Quebec Major Junior Hockey League

Last updated
Quebec Major Junior Hockey League
Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec
Current season, competition or edition:
Hockey current event.svg 2019–20 QMJHL season
Quebec Major Junior Hockey League.svg
Sport Ice hockey
Founded1969
Founder Robert Lebel
President Gilles Courteau
No. of teams 18
CountryCanada
Most recent
champion(s)
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies (2)
Most titles Gatineau Olympiques (7)
TV partner(s) Sportsnet
Sportsnet One
EastLink TV
TVA Sports
Official website theqmjhl.ca

The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (French: Ligue de hockey junior majeur du Québec, abbreviated QMJHL in English, LHJMQ in French) is one of the three major junior ice hockey leagues that constitute the Canadian Hockey League. The league includes teams in the provinces of Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. The current president of the QMJHL is Gilles Courteau.

Contents

The President's Cup is the championship trophy of the league. The QMJHL champion then goes on to compete in the Memorial Cup against the OHL and WHL champions, and the CHL host team. The QMJHL had traditionally adopted a rapid and offensive style of hockey. Former QMJHL players hold many of the Canadian Hockey League's career and single season offensive records.

Hockey Hall of Fame alumni of the QMJHL include Mario Lemieux, Guy Lafleur, Ray Bourque, Pat LaFontaine, Mike Bossy, Denis Savard, Michel Goulet, Luc Robitaille, and goaltender Patrick Roy.

Member teams

DivisionTeamCityHead coachArenaCapacity
West Blainville-Boisbriand Armada Boisbriand, Quebec Bruce Richardson Centre d'Excellence Sports Rousseau 3,269
Drummondville Voltigeurs Drummondville, QuebecSteve Hartley Centre Marcel Dionne 2,889
Gatineau Olympiques Gatineau, Quebec Éric Landry Centre Robert Guertin 3,196
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec Mario Pouliot Aréna Iamgold 3,600
Sherbrooke Phoenix Sherbrooke, Quebec Stéphane Julien Palais des Sports 3,718
Val-d'Or Foreurs Val-d'Or, Quebec Pascal Rhéaume Centre Air Creebec 2,398
East Baie-Comeau Drakkar Baie-Comeau, QuebecJon Goyens Centre Henry-Leonard 2,779
Chicoutimi Saguenéens Saguenay, Quebec Yanick Jean Centre Georges-Vézina 3,759
Quebec Remparts Quebec City, Quebec Patrick Roy Centre Vidéotron 18,259
Rimouski Océanic Rimouski, QuebecSerge Beausoleil Colisée de Rimouski 4,415
Shawinigan Cataractes Shawinigan, QuebecDaniel Renaud Centre Gervais Auto 4,350
Victoriaville Tigres Victoriaville, Quebec Louis Robitaille Colisée Desjardins 2,753
Maritimes Acadie–Bathurst Titan Bathurst, New Brunswick Mario Durocher K.C. Irving Regional Centre 3,524
Cape Breton Eagles Sydney, Nova Scotia Jake Grimes Centre 200 5,010
Charlottetown Islanders Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island Jim Hulton Eastlink Centre 3,718
Halifax Mooseheads Halifax, Nova Scotia J. J. Daigneault Scotiabank Centre 10,595
Moncton Wildcats Moncton, New Brunswick Daniel Lacroix Avenir Centre 8,800
Saint John Sea Dogs Saint John, New Brunswick Jeff Cowan TD Station 6,308
2019–20 Quebec Major Junior Hockey League
Quebec Major Junior Hockey League
Location of teams for the 2017 QMJHL season.
Red pog.svg West Division Blue pog.svg East Division Green pog.svg Maritimes Division

History

The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League was founded in 1969, through the merger of best teams from the existing Quebec Junior Hockey League and the Metropolitan Montreal Junior Hockey League, declaring themselves a "major junior" league. Of the original eleven QMJHL teams, eight came from the QJHL, two from the MMJHL, and the Cornwall Royals, from Cornwall, Ontario, near the Quebec border, who transferred from the Central Junior A Hockey League. The Rosemont National and Laval Saints transferred from the MMJHL. The eight teams from the QJHL were the Drummondville Rangers, Quebec Remparts, Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Shawinigan Bruins, Sherbrooke Castors, Sorel Éperviers, Trois-Rivières Ducs and the Verdun Maple Leafs.

Most of the teams were within a few hours' drive of Montreal. From the first season in 1969–70, only Shawinigan remains in the same city with an uninterrupted history, although the team's name has changed to the Cataractes.

In 1972 the QMJHL had been in operation for three years, and wanted a team in the province's largest city. It threatened a lawsuit to force the Montreal Junior Canadiens of the Ontario Hockey Association into the Quebec-based league. Over the summer of 1972, the OHA granted the Junior Habs a "one-year suspension" of operations, while team ownership transferred the team and players into the QMJHL, renaming themselves the Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge in the process. The OHA then reactivated the suspended franchise for the 1973–74 season in Kingston, Ontario, under new ownership and with new players, calling the team the Kingston Canadians.

QMJHL teams have won the Memorial Cup twelve times since 1969, with the Shawinigan Cataractes, Saint John Sea Dogs, the Granby Prédateurs, the Hull Olympiques, Halifax Mooseheads, Rouyn-Noranda Huskies, Rimouski Océanic, and the Acadie-Bathurst Titan each winning once, the Quebec Remparts winning twice (once in their first edition 1969–1985, and once in their second edition 1997–present) and the Cornwall Royals winning three times.

Starting in 1994, the QMJHL began to expand further east, outside of Quebec. The "Q" filled the void in Atlantic Canada after the exodus of American Hockey League franchises, when the AHL had a strong presence in the 1980s and 1990s; all of the Maritime Division cities save for Bathurst, New Brunswick are former homes of AHL franchises.

In recent seasons, the QMJHL has been scouting players from the Atlantic Canada region along with a surge in players coming out of the New England area: the QMJHL has territorial rights to draft and recruit players from New England as part of an agreement where players from the United States can be drafted by the CHL league that is in a similar geographic area.

Retired numbers

Sidney Crosby's # 87 was retired by the Océanic on 27 September 2019, and retired for all teams in the QMJHL at the same time. [1]

League presidents

Canadian Hockey League records

This is a list of Canadian Hockey League career and single season records accomplished by QMJHL players. [2]

Most goals, career
1st – 309 – Mike Bossy, Laval National (1972–77)
2nd – 281 – Stephane Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd – 278 – Normand Dupont, Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge, Montreal Juniors (1973–77)
Most assists, career
1st – 408 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd – 346 – Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)
7th – 315 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins (1981–84)
Most points, career
1st – 595 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
3rd – 580 – Stephane Lebeau, Shawinigan Cataractes (1984–88)
4th – 575 – Patrick Emond, Trois-Rivières Draveurs, Hull Olympiques, Chicoutimi Saguenéens (1981–86)
Most goals, one season
1st – 133 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd – 130 – Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
4th – 104 – Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
5th – 103 – Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1969–70 (56 games)
6th – 100 – Gary MacGregor, Cornwall Royals, 1973–74 (66 games)
Most assists, one season
1st – 157 – Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (70 games)
2nd – 149 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
3rd – 136 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)
5th – 135 – Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th – 135 – Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)
Most points, one season
1st – 282 – Mario Lemieux, Laval Voisins, 1983–84 (70 games)
2nd – 251 – Pierre Larouche, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (67 games)
3rd – 234 – Pat LaFontaine, Verdun Juniors, 1982–83 (70 games)
4th – 227 – Michel Deziel, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (69 games)
5th – 216 – Real Cloutier, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (69 games)
6th – 214 – Jacques Cossette, Sorel Éperviers, 1973–74 (68 games)
8th – 209 – Guy Lafleur, Quebec Remparts, 1970–71 (62 games)
9th – 206 – Jacques Locas, Quebec Remparts, 1973–74 (63 games)
10th – 201 – Marc Fortier, Chicoutimi Saguenéens, 1986–87 (65 games)
11th – 200 – Patrice Lefebvre, Shawinigan Cataractes, 1987–88 (70 games)

Timeline of teams

Quebec Major Junior Hockey League

Former memberCurrent member

This is a complete list of team histories since 1969. [3]

Cities represented

TeamHometownProvince/StateYears Active
Cornwall Royals CornwallOntario1969–1981
Plattsburgh Pioneers PlattsburghNew York1984–1985
Laval Titan LavalQuebec1969–1970; 1971–1998
Quebec Remparts Quebec CityQuebec1969–1985; 1997–present
Drummondville Voltigeurs DrummondvilleQuebec1969–1974; 1982–present
Saint-Jerome Alouettes Saint-JeromeQuebec1969–1971
Trois-Rivieres Draveurs Trois-RivieresQuebec1969–1992
Sorel Eperviers SorelQuebec1969–1977; 1980–1981
Verdun Juniors VerdunQuebec1969–1971; 1977–1980; 1982–1989;

1991–1994; 2008–2011

Montreal Bleu Blanc Rouge
Montreal Juniors
Montreal Rocket
Montreal Junior Hockey Club
MontrealQuebec1969–1971
1972–1982
1999–2003
2008–2011
Shawinigan Cataractes ShawiniganQuebec1969–present
Sherbrooke Phoenix SherbrookeQuebec1969–1982; 1999–2003; 2012–present
Chicoutimi Saguenéens ChicoutimiQuebec1973–present
Gatineau Olympiques Hull/GatineauQuebec1973–present
Granby Prédateurs GranbyQuebec1981–1997
Saint-Jean Lynx Saint-Jean-sur-RichelieuQuebec1982–1995
Longueuil Chevaliers LongueuilQuebec1982–1991
Victoriaville Tigres VictoriavilleQuebec1987–present
Saint-Hyacinthe Laser Saint-HyacintheQuebec1989–1996
Beauport Harfangs BeauportQuebec1990–1997
Val-d'Or Foreurs Val-d'OrQuebec1993–present
Rimouski Océanic RimouskiQuebec1995–present
Rouyn-Noranda Huskies Rouyn-NorandaQuebec1996–present
Baie-Comeau Drakkar Baie-ComeauQuebec1997–present
Blainville-Boisbriand Armada BoisbriandQuebec2011–present
Moncton Wildcats MonctonNew Brunswick1995–present
Acadie-Bathurst Titan BathurstNew Brunswick1998–present
Saint John Sea Dogs Saint JohnNew Brunswick2005–present
Lewiston Maineiacs LewistonMaine2003–2011
Charlottetown Islanders CharlottetownPrince Edward Island2003–present
Halifax Mooseheads HalifaxNova Scotia1994–present
Cape Breton Eagles SydneyNova Scotia1997–present
St. John's Fog Devils St. John'sNewfoundland and Labrador2005–2008

Memorial Cup champions

The Memorial Cup has been captured thirteen times by QMJHL teams since the league's founding in 1969:

Trophies and awards

This is a list of QMJHL trophies. [4] The trophy's first season being awarded is shown in brackets.

Team

Player

Executive

Defunct trophies

See also

Related Research Articles

1969–70 QMJHL season

The 1969–70 QMJHL season was the first season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. Eleven teams formed the new league, ten from Quebec and one from Ontario. Eight teams came from the Quebec Junior Hockey League, the Drummondville Rangers, Quebec Remparts, Saint-Jérôme Alouettes, Shawinigan Bruins, Sherbrooke Castors, Sorel Éperviers, Trois-Rivières Ducs and Verdun Maple Leafs; two from the Metropolitan Montreal Junior Hockey League, the Rosemont National and Laval Saints; and the Cornwall Royals from the Central Junior A Hockey League. The teams played 56 games each in the schedule.

The 1970–71 QMJHL season was the second season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. Ten teams played 62 games each in the schedule. The league dissolves East and West Divisions. The Frank J. Selke Memorial Trophy is first awarded to the most sportsmanlike player, after being the trophy for the West Division champions for the previous season.

The 1971–72 QMJHL season was the third season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. Ten teams played 62 games each in the schedule. The Cornwall Royals finished first place in the regular season, and won the President's Cup, defeating the Quebec Remparts in the finals. The Royals won the 1972 Memorial Cup, representing the QMJHL at the first Memorial Cup round-robin tournament.

The 1995–96 QMJHL season was the 27th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league continued to expand eastward, adding an expansion team in Moncton, New Brunswick, and the Saint-Jean Lynx relocated to the eastern Quebec city of Rimouski in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region. Fourteen teams played 70 games each in the schedule.

The 1972–73 QMJHL season was the fourth season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The summer of 1972 saw the departure of the Saint-Jérôme Alouettes and the Verdun Maple Leafs from the league, reducing the circuit to eight teams. In an off-season lawsuit between the QMJHL and the OHA, the QMJHL gained a team, when the Montreal Junior Canadiens transferred leagues.

The 1973–74 QMJHL season was the fifth season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. East and west divisions resumed with the addition of two new teams, the Hull Festivals and Chicoutimi Saguenéens. Eleven teams played 70 games each in the schedule, up from the 64 games the previous season.

The 1975–76 QMJHL season was the seventh season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league inaugurates the Emile Bouchard Trophy to be awarded to the "Defenceman of the Year." Ten teams played 72 games each in the schedule.

The 1976–77 QMJHL season was the eighth season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The leagues renames its division in honour of Robert Lebel and Frank Dilio, two lifetime contributors to ice hockey in Quebec. The East Division becomes the "Dilio Division" and the West Division becomes the "Lebel Division." Ten teams played 72 games each in the schedule. The Quebec Remparts finished first overall in the regular season to capture the Jean Rougeau Trophy. The Sherbrooke Castors won the President's Cup defeating the Quebec Remparts in the finals.

The 1977–78 QMJHL season was the ninth season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league inaugurates two awards, the Robert Lebel Trophy for the team with best goals against average, and the Guy Lafleur Trophy for the Most Valuable Player of the playoffs. Ten teams played 72 games each in the schedule. The Trois-Rivières Draveurs finished first overall in the regular season winning the Jean Rougeau Trophy, and won the President's Cup defeating the Montreal Juniors in the finals.

1978–79 QMJHL season sports season

The 1978–79 QMJHL season was the tenth season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The QMJHL unveils a new logo for its tenth anniversary, using the letters of league's French acronym shaped as an ice skate. Ten teams played 72 games each in the schedule. The Trois-Rivières Draveurs finished first overall in the regular season winning their second consecutive Jean Rougeau Trophy, and defended their President's Cup title defeating the Sherbrooke Castors in the finals.

The 1979–80 QMJHL season was the 11th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. Ten teams played 72 games each in the schedule. The Sherbrooke Castors finished first overall in the regular season, winning the Jean Rougeau Trophy. The Cornwall Royals, led by rookie Dale Hawerchuk won the President's Cup, defeating the Sherbrooke Castors in the finals. Cornwall went on to win the 1980 Memorial Cup, winning their second Memorial Cup championship.

The 1980–81 QMJHL season was the 12th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league inaugurated three new trophies for players. The Marcel Robert Trophy is first awarded to the "Best Scholastic Player" and the Mike Bossy Trophy is first awarded to the "Best Professional Prospect" for the upcoming NHL Entry Draft. The league created a second Rookie of the Year award. The existing Michel Bergeron Trophy becomes the "Offensive" Rookie of the Year award, and the Raymond Lagacé Trophy is first awarded to the "Defensive" Rookie of the Year.

The 1981–82 QMJHL season was the 13th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The defending Memorial Cup and league champions, the Cornwall Royals leave the QMJHL in the offseason, transferring to the Ontario Hockey League.

The 1982–83 QMJHL season was the 14th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league undergoes its first expansion since the 1973–74 QMJHL season by adding two new teams in Drummondville and Longueuil. Divisions are restored, and eleven teams played 70 games each in the regular season.

The 1983–84 QMJHL season was the 15th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. Eleven teams played 70 games each in the regular season.

The 1984–85 QMJHL season was the 16th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league experimented for season, awarding one point for an overtime loss. Points for an overtime loss would not be awarded again until the 1999–2000 QMJHL season.

The 1985–86 QMJHL season was the 17th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The league loses one of its charter members in the offseason, when the Quebec Remparts suspend operations. The remaining ten teams played 72 games each in the schedule. Gilles Courteau became president of the QMJHL on February 13, 1986.

The 1987–88 QMJHL season was the 19th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. Ten teams played 70 games each in the schedule. Patrice Lefebvre of the Shawinigan Cataractes becomes the last player in Canadian Hockey League history to record a 200-point season. The Hull Olympiques finished first overall in the regular season, winning their second Jean Rougeau Trophy, and won their second President's Cup, defeating the Drummondville Voltigeurs in the finals.

The 1988–89 QMJHL season was the 20th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The QMJHL first awards the end-of-season honours of the "Rookie All-star team" to first year players.

1993–94 QMJHL season

The 1993–94 QMJHL season was the 25th season in the history of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The QMJHL unveils a special logo/patch for its 25th anniversary. The league expands northward, granting an expansion franchise in Val-d'Or, Quebec. Thirteen teams played 72 games each in the schedule. The Laval Titan finished first overall in the regular season winning the Jean Rougeau Trophy. The Chicoutimi Saguenéens won their second President's Cup, defeating Laval in the finals.

References

  1. The Canadian Press (28 September 2019). "Emotional Sidney Crosby honoured during jersey retirement ceremony in Rimouski". CBC News . Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  2. "CHL Record Book". Archived from the original on September 1, 2006. Retrieved September 1, 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. "QMJHL team histories". Archived from the original on December 20, 2005. Retrieved December 20, 2005.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. "QMJHL Trophies". Archived from the original on September 27, 2006. Retrieved September 27, 2006.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)