Quarteira

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Quarteira
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Quarteira
Location in Portugal
Coordinates: 37°04′08″N8°06′11″W / 37.069°N 8.103°W / 37.069; -8.103 Coordinates: 37°04′08″N8°06′11″W / 37.069°N 8.103°W / 37.069; -8.103
CountryFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Region Algarve
Intermunic. comm. Algarve
District Faro
Municipality Loulé
Area
  Total38.16 km2 (14.73 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
  Total21,798
  Density570/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zone WET/WEST (UTC+0/+1)
Postal code
8125
Area code289
Website http://www.jf-quarteira.pt/

Quarteira (Portuguese pronunciation:  [kwɐɾˈtɐjɾɐ] or [kwɐɾˈtejɾɐ] ) is a Portuguese civil parish, in the municipality ( concelho ) of Loulé in the Algarve. [1] The population in 2011 was 21,798, [2] in an area of 38.16 km². [3]

Concelho, is the Portuguese-language term for municipality, referring to the territorial division. In comparison, the word município refers to the organs of State. This differentiation is still in use in Portugal and some of its former overseas provinces, but is no longer in use in Brazil following the abolition of these organs, in favour of the French prefecture system.

Loulé Municipality in Algarve, Portugal

Loulé is a municipality in the Portuguese Algarve, district of Faro. In 2011, the population had 70,622 inhabitants, in an area of approximately 763.67 square kilometres (294.85 sq mi). The municipality have two principal cities: Loulé and Quarteira.

Algarve Region in Portugal

The Algarve is the southernmost region of continental Portugal. It has an area of 4,997 km2 (1,929 sq mi) with 451,006 permanent inhabitants, and incorporates 16 municipalities. The region has its administrative centre in the city of Faro, where both the region's international airport and public university, the University of Algarve, are located. Tourism and related activities are extensive and make up the bulk of the Algarve's summer economy. Production of food, which includes fish and other seafood, different types of fruit such as oranges, figs, plums, carob beans, and almonds, are also economically important in the region. Although Lisbon surpasses the Algarve in terms of tourism revenue, the Algarve is still, overall, considered to be the biggest and most important Portuguese tourist region, having received an estimated total of 7.1 million tourists in 2017. Its population triples in the peak holiday season due to seasonal residents. The Algarve is also increasingly sought after, mostly by central and northern Europeans, as a permanent place to settle. A 2016 American-based study concluded that the Algarve was the world's best place to retire.

Contents

History

The Roman ruins of Cerro da Vila located in the area of Vilamoura Cerro da Vila Roman Ruins Saturday 20 November 2010.JPG
The Roman ruins of Cerro da Vila located in the area of Vilamoura

The settlement of the region dates back to, at least, the Roman occupation of the Iberian Peninsula (at one time confused with the village of Carteia). [4] There are still other authors who suggest that settlement of the region may have remoted to the period of Phoenician or Carthaginian traders. [4]

For several centuries, Quarteira was a modest fishing village, situated on the edge of a 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) beach, encircled by pines. [4] King Denis authorized a foral (charter) for the settlement on 15 November 1297. [4]

Denis of Portugal King of Portugal

Denis, called the Farmer King and the Poet King, was King of Portugal. The eldest son of Afonso III of Portugal by his second wife, Beatrice of Castile, and grandson of king Alfonso X of Castile, Denis succeeded his father in 1279. His marriage to Elizabeth of Aragon, who was later canonised as a saint of the Roman Catholic Church, was arranged in 1281 when she was 10 years old.

Foral charter in which grants privileges to the town or village

The word foral is a noun derived from the Portuguese word foro, ultimately from Latin forum, equivalent to Spanish fuero, Galician foro, Catalan fur and Basque foru.

In the 15th century, King John I of Portugal ordered the first cultivation of sugar cane in continental Portugal. [4]

John I of Portugal King of Portugal, the first of the House of Aviz

John I, also called John of Aviz, was King of Portugal from 1385 until his death in 1433. He is recognized chiefly for his role in Portugal's victory in a succession war with Castile, preserving his country's independence and establishing the Aviz dynasty on the Portuguese throne. His long reign of 48 years, the most extensive of all Portuguese monarchs, saw the beginning of Portugal's overseas expansion. John's well-remembered reign in his country earned him the epithet of Fond Memory ; he was also referred to as "the Good", sometimes "the Great", and more rarely, especially in Spain, as "the Bastard" (Bastardo).

Created in 1916, the civil parish quickly became known for its beaches, fishing and its forests of pine. [4]

Quarteira was elevated to the status of cidade (city) on 13 May 1999. [4]

Geography

Quarteira is a coastal civil parish, located along the southern extent of the Algarve fronting Albufeira Municipality to the west (in the parish of Olhos de Água). In addition, the local area authority is bordered in the east by Almancil, northeast by São Clemente, north by São Sebastião and Boliqueime.

From the Atlantic coast, the frontier with its neighbours extends northwest along the Ribeira de Algibre, before following the M526 municipal roadway to the Estrada Nacional EN125 in Maritenda. From here, the border travels southeast along the EN125 until just after the N396 motorway, where it then divides along a ravine southwest towards the Atlantic Ocean, alongside the Royal Golf Course. The coast includes 5.5 kilometres (3.4 mi) of normally-classified Blue Flag beach.

Economy

Promenade and hotels in Quarteira Quarteira. Yellow Brick Road. (8469172596).jpg
Promenade and hotels in Quarteira
The Vilamoura-Marinotel Vilamoura-Marinotel.jpg
The Vilamoura-Marinotel

Golf, continues to represent for this parish, municipality and region, with five separate golf courses contributing to the economy, especially during the low season. [4]

Related to this sport, the parish is the home of the largest private tourist facility in Europe: Vilamoura. [4] In addition, the region accommodates various tourists with two hundred hotels and residences, including casinos, bars and discos. [4]

Architecture

The modernesque lighthouse of Vilamoura Farol Vilamoura-637.jpg
The modernesque lighthouse of Vilamoura

Archaeological

Civic

Military

Religious

Culture

Among other festivities attracting tourism to the region is the Marchas Populares in June. [4]

Town Twinning

Twin towns — Sister cities

The following place is Sister City to Quarteira :

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References

  1. Detail Regional Map, Algarve-Southern Portugal, ISBN   3-8297-6235-6
  2. Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  3. Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 "Caracterização da Freguesia" (in Portuguese). Quarteira (Loulé), Portugal: Junta Freguesia de Quarteira. 2011. Archived from the original on 13 June 2012. Retrieved 20 May 2012.