Queen Alexandra Range

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Queen Alexandra Range
Ross Ice Shelf.jpg
The Queen Alexandra Range is at the top, at the upper base of the Ross Ice Shelf (NASA).
Highest point
Peak Mount Kirkpatrick
Elevation 4,528 m (14,856 ft)
Coordinates 84°00′S168°00′E / 84.000°S 168.000°E / -84.000; 168.000 Coordinates: 84°00′S168°00′E / 84.000°S 168.000°E / -84.000; 168.000
Dimensions
Length160 km (99 mi) [1]
Area74,641 km2 (28,819 sq mi)
Geography
Antarctica relief location map.jpg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Queen Alexandra Range
Location in Antarctica

The Queen Alexandra Range is a major mountain range of the Transantarctic Mountains System, located in the Ross Dependency region of Antarctica.

Contents

It is about 160 km (100 mi) long, bordering the entire western side of Beardmore Glacier from the Polar Plateau to the Ross Ice Shelf. Alternate names for this range include Alexandra Mountains, Alexandra Range and Königin Alexandra Gebirge. [2]

The highest peak of the range is Mount Kirkpatrick at 4,528 metres (14,856 ft). Other peaks in the range include Mount Dickerson (4,120 m).

Discovery

This mountain range was discovered on the journey toward the South Pole by the British Antarctic Expedition, and was named by Ernest Shackleton for Queen Alexandra of England. [2] Shackleton and his men, and a later expedition headed by Robert Falcon Scott, both collected rock samples from the range that contained fossils. The discovery that multicellular life forms had lived so close to the South Pole was an additional piece of evidence that accompanied the publication (in 1910 and independently in 1912) of the theory of continental drift.

Mountains and peaks

MountainMetresFeetCoordinates
Decennial Peak4,02013,189 84°22′S166°02′E / 84.367°S 166.033°E / -84.367; 166.033
Mount Stanley3,22010,564 84°09′S165°29′E / 84.150°S 165.483°E / -84.150; 165.483
Mount Bishop3,0209,908 83°43′S168°42′E / 83.717°S 168.700°E / -83.717; 168.700
Ahmadjian Peak2,9109,547 83°41′S168°42′E / 83.683°S 168.700°E / -83.683; 168.700
Mount Fox2,8209,252 83°38′S169°15′E / 83.633°S 169.250°E / -83.633; 169.250
Mount Ida1,5655,135 83°35′S170°29′E / 83.583°S 170.483°E / -83.583; 170.483
Mount Kurlak

Ahmadjian Peak

Ahmadjian Peak is a prominent ice-covered peak, standing 4.5 miles (7 km) southwest of Mount Fox. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Vernon Ahmadjian, United States Antarctic Research Program (USARP) biologist at McMurdo Station, 1963-64. [3]

Mount Bishop

Mount Bishop stands 3.2 km (2 mi) south of Ahmadjian Peak. Named by US-ACAN after Lieutenant Barry Chapman Bishop (1932–94), United States Air Force (USAF), an observer with the Argentine Antarctic Expedition (1956–57); member of the Staff of the U.S. Antarctica Projects Officer, 1958 and 1959; member of the American party which on May 22, 1962, succeeded in climbing Mount Everest. [4]

Decennial Peak

Decennial Peak is a peak situated 4.8 km (3 mi) southwest of Mount Kirkpatrick. Mapped by United States Geological Survey (USGS) from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1958-65. Named by US-ACAN in recognition of the Decennial of the Institute of Polar Studies, Ohio State University, in 1970, the same year the University celebrated its Centennial. The university and the Institute have been very active in Antarctic investigations since 1960. [5]

Mount Elizabeth

Mount Elizabeth is a large ice-free mountain 4,480 metres high situated 6 mi south of Mount Anne. Discovered by the British Antarctic Expedition and named for Elizabeth Dawson-Lambton, a supporter of the BAE.

Mount Fox

Mount Fox is a mountain standing 1 mi SW of Mount F. L. Smith. Discovered and named by the British Antarctic Expedition. [6]

Mount Ida

Mount Ida is a conspicuous bare rock mountain, standing 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Granite Pillars, just southeast of the head of King Glacier. Discovered by the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09), and named for Ida Jane Rule of Christchurch, New Zealand, who later married Edward Saunders, Secretary to Shackleton, who assisted in preparing the narrative of the expedition. [7]

Mount Stanley

Mount Stanley stands northeast of the head of Wyckoff Glacier near the western limits of Grindley Plateau. Named by the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09) for the eldest brother of Dr. E.S. Marshall, a member of the expedition. This identification is the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE) (1961–62) interpretation of the original positioning by the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09). [8]

Morris Heights

Morris Heights ( 83°28′S169°42′E / 83.467°S 169.700°E / -83.467; 169.700 ) is a relatively smooth ice-covered heights, forming a peninsula-like divide between Beaver and King Glaciers at the north end of Queen Alexandra Range. Named by Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names (US-ACAN) for Lieutenant Clarence T. Morris, U.S. Navy, aerology officer on the staff of the Commander, U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica, 1962 and 1963.

Related Research Articles

Beardmore Glacier glacier in Antarctica

The Beardmore Glacier in Antarctica is one of the largest valley glaciers in the world, being 200 km (125 mi) long and having a width of 40 km (25 mi). It descends about 2,200 m (7,200 ft) from the Antarctic Plateau to the Ross Ice Shelf and is bordered by the Commonwealth Range of the Queen Maud Mountains on the eastern side and the Queen Alexandra Range of the Central Transantarctic Mountains on the western.

Ellsworth Mountains highest mountain ranges in Antarctica

The Ellsworth Mountains are the highest mountain ranges in Antarctica, forming a 360 km (224 mi) long and 48 km (30 mi) wide chain of mountains in a north to south configuration on the western margin of the Ronne Ice Shelf in Marie Byrd Land. They are bisected by Minnesota Glacier to form the Sentinel Range to the north and the Heritage Range to the south. The former is by far the higher and more spectacular with Mount Vinson (4,892 m) constituting the highest point on the continent. Geologically, they are part of the Antarctandes which stretch from the Antarctic Peninsula to Cape Adare on the western shore of the Ross Sea. The Antarctandes form the southernmost arc of the Pacific 'Ring of Fire'. The mountains are located within the Chilean Antarctic territorial claim but outside of the Argentinian and British ones.

Transantarctic Mountains mountain range in Antarctica

The Transantarctic Mountains comprise a mountain range of uplifted rock in Antarctica which extend, with some interruptions, across the continent from Cape Adare in northern Victoria Land to Coats Land. These mountains divide East Antarctica and West Antarctica. They include a number of separately named mountain groups, which are often again subdivided into smaller ranges.

Admiralty Mountains Mountain range in Victoria Land, Antarctica

The Admiralty Mountains is a large group of high mountains and individually named ranges and ridges in northeastern Victoria Land, Antarctica. This mountain group is bounded by the Ross Sea, the Southern Ocean, and by the Dennistoun, Ebbe, and Tucker glaciers. The mountain range is situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.

Queen Elizabeth Range (Antarctica) mountain range in Antarctica

The Queen Elizabeth Range is a rugged mountain range of the Transantarctic Mountains System, located in the Ross Dependency region of Antarctica.

The Geologists Range is a mountain range about 55 km (34 mi) long, standing between the heads of Lucy and Nimrod Glaciers in Antarctica. Seen by the northern party of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE) (1961–62) and named to commemorate the work of geologists in Antarctic exploration.

Shackleton Range Mountain range in Antarctica

The Shackleton Range is a mountain range in Antarctica. Rising at Holmes Summit to 1,875 metres (6,152 ft), it extends in an east–west direction for about 160 kilometres (99 mi) between the Slessor and Recovery glaciers.

Alexandra Mountains mountain range in Antarctica

Alexandra Mountains is a group of low, separated mountains in the north portion of Edward VII Peninsula, just southwest of Sulzberger Bay in Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Discovered in January–February 1902 by the British National Antarctic Expedition during an exploratory cruise of the Discovery along the Ross Ice Shelf. Named for Alexandra, then Queen of the United Kingdom.

Axel Heiberg Glacier glacier in Antarctica

The Axel Heiberg Glacier in Antarctica is a valley glacier, 30 nmi (35 mi) long, descending from the high elevations of the Antarctic Plateau into the Ross Ice Shelf between the Herbert Range and Mount Don Pedro Christophersen in the Queen Maud Mountains.

Churchill Mountains mountain range in Antarctica

The Churchill Mountains are a mountain range group of the Transantarctic Mountains System, located in the Ross Dependency region of Antarctica. They border on the western side of the Ross Ice Shelf, between Byrd Glacier and Nimrod Glacier.

The Dominion Range is a broad mountain range, about 48 km (30 mi) long, forming a prominent salient at the juncture of the Beardmore and Mill glaciers in Antarctica. The range is part of the Queen Maud Mountains

The Prince Olav Mountains is a mountain range of the Queen Maud Mountains stretching from Shackleton Glacier to Liv Glacier at the head of the Ross Ice Shelf.

Deep Freeze Range mountain range in Antarctica

The Deep Freeze Range is a rugged mountain range, over 128 km (80 mi) long and about 16 km (10 mi) wide, rising between Priestley and Campbell glaciers in Victoria Land, Antarctica, and extending from the edge of the polar plateau to Terra Nova Bay. Peaks in the low and mid portions of the range were observed by early British expeditions to the Ross Sea.

Usarp Mountains mountain range in Antarctica

The Usarp Mountains is a major Antarctic mountain range, lying westward of the Rennick Glacier and trending N-S for about 190 kilometres (118 mi). The feature is bounded to the north by Pryor Glacier and the Wilson Hills. Its important constituent parts include Welcome Mountain, Mount Van der Hoeven, Mount Weihaupt, Mount Stuart, Mount Lorius, Smith Bench, Mount Roberts, Pomerantz Tableland, Daniels Range, Emlen Peaks, Helliwell Hills and Morozumi Range.

Explorers Range large mountain range in the Bowers Mountains of Victoria Land, Antarctica,

Explorers Range is a large mountain range in the Bowers Mountains of Victoria Land, Antarctica, extending from Mount Bruce in the north to Carryer Glacier and McLin Glacier in the south. Named by the New Zealand Antarctic Place-Names Committee (NZ-APC) for the northern party of New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1963–64, whose members carried out a topographical and geological survey of the area. The names of several party members are assigned to features in and about this range. All of the geographical features listed below lie situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.

Western Base party

The Western Base Party was a successful exploration party of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition. The eight-man Western Party was deposited by the SY Aurora on the Shackleton Ice Shelf at Queen Mary Land. The leader of the team was Frank Wild and the party included the geologist Charles Hoadley.

Alice Glacier glacier in Antarctica

Alice Glacier is a 13-nautical-mile (24 km) long tributary glacier in East Antarctica. It flows east from the Queen Alexandra Range to enter Beardmore Glacier at Sirohi Point. It was discovered by the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907–09, under Ernest Shackleton, and was named for the mother of Eric Marshall, a member of Shackleton's South Polar Party.

Bingley Glacier is a glacier 8 nautical miles (15 km) long in the Queen Alexandra Range, draining south from the slopes of Mount Kirkpatrick, Mount Dickerson and Barnes Peak and entering Beardmore Glacier just north of the Adams Mountains. It was named by Ernest Shackleton of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907–09, after Bingley, England, the ancestral home of the Shackleton family.

Freyberg Mountains

The Freyberg Mountains are a group of mountains in Victoria Land, Antarctica, bounded by Rennick Glacier, Bowers Mountains, Black Glacier, and Evans Neve. Named for New Zealand's most famous General, Lord Bernard Freyberg, by the Northern Party of New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1963-64. This mountain group includes the Alamein Range. These topographical features all lie situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.

Garrard Glacier is a glacier in the Queen Alexandra Range of Antarctica, draining eastward from the névé between Mount Lockwood and Mount Kirkpatrick and entering Beardmore Glacier south of Bell Bluff. It appears that the British Antarctic Expedition, 1910–13, applied the name "Garrard Glacier" to the feature which had been named Bingley Glacier by Ernest Shackleton in 1908. The area was surveyed by the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (1961–62), who retained Bingley Glacier on the basis of priority and reapplied the name Garrard Glacier to this previously unnamed feature. The name is for Apsley Cherry-Garrard, a zoologist with the British Antarctic Expedition.

References

  1. "Queen Alexandra Range". Peakbagger. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  2. 1 2 "Queen Alexandra Range". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2004-11-02.
  3. "Ahmadjian Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2008-03-23.
  4. "Mount Bishop". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2006-10-10.
  5. "Decennial Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2005-11-11.
  6. "Mount Fox". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2010-05-23.
  7. "Mount Ida". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2008-03-20.
  8. "Mount Stanley". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2005-11-29.