Queen Jeonghui

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Queen Jeonghui
정희왕후
Queen Regent of Joseon
Regency1468 – 1477
with Queen Insu
Monarch King Yejong of Joseon
King Seongjong of Joseon
Grand Queen Dowager of Joseon
Tenure1469 – 1483
PredecessorNone
Successor Queen Ansun
Queen Insu
Queen Dowager of Joseon
Tenure1468 – 1469
Predecessor Queen Jeongsun (Danjong)
Successor Queen Ansun
Queen Insu
Queen Consort of Joseon
Tenure1455 – 1468
Predecessor Queen Jeongsun (Danjong)
Successor Queen Ansun
Born8 December 1418
Hongcheon, Kingdom of Joseon
Died6 May 1483(1483-05-06) (aged 64)
Kingdom of Joseon
Burial
Spouse King Sejo of Joseon
Issue Yi Jang, Crown Prince Uigyeong
King Yejong of Joseon
Princess Uisuk
Yi Se-Hui
Posthumous name
자성흠인경덕선열명순원숙휘신혜의신헌정희왕후
House Papyeong Yun
FatherYun Beon
MotherLady Lee of the Incheon Lee clan

Queen Jeonghui or Queen Jung-Hee (Hangul:정희왕후, Hanja:貞熹王后) (8 December 1418 – 6 May 1483), also known as Queen Dowager Jaseong (자성왕대비), was Queen Consort to King Sejo of Joseon and the mother of Sejo's successor King Yejong of Joseon. Following her husband's death in 1468, she served as regent for her weak son from 1468 to 1469 and co-regent for her young grandson from 1469 to 1477, along with her daughter-in-law, Grand Queen Dowager Insu. She was from the Papyeong Yun clan.

Sejo of Joseon 7th King of Joseon Dynasty in Korean history

Sejo of Joseon was the seventh king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He was the son of King Sejong and brother of Munjong of Joseon and uncle of Danjong of Joseon, against whom he led a coup d'état to become king himself in 1455.

Yejong of Joseon was the 8th king of the Joseon Dynasty Korea. He succeeded his father, King Sejo in 1468 at 18 years of age, but was too physically ill to govern, and died a year later.

A regent is a person appointed to govern a state because the monarch is a minor, is absent or is incapacitated. The rule of a regent or regents is called a regency. A regent or regency council may be formed ad hoc or in accordance with a constitutional rule. Regent is sometimes a formal title. If the regent is holding his position due to his position in the line of succession, the compound term prince regent is often used; if the regent of a minor is his mother, she is often referred to as queen regent.

Contents

Biography

Early life

Queen Jeonghui was born on the eleventh day of the eleventh lunar month in the eighteenth year of King Taejong's reign. Her father Yun Beon (Hangul: 윤번, Hanja: 尹璠) (1384–1448) would later become Prime Minister. Her mother was Yun Beon's wife Lady Lee (Hangul: 이씨, Hanja: 李氏).

Taejong of Joseon 3rd King of Joseon Dynasty in Korea

Taejong of Joseon was the third king of the Joseon dynasty in Korea and the father of King Sejong the Great.

She married the then-Grand Prince Suyang in 1428, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth lunar month in the tenth year of King Sejong's reign.

Sejong the Great Fourth king of Joseon

Sejong the Great was the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty of Korea. He was the third son of King Taejong and Queen consort Min. He was designated as heir-apparent, Crown Prince, after his older brother Prince Yangnyeong was stripped of his title. He ascended to the throne in 1418. During the first four years of his reign, Taejong governed as regent, after which his father-in-law, Sim On, and his close associates were executed.

She became Queen consort upon her husband's accession to the throne in 1455.

Regency

Queen Jeonghui became regent when her son, Yejong of Joseon ascended to the throne in 1468, because he was physically ill. According to records of this era, political decisions were taken by the Queen and three subjects nominated by King Sejo.

In 1469, King Yejong died at the age of 20 and was succeeded by his nephew, Queen Jeonghui's grandson King Seongjong. As Seongjong was only 13 at the time of his accession, Queen Jeonghui ruled the nation in Seongjong's name along with her daughter-in-law, Seongjong's, Queen Insu (whose husband had never actually been king). During her regency, common farmers were granted the right to cultivate fields that had originally belonged to the military. In 1474, the code of law, first ordered by King Sejo, was completed and put into effect.

Seongjong of Joseon was the ninth king of the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. He succeeded King Yejong in 1469 and ruled until 1494.

Queen Insu Queen Regent of Joseon

Queen Insu was the only wife of Crown Prince Uigyeong of Joseon. She was given the title honorary Queen Insu when her son became king in 1469. 'Queen Sohye' is her posthumous name. She was co-regent of Korea during the minority of her sons alongside her mother-in-law Queen Jeonghui.

Later life

Queen Jeonghui's regency ended in 1477, when King Seongjong, now 20 years old, assumed the reins of government himself. She died in 1483, on the thirtieth day of the third month in the fourteenth year of King Seongjong's reign.

Family

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References

  1. From the unofficial history (야사 野史), accurately from the "Geumgye Pildam" (금계필담 錦溪筆談; by Seo Yoo-yeong (서유영) in 1873), but unable to confirm from the official Annals. But in 1446 (Sejong's 28th year), the Annals recorded Grand Prince Suyang (as he was still known that time) as having "1 son & 2 daughters", but there is no record or possibility of her having existed
  2. The name recorded down in said unofficial history
Preceded by
Queen Jeongsun
Queen consort of Joseon
1455–1468
Succeeded by
Queen Ansun