Qitaihe

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Qitaihe

七台河市
Qitaihe Xuefu St.jpg
View east along Xuefu Street
Location of Qitaihe Prefecture within Heilongjiang (China).png
Location of Qitaihe City (yellow) in Heilongjiang (light grey) and China
China Heilongjiang location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Qitaihe
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates(Qitaihe municipal government): 45°46′16″N131°00′11″E / 45.771°N 131.003°E / 45.771; 131.003 Coordinates: 45°46′16″N131°00′11″E / 45.771°N 131.003°E / 45.771; 131.003
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 4
Municipal seat Taoshan District
Government
  Type Prefecture-level city
   CPC Qitaihe SecretaryZhang Xianjun (张宪军)
Area
   Prefecture-level city 6,221 km2 (2,402 sq mi)
Elevation
209 m (686 ft)
Population
 (2010)
   Prefecture-level city 920,419
   Urban
620,935
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Zipcode
154600
Area code(s) 0464
ISO 3166 code CN-HL-09
Licence plates 黑K
Climate Dwb
Website www.qth.gov.cn
Qitaihe
Qi Tai He .png
"Qitaihe", as written in Chinese
Chinese name
Chinese 七台河
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡴᡳᡨᠠᡳᡥᡝ
Romanization Citaiho
Russian name
Russian Цитайхэ

Qitaihe (Chinese :七台河; pinyin :Qītáihé) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Covering an area 6,223 km2 (2,403 sq mi), it is geographically the smallest prefecture-level division of the province. Qitaihe also has the second smallest population of the cities in Heilongjiang. At the 2010 census, its total population was 920,419, while 620,935 live in the built up area made of 3 urban districts. [1]

Contents

Administrative divisions

Map
Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 est.)
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Xinxing District 新兴区Xīnxīng Qū236,7682,003118
Taoshan District 桃山区Táoshān Qū230,293743,112
Qiezihe District 茄子河区Qiézihé Qū153,8741,56998
Boli County 勃利县Bólì Xiàn299,4842,575116

History

Qitaihe's history can be stretched back to 3,000 years ago during the Shang and Zhou Dynasties, when it was inhabited by the ancient Sushen group, the ancestors of the Manchu. In 1910, coal resources was found in Qitaihe. [2] However, coal mining industry did not really start until The CPC Committee of Heilongjiang Province ordered Hegang Mining Bureau to take charge of the Extractive industries in Boli County in 1958. Qitaihe began its development. On Jan 26, 1961, Boli Mining Bureau was established. The CPC Central Committee and State Council approved to establish Qitaihe District (七台河特区) as a pilot of the combination of enterprise management and government administration. In 1970, Qitaihe District was changed into Qitaihe City (county-level), which is under the jurisdiction of Jiamusi. In 1983, Qitaihe was designated a Prefecture-level city, and Boli County was put into Qitaihe's jurisdiction.

Geography and climate

Mineral resources

Qitaihe is rich in fresh water and minerals including coal, gold and graphite. There are 26 reservoirs in total. The water storage capacity of the city's Taoshan Reservoir is 264 million steres. Qitaihe has a total coal reserve of 5.3 billion tons, ranking third after Shuangyashan and Jixi in Heilongjiang Province.

Climate

Qitaihe has a monsoon-influenced humid continental climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, bitter, but dry winters, and humid and very warm summers. [3]

Economy

Coal mining is an important industry. Qitaihe is the only pilot city for coal recycling in Heilongjiang. The city's GDP topped RMB 23.35 billion in 2009, featuring a growth of 26% over the previous year. [4] Qitaihe is home to Qitaihe Coal Mining Group and Qitaihe No.1 Power Generation Company.

Transportation

The Tumen-Jiamusi Railway and the Boli-Qitaihe Railway connect the city with Mudanjiang, Jiamusi and other cities in Heilongjiang. Jiamusi Airport, Jixi Airport and Mudanjiang Airport, which offers regular flights to other domestic cities in China, are less than two hours away.

Related Research Articles

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Jiamusi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Jixi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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Baoqing County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

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The Qitaihe bombing was a mass murder that occurred during a film screening attended by 900 people at the Fuqiang Brigade Club (富强大队俱乐部), in Dongfeng (东风公社), a commune in Qitaihe, Heilongjiang, China on December 1, 1979, when two brothers, Xu Fenghao (徐凤浩) and Xu Fengde (徐凤德), detonated a bomb that killed 86 people and wounded 222 others, 35 of them seriously. During four nights the two had buried five bombs consisting of a total of 180 kg of stolen explosives, 15 kg of gasoline and diesel, and 30 detonators at the club. The case was solved 55 days later. Both were sentenced to death.

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References

  1. 黑龙江省第六次全国人口普查情况新闻发布会 (in Chinese). State Council Information Office.]
  2. "Archived copy" 历史纪年大事记 (in Chinese). Qitaihe People's Government. Archived from the original on 2012-04-25. Retrieved 2011-11-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. http://en.climate-data.org/location/2509/
  4. Profiles of China Provinces, Cities and Industrial Parks