|Queen consort of Goryeo|
|Tenure||1351 – 1365|
|Successor||Royal Consort Sun-bi|
|Died||8 March 1365|
Kingdom of Goryeo
|Spouse||King Gongmin of Goryeo|
|Revised Romanization||Noguk Daejang Gongju|
|McCune–Reischauer||Nokuk Taechang Kongchu|
|Revised Romanization||Indeok Wanghu|
|Korean Personal Name|
|Revised Romanization||Wang Gajin|
Queen Noguk of the Borjigin clan (? – 1365), also known by her posthumous name Queen Indeok, was an ethnic Mongol princess and queen of Goryeo by marriage to King Gongmin. Her Mongolian name was Budashiri (Mongolian : Будшир; Middle Mongolian : ᠪᠦᠳᠬᠠᠱᠢᠷᠢ; Chinese :寶塔實里 or 寶塔失里).
Queen Noguk was born Budashiri, a member of the Yuan dynasty's ruling Borjigin clan and a great-great-great granddaughter of Kublai Khan. Though her birth year is unknown, she is recorded as having married the reformist monarch Gongmin of Goryeo in the Yuan capital of Khanbaliq in 1349, after which she went to live in Goryeo.
Queen Noguk's marriage followed a practice established by Kublai Khan, where female members of the Yuan imperial clan were married to Goryeo princes in order to maintain Yuan hegemony on the Korean peninsula.By contrast with earlier marriages between the Yuan and Goryeo dynasties, however, Budashiri's marriage to Gongmin was described as happy.
Despite the close relationship between King Gongmin and her, they were childless. Queen Noguk became pregnant fifteen years after marriage, but died in 1365 from complications related to the childbirth.
After her death, King Gongmin became indifferent to politics and entrusted great tasks to a Buddhist monk, Pyeonjo, who was executed in 1371. King Gongmin was killed in his sleep by Hong Ryun (홍륜), Choe Man-saeng (최만생), and others in 1374.
King Gongmin began the construction of a tomb near Kaesong after Queen Noguk's death. The queen was interred under the mound Jongrung, and her husband was later buried under an accompanying mound known as Hyonrung.
In 1367, she posthumously received the title "princess supreme" (daejang gonju, 大長公主) – typically accorded to aunts of emperors (even though she was not).
According to the Veritable Records of the Joseon Dynasty , the tenth king Yeonsan believed that Queen Noguk had looked similar to his mother, the deposed Queen Yun, so he collected Queen Noguk's portraits at government offices.
Yi Ja-chun or Lee Jachun was a minor military officer of the Yuan Dynasty and the father of Yi Seong-gye, the founder of the Joseon Dynasty. He was given the temple name Hwanjo by Taejong.
King Gongmin of Goryeo ruled Goryeo Korea from 1351 to 1374. He was the second son of King Chungsuk. In addition to his various Korean names, he bore the Mongolian name Bayan Temür (伯顔帖木兒).
Biligtü Khan or the Emperor Zhaozong of Yuan, born Ayushiridara, was a ruler of the Northern Yuan dynasty based in the Mongolian Plateau. He ascended to the throne after the death of his father who was the last Yuan emperor, defeated an invading Ming army in 1372 and recaptured some Chinese borderlands that were previously lost to the newly founded Ming dynasty.
King Chungnyeol of Goryeo was the 25th ruler of the medieval Korean kingdom of Goryeo from 1274 to 1308. He was the son of Wonjong, his predecessor on the throne. Chungnyeol was king during the Mongol Invasions of Japan, aiding in the offensives.
King Chungsuk of Goryeo was king of the Goryeo (Korea), from 1313 to 1330 and again from 1332 to 1339.
U of Goryeo 우, often written Woo, but pronounced "Oo" ruled Goryeo (Korea) from 1374 until 1388.
The Mongol invasions of Korea (1231–1259) comprised a series of campaigns between 1231 and 1270 by the Mongol Empire against the Kingdom of Goryeo. There were seven major campaigns at tremendous cost to civilian lives throughout the Korean Peninsula, the last campaign would finally had successfully made Korea becoming a vassal state of the Mongol Yuan dynasty for approximately 80 years. The Yuan would exact wealth and tributes from the Goryeo Kings. Despite submission to Yuan, internal struggles in the Goryeo royalty and rebellions against Yuan rule would continue, the most famous was the Sambyeolcho Rebellion. In 1350s, Goryeo began attacking the Yuan Dynasty's Mongolian garrisons, regaining back former Korean territories. The remaining Mongols were either captured or retreated back to Mongolia.
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King Chungseon of Goryeo was the 28th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Iǰirbuqa. Adept at calligraphy and painting, rather than politics, he generally preferred the life of the Yuan capital Beijing to that of the Goryeo capital Kaesong. He was the eldest son of King Chungryeol; his mother was a Yuan royal, Queen Jangmok, a daughter of Khublai Khan also known by her Mongolian name/title Qutlugh-kelmysh.
Goryeo under Mongol rule refers to the rule of the Mongol Empire, specifically the Mongol-ruled Yuan dynasty of China over the Korean Peninsula from about 1270 to 1356. After the Mongol invasions of Korea and the capitulation of Korea's Goryeo dynasty in the 13th century, Goryeo became a semi-autonomous vassal state and compulsory ally of the Yuan dynasty for about 80 years. The ruling line of Goryeo was permitted to rule Korea as a vassal of the Yuan, which established Zhengdong Province in Korea. Members of the Goryeo royal family were taken to Dadu, and typically married to spouses from the Yuan imperial house. As a result, princes who became monarchs of Goryeo during this period were effectively imperial sons in-law (khuregen). Yuan overlordship ended in the 1350s when the Yuan dynasty itself started to crumble and King Gongmin of Goryeo began to push the Mongol garrisons back.
Princess Deoknyeong was a Mongolian princess, queen of Goryeo by marriage to Chunghye of Goryeo. Following her husband's deposition in 1344, she served as regent for her son King Chungmok of Goryeo from 1344 to 1348. She was from the Borjigin clan and the wife of king Chunghye of Goryeo.
Queen Gongwon also known as Queen Mother Myeongdeok was queen consort to king Chungsuk of Goryeo and the mother of king Chunghye of Goryeo and king Gongmin of Goryeo. She was from the Namyang Hong clan.
Princess Supreme of Jeguk or Empress Inmyeong was queen consort to king Chungnyeol of Goryeo and the mother of king Chungseon of Goryeo. She was the first ethnic Mongol queen of Korea, having gone to Goryeo from the Yuan dynasty. Her father was Kublai Khan.
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The Wonju Byeon clan is a Korean clan. Its Bon-gwan is in Wonju, Gangwon Province (historical). According to research in 2015, the clan had 47,804 members. Clan members live on both the Korean Peninsula and in the United States, and their surnames are variously Romanized as Byun, Pyon, and Pyun. The founder of the clan was Byeon An-ryeol, a renowned military general during the late Goryeo Dynasty.
Cheongju Yang clan is one of the Korean clans. Their Bon-gwan is in Cheongju, North Chungcheong Province. According to the research held in 2015, the number of Cheongju Yang clan’s member was 38161. Their founder was Yang Gi who was a 43 th descendant of Yang Zhen in Han dynasty. When Yang Gi was a Jinzi Guanglu Daifu, Queen Noguk had a marriage to an ordinary person planned by Gongmin of Goryeo. Because of this, Yang Gi entered Goryeo as a fatherly master of Queen Noguk. Yang Gi became Gongsin because he made a lot of contribution to diplomacy in Goryeo and Yuan dynasty. Yang Gi’s descendant founded Cheongju Yang clan and made Cheongju, Cheongju Yang clan’s Bon-gwan.
The emperor's agnatic aunt shall be called Princess Supreme [dazhang gongzhu]. The emperor's sisters shall be called Grand Princesses [zhang gongzhu].
| Queen consort of Korea |
1351 – 1365
Royal Consort Sun-bi
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