Quebec general election, 1875

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Map of the results by riding. Quebec election 1875.svg
Map of the results by riding.

The Quebec general election of 1875 was held on July 7, 1875 to elect members of the 3rd Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

The Conservative Party of Quebec was a political party in Quebec, Canada, from 1867 until 1936, when it merged with members of the Action libérale nationale to form the Union Nationale.

Quebec Liberal Party provincial political party in Quebec, Canada

The Quebec Liberal Party is a federalist provincial political party in Quebec, Canada. It has been independent of the federal Liberal Party of Canada since 1955.

However, Boucher de Boucherville was deposed in 1878 by Lieutenant Governor Luc Letellier de Saint-Just over a conflict about railway legislation that the Lieutenant Governor refused to approve. Letellier then called on leader of the Opposition Joly de Lotbinière to form a government.

The Lieutenant Governor of Quebec is the viceregal representative in Quebec of the Canadian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in her oldest realm, the United Kingdom. The Lieutenant Governor of Quebec is appointed in the same manner as the other provincial viceroys in Canada and is similarly tasked with carrying out most of the monarch's constitutional and ceremonial duties. The present and 29th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec is J. Michel Doyon, who has served in the role since 24 September 2015.

Results

PartyParty Leader# of
candidates
SeatsPopular Vote
1871 Elected% Change#%% Change
     Conservative Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville  46 43 -6.5% 44,328 50.67% -1.1%
Liberal Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière  19 19 - 33,763 38.59% -0.8%
    Independent Conservative  3  8,850 10.74% +1.9%
    Other - - -
Total 65 65 -  100%  

See also

The politics of Quebec are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces, namely a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The capital of Quebec is Quebec City, where the Lieutenant Governor, Premier, the legislature, and cabinet reside.

Timeline of Quebec history

This article presents a detailed timeline of Quebec history. Events taking place outside Quebec, for example in English Canada, the United States, Britain or France, may be included when they are considered to have had a significant impact on Quebec's history.


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In the Quebec general election of 1892 on March 8, 1892 to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Quebec, Canada. The incumbent Quebec Conservative Party, led by Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Honoré Mercier.

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The Quebec general election of 1878 was held on May 1, 1878 to elect members of the 4th Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, narrowly won the election, winning one seat more than the Quebec Liberal Party; however, in the immediate aftermath of the vote, Liberal leader Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, who was already sitting as premier, secured parliamentary backing to remain in office.

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1867 Quebec general election

The Quebec general election of 1867 was held in August and September 1867 to elect members of the 1st Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière.

Louis-Olivier Taillon Canadian politician

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Charles Boucher de Boucherville Canadian politician

Sir Charles-Eugène-Napoléon Boucher de Boucherville, was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He twice served as the third Premier of Quebec.

Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière Canadian politician

Sir Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, served as the fourth Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec, a federal Cabinet minister, and the seventh Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia.

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The Legislative Council of Quebec was the unelected upper house of the bicameral legislature in the Canadian province of Quebec from 1867 to 1968. The Legislative Assembly was the elected lower house.

Luc Letellier de St-Just Canadian politician

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Michel-Eustache-Gaspard-Alain Chartier de Lotbinière Canadian politician

Michel-Eustache-Gaspard-Alain Chartier de Lotbinière, 2nd Marquis de Lotbinière, though to keep political favour with the British he never used the title. He was seigneur of Vaudreuil, Lotbinière and Rigaud. He was the Speaker of the House of Commons in Lower Canada who saw to it that the French language was recognised as equal to English in the Quebec Parliament, where a painting of him giving the speech still hangs above the Speaker's chair.

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The 8th Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from March 8, 1892, to May 11, 1897. The Quebec Conservative Party was the governing party for the last time in Quebec. Charles Boucher de Boucherville was the Premier for much of 1892; Louis-Olivier Taillon ran the province for most of the mandate until he was replaced by Edmund James Flynn during the final year. The Conservatives would remain the opposition party until 1935, when they merged with the Union Nationale which won the elections held the following year.

The 7th Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature that existed in Quebec, Canada from June 17, 1890, to March 8, 1892. The Quebec Liberal Party led by Honoré Mercier was the governing party for most of the mandate. The party was also known as the Parti national which composed previously of Conservative dissents that formed a new party, the Parti National. However, Mercier was dismissed by the Lieutenant-Governor Auguste-Réal Angers due to a scandal and the final months of the Assembly was led by Charles Boucher de Boucherville of the Quebec Conservative Party. Due to the minority status of the government in the final months, an election was immediately called.

The 4th Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from May 1, 1878, to December 2, 1881. The Quebec Liberal Party led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière formed the minority government in the first year of the term but lost a confidence vote in 1879. The Quebec Conservative Party led by Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau then formed a minority government for the remainder of the mandate with the support of two Conservative Independent MLA's.

The 3rd Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from July 7, 1875, to May 1, 1878. The Quebec Conservative Party led by Charles Boucher de Boucherville formed a majority government in the 1875 elections. de Boucherville was removed from office in 1878 after a conflict with the Lieutenant Governor Luc Letellier de Saint-Just. The Quebec Liberal Party led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière formed a minority government and was the governing party for the first time since the creation of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec. Lotbinière immediately called an election due to the minority status of his government.

The 2nd Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from July 1871 to July 7, 1875. The Quebec Conservative Party led by Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Gédéon Ouimet and Charles Boucher de Boucherville was the governing party. Chauveau was replaced in 1873 by Ouimet, who in turn was replaced by de Boucherville in 1874.