Quezon City

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Quezon City

Lungsod Quezon
The Heart of Quezon City.jpg
UPD Oblation Plaza.jpg
Quezon City Hall (Quezon City; 03-20-2021).jpg
Smart Araneta Coliseum - Green Gate facade - 2015-1226 (23350192134).jpg
Eastwood City Philippines.jpg
0527jfNational Shrine Our Lady Holy Rosary Santo Domingo Quezon Avenuefvf 04.jpg
Batasang Pambansa (IBP Road, Quezon City; 03-13-2021).jpg
Quezon City Flag.svg
Flag
Nickname(s): 
City of Stars [1] [2]
Quezon City in Metro Manila.svg
Map of Metro Manila with Quezon City highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Quezon City
Philippines location map (square).svg
Red pog.svg
Quezon City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°38′N121°02′E / 14.63°N 121.03°E / 14.63; 121.03 Coordinates: 14°38′N121°02′E / 14.63°N 121.03°E / 14.63; 121.03
CountryPhilippines
Region National Capital Region
Province none
Districts 1st to 6th districts of Quezon City
Barangays 142 (see Barangays)
Incorporated (city)12 October 1939
Highly Urbanized CityDecember 22, 1979
Named for Manuel L. Quezon
Government
[3]
  Type Sangguniang Panlungsod
   Mayor Joy Belmonte (HNP)
   Vice Mayor Gian Sotto (HNP)
   Representatives
List
   Council
Councilors
   Electorate 1,330,118 voters (2019)
Area
  Total161.11 square kilometres (62.20 sq mi) km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Elevation
67 m (220 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [6]
  Total2,960,048
  Rank1st
   Households
660,249
Demonym(s) Taga-QC
Economy
   Income class special city income class
   Poverty incidence 3.31% (2015) [7]
   Revenue ₱17,058,330,468.11 (2016)
Service provider
  ElectricityManila Electric Company (MERALCO)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1100 to 1138 [8]
PSGC
IDD : area code +63(0)2
Climate type tropical monsoon climate
Native languages Tagalog
Website www.quezoncity.gov.ph

Quezon City ( UK: /ˈkzɒn/ , US: /ˈksɒn,-sɔːn,-sn/ ; [9] [10] [11] [12] Tagalog : Lungsod Quezonlocally  [luŋˈsod ˈkɛson] ), also known as the City of Quezon and Q.C. (read in Filipino as Kyusi), [13] [14] [15] is the former capital of the Philippines. Quezon City is the cultural, political, and media capital of the Philippines, and is known for its massive government edifices, the Philippine entertainment industry, and its ethnic and cultural diversity. It is the country's leading city in terms of commerce, entertainment, art, fashion, education, research, technology, politics, tourism, and sports. As the former national capital, Quezon City is the home to many national government offices making it an important center in the context of Philippine politics and governance.

Contents

It was founded on October 12, 1939, and was named for Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines. Several barrios were carved out from their mother town to form the city. It was intended to replace Manila as the national capital. The city was proclaimed as such in 1948, though a significant number of government buildings remained in Manila. Quezon City held status as the official capital until 1976 [16] when a presidential decree was issued to reinstate and designate Manila as the capital and Metro Manila as the seat of government. [17] It is the home to 2,960,048 people according to the 2020 Census, making it the most populous city in the Philippines. The city lies on the hills located at the northeastern side of Metro Manila, the largest metropolitan area in the country.

Quezon City is a planned city, covering a total area of 161.11 square kilometres (62.20 sq mi), [5] making it the largest city in Metro Manila in terms of land area. It has 142 barangays. The national government offices are mostly situated at the National Government Center on or around the Quezon Memorial Circle, and the Lower House of the Philippine Congress, located at the National Government Center II in Batasan Hills. Most of the city's northeastern part lies at the foothills of the Sierra Madre mountain range. Since its creation in 1939 up until 1951, the Mayor of Quezon City was appointed by the President of the Philippines. First set of locally elected individuals were elected the same year through Republic Act No. 537. The city's Six Congressional Districts represents the city in the Lower House of the Congress of the Philippines.

History

Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines and the visionary behind the creation of Quezon City, which was named after him. Manuel Quezon LCCN2011647833 (cropped).jpg
Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon, the 2nd President of the Philippines and the visionary behind the creation of Quezon City, which was named after him.

Before the creation of Quezon City, the land on where it will rise are part of several towns such as Caloocan, Marikina and San Juan.

In the 1930s, Manila's urban problems were apparent and problematic. It lacks public housing, where thousands of the city's residents live in congested informal settler communities, especially in the central districts of Binondo, Intramuros, Quiapo, San Nicolas and Tondo. There are also problems in sanitation and traffic congestion. The rise of slums in Manila gave rise to the development of its suburbs outside the city limits in the municipalities of Pasay, San Felipe Neri (renamed as Mandaluyong), San Francisco del Monte, San Pedro de Makati, and San Juan del Monte. These towns became favorable to the upper and middle-class who wanted to escape the congested city but has economic links to it. [18]

President Manuel L. Quezon, aware of the problem besetting Manila, initiated housing projects called Barrio Obrero (Worker's Community). These communities were established in various places in Manila such as Avenida Rizal, Sta. Cruz and Barrio Vitas, Tondo. However, the project failed miserably and these communities became slum areas. [18]

Alejandro Roces, Sr., a prominent Filipino author, was said to be influential in Quezon's vision to establish a new city. Quezon dreamt of a city where the common people can live and thrive. Roces suggested that a sizeable tract of land be purchased for this purpose. However, the government had no available fund except for 3 million in the hands of the National Development Company (NDC). [18]

In order to make Quezon's dream a reality and to mobilize funds for the land purchase, the People's Homesite Corporation (PHC) was created in October 14, 1938 as a subsidiary of NDC, with an initial capital of ₱2 million. Roces was the Chairman of the Board of PHC, and they immediately acquired the vast Diliman Estate of the Tuason family at a cost of 5 centavos per square meter. PHC conducted topographical and subdivision surveys, and then subdivided the lots and sell them to the target buyers at an affordable price. Its target users and beneficiaries are obviously Manila's working class, who are suffering from the shortage of affordable and decent housing in the capital. The service of the Metropolitan Waterworks system was extended to site. The Bureau of Public Works, then under Secretary Vicente Fragante, constructed the streets and highways within the property. Quezon also tapped Architect Juan M. Arellano to draft a design of the city.

Eight vast estates were acquired in order to create Quezon City: Diliman Estate 1,573.22 hectares (15.7322 km2), Santa Mesa Estate 861.79 hectares (8.6179 km2), Mandaluyong Estate 781.36 hectares (7.8136 km2), Magdalena Estate 764.48 hectares (7.6448 km2), Piedad Estate 743.84 hectares (7.4384 km2), Maysilo Estate 266.73 hectares (2.6673 km2) and the San Francisco Del Monte Estate 257.54 hectares (2.5754 km2). Quezon's goal to create a place for the working class coincided with the planned transfer of the University of the Philippines campus in Manila to a more suitable location, which became the precedents for the creation of Quezon City. [18]

The transfer of the University of the Philippines from Manila to Diliman was a precedent for the creation of Quezon City Oblation Night Water fountain.jpg
The transfer of the University of the Philippines from Manila to Diliman was a precedent for the creation of Quezon City

.

As early as 1928, the University of the Philippines (UP) plans to expand by adding more academic units and constructing new buildings. The university experienced increase in enrollment and its planned expansion is hampered by its small campus in Manila. [19] The revised Burnham Plan of Manila envisioned the new campus to be located just outside Manila's city limits at 'the heights behind Manila'. The UP Board of Regents informed Quezon of their desire to relocate the campus and he was supportive of the idea. Furthermore, he wanted the facilities in the Manila campus to be used for government purposes. In 1939, Quezon urged the National Assembly to enact UP's relocation and on June 8, 1939, Commonwealth Act 442 was passed, enacting the transfer of UP outside of Manila. A portion of Mariquina Estate, which was adjacent to Magdalena Estate, was chosen as the new site with an approximate area of 600 hectares. Additional land from the Diliman Estate were also added as part of the new university campus. [18]

With the development of the People's Homesite Corporation housing in the Diliman Estate and the creation of the new UP Campus, the creation of Quezon City was justified. On October 12, 1939, Commonwealth Act No. 502, also known as the Charter of Quezon City, was passed by the National Assembly, which created Quezon City. Surprisingly, Quezon allowed the bill to lapse into law because he did not sign it. The city was originally to be known as Balintawak City according to the first bill filed by Ramon P. Mitra Sr., but Assemblymen Narciso Ramos and Eugenio Perez, both from Pangasinan, amended and successfully lobbied the assembly to name the city after the Quezon. [20]

Several barrios from different towns were carved out to correspond to the estates that PHC bought for the creation of Quezon City. The new city has an area of 7,355 hectares (73.55 km2), and the barrios and sitios that were taken for its creation were the following: Bagubantay (Bago Bantay), Balingasa, Balintauac (Balintawak), Kaingin, Kangkong, Loma (La Loma), Malamig, Matalahib, Masambong, San Isidro, San Jose, Santol and Tatalon, were taken from Caloocan; [21] Cubao, Diliman, Kamuning, New Manila, Roxas, and San Francisco del Monte were taken from San Juan; Balara, Barranca (Barangka), Jesus de la Peña, Krus na Ligas, Tanong and the site of the new UP Campus were taken from Marikina; and, the barrios and sitios of Libis, and Ogong (Ugong Norte) from Pasig. Commonwealth Act No. 659, enacted on June 21, 1941, changed the cities boundaries. Under this law, the area of Wack Wack Golf and Country Club were to be reverted back to Mandaluyong, and the barrios of lower Barranca and Jesus de la Peña were reverted back to Marikina. However, Camp Crame was taken out of San Juan and was given to Quezon City. [18]

On 1939, in the year the city was established, it had a population of 39,103 people. The city in its early days was predominantly rural, but Quezon asked American Architect William Parsons to craft a master plan for the newly-created city. Parsons was the one who advise Quezon to locate the National Government Center in Diliman instead of Wallace Field (now Rizal Park), due to the possibility of naval bombardment from Manila Bay. Unfortunately, he died on December 1939 and his partner Harry T. Frost took over and become the lead planner. Frost arrived on the Philippines on May 1, 1940 and became the architectural adviser of the Philippine Commonwealth government. Together with Juan M. Arellano, Alpheus D. Williams, and Welton Becket, they created the Master Plan for Quezon City which was approved by the Philippine government in 1941. The Frost Plan featured wide avenues, large open spaces and roundabouts at major intersections. The plan for major thoroughfares made by Louis Croft for the Greater Manila Area served as the backbone for the Plan of Quezon City. The center of the city was a 400-hectare quadrangle formed by four avenues — North, West, South and East — which was designed to be the location of the National Government of the Philippines. At the northeast corner of the Quadrangle was a large roundabout, a 25-hectare elliptical site, were the proposed Capitol Building is envisioned to rise. [18]

To make the city accessible, Quezon ordered Luzon Bus Lines to ply from Kamuning towards Tutuban in Divisoria, Manila to provide transport for the city's residents. However, the fare was not affordable to minimum wage earners. Because of the city's unaffordable housing prices and lack of transportation for low income earners, the goal of creating mass housing for the working class was not met. Instead, those who opt to live in Quezon City were middle-class households such as in Kamuning, whose residents petitioned to rename it from Barrio Obrero (Worker's Community) to Kamuning (a type of tree that grows abundantly in the area) because its residents were not Obreros (Workers). [18]

The Philippine Exposition in 1941 was held on the newly established Quezon City, but participants were limited to locals because of the increasing turbulence at the beginning of the Second World War. [18] Eventually, parts of Manila were bombed by the Japanese Imperial Forces on December 1941, bringing the war to the Philippines. On January 1, 1942, President Quezon issued an executive order from the tunnel of Corregidor designating Jorge Vargas Mayor of Greater Manila, a new political entity comprising, aside from Manila proper, Quezon City, Caloocan, Pasay, San Juan, Mandaluyong, Makati, and Parañaque. [22] Greater Manila would later be expanded to include Las Piñas, Malabon, and Navotas. Imperial Japanese forces occupied Quezon City in 1942 during World War II. In October of that year, the Japanese authorities organized the City of Greater Manila into twelve districts, two of which were formed by dividing Quezon City: Balintawak which consisted of San Francisco del Monte, Galas, and La Loma; and Diliman which consisted of Diliman proper, Cubao, and the University District. In 1945, combined Filipino and American troops under the United States Army, Philippine Commonwealth Army, and Philippine Constabulary, with help from recognized guerrilla units, liberated and recaptured Quezon City in a few months, expelling Imperial Japanese forces. Heavy fighting occurred near Novaliches, which at that time was in Caloocan, and New Manila which was a strongpoint. Smaller actions were fought at Barrio Talipapa and the University District. Toward the end of the Battle of Manila, Pres. Sergio Osmeña dissolved the Greater Manila Complex, which included the Japanese-created districts of Balintawak and Diliman which had been formed from the prewar Quezon City.

After the war, Republic Act No. 333, which redefined the Caloocan–Quezon City boundary, was signed by President Elpidio Quirino on July 17, 1948, declaring Quezon City to be the national capital, and specifying the city's area to be 156.60 km2 (60 sq mi). The barrios of Baesa, Bagbag, Banlat, Kabuyao, Novaliches Proper, Pasong Putik, Pasong Tamo, Pugad Lawin, San Bartolome, and Talipapa, which belonged to Novaliches and had a combined area of about 8,100 hectares, were taken from Caloocan and ceded to Quezon City. [23] This caused the territorial division of Caloocan into two non-contiguous parts, the South section being the more urbanized part, and the North half being sub-rural. On June 16, 1950, the Quezon City Charter was revised by Republic Act No. 537, changing the city's boundaries to an area of 153.59 km2 (59 sq mi). [24] [25] Exactly six years after on June 16, 1956, more revisions to the city's land area were made by Republic Act No. 1575, which defined its area as 151.06 km2 (58 sq mi). According to the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology and Geoscience Australia on their study earthquake impact and risk assessment on the Greater Metropolitan Manila Area, the total area of Quezon City stood at 165.33 km2 (64 sq mi). [26] [27]

On October 1, 1975, Quezon City was the actual site of the "Thrilla in Manila" boxing fight between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier, which took place at the Araneta Coliseum. It was renamed as the "Philippine Coliseum" for the event.

On November 7, 1975, the promulgation of Presidential Decree No. 824 of President Ferdinand Marcos established Metro Manila. [28] [24] [25] Quezon City became one of Metro Manila's 17 cities and municipalities. The next year, Presidential Decree No. 940 transferred the capital back to Manila on June 24, 1976. [29] On March 31, 1978, President Marcos ordered the transfer of the remains of President Quezon from Manila North Cemetery to the completed Quezon Memorial Monument within Elliptical Road. [30] [31] On February 22, 1986, the Quezon City portion of the Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (between Camp Crame and Camp Aguinaldo) became the venue of the bloodless People Power Revolution that overthrew Marcos.

On February 23, 1998, Republic Act. No. 8535 was signed by President Fidel Ramos. [24] [25] The Act provided for the creation of the City of Novaliches comprising the 15 northernmost barangays of Quezon City. [32] However, in the succeeding plebiscite on October 23, 1999, an overwhelming majority of Quezon City residents rejected the secession of Novaliches.

Quezon City is the first local government in the Philippines with a computerized real estate assessment and payment system. The city government developed a database system in 2015 that contains around 400,000 property units with capability to record payments. [24] [25]

Geography

Elevation map of Quezon City. The drop in elevation along the eastern border of the city follows the length of the West Valley Fault. Quezon City Elevation Map.png
Elevation map of Quezon City. The drop in elevation along the eastern border of the city follows the length of the West Valley Fault.

Quezon City occupies an area of 161.11 square kilometres (62.20 sq mi), according to the 1995 GIS graphical plot, making it the largest city in Metro Manila in terms of land area. [33] [5] Since its creation in 1939, the city's boundary were revised four times; the final revision was made thru Republic Act No. 1575, which placed the city at 151.06 square kilometres (58.32 sq mi). [5] The Philippine Statistics Authority placed the city's land area at 171.71 square kilometres (66.30 sq mi).

The city lies on the Guadalupe Plateau, a relatively high plateau at the northeast of the metropolis situated between the lowlands of Manila to the southwest and the Marikina River Valley to the east. The southern portion is drained by the narrow San Juan River and its tributaries to Pasig River, while running in the northern portions of the city is the equally-narrow Tullahan River. The West Valley Fault traverses the eastern border of the city.

Quezon City is bordered by Manila to the southwest, by Caloocan and Valenzuela City to the west and northwest. To the south lie San Juan and Mandaluyong, while Marikina and Pasig border the city to the southeast. To the north across Marilao River lies San Jose del Monte in the province of Bulacan, while to the east lie Rodriguez and San Mateo, both in the province of Rizal.

The city can be divided into a number of areas. The southern portion of the city is divided into a number of districts including Diliman, Commonwealth, the Project areas, Cubao, Kamias, Kamuning, New Manila, San Francisco del Monte, and Santa Mesa Heights. The northern half of the city is often called Novaliches and contains the areas of Fairview and Lagro. Most of these areas have no defined boundaries and are primarily residential in nature.

Climate

Quezon City features a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am), with prominent dry season from December to April, in which in turn, divided into cool and warm dry seasons, and a prolonged wet season from May to November that brings heavy rains in some areas.

Climate data for Science Garden, Quezon City (1981–2010, extremes 1961–2012)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)34.7
(94.5)
35.6
(96.1)
36.8
(98.2)
38.0
(100.4)
38.5
(101.3)
38.0
(100.4)
36.2
(97.2)
35.8
(96.4)
35.4
(95.7)
35.4
(95.7)
35.0
(95.0)
34.7
(94.5)
38.5
(101.3)
Average high °C (°F)30.6
(87.1)
31.7
(89.1)
33.4
(92.1)
35.0
(95.0)
34.7
(94.5)
33.1
(91.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.3
(88.3)
31.6
(88.9)
31.6
(88.9)
31.4
(88.5)
30.5
(86.9)
32.2
(90.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)25.7
(78.3)
26.3
(79.3)
27.8
(82.0)
29.4
(84.9)
29.7
(85.5)
28.8
(83.8)
28.0
(82.4)
27.8
(82.0)
27.8
(82.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.1
(80.8)
26.0
(78.8)
27.7
(81.9)
Average low °C (°F)20.8
(69.4)
20.9
(69.6)
22.1
(71.8)
23.7
(74.7)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
24.2
(75.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
21.6
(70.9)
23.1
(73.6)
Record low °C (°F)15.5
(59.9)
15.1
(59.2)
14.9
(58.8)
17.2
(63.0)
17.8
(64.0)
18.1
(64.6)
17.7
(63.9)
17.8
(64.0)
20.0
(68.0)
18.6
(65.5)
15.6
(60.1)
15.1
(59.2)
14.9
(58.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches)18.5
(0.73)
14.6
(0.57)
24.8
(0.98)
40.4
(1.59)
186.7
(7.35)
316.5
(12.46)
493.3
(19.42)
504.2
(19.85)
451.2
(17.76)
296.6
(11.68)
148.8
(5.86)
78.7
(3.10)
2,574.4
(101.35)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)4345121822232218148153
Average relative humidity (%)76736967727983848483827978
Source: PAGASA [34] [35]

Cityscape

Master Plans

In 1938, President Manuel L. Quezon made a decision to push for a new capital city. Manila was getting crowded, and his military advisors reportedly told him that Manila, being by the bay, was an easy target for bombing by naval guns in case of attack. [24] [25] The new city will be located at least 15 km (9 mi) away from Manila Bay, which is beyond the reach of naval guns. Quezon contacted William E. Parsons, an American architect and planner, who had been the consulting architect for the islands early in the American colonial period. Parsons came over in the summer of 1939 and helped select the Diliman (Tuason) estate as the site for the new city. Unfortunately, he died later that year, leaving his partner Harry Frost to take over. Frost collaborated with Juan Arellano, engineer A.D. Williams, and landscape architect and planner Louis Croft to craft a grand master plan for the new capital. The plan was approved by the Philippine authorities in 1941. [24] [25]

The core of the new city was to be a 400-hectare (990-acre) Central Park, about the size of New York's Central Park, and defined by the North, South (Timog), East and West Avenues. On one corner of the proposed Diliman Quadrangle was delineated a 25-hectare (62-acre) elliptical site. This was the planned location of a large Capitol Building to house the Philippine Legislature and ancillary structures for the offices of representatives. [24] [25] On either side of the giant ellipse were supposed to have been the new Malacañang Palace on North Avenue (site of the present-day Veterans Memorial Hospital), and the Supreme Court Complex along East Avenue (now the site of East Avenue Medical Center). The three branches of government were to be finally and efficiently located in close proximity to each other. [24] [25]

Demographics

Population census of Quezon City
YearPop.±% p.a.
1939 39,013    
1948 107,977+11.98%
1960 397,990+11.48%
1970 754,452+6.60%
1975 956,864+4.88%
1980 1,165,865+4.03%
1990 1,669,776+3.66%
1995 1,989,419+3.34%
2000 2,173,831+1.92%
2007 2,679,450+2.93%
2010 2,761,720+1.11%
2015 2,936,116+1.17%
2020 2,960,048+0.16%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [36] [37] [38] [39]

According to the 2020 Census, the population of the city was 2,960,048, making it by far the most populous city in the Philippines.

The increase in the population of the city has been dramatic considering that it was only founded/consolidated (and sparsely populated) in 1939. Quezon City became the biggest city in terms of population in the Philippines in 1990 when it finally surpassed the number of inhabitants of the densely populated City of Manila. Quezon City's population continued to increase and went on to become the first Philippine city (and as of 2017 the only city) to reach 2 million people (in the late 1990s). The population is projected to reach 3 million people between the 2015 and 2020 census years and 4 million people between the 2025 and 2030 census years. [40]

The trend is also seen in the significant increase in the percentage share of Quezon City to the total population of what is now called Metro Manila. Its share comes from a low of less than 10% in the 1950s to 21.0% [41] in 1980 and then to 22.8% in 2015.

Quezon City is exceptionally large that if it is considered as a province, its population will be larger than 72 provinces and rank seventh largest in the country based on the 2015 Census.

Religion

The Cubao Cathedral. CubaoCathedraljf1073 14.JPG
The Cubao Cathedral.

Quezon City is predominantly Roman Catholic with roughly 90% affiliation in the population; Novaliches Diocese had a 90% Roman Catholic adherence while the Diocese of Cubao had a Roman Catholic adherence of more than 88% (Catholic Diocese Hierarchy, 2003). In 2002, Quezon City was made an episcopal see for two new Catholic dioceses: Cubao and Novaliches , as the very populous Archdiocese of Manila was carved up and five new dioceses created.[ citation needed ]

A number of religious orders have set up convents and seminaries in the city. Various Protestant faiths have seen a significant increase in membership over recent decades [42] [43] and are well represented in Quezon City. While the Islamic faith has its largest concentrations in the south of the Philippines, there is a significant population in Quezon City. The Salam compound in Barangay Culiat houses one of the area's landmark mosques. Iglesia ni Cristo (INC) the second-largest Christian denomination in the country, also has a large number of adherents with their large central temple in the city.

Alternative incarnations of Christianity are promoting their version of faith in the Philippines. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has the Manila Philippines Temple and the Missionary Training Center located at Temple Drive Greenmeadows Subdivision of the city. A branch of Jesus Is Lord Church which known as JIL, a Christian megachurch. The Iglesia Filipina Independiente (Also known as the "Aglipayan Church") has three parishes located in the city, the Parish of the Crucified Lord in Apolonio Samson, Parish of the Holy Cross in Escale, University of the Philippines Diliman and the Parish of the Resurrection in Balingasa. The Kingdom of Jesus Christ, The Name Above Every Name of Pastor Apollo C. Quiboloy is located at Novaliches (Central Office), EDSA–Cubao, Muñoz, and Fairview. The biggest concentration of the Jesus Miracle Crusade of Evangelist Wilde E. Almeda is also located in the city. The Philippine Branch office of the Jehovah's Witnesses is located along Roosevelt Avenue. The seat of the Presiding Bishop, the Cathedral of Sts. Mary and John of the Episcopal Church, the national offices of the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, the National Council of Churches in the Philippines as well as a number of Protestant seminaries are located in the city. The headquarters of the UCKG HelpCenter (Universal Church of the Kingdom of God) is located at the former Quezon Theater building. The headquarters of Bread of Life Ministries International is a Christian megachurch located in its own ministry center on Mother Ignacia Ave. in scout area. New Life NorthMetro, A satellite church of ANLCC (Alabang Newlife Christian Center) is located in Cinema 6, 4th level of Trinoma Mall. The Church So Blessed, also a Christian church, is located in Commonwealth Avenue. People of Grace Fellowship is another Christian church located in Kamuning Road, corner Judge Jimenez. Members Church of God International (Ang Dating Daan) are also established in the city. Nichiren Buddhists are also established in the city, with many thousands of adherents attending worship services at Soka Gakkai International (SGI) Philippines headquarters at Quezon Memorial Circle.

Economy

Eastwood City in Libis is the home to country's first and largest cyberpark. 03565jfBagumbayan Libis Eastwood City Quezon City Buildingsfvf 08.jpg
Eastwood City in Libis is the home to country's first and largest cyberpark.

Quezon City is a hub for business and commerce, as a center for banking and finance, retailing, transportation, tourism, real estate, entertainment, new media, traditional media, telecommunications, advertising, legal services, accountancy, healthcare, insurance, theater, fashion, and the arts in the Philippines. The National Competitiveness Council of the Philippines which annually publishes the Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index (CMCI), ranks the cities, municipalities and provinces of the country according to their economic dynamism, government efficiency and infrastructure. Quezon City was the Most Competitive City in the country from 2015 to 2019 assuring that the city is consistently one of the best place to live in and do business. It earned the Hall of Fame Award in 2020 for its consecutive top performance. [44]

Quezon City is home to the Philippines' major broadcasting networks. Television companies such as ABS-CBN, RPN, GMA Network, INC TV, UNTV, Net 25, PTV, and IBC all have their headquarters within the city limits. TV5 also had its headquarters in Quezon City since 1992, but it moved out to Mandaluyong in 2013. Its transmitter in Novaliches is still being used and operated by the network. [45]

Quezon City bills itself as the ICT capital of the Philippines. [46] The city has 33 ICT parks according to PEZA, which includes the Eastwood City Cyberpark in Libis, the first and largest IT Park in the country. [47]

Government

Quezon City is classified as a Special City (according to its income) [48] [49] and a Highly Urbanized City (HUC). The mayor is the chief executive, and is a member of the Metro Manila Council. The mayor is assisted by the vice mayor, who serves as the presiding officer of the 24-member Quezon City Council. The members of the City Council are elected as representatives of the four councilor districts within the city, and the municipal presidents of the Liga ng mga Barangay and Sangguniang Kabataan.

The current mayor is Maria Josefina Tanya "Joy" Go Belmonte Alimurung, who previously served as the city's vice mayor. The vice mayor is Gian Sotto, the son of Senate President Tito Sotto and actress Helen Gamboa. The mayor and the vice mayor are term-limited by up to 3 terms, with each term lasting for 3 years. The mayor serves as the executive head that leads all the city's department in executing city ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor, who serves a concurrent position as the presiding officer of the City Council, oversees the formulation and enactment passed by the council.

Barangays and districts

Barangay Map of Quezon City Quezon City barangay map colored.svg
Barangay Map of Quezon City

Quezon City is made up of 142 barangays, fewer than that of Manila which has 896 barangays although it is a much smaller city.

Districts

Balete Drive in New Manila is known in Filipino folklore as a haunted place, where a white lady purportedly appears. 7975Balete Drive Quezon City Landmarks 34.jpg
Balete Drive in New Manila is known in Filipino folklore as a haunted place, where a white lady purportedly appears.

Quezon City is divided into six legislative districts, in turn subdivided in a total of 142 barangays. Each district is represented by six City Councilors, six representatives/congressmen, one from each district are elected as members of the National Legislature. The number of barangays per district is: District I, 37; District II, 5; District III, 37; District IV, 38; District V, 14; and District VI, 11; Although District II has the fewest barangays, it is the biggest in land area, including the Novaliches Reservoir.

San Francisco del Monte

Del Monte Ave. entrance of Siena College of Quezon City Sienna3jf.JPG
Del Monte Ave. entrance of Siena College of Quezon City

Founded as a pueblo by Saint Pedro Bautista in 1590, San Francisco del Monte may be considered Quezon City's oldest district. The original land area of the old town of San Francisco del Monte was approximately 2.5 square kilometers (1.0 sq mi) and covered parts of what is currently known as Project 7 and 8 and Timog Avenue. It was later absorbed by Quezon City. It featured a hilly topography with lush vegetation and mineral springs, in the midst of which the old Santuario de San Pedro Bautista was built as a retreat and monastery for Franciscan friars.

Currently, it is composed of Barangays San Antonio, Paraiso, Paltok, Mariblo, Masambong, Manresa, Damayan and Del Monte. San Francisco del Monte is also referred to as S.F.D.M.. The district is bisected by its two major thoroughfares, Roosevelt Avenue and Del Monte Avenue. It is bounded by West Avenue on the east, Epifanio De Los Santos Avenue on the north, Quezon Avenue on the south, and Araneta Avenue on the west.

The studios and transmitter of IBC are located along Roosevelt Avenue, in San Francisco del Monte.

Today, it is a heavily populated district with a mix of residential, industrial, and commercial areas. The most prominent educational institutions located in the area are Siena College of Quezon City, Angelicum College, and PMI Colleges, while Fisher Mall is the largest commercial establishment.

Santa Mesa Heights

Philippine Orthopedic Center Philippine Orthopedic Center.jpg
Philippine Orthopedic Center

Santa Mesa Heights is said to be where many middle-class and upper-middle-class families reside. Most of the areas in Santa Mesa Heights are residential. It is also home to the National Shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes and The National Shrine of Our Lady of La Naval (Santo Domingo Church). Angelicum College, Lourdes School of Quezon City, and St. Theresa's College of Quezon City are three prestigious private Catholic schools to be found here. Philippine Rehabilitation Institute and Capitol Medical Center Colleges are also located here. This is also a location of Philippine Orthopedic Center located along Banawe Avenue corner Maria Clara Street. And also the headquarters of Mareco Broadcasting Network (Crossover 105.1) located along Tirad Pass street. The main thoroughfares of this area are Banawe, D. Tuazon, Mayon, N.S. Amoranto (formerly called Retiro), Del Monte, Sgt. Rivera, Andres Bonifacio Avenue with under the Skyway Stage 3 (Section 4 is from Quezon Avenue to Balintawak) and also with Del Monte Avenue Toll Barrier, If will be going to Skyway Stage 3 use From Quezon Avenue Entry Ramp to enter the Skyway in Northbound Lane.

The Project Areas

The housing Project areas are among the first residential subdivisions in the city developed by presidents Quezon, Quirino, and Magsaysay. These areas are as follows:

Sports

Smart Araneta Coliseum Aranetaljf5767 05.JPG
Smart Araneta Coliseum

Sports in Quezon City have a long and distinguished history. Quezon City is the home to notable sporting and recreational venues such as the Amoranto Sports Complex, Quezon City Sports Club and the Smart Araneta Coliseum.

The city's, and in general the country's main sport is basketball, and most barangays have a basketball court or at least a makeshift basketball court, with court markings drawn on the streets. Larger barangays have covered courts where inter-barangay leagues are held every summer (April to May).

Quezon City is notable for its golf courses, such as the Veterans Memorial Golf Club and Camp Aguinaldo Golf Club, which operates on golf-courses owned by the national government. The Capitol Hills Golf & Country Club in Matandang Balara is a privately-owned exclusive 18 hole golf course situated at the hills overlooking Marikina Valley. In the early days after the creation of the city, Greenhills was considered as part of it along with Wack Wack Golf and Country Club, but the golf course was reverted back to Mandaluyong.

The city is the home of the Philippine Basketball Association.

The Quezon City Capitals, the city's professional men's basketball team, plays at the Maharlika Pilipinas Basketball League.

Quezon City will host some matches in the 2023 FIBA Basketball World Cup at the Smart Araneta Coliseum.

Infrastructure

Transportation

EDSA near Kamuning Station. EDSA-Kamuning (Quezon City; 03-21-2021).jpg
EDSA near Kamuning Station.

Transportation in the city are purely-land based. As of 2006, the MMDA Traffic Operation Center revealed that private transport dominates with 82.49% of the total volume while public transport such as buses, and jeepneys and taxis made up 13.72%, followed by industrial/commercial vehicles (such as trucks and vans) at 3.79%. [53] Skyway is the only elevated expressway passing through Quezon City, serving as a tolled connector between the North and South Luzon Expressways. The upcoming Southeast Metro Manila Expressway (C-6 Expressway) will parts of Quezon City and will have its northern terminus at Batasan Hills.

Famous modes of transportation in the city to get around are the jeepney, city buses and the UV Express, which followed fixed routes for a set price. All types of public road transport plying Quezon City are privately owned and operated under government-issued franchises.

Quezon City is served by LRT Line 1, LRT Line 2, and the MRT Line 3. Railway lines that are under-construction within the city are the MRT Line 7 and the Metro Manila Subway. The North Triangle Common Station, which will link Lines 1, 3 and the Subway, is currently under-construction at the intersection of EDSA and North Avenue.

The city is served by the Ninoy Aquino International Airport and Clark International Airport. In the future, it will also be served by the upcoming New Manila International Airport. All are located outside the city limits.

Utilities

La Mesa Ecopark View From Zip-Line Start, La Mesa Ecopark - panoramio.jpg
La Mesa Ecopark

Water services is provided by Maynilad Water Services for the west and northern part of the city and Manila Water for the southeastern part. The Novaliches-Balara Aqueduct 4 (NBAQ4), constructed by Manila Water, is the largest water supply infrastructure project in Metro Manila. [54] NBAQ4 measures 7.30-km long and 3.10-m in diameter, and the aqueduct has a capacity of 1,000 MLD (millions of liter per day). [55] The La Mesa Dam and Reservoir is situated at the northernmost part of the city, covering an area of more than 27 square kilometers (10 sq mi). The reservoir contains the La Mesa Watershed and Ecopark.

Electric services are provided by Meralco, the sole electric power distributor in Metro Manila. As of December 2009, Meralco has a total of 512,255 customers within the city: 461,645 (90.1%) residential, 49,082 (9.6%) commercial, and 1,110 (0.2%) industrial. Street lights have 418 accounts. [56]

Healthcare

Education

The National Science Complex (NSC) within the University of the Philippines Diliman. UP NSCjf3207 06.JPG
The National Science Complex (NSC) within the University of the Philippines Diliman.

The Schools Divisions Office of Quezon City (SDO) oversees the 97 public elementary schools and 46 public high schools within the city. The number of students enrolled in public schools across the city has increased overtime from an initial population of 20,593 elementary pupils and 310 high school students in 1950, it has grown to 258,201 elementary pupils and 143,462 high school students in the School Year 2013-14. [57] With its large student population, Quezon City has the most number of public schools in the Philippines. [58] The Quezon City Science High School (QueSci) was designated as the Regional Science High School for the National Capital Region since 1998. The city is the home of the Philippine Science High School, the top science school in the Philippines operated by the Department of Science and Technology.

The Quezon City Science Interactive Center is regarded as the first of its kind science interactive center in the Philippines. The Quezon City Public Library (QCPL) operates 20 branches throughout the city, with its Main Library located within the Quezon City Hall Complex.

Higher education

Ateneo de Manila University, regarded as the best private university in the Philippines. First Pacific Hall.jpg
Ateneo de Manila University, regarded as the best private university in the Philippines.

Quezon City, along with Manila, is the center for education in the Philippines. There are two state universities within the city limits: the University of the Philippines Diliman (UPD) and the Polytechnic University of the Philippines Quezon City (PUPQC). The city-run Quezon City University (QCU) has established three campuses around the city: San Bartolome, San Francisco and Batasan Hills.

Private universities include the AMA Computer University, Central Colleges of the Philippines (CCP), Far Eastern University – FERN College, Kalayaan College, National College of Business and Arts (NCBA), the Technological Institute of the Philippines (TIP).

Quezon City hosts prestigious Catholic educational institutions such as the Ateneo de Manila University (AdMU), Immaculate Heart of Mary College, St. Paul University Quezon City, Saint Pedro Poveda College, Siena College of Quezon City and the UST Angelicum College. It is also the home to other sectarian colleges and universities such as the Evanglical Grace Christian College, Episcopalian-run Trinity University of Asia, and the Iglesia ni Cristo founded New Era University (NEU).

The presence of medical schools has made Quezon City a center of healthcare and medical education. These include Our Lady of Fátima University, FEU Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation, St. Luke's College of Medicine, Capitol Medical Center Colleges, De Los Santos - STI College, and the University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center (UERMMMC).

Sister cities

Asia

Americas


International relations

Consulates

CountryTypeRef.
CyprusConsular agency [69]

See also

Related Research Articles

Metro Manila Metropolitan area and region of the Philippines

Metropolitan Manila, officially the National Capital Region, is the seat of government and one of three defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines. It is composed of 16 cities: the city of Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Las Piñas, Makati, Malabon, Mandaluyong, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Navotas, Parañaque, Pasay, Pasig, San Juan, Taguig, and Valenzuela, as well as the municipality of Pateros. The region encompasses an area of 619.57 square kilometers (239.22 sq mi) and a population of 13,484,462 as of 2020.  It is the second most populous and the most densely populated region of the Philippines. It is also the 9th most populous metropolitan area in Asia and the 5th most populous urban area in the world.

Mandaluyong City in Metro Manila, Philippines

Mandaluyong, officially the City of Mandaluyong, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 425,758 people. 

Caloocan City in Metro Manila, Philippines

Caloocan, officially the City of Caloocan, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metropolitan Manila, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 1,661,584 people  making it the fourth-most populous city in the Philippines.

San Juan, Metro Manila City in Metro Manila, Philippines

San Juan, officially the City of San Juan, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 126,347 people.  It is geographically located at Metro Manila's approximate center and is also the country's smallest city in terms of land area.

Novaliches Place in National Capital Region, Philippines

Novaliches is a place that forms the northern areas of Quezon City, and encompasses the whole area of North Caloocan.

Legislative districts of Quezon City

The legislative districts of Quezon City are the representations of the highly urbanized city of Quezon in the various national legislatures of the Philippines. The city is currently represented in the lower house of the Congress of the Philippines through its first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth congressional districts.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Novaliches

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Novaliches is a diocese of the Latin Church of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. The diocese was created by Pope John Paul II on December 7, 2002 by virtue of his Apostolic Constitution Animarum Utilitati, and was canonically erected on January 16, 2003 from the Archdiocese of Manila. The diocese previously existed as the Ecclesiastical District of Quezon City-North, which was renamed the District of Novaliches in 2002.

San Juan River (Metro Manila)

The San Juan River is one of the main river systems in Metro Manila, Philippines, and is a major tributary of the Pasig River. It begins near La Mesa Dam as the San Francisco del Monte River, which officially takes the name San Juan River when it meets with Mariblo Creek in Quezon City. As the San Juan River, it passes through Quezon City, San Juan, the Manila district of Santa Mesa and Santa Ana, and Mandaluyong.

Metro Manila, the capital region of the Philippines, is a large metropolitan area that has several levels of subdivisions. Administratively, the region is divided into seventeen primary local government units with their own separate elected mayors and councils who are coordinated by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority, a national government agency headed by a chairperson directly appointed by the Philippine president. The cities and municipality that form the region's local government units are further divided into several barangays or villages which are headed by an elected barangay captain and barangay council.

North Avenue, Quezon City

North Avenue is a major road located in Quezon City within the Diliman area of northeastern Metro Manila, Philippines. It runs east–west through barangays Bagong Pag-asa, Project 6, and Vasra, forming the northern part of the North Triangle area. The street is located in Quezon City's mixed-use and government area, known for its malls, condominiums, hotels, and the upcoming QC CBD. It is also home to the SM City North EDSA, Trinoma, and Ayala Malls Vertis North located on the avenue's junction with Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The entire avenue is designated as National Route 173 (N173) of the Philippine highway network.

Timog Avenue

Timog Avenue is a major road located in Quezon City within the Diliman area of northeastern Metro Manila, Philippines. It runs east–west through the southern edge of the barangay of South Triangle and is used to be named in English as South Avenue. The street is located in Quezon City's entertainment area, known for its trendy restaurants, bars and karaoke and comedy clubs. It is also home to the GMA Network Center studios located on the avenue's junction with Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA). The entire avenue is designated as National Route 172 (N172) of the Philippine highway network.

Outline of Metro Manila Overview of and topical guide to Metro Manila

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Metro Manila:

Index of Metro Manila–related articles Wikipedia index

The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the Philippine capital region of Metro Manila.

West Avenue, Quezon City

West Avenue is a major road located in Quezon City within the Diliman area of northeastern Metro Manila, Philippines. It runs north–south through the western edge of the barangay of West Triangle. The street is located in Quezon City's commercial-residential area, known for its restaurants, car shops, schools, and villages. It is also home to the old Delta theater located on the avenue's junction with Quezon Avenue. The avenue is a component of National Route 171 (N171) of the Philippine highway network.

East Avenue, Quezon City

The East Avenue is a major street located within the Diliman area of Quezon City, Philippines. It runs north–south through the eastern edge of Triangle Park. The street is located in Quezon City's government area, known for different national and local government institutions, offices, and hospitals. It is also home to the Quezon City Hall Complex located on the avenue's junction with Elliptical Road. The entire avenue is designated as National Route 174 (N174) of the Philippine highway network.

Glorieta Park

Glorieta Park, sometimes spelled Glorietta Park, is an urban park in Caloocan, northern Metro Manila, the Philippines. It is situated at the border between the villages of Barangay 187 and Barangay 188 in the former Tala Estate in North Caloocan close to the boundary with San Jose del Monte, Bulacan. The park is one of three city-owned parks in Caloocan under the management of the Caloocan Parks Administration Services, the others being the Buena Park and Sports Complex in South Caloocan and the Caloocan Amparo Nature Park in eastern Tala, North Caloocan.

BF Homes Caloocan Barangay in National Capital Region, Philippines

Barangay BF Homes Caloocan or Barangay 169 is a barangay of Caloocan, Metro Manila, Philippines. The barangay is known for having jurisdiction of the larger portions of the Banco Filipino-developed real estate projects in Northern Manila, and is considered the most affluent barangay in Caloocan.

Frost Plan was the popular name for the Plan of Quezon City, co-authored by Juan M. Arellano and Harry Frost, together with Alpheus Williams and Louis Croft. The plan was approved in 1941, two years after the creation of Quezon City. The Plan was revised in 1949.

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Bibliography

Preceded by
Manila
Capital of the Philippines
1948–1976
Succeeded by
Manila