, Liaoning.

The city is served by Qinhuangdao Beidaihe Airport.

Tourism

The Qinhuangdao Wildlife Park was opened in 1995 and is China's second largest wildlife park.

Qinhuangdao features a long stretch of beach line, surrounded by mountains. On which marks the beginning of the Great Wall, and its first gate: Shanhai Guan, which translates into Mountain-Sea Gate.

Red Ribbon

Qinhuangdao is home to the Tanghe River Park, which features the Red Ribbon, a knee-high steel sculpture that runs the length of the park, providing seating, environmental interpretation, lighting, and the display of native plants. The project has won an honor award from the American Society of Landscape Architects and was selected by readers of Condé Nast Traveler magazine as one of the seven new wonders of the architecture world. [9]

Education

Sister cities

Notes

Related Research Articles

Hebei Province of China

Hebei is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the North China region. The modern province was established in 1911 as Chihli Province. Its capital and largest city is Shijiazhuang. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (), named after Ji Province, a Han dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei literally means "north of the river", referring to its location entirely to the north of the Yellow River.

Shandong Province of China

Shandong is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China and is part of the East China region.

Yantai Prefecture-level city in Shandong, Peoples Republic of China

Yantai, alternately known as Zhifu or Chefoo, is a coastal prefecture-level city on the Shandong Peninsula in northeastern Shandong province of People's Republic of China. Lying on the southern coast of the Bohai Strait, Yantai borders Qingdao on the southwest and Weihai on the east, with sea access to both the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea. It is the largest fishing seaport in Shandong. Its population was 6,968,202 during the 2010 census, of whom 2,227,733 lived in the built-up area made up of the 4 urban districts of Zhifu, Muping, Fushan and Laishan.

Beidaihe District District in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Beidaihe District is a popular beach resort and a district of the city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei province on China's Bohai Sea coast. It has an area of 70.14 km2 (27.08 sq mi) and, as of 2008, a population of 66,000, as well as a coastline of 22.5 km (14.0 mi). It is also known as a birding haven.

Tangshan Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Tangshan is a coastal, industrial prefecture-level city in the northeast of Hebei province. It is located in the eastern part of Hebei Province and the northeastern part of the North China Plain. It is located in the central area of the Bohai Rim and serves as the main traffic corridor to the Northeast. The city faces the Bohai Sea in the south, the Yan Mountains in the north, Qinhuangdao across the Luan River to the east, and Tianjin to the west.

Langfang Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Langfang, is a prefecture-level city of Hebei Province, which was known as Tianjin Prefecture until 1973. It was renamed Langfang Prefecture after Tianjin became a municipality and finally upgraded into a prefecture-level city in 1988. Langfang is located approximately midway between Beijing and Tianjin. At the 2010 census, the population of Langfang was 4,358,839, of whom 868,066 lived in the built-up area made of Guangyang and Anci districts; its total area is around 6,417.28 km2 (2,477.73 sq mi). Langfang borders Baoding to the southwest, Cangzhou to the south, Beijing to the north and Tianjin to the east. Sanhe City and Dachang Hui County are now conurbated with Beijing, so that they form part of the same built-up area. Langfang is the smallest prefecture-level city of Hebei Province by land area.

Huludao Prefecture-level city in Liaoning, Peoples Republic of China

Huludao, formerly known as Jinxi (锦西) until 1994, is a coastal prefecture-level city in southwestern Liaoning province, People's Republic of China. Its name literally means "Gourd Island", referring to the fiddle-shaped contour of the peninsula, which resembles a bottle gourd, at the city's Longgang District. It has a total area of 10,415 km2 (4,021 sq mi) and a population of 2.87 million, of whom some 531,000 live in the city proper.

Hunchun County-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Hunchun is a county-level city in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture, far eastern Jilin province. It borders North Korea and Russia, has over 250,000 inhabitants, and covers 5,145 square kilometers. The site of the eastern capital of Balhae/Bohai Kingdom between 785–793, Donggyeong, was located here.

Datong–Qinhuangdao railway

Daqin railway, also known as the Daqin line, is a 653 km coal-transport railway in north China. Its name is derived from its two terminal cities, Datong, a coal mining center in Shanxi province, and Qinhuangdao, of Hebei province, on the Bohai Sea.

China’s coastline covers approximately 14,500 km from the Bohai gulf in the north to the Gulf of Tonkin in the south. Most of the northern half is low lying, although some of the mountains and hills of Northeast China and the Shandong Peninsula extend to the coast. The southern half is more irregular. In Zhejiang and Fujian provinces, for example, much of the coast is rocky and steep. South of this area the coast becomes less rugged: Low mountains and hills extend more gradually to the coast, and small river deltas are common.

Port of Qinhuangdao is a seaport on the Bohai Sea, located in the Haigang District of urban Qinhuangdao, Hebei, People's Republic of China.

The Bohai Economic Rim (BER) or Bohai Bay Economic Rim (BBER) is the economic region surrounding Tianjin (Tientsin). It also includes areas in Hebei, Liaoning and Shandong surrounding the Bohai Sea. This region has undergone major economic and infrastructural changes and is an emerging economic powerhouse of North China, rivaling both the Pearl River Delta in southern China and the Yangtze River Delta in eastern China.

Caofeidian

Caofeidian is a land reclamation-converted economic development zone in Bohai Bay located in the eponymous district of Tangshan, Hebei Province, China.

Bohai Sea The innermost gulf of the Yellow Sea and Korea Bay on the coast of Northeastern and North China

The Bohai Sea or Bo Sea, also known as Bohai Gulf, Bo Gulf or Pohai Bay, is a marginal sea approximately 78,000 km2 (30,000 sq mi) in area on the east coast of mainland China. It is the northwestern and innermost extension of the Yellow Sea, to which it connects to the east via the Bohai Strait.

Haigang District District in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Haigang is a district of the coastal city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei province, People's Republic of China. The seat of the municipal government, as of 2004, it had a population of 550,000 residing in an area of 121 km2 (47 sq mi).

Qinhuangdao Beidaihe Airport

Qinhuangdao Beidaihe Airport is an airport serving the city of Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province, China. It is located in Longjiadian Town, Changli County, 47 kilometres (29 mi) from the city center and 34 kilometres (21 mi) from Beidaihe.

The Port of Huanghua, also known as the Port of Cangzhou Huanghua is an artificial deep-water international seaport on the coast of Huanghua, Cangzhou Prefecture, Hebei, People's Republic of China. It is located on the south side of the Bohai Bay, 90 km from Cangzhou city. Huanghua port is one of the largest and fastest growing ports in North China, with a throughput of 171.03 million tons of total cargo in 2013, an increase of 35.42% year on year.

Jing-Jin-Ji Megalopolis in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

The Jingjinji Metropolitan Region or Jing-Jin-Ji (JJJ), also known as Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BJ-TJ-HB) and as the Capital Economic Zone, is the National Capital Region of the People's Republic of China. It is the biggest urbanized megalopolis region in North China. It includes an economic region surrounding the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, along the coast of the Bohai Sea. This emerging region is rising as a northern metropolitan region rivaling the Pearl River Delta in the south and the Yangtze River Delta in the east. In 2016 Jingjinji had a total population of 112 million people and was as populated as Guangdong, the most populous province of China.

Ma Chaoqun was a former municipal water works executive from the city of Qinhuangdao, in northeastern China. He underwent investigation for corruption beginning in 2014. He gained nationwide notoriety after investigators found over 120 million yuan worth of cash in his home.

Bohai may refer to:

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 46. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  2. "Qinhuangdao pronunciation". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  3. Frederick Arthur Crisp Visitation of England and Wales, Volume 14, London (1906)
  4. "China Expat City Guide". Asia Briefing. 2009. Archived from the original on January 18, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-08.
  5. 1 2 中国地面国际交换站气候标准值月值数据集(1971-2000年) (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-28.
  6. "Qinhuangdao Economic & Technology Development Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
  7. "Qinhuangdao Export Processing Zone". RightSite.asia. Retrieved 2012-12-24.
  8. "China Briefing Business Guide" (PDF). China Briefing. 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-08.
  9. "Red Ribbon in Tanghe River Park".