Quainton

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Quainton
Quainton UK 2.gif
Quainton church and 17th-century Winwood Almshouses
Buckinghamshire UK location map.svg
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Quainton
Location within Buckinghamshire
Population1,292 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference SP745201
  London 42.6 miles (68.6 km) SE
Civil parish
  • Quainton
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town AYLESBURY
Postcode district HP22
Dialling code 01296
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire
51°52′26″N0°54′58″W / 51.874°N 0.916°W / 51.874; -0.916 Coordinates: 51°52′26″N0°54′58″W / 51.874°N 0.916°W / 51.874; -0.916

Quainton (formerly Quainton Malet) [2] is a village and civil parish in Buckinghamshire, England, 7 miles (11 km) north-west of Aylesbury. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 Census was 1,295. The village has two churches (Anglican and Baptist), a school and one public house. The location means that while many commute to London, others are employed in neighbouring towns and villages.

Contents

The remains of the preaching cross on the Village Green. Quainton UK 4.gif
The remains of the preaching cross on the Village Green.

Its name is Old English and means Queen's Estate (cwen tun). It is not known to which queen this refers, but possibly the Queen was Edith, the wife of Edward the Confessor. Known as "Fair Edith" she held manors in this part of Buckinghamshire, including a hunting lodge at Mentmore. Edward the Confessor had a palace at nearby Brill.

The former suffix Malet refers to the Malet family who were lords of the manor from 1066 until about 1348. At least one member went on the crusades, and had associations with the Hospitallers, the organization credited with rebuilding Quainton church circa 1340. The Hospitallers erected the cross on the village green, the base and shaft of which still remain.

Quainton Village Green with Quainton Windmill in the distance, one of the most visible buildings in the village. Quainton UK 1.gif
Quainton Village Green with Quainton Windmill in the distance, one of the most visible buildings in the village.

The village green in the centre of the village has grouped around it some of the half-timbered thatched cottages for which the village is known.

The parish church is dedicated to St Mary and the Holy Cross. It is a 14th-century building of the style of gothic architecture known as Decorated. The west tower was built later in the 15th century. The church contains many memorial brasses and sculpture, including the 1689 tomb of Sir Richard Winwood carved by Thomas Stayner. The stone effigies depict the deceased lying in full armour, while his widow, Ann, who paid for the tomb, rests beside him, half sitting regarding her husband. In the chancel are a reredos and sedilia by William White who was responsible for the heavy Victorian restoration and rebuilding of the chancel in 1877. The church also contains Victorian stained glass windows. Richard Brett, a former rector of Quainton and one of the translators of the King James Version of the Bible, is buried in the chancel. [3]

Close by the church is the former rectory, a large house described by Pevsner as of vitreous red brick. The principal facade has a three–bayed centre and two canted bays. The house contains 16th-century linenfold panelling.

The plaque on the porch of the Almshouses reads: :Anno Domini 1687 --- These Alms houses were - then erected endowed - by Richard Winwood Esq. - son, heir of the Rt. Honourable - Sir Ralph Winwood Knight - Principal Secretary of State - to King James I Quainton UK 5.gif
The plaque on the porch of the Almshouses reads: :Anno Domini 1687 —- These Alms houses were - then erected endowed - by Richard Winwood Esq. - son, heir of the Rt. Honourable - Sir Ralph Winwood Knight - Principal Secretary of State - to King James I

The Winwood Almshouses, still inhabited, were built to house the poor, their gothic style of architecture belying the construction date of 1687. They are a terrace of eight small cottages, one storey high with a row of dormers in the attics. These attic windows have alternating small and large gables. The terrace is decorated by two porches, with a plaque above. The almshouses are further adorned by diagonally placed chimney stacks.

One of the most visible buildings is the 70 ft high Quainton Windmill, built in 1830–32. Derelict for the greater part of the 20th century it was restored in 1997 and can grind wheat into flour. Further restoration continues.

The local headquarters for the RSPCA are in the parish, outside the village.

Quainton has a mix of old and new dwellings.

Located just out from Quainton beyond the church is what was, at one point, one of the largest beef cattle farms in Buckinghamshire, Denham Farm. This ceased being a going farm towards the end of 1990's.

Education

Quainton Church of England Combined School is a mixed Church of England primary school. It is a voluntary controlled school, which takes children from 4 to 11. The school currently has around 185 pupils.

Transport

Rail

Quainton's nearest National Rail station is Aylesbury Vale Parkway, about 5 miles away. Quainton was once linked to London by train from Quainton Road station to Marylebone and Baker Street; in the opposite direction travel was available to Rugby, Verney Junction and elsewhere. Passenger services ceased in 1963, but trains from Aylesbury run to connect with events at the Buckinghamshire Railway Centre at Quainton Road station on some Bank Holidays. The station was also once a junction for the light railway (closed in 1936), sometimes known as the Brill Tramway, connecting Quainton with Brill.

Buses

Quainton is served by Arriva's 16 service between Aylesbury and Steeple Claydon via Aylesbury Vale Parkway station. There are nine buses daily in each direction on Mondays to Fridays and a reduced service on Saturdays.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

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The Brill Tramway, also known as the Quainton Tramway, Wotton Tramway, Oxford & Aylesbury Tramroad and Metropolitan Railway Brill Branch, was a six-mile (10 km) rail line in the Aylesbury Vale, Buckinghamshire, England. It was privately built in 1871 by the 3rd Duke of Buckingham as a horse tram line to transport goods between his lands around Wotton House and the national railway network. Lobbying from residents of the nearby town of Brill led to the line's extension to Brill and conversion to passenger use in early 1872. Two locomotives were bought for the line, but as it had been designed and built with horses in mind, services were very slow; trains travelled at an average speed of only 4 miles per hour (6.4 km/h).

References

  1. Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census, Accessed 3 February 2013
  2. Plea rolls of the Court of Common Pleas; National Archives; CP 40/647; "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) 7th entry, with "North" in the margin; the defendant, Richard Longe is of Quenton Malet
  3. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography . Oxford University Press. 2004.{{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)