Quebec general election, 1878

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Map of the results by riding. Quebec election 1878.svg
Map of the results by riding.

The Quebec general election of 1878 was held on May 1, 1878 to elect members of the 4th Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, narrowly won the election, winning one seat more than the Quebec Liberal Party; however, in the immediate aftermath of the vote, Liberal leader Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, who was already sitting as premier, secured parliamentary backing to remain in office.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

The Conservative Party of Quebec was a political party in Quebec, Canada, from 1867 until 1936, when it merged with members of the Action libérale nationale to form the Union Nationale.

Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau Canadian politician

Sir Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, born in Sainte-Thérèse, Quebec, was a French-Canadian lawyer and politician.

Joly de Lotbinière had become premier two months earlier when the previous Conservative premier Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville had resigned or was deposed by Lieutenant-Governor Luc Letellier de Saint-Just. He was therefore the incumbent. Boucher de Boucherville left the premier's office when the Lieutenant Governor refused to approve railway legislation that had been passed by the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council, i.e., by both houses of the Quebec legislature.

Legislative Council of Quebec unelected upper house of the bicameral legislature in the Canadian province of Quebec from 1867 to 1968

The Legislative Council of Quebec was the unelected upper house of the bicameral legislature in the Canadian province of Quebec from 1867 to 1968. The Legislative Assembly was the elected lower house.

Joly de Lotbinière did not quite win the election: the Conservatives won 32 seats to the Liberals' 31 (and there were two "Independent Conservatives"). Four Conservatives supported him, allowing him to form a minority government—Quebec's last until 2007.

The Legislative Council pushed Joly de Lotbinière to resign on October 31, 1879, and Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau then took office.

Results

PartyParty leader# of
candidates
SeatsPopular vote
1875 Elected% Change#%% Change
Liberal Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière  19 31 - 65,285 47.49% +8.9%
     Conservative Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau  43 32 -25.6% 68,035 49.49% -1.2%
    Independent Conservative 3 2 -33.3% 4 156 3.02% -7.7%
    Other - - -
Total 65 65 -  100%  

See also

The politics of Quebec are centred on a provincial government resembling that of the other Canadian provinces, namely a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy. The capital of Quebec is Quebec City, where the Lieutenant Governor, Premier, the legislature, and cabinet reside.

Timeline of Quebec history

This article presents a detailed timeline of Quebec history. Events taking place outside Quebec, for example in English Canada, the United States, Britain or France, may be included when they are considered to have had a significant impact on Quebec's history.

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Timeline of Quebec history (1867–99)

This section of the Timeline of Quebec history concerns the events relating to the province of Quebec, Canada between the enactment of the British North America Act and the end of the 19th century.

In the Quebec general election of 1892 on March 8, 1892 to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Quebec, Canada. The incumbent Quebec Conservative Party, led by Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Honoré Mercier.

The Quebec general election of 1881 was held on December 2, 1881 to elect members of the 5th Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière.

1875 Quebec general election

The Quebec general election of 1875 was held on July 7, 1875 to elect members of the 3rd Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Charles-Eugène Boucher de Boucherville, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière.

1871 Quebec general election

The Quebec general election of 1871 was held in June and July 1871 to elect members of the 2nd Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, was re-elected, defeating the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière.

1867 Quebec general election

The Quebec general election of 1867 was held in August and September 1867 to elect members of the 1st Legislative Assembly for the Province of Quebec, Canada. The Quebec Conservative Party, led by Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, defeated the Quebec Liberal Party led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière.

Louis-Olivier Taillon Canadian politician

Sir Louis-Olivier Taillon, was born in Terrebonne, Lower Canada. He twice served as the eighth Premier of Quebec.

Charles Boucher de Boucherville Canadian politician

Sir Charles-Eugène-Napoléon Boucher de Boucherville, was born in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. He twice served as the third Premier of Quebec.

Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière Canadian politician

Sir Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, served as the fourth Premier of the Canadian province of Quebec, a federal Cabinet minister, and the seventh Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia.

Luc Letellier de St-Just Canadian politician

Luc Letellier de Saint-Just, was a Canadian politician. He also served as the third Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (1876–1879).

The 7th Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature that existed in Quebec, Canada from June 17, 1890, to March 8, 1892. The Quebec Liberal Party led by Honoré Mercier was the governing party for most of the mandate. The party was also known as the Parti national which composed previously of Conservative dissents that formed a new party, the Parti National. However, Mercier was dismissed by the Lieutenant-Governor Auguste-Réal Angers due to a scandal and the final months of the Assembly was led by Charles Boucher de Boucherville of the Quebec Conservative Party. Due to the minority status of the government in the final months, an election was immediately called.

The 5th Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from December 2, 1881, to October 14, 1886. The Quebec Conservative Party led Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, Joseph-Alfred Mousseau and John Jones Ross was the governing party. Chapleau was succeeded by Mousseau in 1882 while Ross succeeded Mousseau in 1884. It was the Conservatives last majority government.

The 4th Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from May 1, 1878, to December 2, 1881. The Quebec Liberal Party led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière formed the minority government in the first year of the term but lost a confidence vote in 1879. The Quebec Conservative Party led by Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau then formed a minority government for the remainder of the mandate with the support of two Conservative Independent MLA's.

The 3rd Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from July 7, 1875, to May 1, 1878. The Quebec Conservative Party led by Charles Boucher de Boucherville formed a majority government in the 1875 elections. de Boucherville was removed from office in 1878 after a conflict with the Lieutenant Governor Luc Letellier de Saint-Just. The Quebec Liberal Party led by Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière formed a minority government and was the governing party for the first time since the creation of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec. Lotbinière immediately called an election due to the minority status of his government.

The 2nd Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the provincial legislature in Quebec, Canada that existed from July 1871 to July 7, 1875. The Quebec Conservative Party led by Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, Gédéon Ouimet and Charles Boucher de Boucherville was the governing party. Chauveau was replaced in 1873 by Ouimet, who in turn was replaced by de Boucherville in 1874.

The Provincial Secretary of Quebec was a senior position in the provincial cabinet of Quebec from before Canadian Confederation until the 1970.