Quaid-e-Azam Trophy

Last updated

Quaid-e-Azam Trophy
Quaid-e-Azam Trophy tournament logo.png
CountriesPakistan
Administrator Pakistan Cricket Board
Format First-class
First edition 1953–54
Latest edition 2018–19
Next edition 2019-20
Number of teams6
Current champion Habib Bank (3rd title)
Most successful Karachi cricket teams (20 titles)
Most runs Saad Ali
Most wickets Aizaz Cheema
Cricket current event.svg 2019–20 Quaid-e-Azam Trophy
Website Quaid-e-Azam Trophy – ESPNcricinfo

The Quaid-e-Azam Trophy is a domestic first-class cricket championship contested in Pakistan by six regional teams.

First-class cricket is an official classification of the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to be worthy of the status by virtue of the standard of the competing teams. Matches must allow for the teams to play two innings each although, in practice, a team might play only one innings or none at all.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.7 million people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Contents

History

Named after Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, who was known as 'Quaid-i-Azam' (Great Leader), the trophy was introduced in the 1953-54 season to help the selectors pick the squad for Pakistan's Test tour of England in 1954. Five regional and two departmental teams competed in the first competition: Bahawalpur, Punjab, Karachi, North-West Frontier Province, Sindh, Combined Services and Pakistan Railways.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah Founder and 1st Governor General of Pakistan

Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a lawyer, politician and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as the leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's creation on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan's first Governor-General until his death. He is revered in Pakistan as Quaid-i-Azam and Baba-i-Qaum, "Father of the Nation"). His birthday is considered a national holiday in Pakistan.

The 1953–54 season of the Quaid-i-Azam Trophy was the first edition of the tournament, and the inaugural first-class cricket competition played in Pakistan following its independence in 1947. One of the tournament's purposes was to help determine the Pakistan national side's squad for its tour of England in 1954.

Bahawalpur cricket team is a first-class cricket side in Pakistan, representing the city of Bahawalpur.

The competition's format has seldom remained unchanged from one season to the next. It has been contested sometimes by regional teams, sometimes by departmental teams, but usually by a mixture of the two. In 1956–57 it was decided that Karachi and Punjab would have to enter three teams each, to make the teams more evenly matched. The Pakistan Cricket Board announced a new domestic structure ahead of the 2019–20 season, which included the Quaid-e-Azam Trophy being contested by six newly formed regional teams. [1]

Pakistan Cricket Board sports organization

The Pakistan Cricket Board - PCB controls and organises all tours and matches undertaken by the Pakistan national cricket team.

The 2019–20 Quaid-e-Azam Trophy is a first-class domestic cricket competition that is currently taking place in Pakistan from 14 September to 13 December 2019. Habib Bank Limited were the defending champions. However, after the new domestic structure announced by Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB), six newly formed regional teams are playing in the tournament.

Karachi has won the trophy 20 times (most by any team).

Winners

YearWinning teamRunner-upNumber of teamsRegionalDepartmentalNumber of matchesFormat
1953/54 Bahawalpur Punjab 7526knockout; semi-finals
1954/55 Karachi Combined Services 9728knockout; semi-finals
1955/56not held
1956/57 Punjab Karachi Whites 13112184 round-robin groups; semi-finals
1957/58 Bahawalpur Karachi C 15132264 round-robin groups; semi-finals
1958/59 Karachi Combined Services 1293164 round-robin groups; semi-finals
1959/60 Karachi Lahore 1310312knockout; quarter-finals
1960/61not held
1961/62 Karachi Blues Combined Services 15132284 round-robin groups; semi-finals
1962/63 Karachi A Karachi B 16133274 round-robin groups; semi-finals
1963/64 Karachi Blues Karachi Whites 1513214knockout; quarter-finals
1964/65 Karachi Blues Lahore 2618824knockout; semi-finals
1965/66not held
1966/67 Karachi Pakistan Railways 7616knockout; semi-finals
1967/68not held
1968/69 Lahore Karachi 1211111knockout; quarter-finals
1969/70 PIA PWD 20155345 round-robin groups; pre-semi-final
1970/71 Karachi Blues Punjab University 2011919knockout; semi-finals
1971/72not held
1972/73 Pakistan Railways Sind 7436knockout; semi-finals
1973/74 Pakistan Railways Sind 7436knockout; semi-finals
1974/75 Punjab A Sind A 10649knockout; quarter-finals
1975/76 National Bank Punjab A 10649knockout; quarter-finals
1976/77 United Bank National Bank 126611knockout; quarter-finals
1977/78 Habib Bank National Bank 126611knockout; quarter-finals
1978/79 National Bank Habib Bank 124811knockout; quarter-finals
1979/80 PIA National Bank 1138184 groups; final round-robin
1980/81 United Bank PIA 102845round-robin
1981/82 National Bank United Bank 103745round-robin
1982/83 United Bank National Bank 103745round-robin
1983/84 National Bank United Bank 1001045round-robin
1984/85 United Bank Pakistan Railways 12210332 round-robin groups; semi-finals
1985/86 Karachi Pakistan Railways 126666round-robin
1986/87 National Bank United Bank 124866round-robin
1987/88 PIA United Bank 1349392 round-robin groups; semi-finals
1988/89 ADBP Habib Bank 80829round-robin; final
1989/90 PIA United Bank 80857round-robin; final
1990/91 Karachi Whites Bahawalpur 88031round-robin; semi-finals
1991/92 Karachi Whites Lahore 99039round-robin; semi-finals
1992/93 Karachi Whites Sargodha 88031round-robin; semi-finals
1993/94 Lahore Karachi Whites 88031round-robin; semi-finals
1994/95 Karachi Blues Lahore 1010048round-robin; semi-finals
1995/96 Karachi Blues Karachi Whites 1010048round-robin; semi-finals
1996/97 Lahore Karachi Whites 88031round-robin; semi-finals
1997/98 Karachi Blues Peshawar 1010046round-robin; final
1998/99 Peshawar Karachi Whites 1111056round-robin; final
1999/00 PIA Habib Bank 2311121222 round-robin groups; final
2000/01 Lahore Blues Karachi Whites 1212067round-robin; final
2001/02 Karachi Whites Peshawar 18180732 round-robin groups; final
2002/03 PIA KRL 241311754 round-robin groups; pre-quarter-finals
2003/04 Faisalabad Sialkot 99036round-robin
2004/05 Peshawar Faisalabad 1111056round-robin; final
2005/06 Sialkot Faisalabad 77022round-robin; final
2006/07 Karachi Urban Sialkot 77022round-robin; final
2007/08 SNGPL Habib Bank 221391112 round-robin groups; final
2008/09 Sialkot KRL 221391112 round-robin groups; final
2009/10 Karachi Blues Habib Bank 221391112 round-robin groups; final
2010/11 Habib Bank PIA 221391132 round-robin divisions; 2 finals
2011/12 PIA ZTBL 221391132 round-robin divisions; 2 finals
2012/13 Karachi Blues Sialkot 14140622 round-robin groups; 4 round-robin pools; 2 finals
2013/14 Rawalpindi Islamabad 14140612 round-robin groups; 4 round-robin pools; final
2014/15 SNGPL National Bank 2614121162 divisions: round-robin, then final in Gold League; 2 round-robin groups, quarter-finals in Silver League
2015/16 SNGPL United Bank 1688622 round-robin groups; 4 round-robin pools; 2 finals
2016/17 WAPDA Habib Bank 1688692 round-robin divisions; 2 round-robin "Super Eight" groups of four; final
2017/18 SNGPL WAPDA 1688692 round-robin divisions; 2 round-robin "Super Eight" groups of four; final
2018/19 Habib Bank SNGPL 1688692 round-robin divisions; 2 round-robin "Super Eight" groups of four; final
2019/20 66031round-robin; final

Karachi teams have won the Quaid-i-Azam Trophy 20 times, PIA (Pakistan International Airlines) 7, National Bank 5, Lahore teams, United Bank, and SNGPL (Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited) 4, Habib Bank 3, Bahawalpur, Peshawar, Punjab, Railways, and Sialkot 2, ADBP (Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan), Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, and WAPDA (Water and Power Development Authority) 1.

NB: "Regional" teams represent cities, districts and provinces. "Departmental" teams represent institutions, corporations, and government departments and instrumentalities. "Number of matches" includes matches scheduled but not played.

Records

World records

Partnership Runs PlayersTeamOpposition Venue Season
1580 (2nd wicket) Rafatullah Mohmand & Aamer Sajjad Water and Power Development Authority Sui Northern Gas Pipelines National Stadium, Karachi 2009–10
Source: Cricinfo.com . Last updated: 7 December 2009.

New structure for 2019-20

On 31 August 2019, the PCB introduced a new structure of the tournament, in which six newly formed regional teams will play a total of thirty-one matches, each team playing ten matches. The teams competing are Balochistan, Central Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Northern, Sindh and Southern Punjab. On 3 September 2019, the PCB confirmed all of the squads for the tournament. [2] [3]

Central Punjab cricket team Pakistani first-class cricket team

Central Punjab cricket team is a first-class cricket team in Pakistan.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa cricket team is a Pakistani first-class cricket team which represents Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in domestic cricket.

Northern cricket team Pakistani first-class cricket team

Northern cricket team is a Pakistani first-class cricket team which represents Gilgit Baltistan of Pakistan in domestic cricket.

The PCB also updated the playing conditions for the tournament, including removing the mandatory coin toss and the possibilty of extending the final by an extra day, if needed. The visiting team's captain will have the choice to bowl first if they wish. If not, then the coin toss will take place as before. This practice has been used in England since the 2016 County Championship season. If the final ends in a draw, the winner will be declared on the basis of a first innings lead. However, if the first innings for both teams have not been completed, an extra day will be used. In the event that both teams do not complete their first innings, they will both be declared the winners of the tournament. [4]

Points system

Points are awarded at the conclusion of each match during the season.

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References

  1. "Quaid-e-Azam Trophy, the jewel in Pakistan domestic cricket's crown". Pakistan Cricket Board. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  2. "Quaid-e-Azam trophy 2019/20". Pakistan Cricket Board. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  3. "PCB announces detailed domestic schedule". The News International. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  4. "PCB announces playing conditions for 2019-20 season". The News International. Retrieved 7 September 2019.

Other sources